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Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview

Agency History

Scope and Contents of the Records

Organization of the Records

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Annual and biennial reports, 1886-1918, 1955-1975,

Catalogues and announcements, 1894-1925, 1930-1931,

Student records, 1872-1896, 1905-1906, 1917-1927,

Teacher certificate register, 1943-1968,

Correspondence, 1890, 1902-1930, 1951, 1984-1989,

Certificates, 1898, 1925, 1980-1988, undated,

Procedures and policies manuals, 1973-1975, 1980-1988,

Other reports of Texas School for the Blind, 1949, 1968-1976, 1989, undated,

Publications of Texas School for the Blind, 1909-1989,

Other publications, 1871-1985, undated,

Account ledgers and cash books, 1881-1942, 1973-1974,

Parents Teachers Association/Organization records, 1953-1975, 1978,

Southwestern Association of Schools for the Blind records, 1956-1965, undated,

Institute for Deaf, Dumb and Blind Colored Youths of the State of Texas records, 1893, 1899, 1925-1965, 1989,

Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired:

An Inventory of School for the Blind and Visually Impaired Records at the Texas State Archives, 1871-1989, undated



Overview

Creator: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired.
Title: School for the Blind and Visually Impaired records
Dates: 1871-1989, undated
Abstract: The Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired is a public school district that provides specialized services that focus on the learning needs of Texas primary and secondary students with visual impairments, including those with additional disabilities. Records include annual and biennial reports, catalogues and announcements, student records, a teacher certificate register, correspondence (including letterpress books), certificates, procedures and policies manuals, special reports, publications, account ledgers, cash books, and minutes. Dates covered are 1871-1989 and undated. Also included are records of the Institute for Deaf, Dumb and Blind Colored Youths of the State of Texas dating 1893, 1899, 1925-1965, and 1989.
Quantity: 14.71 cubic ft.
Repository: Texas State Archives
Sponsor: This EAD finding aid was created in part with funds provided by the Texas Telecommunications Infrastructure Fund Board for the Texas Archival Resources Online project.

Agency History

The Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI) was established by the 6th Texas Legislature as the Asylum for the Blind (Chapter CVIII, August 16, 1856). In January 1857, the first student was admitted to the institution. The first classes of students met in a rented residence in Austin. The Asylum for the Blind eventually moved into a building on 19th Street and East Avenue. This site was transferred to the University of Texas in 1925, becoming the "Little Campus." The Asylum for the Blind became known as the Texas Institution for the Blind (also referred to as the Blind Institute) in 1905 and the Texas School for the Blind in 1915. In the latter year, the legislature appropriated funds to build a new campus on 73 acres of land in northwest Austin, donated by the citizens. This land, located at 1100 West 45th Street, was occupied by the school in 1917. In 1919, the 36th Legislature created the Texas State Board of Control (Senate Bill 147, Regular Session). This three-member board replaced the boards of governors of each of the state's eleemosynary institutions, including the board of trustees of the School for the Blind. In 1951, the 52nd Legislature placed the School for the Blind under the Board for Texas State Hospitals and Special Schools (House Bill 378, Regular Session). The 53rd Legislature transferred the School for the Blind to the State Board of Education (Senate Bill 119/House Bill 128, Regular Session). In 1965, the legislature placed the School for the Blind under the direction of a Central Services Agency for Special Schools for the Blind and the Deaf, under the State Board of Education, which became the Texas Education Agency (House Bill 377, 59th Legislature, Regular Session). The name of the School for the Blind was changed in 1989 to the TSBVI to better reflect the population it serves. The TSBVI is an independent school district, which covers kindergarten through twelfth grade education, and provides residential services for blind and multihandicapped blind students. TSBVI also provides technical assistance to teachers, other professionals, and parents in local Texas communities to better serve blind and visually impaired students in the students' home districts.

Concurrently, visually-impaired African-American youths were taught at a similar institution. In 1887, the 20th Legislature created the Institute for Deaf, Dumb and Blind Colored Youths of the State of Texas, to occupy a 100-acre tract four miles northwest of the State Capitol, just east of what became Camp Mabry (House Bill 445, 20th Legislature, Regular Session). The first class had nine blind students and eight deaf students, taught by one teacher apiece. Enrollment had climbed to 125 by 1912, with a faculty of 11. The governing body was a three-person board of trustees. In 1930, orphans began to be admitted to the newly designated Deaf, Dumb and Blind Asylum for Colored Youths and Colored Orphans (House Bill 154, 41st Legislature, 5th Called Session). Three more name changes followed: in 1943, to the State School for Deaf and Blind Negro Children; in 1947, to the Texas Blind, Deaf and Orphan School; and in 1965, to the Texas Blind and Deaf School (finally placed under the Texas Education Agency). With desegregation in 1966, black students were merged with white students in the TSBVI and the Texas School for the Deaf.

The TSBVI is overseen by a nine-member board appointed by the governor for overlapping six-year terms. Public meetings of the board are held five to six times per year. Three of the members must be blind or visually impaired, three must be parents of blind or visually impaired persons, and three must have had experience in working with the blind or visually impaired. The board is the equivalent of the board of trustees of an independent school district: it appoints an executive director or superintendent to administer the school, and all actions of the board may be appealed to the State Board of Education (Texas Education Code, Sections 11.06 through 11.091). The board has three standing committees: audit, compliance, and management review; finance; and programs.

(Sources include: Guide to Texas State Agencies, 11th edition (2001); James W. Markham and Paulette Delahoussaye, "Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired," Handbook of Texas Online; and TSBVI's website (http://www.tsbvi.edu), all accessed October 19, 2015.)

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Scope and Contents of the Records

The Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI) is a public school district that provides specialized services that focus on the learning needs of primary and secondary students with visual impairments, including those with additional disabilities. Records include annual and biennial reports, catalogues and announcements, student records, a teacher certificate register, correspondence (including letter-press books), certificates, procedures and policies manuals, special reports, publications, and account ledgers, cash books, and minutes of meetings (of the Parents Teachers Association and of the Southwestern Association of Schools for the Blind). Dates covered are 1871-1989 and undated. Records document the history of educating the blind and visually impaired, the operation of TSBVI and its predecessors (Texas State Asylum for the Blind, Texas Institution for the Blind, and Texas School for the Blind), the construction and remodeling of buildings, and the courses and instruction methods taught.

The Institute for Deaf, Dumb and Blind Colored Youths of the State of Texas was a state school, existing from 1887 to 1966, to teach African-American students who did not hear or see well enough to be educated in the other public schools within Texas. The records of the institute include an annual report, a register of students on microfilm, a published history, and a brief chronology and date 1893, 1899, 1925-1965, and 1989. The records are a combination of those created by the institution and by the Texas School for the Deaf, along with a portion of a publication written by a Gallaudet College professor.

To prepare this inventory, the described materials were cursorily reviewed to delineate series, to confirm the accuracy of contents lists, to provide an estimate of dates covered, and to determine record types.

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Organization of the Records

These records are organized into fourteen series.
Annual and biennial reports, 1886-1918, 1955-1975, 0.5 cubic ft.
Catalogues and announcements, 1894-1925, 1930-1931, 0.25 cubic ft.
Student records, 1872-1896, 1905-1906, 1917-1927, 0.45 cubic ft.
Teacher certificate register, 1943-1968, 0.13 cubic ft.
Correspondence, 1890, 1902-1930, 1951, 1984-1989, 4.75 cubic ft.
Certificates, 1898, 1925, 1980-1988, undated, fractional
Procedures and policies manuals, 1973-1975, 1980-1988, 0.66 cubic ft.
Other reports of Texas School for the Blind, 1949, 1968-1976, 1989, undated, 0.22 cubic ft.
Publications of Texas School for the Blind, 1909-1989, 2.28 cubic ft.
Other publications, 1871-1985, undated, 0.66 cubic ft.
Account ledgers and cash books, 1881-1942, 1973-1974, 3.66 cubic ft.
Parents Teachers Association/Organization records, 1953-1975, 1978, 0.33 cubic ft.
Southwestern Association of Schools for the Blind records, 1956-1968, undated, 0.33 cubic ft.
Institute for Deaf, Dumb and Blind Colored Youths of the State of Texas records, 1893, 1899, 1925-1965, 1989, 0.49 cubic ft.

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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Materials do not circulate, but may be used in the State Archives search room. Materials will be retrieved from and returned to storage areas by staff members.

Restrictions on Use

Most records created by Texas state agencies are not copyrighted. State records also include materials received by, not created by, state agencies. Copyright remains with the creator. The researcher is responsible for complying with U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17 U.S.C.).

Technical Requirements

The letterpress books in the Correspondence series are too fragile to be photocopied.

Microfilm readers are available in the Lorenzo de Zavala State Archives and Library Building. Ask staff members for exact locations.

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Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Corporate Names:
Texas School for the Blind.
Texas State Asylum for the Blind.
Texas. Institution for the Blind.
Institute for Deaf, Dumb and Blind Colored Youths of the State of Texas.
Subjects:
Blind children--Education--Texas.
Blind--Institutional care--Texas.
Blind--Education--Texas.
Blind children--Institutional care--Texas.
Deaf--Education--Texas.
Deaf children--Institutional care--Texas.
Document Types:
Minutes (administrative records)--Texas--Blind--1956-1970.
Reports--Texas--Blind--1886-1918, 1949, 1955-1976, 1989, undated.
Catalogs (documents)--Texas--Blind--1894-1925, 1930-1931.
Correspondence--Texas--Blind--1890, 1902-1930, 1951, 1984-1989.
Certificates--Texas--Blind--1898, 1925, 1980-1988.
Publications (document genre)--Texas--Blind--1856-1989.
Financial records--Texas--Blind--1881-1942, 1973-1974.
Functions:
Teaching the blind and visually impaired.

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Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
Commission for the Blind records, 1932-2003, undated, 19.75 cubic ft.
Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired meeting files, 1856-1919, 1979-2015, 9.3 cubic ft.
Texas State Board of Control records, 1854, 1885-1890, 1909-1979, undated, bulk 1935-1953, 103.47 cubic ft.
Blueprints and drawings collection, 1854-1984, undated, 41.21 cubic. ft. [See series Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired, 1902-1903, 1911-1912, undated; and Fireproofing and Fire Protection, 1896, 1912-1913, undated.]
Texas Board for Texas State Hospitals and Special Schools records, 1950-1965, 2.25 cubic ft.
Publications
Texas School for the Blind, 1869-1918
Board of Control, 1920-1940
Board for Texas State Hospitals and Special Schools, 1949-1950
Texas Education Agency, 1952-1960, 1962-1966, 1968-1972
Institute for the Deaf, Dumb and Blind Colored Youths annual reports, 1887-1912
Catalogue and announcement of the Texas Deaf and Blind Institute for Colored Youths, 1919-1920, 1922-1923, 1927-1938

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item and cite the series), Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession numbers: 1989/073, 1989/088, 1989/130

The majority of these records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas School for the Blind on December 14, 1988, with additional transfers on January 13 and April 26, 1989.

Processing Information

Initial processing by Tony Black, October 1989

Corrections and further editing to TARO standards by Carolyn Foster, March 2003

Board of Trustee minutes series moved to Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired meeting files finding aid and other series made DACS-compliant with edits to description by Anna M. Reznik, October 2015

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Detailed Description of the Records

 

Annual and biennial reports, 1886-1918, 1955-1975,
0.5 cubic ft.

The Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired uses annual and biennial reports to provide a snapshot of the school's accomplishments, activities, and needs. This series consists of the printed annual and biennial reports to the Governor of Texas made by the Trustees and Superintendent of the Texas Institution for the Blind, 1886-1899 and 1904 (an incomplete run); by the School for the Blind, 1911-1918; by the Texas Education Agency, Texas School for the Blind, 1955-1964; and by the State Board of Education, Special Schools for the Blind and the Deaf, 1965-1975 (this last group includes reports for the Texas School for the Deaf). These annual reports provide a fairly thorough account of the activities of the School for the Blind, including lists of faculty and staff, lists of graduates and students (until 1905), reports of the principal concerning educational activity, reports of the oculist and the physician concerning health matters, a business account of the work of the industrial department, improvements made and needed, and monthly statements of disbursements of appropriations.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Annual and biennial reports, Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1989/073
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas School for the Blind on December 14, 1988.
Annual reports
Box Folder
1989/073-1 1. 1886
2. 1888
3. 1890
4. 1891
5. 1894
6. 1895
7. 1896
8. 1898
9. 1899
10. 1904
11. 1911
12. 1912
Biennial reports
Box Folder
1989/073-1 13. FY 1913 and 1914
14. FY 1915 and 1916
15. FY 1917 and 1918
Annual reports
Box Folder
1989/073-1 16. FY 1955
17. FY 1956
18. FY 1957
19. FY 1958
20. FY 1959
21. FY 1960
22. FY 1961
23. FY 1962
24. FY 1963
25. FY 1964
26. FY 1966
27. FY 1967
28. FY 1968
29. FY 1969
30. FY 1970
31. FY 1971
32. FY 1972
33. FY 1973
34. FY 1974
35. FY 1975

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Catalogues and announcements, 1894-1925, 1930-1931,
0.25 cubic ft.

The Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired uses course catalogues and announcements to inform enrolled students, and parents, of available classes and general school news. This series consists of printed catalogues for the Texas School for the Blind, dating 1894-1925, 1930-1931. Catalogues are almost complete from the mid-1890s through the mid-1920s. Basic information in the catalogues includes lists of the Board of Trustees, the faculty and staff, and the students (through the catalogue of 1925); the course of study; and rules for admission. Later catalogues added brief historical statements, regulations, suggestions to parents (e.g. on discipline, writing home, and sending "knickknacks"); general information on promotions, graduation, Sunday activities, summer vacations, the library, and the use of the word "Asylum." The later catalogues in this collection also include lists of graduates of the school from its beginnings.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Catalogues and announcements, Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1989/073
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas School for the Blind on December 14, 1988.
Catalogues
Box Folder
1989/073-1 37. 1894-1895
38. 1897-1898
39. 1899-1900
40. 1900-1901
41. 1903-1904
42. 1904-1906
Catalogues and announcements
Box Folder
1989/073-1 43. 1906-1908
44. 1908-1910
45. 1911-1912
46. 1914-1915
47. 1916-1917
48. 1918-1919
49. 1920-1921
50. 1922-1923
51. 1924-1925
52. 1930-1931

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Student records, 1872-1896, 1905-1906, 1917-1927,
0.45 cubic ft.

To better manage the education of Texas' primary and secondary students with visual impairments, the Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired collected and maintained information about its pupils. This series consists of three volumes and one folder, giving information on students of the Texas School for the Blind in various degrees of detail. The earliest volume lists pupils in attendance, dating 1872-1893, including name, age, date entered, date left and cause, parent's name and post office address. The Record of Studies and Record of Classes volume, dating 1889-1896, provides the names of students (arranged by class) and charts the subjects they were taking and the time of day of each course. Arrangement is chronological by academic year. The Roster of Students, 1905-1906 is a simple list of names. The Roster of Students, 1917-1927 (including the School for the Deaf) lists name, age, parent/guardian, post office, county, cause of blindness/deafness, and address.
Arrangement
These records are arranged as received from the agency. Record of Studies and Record of Classes is arranged chronologically by academic year.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Student records, Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1989/073
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas School for the Blind on December 14, 1988.
Volume
1989/073-40 Pupils in Attendance, 1872-1893
Volume
1989/073-41 Record of Studies and Classes, 1889-1896
Volume
1989/073-45 Roster, 1917-1927
Box Folder
1989/073-1 53. Roster, 1905-1906

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Teacher certificate register, 1943-1968,
0.13 cubic ft.

As the Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired provides specialized services that focus on the learning needs of primary and secondary students with visual impairments, including those with additional disabilities, the institution hires teachers familiar with instruction methods for the blind and visually impaired. This series consists of one post binder titled Teacher Certificate Register, 1943-1968. It records the following information for each member of the faculty: name, address, date registered, race, age, gender, kind of certificate, date issued, date of expiration, issuing college, and remarks.
Arrangement
Names within the register are listed by the first letter of the teacher's surname and then chronologically with a letter grouping.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Teacher certificate register, Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1989/073
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas School for the Blind on December 14, 1988.
Volume
1989/073-46 Teacher Certificate Register, 1943-1968

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Correspondence, 1890, 1902-1930, 1951, 1984-1989,
4.75 cubic ft.

The Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired is a public school district that provides specialized services that focus on the learning needs of primary and secondary students with visual impairments, including those with additional disabilities. This series contains both incoming and outgoing correspondence of the Texas School for the Blind dating 1890, 1902-1930, 1951, 1984-1989. The loose incoming correspondence, mostly from 1903 to 1930, is rather sparse and includes applications for employment and letters of recommendation; guardianship papers; bids, specifications, bonds, and contracts for construction and maintenance work on the buildings and grounds; and letters from parents and former students. Of special interest is a shoebox full of letters received, and copies of letters sent, by student Evelyn Werline, dating 1927-1929. In addition, there are reminiscences by Mr. Caryl J. Watkins of Sydney, Australia, 1984-1989, relating to his aunt Juliette A. Wright (a former teacher at the Texas School for the Blind) and William E. Allen (later superintendent of the School). Much more complete, although limited in time span, are letterpress books, which include two sources: copies of letters sent by the superintendent, 1902-1905 and 1911-1917; and those sent by the storekeeper and accountant, 1911-1917. The letterpress books are indexed.
Arrangement
The correspondence of the Texas School for the Blind is arranged very roughly chronologically.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Correspondence, Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1989/073, 1989/088
The majority of these records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas School for the Blind on December 14, 1988, with an additional transfer on January 13, 1989.
Technical Requirements
The letterpress books are too fragile to be photocopied.
Correspondence
Box Folder
1989/073-1 54. 1890
55. 1902, 1907
56. 1906
57.-58. 1907
59. 1906
60. 1903-1907
61.-69. 1909
Box Folder
1989/073-2 1.-2. 1913-1914
3. 1910-1915
4. 1913-1914
5. 1911-1916
6.-7. 1915-1916
8. 1920s
9. 1924
10. 1925
11. 1926
12. 1928
13. 1929
14. 1930
15. 1951
Letters received by Evelyn Werline
Box
1989/073-6 September-December 1927
January-March 1928
April-December 1928
January-March 1929
Letters sent by Evelyn Werline
Box
1989/073-6 1927
1928
1929
Contact book, about 1920-about 1946
[Lists when a person was at or working at the Texas School for the Blind and his or her position.]
Box Folder
1989/088-1 1. Correspondence of Mr. Caryl J. Watkins, 1984-1989
Letterpress books (superintendent)
Box
1989/073-7 1901-1903
1903-1904
1904 (March-September)
1904-1905
1905 (July-December)
Box
1989/073-8 1911 (March-September)
1911-1912
1912-1913
1913-1914
Box
1989/073-9 1914-1915
1915 (January-December)
1916 (January-September)
1916-1917
Letterpress books (storekeeper and accountant)
Box
1989/073-10 1911-1914
1914-1916
1916-1917

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Certificates, 1898, 1925, 1980-1988, undated,
fractional

The Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired receives and issues certificates pertaining to the education of Texas' primary and secondary school students. This series consists of one large framed and several smaller unframed certificates, conferring membership and bestowing honors upon the Texas School for the Blind. Certificates include those for education accreditation, appreciation for support of services for the blind and visually impaired, and thanks for community service. In addition there are two diplomas of graduation, one blank and the other one completed and in a folding case. Records are dated 1898, 1925, and 1980-1988.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Certificates, Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1989/073
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas School for the Blind on December 14, 1988.
Box
1989/073-48 Certificate, Texas State Fair and Dallas Exposition, 1898
Box Folder
1989/073-6 1. Certificates, 1925, 1982-1988, undated
1. Blank diploma, 1986
2. Student's diploma, 1980

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Procedures and policies manuals, 1973-1975, 1980-1988,
0.66 cubic ft.

The Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired developed manuals and procedures to operate the school in a consistent manner. This series consists of statements of policies and procedures published by the Texas School for the Blind. Records date 1973-1975, 1980-1988 and range in size from several pages to lengthy manuals. Of special interest is a lengthy Operating and Procedures Manual in loose-leaf format, containing updates through 1987.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Procedures and policies manuals, Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1989/073
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas School for the Blind on December 14, 1988.
Box Folder
1989/073-2 16. Lee Coughran Guide, 1973
17. Supply forms, 1973
18-20. Procedures manual, 1974
21. Procedures manual changes, 1975
22. Employee manual, 1980
23. Procedures, 1981
24. Employment manual, about 1982
25. Safety and disaster planning manual, about 1982
26. Learning Resource Center, 1988
27. Operating and Procedures Manual, through 1987
[notebook]

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Other reports of Texas School for the Blind, 1949, 1968-1976, 1989, undated,
0.22 cubic ft.

To solicit feedback from Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired stakeholders, the school produced reports, surveys, and proposals. Records consist of reports, organizational charts, and examples of materials sent to stakeholders for feedback. These reports relate to a variety of subjects — educational, vocational, fiscal, and administrative — dating 1949, 1968-1976, 1989, undated.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Other reports of Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired, Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1989/073, 1989/130
The majority of these records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas School for the Blind on December 14, 1988, with an additional transfer on April 26, 1989.
Box Folder
1989/073-3 1. Survey, 1949
2. Organizational chart, 1968-1969
3. Project proposal for vocational program, 1969-1970
4. Educational Media Development Project: Interim Report, 1970
5. Educational Media Development Project: Final Report, 1971
6. Status report, 1973
7. Various reports, 1974-1975
8. Budget estimates for FY 1978 and 1979, 1976
9. Report on Group G, undated
Box Folder
1989/130-1 4. Organizational charts, 1975 and before 1989
5. Name change survey, 1989
6. Mascot logos for T-shirts and gym wall, 1989
7. Testimony by Bill Miller (Executive Director of Texas School for the Blind) before House Committee on Public Education, 1989

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Publications of Texas School for the Blind, 1909-1989,
2.28 cubic ft.

To inform Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired stakeholders, the institution publishes materials highlighting the achievements of the school as well as the challenges it faces in educating primary and secondary students with visual impairments. This series contains a variety of publications by the Texas School for the Blind, in typescript, printed, and braille forms. Of particular interest, located at the beginning and the end of the first group of miscellaneous publications are informational/promotional brochures, one dated 1909 and the other dated from the late 1980s. Staff newsletters, dating 1977-1979, 1982-1983, and 1988-1989, includes information about rule and procedure changes, staff and school meetings, campus events and activities, and general news relating to the school's administration. And finally, there is a complete set of student yearbooks, the Wildcat, dated 1966 through 1988, including both print, braille, and mixed versions.
Arrangement
These records are arranged in roughly chronological order within record type.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Publications of Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired, Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1989/073, 1989/130
The majority of these records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas School for the Blind on December 14, 1988, with an additional transfer on April 26, 1989.
Box Folder
1989/073-3 10. Some Facts Concerning the State School for the Blind, 1909
11. History of the Education of the Blind in the United States from 1830 to 1945: by Superintendent W.E. Allen, about 1945
12. Bits of School History, 1856-1962, about 1962
13. The Eyes of Texas, 1966
14. No Place To Go in Texas, about 1966
15. Winning Entries, Janet Bixby Writing Contest, 1973
16. Establishment of Superintendency of Texas Blind Asylum, after 1972
17. Committed to Excellence, 1980s
Box Folder
1989/073-2 28. TSB (Texas School for the Blind) newsletters, 1977-1979
[notebook]
Box Folder
1989/130-1 2. Insights, a Newsletter for TSB Staff, 1982-1983, 1988-1989
3. Minnie Lee Hammett, Angel with a Broken Wing, 1976
Box
1989/073-4 Wildcat, 1966-1986
Box
1989/073-5 Wildcat, 1987-1988
Wildcat, 1980
[braille only]
Texas School for the Blind, by Fourth Grade, after 1930
[braille and transcription]

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Other publications, 1871-1985, undated,
0.66 cubic ft.

The Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired collected publications from other entities to better understand general education trends as well as teaching methods catered toward persons with visual impairments. This series contains publications of other Texas state agencies relating to the work of the Texas School for the Blind, 1946-1985 and undated; and other publications on education of the blind and visually impaired, published in Texas from 1983 to 1985, and outside the state from 1871 to 1968. Among the latter are various proceedings of conventions of the American Association of Instructors of the Blind, 1871-1886, about 1940s; a report of the General Institution for the Blind in Birmingham, England, 1901-1902; a handbook of blind relief laws, 1929; a directory of periodicals of special interest to the blind, 1938; and a U.S. Department of Education publication on statistics of special schools, 1938-1940.
Arrangement
These records are arranged in roughly chronological order within three groups: publications of other Texas state agencies, other Texas publications, and non-Texas publications.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Other publications, Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1989/073
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas School for the Blind on December 14, 1988.
Publications of other Texas state agencies:
Box Folder
1989/073-3 18. State Department of Education: Teachers' Guide to Special Education for Exceptional Children, about 1946
19. University of Texas: Handbook for Teachers of Exceptional Children, 1947
20. University of Texas: M.A. Thesis, Evaluation of Economic Orientation of Recent Graduates from Texas School for the Blind, 1956
21. Texas School for the Deaf: Centennial, 1956
22. Attorney General: Drafting of Legislative Documents, 1957
23. Texas Education Agency: Summer Instruction for Blind Students, 1968
24. Governor's Coordinating Office for the Visually Handicapped: Technical Advisory Council, 1976
25. State Board of Education: Texas Assessment of Basic Skills, 1984
26. Council on Disabilities: Long Range State Plan, 1985
27. Texas Transition Task Force, 1985
28. Texas Education Agency: Education Calendar, 1985
29. Texas Examination of Current Administrators and Teachers (TECAT) Packet, 1985
Box
1989/073-5 Texas Examination of Current Administrators and Teachers (TECAT) Review, Post Test, undated
[braille only]
Other Texas publications
Box Folder
1989/073-3 30. American Education: ABCs of Failure, 1983
31. Texas Lions Center for Outdoor Education, 1984
32. Texas Association of School Boards: Legislative Summary, 1985
33. Directory of Services for Visually Impaired in Houston and Harris County, undated
Non-Texas publications
Box Folder
1989/073-3 34. 1892
35. 1901-1902
36. 1912
37. 1913
38. 1929
39. 1938
40. 1938-1940
41. 1940
42. 1946
[Catalog for bibles and scripture volumes for the blind.]
43. 1946
[Proceedings for Convention of the American Association of Instructors of the Blind.]
44. 1947
45. 1957
46. 1968
Box
1989/073-5 Proceedings of Conventions of the American Association of Instructors of the Blind, 1871-1886

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Account ledgers and cash books, 1881-1942, 1973-1974,
3.66 cubic ft.

As a public school district, the Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired tracks where and how the institution spends its funding. This series contains several types of financial records produced by the Texas School for the Blind dating 1881-1942, 1973-1974. Four of these are account ledgers covering the years 1881-1913, which itemize receipts and expenditures (debit and credit transactions), arranged chronologically, and then by subclass of the appropriation (e.g., salaries of administrators, faculty, and staff; clothing; groceries and provisions; transportation; repairs; miscellaneous). An account ledger dated 1913-1916, which is indexed, is arranged by student, and typically has the entry "To Cash" under the debits, and "By Dep[osit]" under the credits. Eleven cash books cover nearly three decades (1914-1916, 1919-1923, 1926-1928, 1930-1942), with some gaps; they itemize cash transactions, both debit and credit, under the following headings: pupils, boys' industrial department, girls' industrial department, junk, miscellaneous, and appropriations. Three of the volumes, covering 1936-1941, contain a daily listing of needed groceries, with prices from two or three sources, and a checkmark to indicate the lowest. There is a volume dating 1902-1905, of "Accounts with pupils for cash, uniforms, etc." A volume of clothing accounts, 1907-1910, includes sizes of clothing for each student. "Record of Supplies Received, 1913-1914" gives date, firms delivering supplies, articles delivered, quantity delivered, price, value, order number, and date approved. An accounts volume dated 1927-1932 apparently covers the entire Board of Control, including other institutions beside the Texas School for the Blind. Two warrants registers, 1932-1936, list date, payee, warrant number, and amount. A cash book, 1937-1940, lists mainly pupils, under debit and credit. A volume of student accounts dated 1973 to 1974, is arranged alphabetically by student's name and provide the name, address, date, explanation, purpose, amount, sales slip, stub, debits, credits, and balance.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by function type.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Account ledgers and cash books, Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1989/073
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas School for the Blind on December 14, 1988.
Account ledgers
Volume
1989/073-11 1881-1893
Volume
1989/073-12 1895-1902
Volume
1989/073-13 1903-1910
Volume
1989/073-14 1910-1913
Volume
1989/073-15 1913-1916
Cash books
Volume
1989/073-16 1914-1916
Volume
1989/073-17 1919
Volume
1989/073-18 1919-1920
Volume
1989/073-19 1921-1922
Volume
1989/073-20 1922-1923
Volume
1989/073-21 1923
Volume
1989/073-22 1926
Volume
1989/073-23 1926-1927
Volume
1989/073-24 1927-1928
Volume
1989/073-25 1930-1938
Volume
1989/073-26 1938-1942
Grocery shopping ledgers
Volume
1989/073-31 1936-1938
Volume
1989/073-32 1938-1939
Volume
1989/073-33 1939-1941
Volume
1989/073-34 Accounts with pupils for cash, uniforms, etc., 1902-1905
Volume
1989/073-35 Clothing accounts, 1907-1910
Volume
1989/073-39 Record of supplies received, 1913-1914
Volume
1989/073-42 Accounts volume, Board of Control, 1927-1932
Warrants registers
Volume
1989/073-36 1932-1936
Volume
1989/073-37 1936
Volume
1989/073-38 Cash book, 1937-1940
Volume
1989/073-43 Student accounts, 1973-1974

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Parents Teachers Association/Organization records, 1953-1975, 1978,
0.33 cubic ft.

Parents Teachers Association/Organizations (PTA or PTO) encourage collaboration between parents and teachers to improve the learning environment for students. This series consists of the records of the PTA or PTO of the Texas School for the Blind, including minutes of general and executive committee meetings, correspondence, bylaws, budgets, and a brochure. Records document the School for the Blind's PTA/PTO's efforts to increase parent and teacher involvement in the school. Dates covered are 1953-1975, 1978.
Arrangement
These records are arranged as received from the agency.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Parents Teachers Association/Organization records, Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1989/073
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas School for the Blind on December 14, 1988.
Box Folder
1989/073-6 3. PTA brochure, 1962
3. PTA by-laws, undated
3. PTA budget, 1974-1975
4. PTA correspondence, 1967-1972
5. PTA unpaid bills, 1978
General PTA meeting minutes
Box
1989/073-6 1953-1965
[notebook]
1965-1975
[notebook]
Executive Committee PTA meeting minutes
Box
1989/073-6 1955-1962
[notebook]
1962-1970
[notebook]

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Southwestern Association of Schools for the Blind records, 1956-1965, undated,
0.33 cubic ft.

The Southwestern Association of Schools for the Blind (SWASB) was a multi-state association, of which the Texas School for the Blind was a member, that coordinated extracurricular activities for member states' schools for the blind. Members of SWASB varied depending on time period and type of activity, but often included Arkansas, Colorado, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Tennessee, and Texas. Records include minutes of meetings (which often included discussion of wrestling tournaments), correspondence, and track and field rules. Dates covered are 1956-1965, and undated.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by topic and then chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Southwestern Association of Schools for the Blind records, Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1989/073
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas School for the Blind on December 14, 1988.
Box
1989/073-6 Secretary - SWASB (Southwestern Association of Schools for the Blind), 1956-1960, 1964, undated
[Blank track meet forms, sample tournament brackets, and minutes for SWASB meetings. Minutes signed by Bob Young, secretary for SWASB and one of Texas' representatives in the association.]
Track and field rules, undated
General SWASB records
[Correspondence, budgets, and minutes for SWASB meetings.]
Box
1989/073-6 1956-1957
1957-1958
1958-1959
1959-1960
1960-1961
1961-1962
1962-1963
1963-1964
1964-1965

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Institute for Deaf, Dumb and Blind Colored Youths of the State of Texas records, 1893, 1899, 1925-1965, 1989,
0.49 cubic ft.

The Institute for Deaf, Dumb and Blind Colored Youths of the State of Texas was a state school, existing from 1887 to 1966, to teach African-American students who did not hear or see well enough to be educated in the other public schools within Texas. This series consists of an annual report, a register of students, a published history, and a brief chronology dating 1893, 1899, 1925-1965, 1989. The 1899 Annual Report for the Institute for the Deaf, Dumb and Blind Colored Youths summarizes the activities of the school and education methods used. The Register of the Texas Deaf and Blind Institute for Colored Youths, 1925-1965, lists date, name, residence, and remarks (either the name of the parent/guardian, or the date the student graduated, withdrew, etc.). The register is broken down by Department (Blind and Deaf) and therein by sex. There is a ten-page section titled "History of the Texas Institute for Deaf, Dumb and Blind Colored Youths," included in a volume edited by Gallaudet College professor Edward Allen Fay, Histories of American Schools for the Deaf, 1817-1893, Volume II: Public Schools in the United States, published in 1893. Finally, there is a memo originating from the Texas School for the Deaf, dated 1989, which provides "an incomplete list of dates gleaned from historical documents and articles" concerning the Texas School for the Deaf and the Institute for Deaf, Dumb and Blind Colored Youths of the State of Texas (1856-1985).
Agency History
In 1887, the 20th Legislature created the Institute for Deaf, Dumb and Blind Colored Youths of the State of Texas, to occupy a 100-acre tract four miles northwest of the State Capitol, just east of what became Camp Mabry. The first class had nine blind students and eight deaf students, taught by one teacher apiece. Enrollment had climbed to 125 by 1912, with a faculty of 11. The governing body was a three-person Board of Trustees. In 1930, black orphans began to be admitted to the newly designated Deaf, Dumb and Blind Asylum for Colored Youths and Colored Orphans. Three more name changes followed: in 1943, to the State School for Deaf and Blind Negro Children; in 1947, to the Texas Blind, Deaf and Orphan School; and in 1965, to the Texas Blind and Deaf School (finally placed under the Texas Education Agency). With desegregation in 1966, black students were merged with white students in the Texas School for the Blind and the Texas School for the Deaf, respectively.
Arrangement
These records are arranged as received by the agency.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Institute for Deaf, Dumb and Blind Colored Youths of the State of Texas records, Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired records. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Technical Requirements
Microfilm readers are available in the Lorenzo de Zavala State Archives and Library Building. Ask staff members for exact locations.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1989/073, 1989/130
The majority of these records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas School for the Blind on December 14, 1988, with an additional transfer on April 26, 1989.
Box Folder
1989/073-1 36. Annual Report, Institute for the Deaf, Dumb and Blind Colored Youths, 1899
Reel
3639 Register of Students, Deaf & Blind Colored Youths, 1925-1965
Box
1989/073-5 Histories of American Schools for the Deaf, 1817-1893, 1893
Box Folder
1989/130-1 8. Chronology (1856-1985), 1989

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