Contact Us
Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview

Agency History

Scope and Contents of the Records

Arrangement of the Records

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Express companies annual reports, 1908-1949,

Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Railroad Commission of Texas, Transportation Division:

An Inventory of Transportation Division Express Companies Annual Reports at the Texas State Archives, 1908-1949



Overview

Creator: Railroad Commission of Texas. Transportation Division
Title: Transportation Division Express companies annual reports
Dates: 1908-1949
Abstract: The Railroad Commission of Texas (RRC) had jurisdiction over the rates and operations of railroads, terminals, wharves and express companies. This series consists of the annual reports of the express companies operating in Texas between 1908 and 1949. The reports of each company include such information as history, organization, officers, routes of operation, capital stock, value of express property in Texas, value of and expenditures for real property and equipment, current assets and liabilities, income account, operating revenues, operating expenses, employees and salaries, important changes during the year, and gross receipts for transportation.
Quantity: 8.93 cubic ft.
Language These materials are written in English.

Agency History

The Railroad Commission of Texas regulates the exploration, production, and transportation of oil and natural gas in Texas. Its statutory role is to prevent waste of the state's natural resources, to protect the correlative rights of different interest owners, to prevent pollution, and to provide safety in matters such as hydrogen sulfide. It oversees hazardous materials pipelines and natural gas pipelines and distribution systems as well as propane, butane, compressed natural gas, and liquefied natural gas. It works to make sure a continuous, safe supply of natural gas is available to Texas consumers at the lowest reasonable price. Additionally, the Commission regulates surface mining for coal, uranium, and iron ore gravel, and conducts a program for reclaiming lands that were mined and abandoned before 1975.

The Railroad Commission of Texas had its origin in the demands of the shipping public in the late 1880s that insisted that railroads be subject to regulation based on public interest. An advocate for governmental regulation, Attorney General James Stephen Hogg ran for Governor in 1890 with the issue of railroad regulation as the focal point of the campaign. Hogg was elected Governor in the general election and the voters also approved an amendment to Article X, Section 2 of the Texas Constitution that empowered the Legislature to enact statutes creating regulatory agencies. These elections paved the way for the Legislature to enact on April 3, 1891 "An Act to Establish a Railroad Commission of the State of Texas," that later was placed in the Texas Revised Civil Statutes under article 6444 et seq. (House Bills 1, 3, and 58, 22nd Texas Legislature, Regular Session).

The Commission originally consisted of three members appointed by the Governor for three-year terms. Governor Hogg appointed the first three Commissioners in 1891 including John H. Reagan, who resigned as U.S. Senator from Texas to serve as the first Chairman. The Texas Constitution, Article XIX, Section 30 was amended in 1894 to provide for elective six-year overlapping terms for the Commissioners. That same year John H. Reagan was elected and served until his retirement in 1903.

The Texas Railroad Commission was the first regulatory agency created in the State of Texas and originally had jurisdiction over the rates and operations of railroads, terminals, wharves and express companies. The legal focus was on intrastate passenger and freight activities. Interstate jurisdiction fell under the U.S. Interstate Commerce Commission. For the first twenty-five years of its existence, the Railroad Commission was largely concerned with regulating railroads, setting rates, receiving complaints, and making investigations. As other controversies arose where the Legislature deemed that the public interest could best be served by regulation, additional duties were assigned to the Railroad Commission.

The Railroad Commission's authority was broadened beginning in 1917 with the passage of the Pipeline Petroleum Law (Senate Bill 68, 35th Legislature, Regular Session) that declared pipelines to be common carriers like railroads and placed them under the Commission's jurisdiction. This was the first act to designate the Railroad Commission as the agency to administer conservation laws relating to oil and gas. The Commission's regulatory and enforcement powers in oil and gas were increased by the Oil and Gas Conservation Law (Senate Bill 350 of the 36th Legislature, Regular Session), effective June 18, 1919. This act gave the Railroad Commission jurisdiction to regulate the production of oil and gas. Acting upon this legislation, the Commission adopted in 1919 the first statewide rules regulating the oil and gas industry to promote conservation and safety, including Rule 37. This rule requires minimum distances between wells at drilling sites in order to protect field pressure and correlative rights.

The Gas Utilities Act of 1920 (House Bill 11, 36th Legislature, 3rd Called Session) gave the Commission regulatory and rate authority over individuals and businesses producing, transporting, or distributing natural gas in Texas. In 1937, following a large natural gas explosion in a school in New London, Texas, the 45th Legislature passed legislation giving the Railroad Commission the authority to adopt rules and regulations pertaining to the odorization of natural gas or liquefied petroleum gases (House Bill 1017, Regular Session).

The passage of the Public Regulatory Act of 1975 (PURA) (House Bill 819, 64th Legislature, Regular Session) required certain state regulatory agencies, including the Commission, to set the overall revenues of a utility based on its "cost of service." Regulation of liquefied petroleum was added to the Commission's responsibilities in 1939 by the 46th Legislature (House Bill 792, Regular Session). The legislation authorized the Commission to adopt and enforce safety rules and standards in the storage, handling, transportation, and odorization of butane or LP-gases. Regulation of compressed natural gas was added to the Railroad Commission's responsibilities in 1983 (Senate Bill 617, 68th Legislature, Regular Session).

Railroad regulation was initially overseen by the Main Office, later the Main and Transportation Division, then the Transportation Division and finally the Rail Division. This division was responsible for checking equipment and track, railroad and signal operations, and hazardous material handling; conducting investigations of accidents and complaints concerning railroads; and securing federal funds to improve branch lines and preserve rail service to rural areas. The Division enforced rules aimed at removing obstructions on railroad rights-of-way and operated a crossing safety education program. In 2005, the Rail Division and its remaining function, rail safety regulation, were transferred to the Texas Department of Transportation (House Bill 2702, 79th Legislature, Regular Session). The Railroad Commission no longer has any railroad-related functions.

(Sources: Guide to Texas State Agencies, various editions; general laws and statutes; and the records themselves.)

Return to the Table of Contents


Scope and Contents of the Records

The Railroad Commission of Texas (RRC) had jurisdiction over the rates and operations of railroads, terminals, wharves and express companies. This series consists of the annual reports of the express companies operating in Texas between 1908 and 1949. The reports of each company include such information as history, organization, officers, routes of operation, capital stock, value of express property in Texas, value of and expenditures for real property and equipment, current assets and liabilities, income account, operating revenues, operating expenses, employees and salaries, important changes during the year, and gross receipts for transportation. Between 1908 and 1916, the reporting year ended on June 30; thereafter, it ended on December 31.

The following is an alphabetical list of the express companies represented:

Adams Express Company, 1910-1918

American Express Company, 1908-1918

American Railway Express Company, 1918-1928

Electric Express and Baggage Company, 1920-1947

Empire Express Company, 1913-1916

Interurban Express and Baggage Lines, Inc., 1931-1934

Jefferson County Express Company, 1920-1924

Missouri, Kansas & Texas Transportation Company, 1931-1949

Pacific Express Company, 1908-1911

Railway and Express Company (formerly American Railway Express Company), 1929

Railway Express Agency, Incorporated, 1929-1949

Santa Fe Transport Corporation, 1935-1938

Southern Pacific Transport Company, 1931-1938

Texas and Pacific Motor Transport Company, 1929-1938

United States Express Company, 1908-1914

Wells Fargo and Company Express, 1908-1918

This finding aid describes one series of the Railroad Commission of Texas records. See Railroad Commission of Texas: An Overview of Records for more records series.

Return to the Table of Contents


 

Arrangement of the Records

These reports are arranged chronologically by year, then alphabetically by company name, as received from the agency.

Return to the Table of Contents


Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Materials do not circulate, but may be used in the State Archives search room. Materials will be retrieved from and returned to storage areas by staff members.

Restrictions on Use

Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted and may be freely used in any way. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).

Technical Requirements

None.

Return to the Table of Contents


Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Subjects:
Railroad and state--Texas.
Express service--Texas.
Document Types:
Annual reports--Texas--Express service--1908-1949.
Functions:
Regulating express service.

Return to the Table of Contents


Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
Attorney Genearl correspondence and other material, 1874-1930, bulk 1880-1914, 132.85 cubic ft.

Return to the Table of Contents


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation:

(Identify the item) Transportation Division express companies annual reports, Railroad Commission. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession number: 1990/141

These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by Rail Planning/Rail Safety Division of the Railroad Commission of Texas on May 24, 1990.

Processing Information

Processed by Tony Black, October 1990

Revised by Laura K. Saegert, October 2000

Finding aid converted from EAD 1.0 to 2002 by TARO using the conversion stylesheet v1to02.xsl, July 2003

DACS compliance by Laura K. Saegert, February 2009

Return to the Table of Contents


Detailed Description of the Records

 

Express companies annual reports, 1908-1949,
8.93 cubic ft.

Box
1990/141-33 American Express Company, 1908
Pacific Express Company, 1908
United States Express Company, 1908
Wells Fargo and Company Express, 1908
American Express Company, 1909
Pacific Express Company, 1909
United States Express Company, 1909
Wells Fargo and Company Express, 1909
Adams Express Company, 1910
Box
1990/141-34 American Express Company, 1910
Pacific Express Company, 1910
United States Express Company, 1910
Wells Fargo and Company Express, 1910
Adams Express Company, 1911
American Express Company, 1911
Pacific Express Company, 1911
United States Express Company, 1911
Wells Fargo and Company Express, 1911
Box
1990/141-35 Adams Express Company, 1912
American Express Company, 1912
United States Express Company, 1912
Wells Fargo and Company Express, 1912
Adams Express Company, 1913
American Express Company, 1913
Empire Express Company, 1913
United States Express Company, 1913
Box
1990/141-36 Wells Fargo and Company Express, 1913
Adams Express Company, 1914
American Express Company, 1914
Empire Express Company, 1914
United States Express Company, 1914
Wells Fargo and Company Express, 1914
Adams Express Company, 1915
Box
1990/141-37 American Express Company, 1915
Empire Express Company, 1915
Wells Fargo and Company Express, 1915
Adams Express Company, 1916 [2 folders]
American Express Company, 1916 [2 folders]
Box
1990/141-38 Empire Express Company, 1916
Wells Fargo and Company Express, 1916 [2 folders]
Adams Express Company, 1917
American Express Company, 1917
Wells Fargo and Company Express, 1917
Box
1990/141-39 Adams Express Company, 1918
American Express Company, 1918
American Railway Express Company, 1918
Wells Fargo and Company Express, 1918
American Railway Express Company, 1919
American Railway Express Company, 1920
Box
1990/141-40 Electric Express and Baggage Company, 1920
Jefferson County Express Company, 1920
American Railway Express Company, 1921
Electric Express and Baggage Company, 1921
Jefferson County Express Company, 1921
American Railway Express Company, 1922
Electric Express and Baggage Company, 1922
Box
1990/141-41 Jefferson County Express Company, 1922
American Railway Express Company, 1923
Electric Express and Baggage Company, 1923
Jefferson County Express Company, 1923
American Railway Express Company, 1924
Electric Express and Baggage Company, 1924
Jefferson County Express Company, 1924
American Railway Express Company, 1925
Box
1990/141-42 Electric Express and Baggage Company, 1925
American Railway Express Company, 1926
Electric Express and Baggage Company, 1926
American Railway Express Company, 1927
Electric Express and Baggage Company, 1927
American Railway Express Company, 1928
Electric Express and Baggage Company, 1928
Electric Express and Baggage Company, 1929
Box
1990/141-43 Railway and Express Company (formerly American Railway Express Company), 1929
Railway Express Agency, Inc., 1929
Texas and Pacific Motor Transport Company, 1929
Electric Express and Baggage Company, 1930
Railway Express Agency, Inc., 1930
Texas and Pacific Motor Transport Company, 1930
Electric Express and Baggage Company, 1931
Box
1990/141-44 Interurban Express and Baggage Lines, Inc., 1931
Missouri, Kansas & Texas Transportation Company, 1931
Railway Express Agency, Inc., 1931
Southern Pacific Transport Company, 1931
Texas and Pacific Motor Transport Company, 1931
Electric Express and Baggage Company, 1932
Interurban Express and Baggage Lines, Inc., 1932
Missouri, Kansas & Texas Transportation Company, 1932
Railway Express Agency, Inc., 1932
Box
1990/141-45 Southern Pacific Transport Company, 1932
Texas and Pacific Motor Transport Company, 1932
Electric Express and Baggage Company, 1933
Interurban Express and Baggage Lines, Inc., 1933
Missouri, Kansas & Texas Transportation Company, 1933
Southern Pacific Transport Company, 1933
Texas and Pacific Motor Transport Company, 1933
Electric Express and Baggage Company, 1934
Interurban Express and Baggage Lines, Inc., 1934
Missouri, Kansas & Texas Transportation Company, 1934
Railway Express Agency, Inc., 1934
Box
1990/141-46 Southern Pacific Transport Company, 1934
Texas and Pacific Motor Transport Company, 1934
Electric Express and Baggage Company, 1935
Missouri, Kansas & Texas Transportation Company, 1935
Railway Express Agency, Inc., 1935
Santa Fe Transport Corporation, 1935
Southern Pacific Transport Company, 1935
Texas and Pacific Motor Transport Company, 1935
Electric Express and Baggage Company, 1936
Missouri, Kansas & Texas Transportation Company, 1936
Box
1990/141-47 Railway Express Agency, Inc., 1936
Santa Fe Transport Corporation, 1936
Southern Pacific Transport Company, 1936
Texas and Pacific Motor Transport Company, 1936
Electric Express and Baggage Company, 1937
Missouri, Kansas & Texas Transportation Company, 1937
Railway Express Agency, Inc., 1937
Santa Fe Transport Corporation, 1937
Box
1990/141-48 Southern Pacific Transport Company, 1937
Texas and Pacific Motor Transport Company, 1937
Electric Express and Baggage Company, 1938
Missouri, Kansas & Texas Transportation Company, 1938
Railway Express Agency, Inc., 1938
Santa Fe Transport Corporation, 1938
Southern Pacific Transport Corporation, 1938
Texas and Pacific Motor Transport Company, 1938
Electric Express and Baggage Company, 1939
Missouri, Kansas & Texas Transportation Company, 1939
Box
1990/141-49 Railway Express Agency, Inc., 1939
Electric Express and Baggage Company, 1940
Missouri, Kansas & Texas Transportation Company, 1940
Railway Express Agency, Inc., 1940
Electric Express and Baggage Company, 1941
Missouri, Kansas & Texas Transportation Company, 1941
Railway Express Agency, Inc., 1941
Electric Express and Baggage Company, 1942
Missouri, Kansas & Texas Transportation Company, 1942
Railway Express Agency, Inc., 1942
Electric Express and Baggage Company, 1943
Box
1990/141-50 Missouri, Kansas & Texas Transportation Company, 1943
Railway Express Agency, Inc., 1943
Electric Express and Baggage Company, 1944
Missouri, Kansas & Texas Transportation Company, 1944
Railway Express Agency, Inc., 1944
Electric Express and Baggage Company, 1945
Missouri, Kansas & Texas Transportation Company, 1945
Railway Express Agency, Inc., 1945
Electric Express and Baggage Company, 1946
Missouri, Kansas & Texas Transportation Company, 1946
Railway Express Agency, Inc., 1946
Electric Express and Baggage Company, 1947
Box
1990/141-51 Missouri, Kansas & Texas Transportation Company, 1947
Railway Express Agency, Inc., 1947
Texas Electric Railway Company, 1947
Missouri, Kansas & Texas Transportation Company, 1948
Railway Express Agency, Inc., 1948
Missouri, Kansas & Texas Transportation Company, 1949
Railway Express Agency, Inc., 1949

Return to the Table of Contents