Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Texas Water Quality Board:

An Inventory of Water Quality Board Records at the Texas State Archives, 1969-1977, undated



Overview

Creator: Texas Water Quality Board.
Title: Water Quality Board records
Dates: 1969-1977, undated
Abstract: The Texas Water Quality Board was designated as the chief agency to provide for the control of the quality of waters in the state and was comprised of seven appointed members who served for overlapping six-year terms. In 1977, the duties, responsibilities, and functions of the Board were transferred to the Texas Department of Water Resources. Types of records are general records, charts and maps, subdivision plans, reports and documentation, transcripts from Sierra Club, at al. vs. James T. Lynn, and board orders. Records date from 1969-1977 and undated.
Quantity: 3.47 cubic ft.
Language: These materials are written in English.
Repository: Texas State Archives
Sponsor: This EAD finding aid was created in cooperation with Texas Archival Resources Online.

Agency History

The Water Quality Board was created under the Texas Water Quality Act of 1967 (Senate Bill 204, 60th Texas Legislature, Regular Session) as successor to the Water Pollution Control Board, which had been established in 1961. The board was designated as the chief agency to provide for the control of the quality of waters in the state. Responsibilities included: establishing criteria governing discharge of waste water into or adjacent to the waters of the state, issuing waste control orders, holding public hearings on applications for permits, conducting research and planning toward development of comprehensive water quality control programs, administering grants to the state by the Federal Water Pollution Control Agency and funds appropriated by the legislature for building sewage treatment facilities, and making inspections and investigations to enforce the rules and regulations of the board and insure proper application of funds. The board also cooperated with the Texas Department of Health in administering the provisions of the federal Solid Waste Disposal Act and supervised regional water authorities in preparing comprehensive water quality plans.

The seven board members included the executive director of the Texas Water Development Board, the State Commissioner of Health, the executive director of the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, the chairman of the Railroad Commission of Texas, and three members appointed by the governor. Appointed members served for overlapping six-year terms. An executive director was chosen by the board to serve it and head the five divisions: Executive, Administrative Services, Central Operations, Field Operations, and Hearings and Enforcement.

The Water Reorganization Act of 1977 (Senate Bill 1139, 65th Legislature, Regular Session,) assigned the duties, responsibilities, and functions of the Water Quality Board to the two agencies organized under the Texas Department of Water Resources. The board's planning, monitoring, and enforcement duties were given to the Texas Water Development Board. Authority to issue permits was handed to the Texas Water Commission.

(Sources include: "Texas Water Quality Board," Handbook of Texas Online, accessed Septmember 3, 2015; and the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality website article "History of the TCEQ and Its Predecessor Agencies," accessed on September 4, 2015.)


Scope and Contents of the Records

The Texas Water Quality Board was designated as the chief agency to provide for the control of the quality of waters in the state. Types of records include correspondence, clippings, reports, legal documents, transcripts, maps, plans, board orders, and lists dating from 1969 to 1977 and undated. These records document the issues of water quality control and development at San Antonio Ranch, a proposed "New Town" in the Edwards Aquifer Recharge Zone in Bexar County, as well as water quality control throughout the Edwards Aquifer Recharge Zone. The Water Quality Board intervened on behalf of San Antonio Ranch, Ltd., a defendant in Sierra Club, et al. vs. James T. Lynn, a civil lawsuit. Records include reports to government entities, plans, and applications prepared by the developers and environmental statements prepared by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) which document the actions taken by the developer to gain approval for building San Antonio Ranch. Hugh Yantis, executive director of the Water Quality Board, also served as chairman of the San Antonio Ranch Water Quality Advisory Review Board.

To prepare this inventory, the described materials were cursorily reviewed to delineate series, to confirm the accuracy of contents lists, to provide an estimate of dates covered, and to determine record types.


 

Organization of the Records

These records are organized into two series and five subseries:
San Antonio Ranch files, 1969-1977, undated, 3.37 cubic ft.
  • General records, 1969-1977, 1 cubic ft.
  • Charts and maps, 1971-1973, undated, 0.2 cubic ft.
  • Subdivision plans, 1970-1977, undated, 0.6 cubic ft.
  • Reports and documentation, 1972, 0.8 cubic ft.
  • Sierra Club, et al. vs. James T. Lynn transcripts, April-May 1973, 0.77 cubic ft.
Board orders, 1969-1975, 0.1 cubic ft.

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Materials do not circulate, but may be used in the State Archives search room. Materials will be retrieved from and returned to storage areas by staff members.

Restrictions on Use

Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).

Technical Requirements

Some maps may be too large to be photocopied.


Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Subjects (Corporate Names):
United States. Department of Housing and Urban Development.
Sierra Club.
San Antonio Ranch, Ltd.
San Antonio Ranch Water Quality Advisory Review Board.
Subjects:
Water resources development--Texas.
Water quality--Texas--Edwards Aquifer (Tex.)
Water quality--Texas--San Antonio Suburban Area.
Places:
Bexar County (Tex.)--Water quality.
Edwards Aquifer (Tex.)--Water quality.
Document Types:
Correspondence--Texas--Water quality--1969-1977.
Clippings (information artifacts)--Texas--Water quality--1969-1977.
Reports--Texas--Water quality--1969-1977.
Legal documents--Texas--Water quality--1969-1977.
Transcripts--Texas--Water quality--1969-1977.
Maps (documents)--Texas--Water quality--1969-1977.
Plans (reports)--Texas--Water quality--1969-1977.
Board orders--Texas--Water quality--1969-1977.
Lists--Texas--Water quality--1969-1977.
Functions:
Water quality management.

Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
Texas Water Commission, Agenda and dockets, 1980-1989, 2.9 cubic ft.
Texas Water Commission, Records, 1941-1942, 1956-1971, 1977-1981, 1 cubic ft.
Texas Department of Water Resources, Reclamation Engineer, Historical files, 1908-about 1960, 90.82 cubic ft. [RESTRICTED]
Texas Water Quality Board, Minutes, September 1967-August 1977, 3.94 cubic ft. [There is no finding aid for these unprocessed records. Call numbers are 1998/209-1 thru 5.]
Texas Water Pollution Control Board, Minutes, January 1965-July 1967, fractional. [There is no finding aid for these unprocessed records. Call number is 1998/209-1.]
Texas Water Development Board meeting files, 1963-1967, 1974-2010, 34.35 cubic ft.
Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, 1976-2009, 95.77 cubic ft. [RESTRICTED]
Natural Resource Conservation Commission water rights application files, 1824, 1910, 1913-2001, undated, bulk 1921-1997, 221.25 cubic ft. [RESTRICTED]
Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, Water use maps, 1913-about 1987, about 3000 drawings [These records are currently unprocessed, see staff for assistance. Call number is 2003/087.]
Texas Water Commission Edwards Aquifer correspondence, 1970-1991, undated, bulk 1973-1988, 4 cubic ft. [RESTRICTED]
Texas Water Commission Minutes, 1913-1986, 7.51 cubic ft.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item and cite the subseries), Texas Water Quality Board records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession number: 1992/027

These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas Water Commission, Administrative Services Division, Records Systems Section, on November 1, 1991.

Processing Information

Processed by Tonia Carlisle, December 1992

Finding aid encoded by Susan Floyd, September 2015


Detailed Description of the Records

 

San Antonio Ranch files, 1969-1977, undated,
3.37 cubic ft.

The Texas Water Quality Board was designated as the chief agency to provide for the control of the quality of waters in the state. This series contains correspondence, clippings, maps, agenda, transcripts, reports, and other materials documenting the question of how water quality in the Edwards Aquifer would be affected by development at San Antonio Ranch. Dates covered are 1969-1977. Records show the role of the Water Quality Board and public interest in protecting the Edwards Aquifer, resulting in Sierra Club, et al. vs. James T. Lynn.
Organization
Materials are divided into five subseries.
General records, 1969-1977, 1 cubic ft.
Charts and maps, 1971-1973, undated, 0.2 cubic ft.
Subdivision plans, 1970-1977, undated, 0.6 cubic ft.
Reports and documentation, 1972, 0.8 cubic ft.
Transcripts, Sierra Club, et al. vs. James T. Lynn, April-May 1973, 0.77 cubic ft.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item and subseries), San Antonio Ranch files, Texas Water Quality Board records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
General records, 1969-1977,
General records of the Water Quality Board contain correspondence, clippings, memoranda, agenda, legal documents, maps, transcripts, and lists, dating 1969-1977. Materials document actions taken to approve San Antonio Ranch for development as well as to keep the "New Town" from being developed. Included are legal documents from Sierra Club, et al. vs. James T. Lynn and background material on the Edwards Aquifer. Correspondents include Hugh Yantis, executive director of the Water Quality Board, and Bob Honts, president of Christian, Miller and Honts, government liaison for developments. Researchers should also check the Charts and maps and Subdivision plans subseries for additional maps, charts, and plans.
Arrangement
These materials are arranged in reverse chronological order.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), General records, San Antonio Ranch files, Texas Water Quality Board records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Technical Requirements
Some maps may be too large to be photocopied.
Box
1992/027-1 September 1973-July 1977
August 1973
March-July 1973
January-February 1973
June-December 1972
January-May 1972
January 1969-December 1971
Charts and maps, 1971-1973,
Maps of the San Antonio Ranch site and surrounding area show land use and geology. Some of these maps are copies of exhibits used in Sierra Club, et al. vs. James T. Lynn, dating 1971-1973. Researchers should also check the General records and Subdivision plans subseries for additional maps, charts, and plans.
Arrangement
These materials are in the order as received.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Charts and maps, San Antonio Ranch files, Texas Water Quality Board records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Technical Requirements
Some maps may be too large to be photocopied.
Box
1992/027-2 Charts and maps [1 folder]
Subdivision plans, 1970-1977,
Records are reports to government entities, plans, and applications prepared by the developers and environmental statements prepared by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) which document the actions taken by the developer to gain approval for building San Antonio Ranch, dating 1970-1977. Researchers should also check the General records and Charts and maps subseries for additional maps, charts, and plans.
Arrangement
These materials are in the order as received.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Subdivision plans, San Antonio Ranch files, Texas Water Quality Board records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Technical Requirements
Some maps may be too large to be photocopied.
Box
1992/027-2 Subdivision plans #1
Subdivision plans #2
Subdivision plans #3
Reports and documentation, 1972,
Records are transcripts of advisory board meetings and of a hearing for Sierra Club, et al. vs. George W. Romney and San Antonio Ranch, Inc., water quality reports prepared by citizens groups and consultants for the advisory board, legal documents for Sierra Club, et al. vs. James T. Lynn, other material for the Water Quality Advisory Review Board, and clippings, dating 1972.
Arrangement
These materials are in the order as received.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Reports and documentation, San Antonio Ranch files, Texas Water Quality Board records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Box
1992/027-2 Reports/documentation #1
Reports/documentation #2
Box
1992/027-3 Reports/documentation #3
Reports/documentation #4
Reports/documentation #5
Sierra Club, et al. vs. James T. Lynn transcripts, April-May 1973,
Records are copies of U.S. District Court transcripts from a lawsuit brought by the Sierra Club, League of Women Voters of the San Antonio Area, Citizens for a Better Environment, and the American Association of University Women, San Antonio Branch against the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development and San Antonio Ranch, Ltd. to halt or severely restrict development in the Edwards Aquifer Recharge Zone. Trial proceedings lasted from April 30 to May 17, 1973. Transcripts are arranged chronologically.
Arrangement
Transcripts are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Sierra Club, et al. vs. James T. Lynn transcripts, San Antonio Ranch files, Texas Water Quality Board records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Box
1992/027-3 Transcript, April 30 to May 3, 1973
Transcript, May 4 and May 14, 1973
Box
1992/027-4 Transcript, May 15, 1973
Transcript, May 16, 1973
Transcript, May 17, 1973



 

Board orders, 1969-1975,
0.1 cubic ft.

The Texas Water Quality Board was designated as the chief agency to provide for the control of the quality of waters in the state. Records are Water Quality Board orders and resolutions approving orders which were passed by county commissioners courts, dating from 1969-1975. Orders and resolutions concern the regulation of sewage and septic tanks within the Edwards Aquifer Recharge Zone. Responsibility for enforcing the septic tank regulations was placed at the county level.
Arrangement
These materials are in the order as received.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Board orders, Texas Water Quality Board records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Box
1992/027-4 Board orders pertaining to the Edwards order, 1972-1975
Septic tank board orders, 1969-1975