Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Texas School for the Blind:

An Inventory of Records at the Texas State Archives, 1856-1989



Overview

Creator: Texas School for the Blind.
Title: Records
Dates: 1856-1989
Abstract: The records of the Texas School for the Blind include minutes of meetings (of the board of trustees, of the Parents Teachers Association, and of the Southwestern Association of Schools for the Blind), annual and biennial reports, catalogues and announcements, student records, a teacher certificate register, correspondence (including letter-press books), certificates, procedures and policies manuals, special reports, publications, and account ledgers and cash books. Dates covered are 1856-1989. The records of the Texas Institute for Deaf, Dumb and Blind Colored Youths date 1893, 1899, 1925-1965, and 1989.
Quantity: 15.75 cubic ft.
Repository: Texas State Archives

Agency History

In 1856, the Texas Legislature created the Asylum for the Blind, which enrolled seven boys in its first class, taught by two teachers and meeting in a rented residence in Austin. They eventually moved into a building on 19th Street and East Avenue. This site was transferred to the University of Texas in 1925, becoming the "Little Campus." The Asylum for the Blind became known as the Texas Institution for the Blind (also referred to as the Blind Institute) in 1905, and finally the Texas School for the Blind in 1915. In this latter year, the Legislature appropriated funds to build a new campus on 73 acres of land in northwest Austin, donated by the citizens of Austin. This is the present location (1100 West 45th Street), occupied by the new School in 1917. In 1919, the 36th Legislature created the Board of Control (Senate Bill 147). This three-member board replaced the boards of governors of each of the state's eleemosynary institutions, including the Board of Trustees of the School for the Blind. In 1951, the 52nd Legislature (House Bill 378) placed the School for the Blind under the Board for Texas State Hospitals and Special Schools. The 53rd Legislature (1953) transferred the School for the Blind to the State Board of Education (Senate Bill 119/House Bill 128). And in 1965, the Legislature placed the School for the Blind under the direction of a Central Services Agency for Special Schools for the Blind and the Deaf, still under the State Board of Education.

The Texas School for the Blind is currently governed by a nine-member board appointed by the Governor for six-year terms. Three of the members must be blind, three must be parents of blind persons, and three must have had experience in working with the blind. The board is the equivalent of the board of trustees of an independent school district: it appoints an executive director or superintendent to administer the school, and all actions of the board may be appealed to the State Board of Education (Texas Education Code Annotated, Sections 11.06-11.091).

In 1887, the 20th Legislature created the Texas Institute for Deaf, Dumb and Blind Colored Youths, to occupy a 100-acre tract four miles northwest of the State Capitol, just east of what became Camp Mabry. The first class had nine blind students and eight deaf students, taught by one teacher apiece. Enrollment had climbed to 125 by 1912, with a faculty of 11. The governing body was a three-person Board of Trustees. In 1930, black orphans began to be admitted to the newly designated Deaf, Dumb and Blind Asylum for Colored Youths and Colored Orphans. Three more name changes followed: in 1943, to the State School for Deaf and Blind Negro Children; in 1947, to the Texas Blind, Deaf and Orphan School; and in 1965, to the Texas Blind and Deaf School (finally placed under the Texas Education Agency). With desegregation in 1966, black students were merged with white students in the Texas School for the Blind and the Texas School for the Deaf respectively.


Scope and Contents of the Records

The records of the Texas School for the Blind include minutes of meetings (of the board of trustees, of the Parents Teachers Association, and of the Southwestern Association of Schools for the Blind), annual and biennial reports, catalogues and announcements, student records, a teacher certificate register, correspondence (including letter-press books), certificates, procedures and policies manuals, special reports, publications, and account ledgers and cash books. Dates covered are 1856-1989.

The records of the Texas Institute for Deaf, Dumb and Blind Colored Youths include an annual report, a register of students, a published history, and a brief chronology and date 1893, 1899, 1925-1965, and 1989.

To prepare this inventory, the described materials were cursorily reviewed to delineate series, to confirm the accuracy of contents lists, to provide an estimate of dates covered, and to determine record types.


 

Organization of the Records

These records are organized into fifteen series.
Minutes of Board of Trustees, 1856-1919, 0.8 cubic ft.
Annual and biennial reports, 1886-1918, 1955-1975, 0.5 cubic ft.
Catalogues and announcements, 1894-1925, 1930-1931, 0.25 cubic ft.
Student records, 1872-1896, 1905-1906, 1917-1927, 0.45 cubic ft.
Teacher certificate register, 1943-1968, 0.125 cubic ft.
Correspondence, 1890, 1902-1930, 1951, 1984-1989, 4.75 cubic ft.
Certificates, 1898, 1925, 1980-1988, undated, fractional
Procedures and policies manuals, 1973-1975, 1980-1988, 0.66 cubic ft.
Other reports of Texas School for the Blind, 1949, 1968-1976, 1989, undated, 0.22 cubic ft.
Publications of Texas School for the Blind, 1909-1989, 2.28 cubic ft.
Other publications, 1871-1985, 0.66 cubic ft.
Account ledgers and cash books, 1881-1942, 1973-1974, 3.66 cubic ft.
Records of the Parents Teachers Association/ Organization, 1953-1975, 1978, 0.33 cubic ft.
Records of the Southwestern Association of Schools for the Blind, 1956-1968, 0.33 cubic ft.
Records of the Texas Institute for Deaf, Dumb and Blind Colored Youths, 1893, 1899, 1925-1965, 1989, 0.49 cubic ft.

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

None.

Restrictions on Use

None.

Technical Requirements

The letterpress books in the Correspondence series are too fragile to be photocopied.


Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Corporate Names:
Texas State Asylum for the Blind.
Texas Institution for the Blind.
Texas Institute for the Deaf, Dumb, and Blind Colored Youths--History.
Subjects:
Children, Blind--Education--Texas.
Blind--Education--Texas.
Blind--Institutional care--Texas.
Document Types:
Minutes--Texas--Blind--1856-1919.
Reports--Texas--Blind--1886-1918, 1949, 1955-1976, 1989, undated.
Catalogs--Texas--Blind--1894-1925, 1930-1931.
Correspondence--Texas--Blind--1890, 1902-1930, 1951, 1984-1989.
Certificates--Texas--Blind--1898, 1925, 1980-1988.
Publications--Texas--Blind--1856-1989.
Financial records--Texas--Blind--1881-1942, 1973-1974.
Functions:
Teaching the blind.

Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Texas State Archives
Commission for the Blind, Records, 1932-2002, undated, 7.47 cubic ft. [unprocessed materials total an additional 12 cubic ft.]
School for the Blind, (Board of Trustees), Minutes, November 1979-June 1989. [There is no finding aid for these unprocessed records. The call number is 1998/115-1.]
School for the Blind & Visually Impaired, (Board of Trustees), Minutes, November 1989-May 1993, [There is no finding aid for these unprocessed records. The call numbers are 1998/115-1 through 4, 1999/012, 2000/053, and 2002/068.]
Texas State Board of Control, Records, 1854, 1885-1890, 1909-1979, undated (bulk 1935-1953), 103.47 cubic ft.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item and cite the series), Records, Texas School for the Blind. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession numbers: 1989/073, 1989/088, 1989/130

The majority of these records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas School for the Blind on December 14, 1988, with additional transfers on January 13 and April 26, 1989.

Processing Information

Tony Black, October 1989


Detailed Description of the Records

 

Minutes of Board of Trustees, 1856-1919,
Extent 0.8 cubic ft.

This series consists of three volumes of minutes of the Board of Trustees for the Texas State Asylum for the Blind/Blind Institute/Texas School for the Blind. These minutes, dating 1856-1919, apparently complete for the first 64 years of the School's existence, are handwritten for the 19th century, and typewritten and pasted into the ledger for the early 20th century. In addition to minutes, they contain regulations, duties, and inventories of property.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Minutes of Board of Trustees, Texas School for the Blind. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1989/073
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas School for the Blind on December 14, 1988.
Technical Requirements
None.
Volume
1989/073-28 1856-1899
Volume
1989/073-29 1900-1918
Volume
1989/073-30 1918-1919



 

Annual and biennial reports, 1886-1918, 1955-1975,
Extent 0.5 cubic ft.

This series consists of the printed annual and biennial reports to the Governor of Texas made by the Trustees and Superintendent of the Texas Institution for the Blind, 1886-1899 and 1904 (an incomplete run); by the School for the Blind, 1911-1918; by the Texas Education Agency, Texas School for the Blind, 1955-1964; and by the State Board of Education, Special Schools for the Blind and the Deaf, 1965-1975 (this last group includes reports for the Texas School for the Deaf).
These annual reports give fairly thorough accounts of the activities of the School for the Blind, including lists of faculty and staff, lists of graduates and students (until 1905), reports of the principal concerning educational activity, reports of the oculist and the physician concerning health matters, a business account of the work of the industrial department, improvements made and needed, monthly statements of disbursements of appropriations, etc.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
The Texana collection of books catalogued in the Archives Division of the Texas State Library also contains the following bound annual reports:
Publications
Texas School for the Blind, 1869-1918
Board of Control, 1920-1940
Board for Texas State Hospitals and Special Schools, 1949-1950
Texas Education Agency, 1952-1960, 1962-1966, 1968-1972
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Annual and biennial reports, Texas School for the Blind. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1989/073
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas School for the Blind on December 14, 1988.
Technical Requirements
None.
Box
1989/073-1 Annual Reports:
1. 1886
2. 1888
3. 1890
4. 1891
5-7. 1894-1896
8-9. 1898-1899
10. 1904
11-12. 1911-1912
Biennial Reports:
13. FY 1913 and 1914
14. FY 1915 and 1916
15. FY 1917 and 1918
Annual Reports:
16-25. FY 1955-1964
26-35. 1965-1975



 

Catalogues and announcements, 1894-1925, 1930-1931,
Extent 0.25 cubic ft.

This series consists of printed catalogues for the Texas School for the Blind, almost complete from the mid-1890s through the mid-1920s. Basic information in the catalogues includes lists of the Board of Trustees, the faculty and staff, and the students (through the catalogue of 1925); the course of study; and rules for admission. Later catalogues added brief historical statements, regulations, suggestions to parents (e.g. on discipline, writing home, sending "knickknacks," etc.); general information on promotions, graduation, Sunday activities, summer vacations, the library, the often-repeated point that the word "Asylum" was a misnomer, etc. The latest catalogues in this collection also included lists of graduates of the School from its beginnings.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
The Texana collection of books catalogued in the Archives Division of the Texas State Library contains the Catalogues for the Institute for the Blind for 1896-1897 and 1898-1899.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Catalogues and announcements, Texas School for the Blind. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1989/073
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas School for the Blind on December 14, 1988.
Technical Requirements
None.
Box
1989/073-1 Catalogues:
37. 1894-1895
38. 1897-1898
39. 1899-1900
40. 1900-1901
41. 1903-1904
42. 1904-1906
Catalogue and Announcements:
43. 1906-1908
44. 1908-1910
45. 1911-1912
46. 1914-1915
47. 1916-1917
48. 1918-1919
49. 1920-1921
50. 1922-1923
51. 1924-1925
52. 1930-1931



 

Student records, 1872-1896, 1905-1906, 1917-1927,
Extent 0.45 cubic ft.

This series consists of three volumes and one folder, giving information on students of the Texas School for the Blind in various degrees of detail.
The earliest volume lists Pupils in Attendance, 1872-1893, including name, age, date entered, date left and cause, parent's name and post office address.
The Record of Studies and Record of Classes, 1889-1896, gives the names of students (arranged by class), and charts the subjects they were taking and the time of day of each subject. Arrangement is chronological by academic year.
The Roster of Students, 1905-1906 is a simple list of names.
The Roster of Students, 1917-1927 (including the School for the Deaf) lists name, age, parent/guardian, post office, county, cause of blindness/deafness, and address.
Arrangement
These records are arranged as listed. Record of Studies and Record of Classes is chronological by academic year.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Student records, Texas School for the Blind. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1989/073
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas School for the Blind on December 14, 1988.
Technical Requirements
None.
Volume
1989/073-40 Pupils in Attendance, 1872-1893
Volume
1989/073-41 Record of Studies and Classes, 1889-1896
Volume
1989/073-45 Roster, 1917-1927
Box Folder
1989/073-1 53. Roster, 1905-1906



 

Teacher certificate register, 1943-1968,
Extent 0.13 cubic ft.

This series consists of one post binder titled Teacher Certificate Register, 1943-1968. It records the following information for each member of the faculty: name, address, date registered, race, age, sex, kind of certificate, date issued, date of expiration, on what work or what college, and remarks.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Teacher certificate register, Texas School for the Blind. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1989/073
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas School for the Blind on December 14, 1988.
Technical Requirements
None.
Volume
1989/073-46 Teacher Certificate Register, 1943-1968



 

Correspondence, 1890, 1902-1930, 1951, 1984-1989,
Extent 4.75 cubic ft.

This series contains both incoming and outgoing correspondence of the Texas School for the Blind for 1890, 1902-1930, 1951, 1984-1989. The loose incoming correspondence, mostly from 1903 to 1930, is rather sparse and includes such things as applications for employment and letters of recommendation; guardianship papers; bids, specifications, bonds, and contracts for construction and maintenance work on the buildings and grounds; letters from parents and from former students; etc. Of special interest is a shoebox full of letters received, and copies of letters sent, by a student, Evelyn Werline, 1927-1929. In addition, there are reminiscences by Mr. Caryl J. Watkins of Sydney, Australia, 1984-1989, relating to his aunt Juliette A. Wright (a former teacher at the Texas School for the Blind) and William E. Allen (later Superintendent of the School).
Much more complete, although limited in time span, are letterpress books, which include two sources: copies of letters sent by the Superintendent, 1902-1905 and 1911-1917; and by the Storekeeper and Accountant, 1911-1917. The letterpress books are indexed.
Arrangement
The correspondence of the Texas School for the Blind is arranged very roughly chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Correspondence, Texas School for the Blind. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1989/073, 1989/088
The majority of these records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas School for the Blind on December 14, 1988, with an additional transfer on January 13, 1989.
Technical Requirements
The letterpress books are too fragile to be photocopied.
Box
1989/073-1 Correspondence:
54. 1890
55-70. 1903-1909
Box Folder
1989/073-2 1-7. 1910-1919
8-15. 1920-1930,1951
Box
1989/073-6 Correspondence of Evelyn Werline, 1927-1929
[shoebox]
Box Folder
1989/88-1 1. Correspondence of Mr. Caryl J. Watkins, 1984-1989
Box
1989/073-7 Letterpress Books (Superintendent):
1902-1903
1903-1904
1904 (March-September)
1904-1905
1905 (July-December)
Box
1989/073-8 1911 (March-September)
1911-1912
1912-1913
1913-1914
Box
1989/073-9 1914-1915
1915 (January-December)
1916 (January-September)
1916-1917
Box
1989/073-10 Letterpress Books (Storekeeper and Accountant):
1911-1914
1914-1916
1916-1917



 

Certificates, 1898, 1925, 1980-1988, undated,
fractional

This series consists of one large framed and several smaller unframed certificates, conferring membership and bestowing honors upon the Texas School for the Blind. In addition there are two diplomas of graduation, one blank and the other one completed and in a folding case. Materials are dated 1898, 1925 and 1980-1988.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Certificates, Texas School for the Blind. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1989/073
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas School for the Blind on December 14, 1988.
Technical Requirements
None.
Box
1989/073-48 Certificate, Texas State Fair and Dallas Exposition, 1898
Box Folder
1989/073-6 1. Certificates, 1925, 1982-1988, undated
1. Blank Diploma, 1986
2. Student's Diploma, 1980



 

Procedures and policies manuals,
Extent 0.66 cubic ft.

This series consists of statements of policies and procedures published by the Texas School for the Blind for 1973-1975, 1980-1988, ranging in size from several pages to lengthy manuals. Of special interest is a massive Operating and Procedures Manual in looseleaf format, containing updates through 1987.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Procedures and policies manuals, Texas School for the Blind. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1989/073
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas School for the Blind on December 14, 1988.
Technical Requirements
None.
Box Folder
1989/073-2 16. Lee Coughran Guide, 1973
17. Supply Forms, 1973
18-20. Procedures Manual, 1974
21. Procedures Manual Changes, 1975
22. Employee Manual, 1980
23. Procedures, 1981
24. Employment Manual, [1982]
25. Safety and Disaster Planning Manual, [1982]
26. Learning Resource Center, 1988
27. Operating and Procedures Manual, through 1987
[notebook]



 

Other reports of Texas School for the Blind, 1949, 1968-1976, 1989, undated,
Extent 0.22 cubic ft.

These reports relate to a variety of subjects--educational, vocational, fiscal, and administrative dating 1949, 1968-1976, 1989, undated.
Arrangement
These records are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Other reports of Texas School for the Blind, Texas School for the Blind. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1989/073, 1989/130
The majority of these records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas School for the Blind on December 14, 1988, with an additional transfer on April 26, 1989.
Technical Requirements
None.
Box Folder
1989/073-3 1. Survey, 1949
2. Organizational Chart, 1968-1969
3. Project Proposal for Vocational Program, [1969-1970]
4. Educational Media Development Project: Interim Report, 1970
5. Educational Media Development Project: Final Report, 1971
6. Status Report, 1973
7. Various Reports, 1974-1975
8. Budget Estimates for FY 1978 and 1979, 1976
9. Report on Group G, [undated]
Box Folder
1989/130-1 4. Organizational Charts, 1975, pre-1989
5. Name Change Survey, 1989
6. Mascot Logos for T-shirts and gym wall, 1989
7. Testimony by Bill Miller (Executive Director of Texas School for the Blind) before House Committee on Public Education, 1989



 

Publications of Texas School for the Blind, 1909-1989,
Extent 2.28 cubic ft.

This series contains a variety of publications by the Texas School for the Blind, typescript, printed, and braille. Of particular interest, located at the beginning and the end of the first group of miscellaneous publications are informational/promotional brochures, one dated 1909 and the other current (late 1980s). There are staff newsletters, 1977-1979, 1982-1983 and 1988-1989. And finally, there is a complete set of student yearbooks, the Wildcat, dated 1966 through 1988, including both print, braille, and mixed.
Arrangement
These records are arranged as listed.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Publications of Texas School for the Blind, Texas School for the Blind. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1989/073, 1989/130
The majority of these records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas School for the Blind on December 14, 1988, with an additional transfer on April 26, 1989.
Technical Requirements
None.
Box Folder
1989/073-3 10. Some Facts Concerning the State School for the Blind, 1909
11. History of the Education of the Blind in the United States from 1830 to 1945: by Superintendent W. E. Allen, [ca. 1945]
12. Bits of School History, 1856-1962, [ca. 1962]
13. The Eyes of Texas, 1966
14. No Place To Go in Texas, [1966]
15. Winning Entries, Janet Bixby Writing Contest, 1973
16. Establishment of Superintendency of Texas Blind Asylum, [post-1972]
17. Committed to Excellence, [1980s]
Box Folder
1989/073-2 28. TSB Newsletters, 1977-1979
[notebook]
Box Folder
1989/130-1 2. Insights, a Newsletter for TSB Staff, 1982-1983, 1988-1989
3. Minnie Lee Hammett, Angel with a Broken Wing, 1976
Box
1989/073-4 Wildcat, 1966-1986
Box
1989/073-5 Wildcat, 1987-1988
1980 Texas School for the Blind, by Fourth Grade, [post-1930]
[braille only]
[braille and transcription]



 

Other publications, 1871-1985,
Extent 0.66 cubic ft.

This series contains publications of other Texas state agencies relating to the work of the Texas School for the Blind, 1946-1985; and other publications on education of the blind, published in Texas 1983-1985, and outside the state 1871-1968. Among the latter are various proceedings of conventions of the American Association of Instructors of the Blind, 1871-1886 and also from the 1940s; a report of the General Institution for the Blind in Birmingham, England, 1901-1902; a handbook of blind relief laws, 1929; a directory of periodicals of special interest to the blind, 1938; a U.S. Department of Education publication on statistics of special schools, 1938-1940, etc.
Arrangement
These records are arranged in three groups: publications of other Texas state agencies, other Texas publications, and non-Texas publications.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Other publications, Texas School for the Blind Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1989/073
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas School for the Blind on December 14, 1988.
Technical Requirements
None.
Publications of Other Texas State Agencies
Box Folder
1989/073-3 18. State Department of Education: Teachers' Guide to Special Education for Exceptional Children, [1946]
19. University of Texas: Handbook for Teachers of Exceptional Children, 1947
20. University of Texas: M.A. Thesis, Evaluation of Economic Orientation of Recent Graduates from Texas School for the Blind, 1956
21. Texas School for the Deaf: Centennial, 1956
22. Attorney General: Drafting of Legislative Documents, 1957
23. Texas Education Agency: Summer Instruction for Blind Students, 1968
24. Governor's Coordinating Office for the Visually Handicapped: Technical Advisory Council, 1976
25. State Board of Education: Texas Assessment of Basic Skills, 1984
26. Council on Disabilities: Long Range State Plan, 1985
27. Texas Transition Task Force, 1985
28. Texas Education Agency: Education Calendar, 1985
29. Texas Examination of Current Administrators and Teachers (TECAT) Packet, 1985
Box
1989/073-5 Texas Examination of Current Administrators and Teachers (TECAT) Review, Post Test
[braille only]
Other Texas Publications
Box Folder
1989/073-3 30. American Education: ABCs of Failure, 1983
31. Texas Lions Center for Outdoor Education, 1984
32. Texas Association of School Boards: Legislative Summary, 1985
33. Directory of Services for Visually Impaired in Houston and Harris County, [undated]
Non-Texas Publications
Box Folder
1989/073-3 34-46. Other Publications, 1892-1968
Box
1989/073-5 Proceedings of Conventions of the American Association of Instructors of the Blind, 1871-1886



 

Account ledgers and cash books,
Extent 3.66 cubic ft.

This series contains several types of financial records produced by the Texas School for the Blind dating 1881-1942, 1973-1974. Four of these are account ledgers covering the years 1881-1913, which itemize receipts and expenditures (debit and credit transactions), arranged chronologically, and then by subclass of the appropriation (e.g., salaries of administrators, faculty, and staff; clothing; groceries and provisions; transportation; repairs; miscellaneous). An account ledger dated 1913-1916, which is indexed, is arranged by student, and typically has the entry "To Cash" under the debits, and "By Dep[osit]" under the credits. Eleven cash books cover nearly three decades (1914-1916, 1919-1923, 1926-1928, 1930-1942), with some gaps; they itemize cash transactions, both debit and credit, under the following headings: pupils, boys' industrial department, girls' industrial department, junk, miscellaneous, and appropriations. Three of the volumes, covering 1936-1941, contain a daily listing of needed groceries, with prices from two or three sources, and a checkmark to indicate the lowest. There is a volume dating 1902-1905, of "Accounts with pupils for cash, uniforms, etc." A volume of clothing accounts, 1907-1910, includes sizes of clothing for each student. A large Record of Supplies Received, 1913-1914, gives date, firms delivering supplies, articles delivered, quantity delivered, price, value, order number, and date approved. An accounts volume dated 1927-1932 apparently covers the entire Board of Control, including other institutions besides the Texas School for the Blind. Two warrants registers, 1932-1936, list date, payee, warrant number, and amount. A cash book, 1937-1940, lists mainly pupils, under debit and credit. And finally, a volume of Student Accounts, 1973-1974, arranged alphabetically by student's name, gives name, address, date, explanation, purpose, amount, sales slip, stub, debits, credits, and balance.
Arrangement
These records are arranged by type.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Account ledgers and cash books, Texas School for the Blind. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1989/073
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas School for the Blind on December 14, 1988.
Technical Requirements
None.
Account Ledgers:
Volume
1989/073-11 1881-1893
Volume
1989/073-12 1895-1902
Volume
1989/073-13 1903-1910
Volume
1989/073-14 1910-1913
Volume
1989/073-15 1913-1916
Cash Books:
Volume
1989/073-16 1914-1916
Volume
1989/073-17 1919
Volume
1989/073-18 1919-1920
Volume
1989/073-19 1921-1922
Volume
1989/073-20 1922-1923
Volume
1989/073-21 1923
Volume
1989/073-22 1926
Volume
1989/073-23 1926-1927
Volume
1989/073-24 1927-1928
Volume
1989/073-25 1930-1938
Volume
1989/073-26 1938-1942
Grocery Shopping Ledgers:
Volume
1989/073-31 1936-1938
Volume
1989/073-32 1938-1939
Volume
1989/073-33 1939-1941
Volume
1989/073-34 Accounts with pupils for cash, uniforms, etc., 1902-1905
Volume
1989/073-35 Clothing accounts, 1907-1910
Volume
1989/073-39 Record of Supplies Received, 1913-1914
Volume
1989/073-42 Accounts volume, Board of Control, 1927-1932
Warrants registers:
Volume
1989/073-36 1932-1936
Volume
1989/073-37 1936
Volume
1989/073-38 Cash book, 1937-1940
Volume
1989/073-43 Student Accounts, 1973-1974



 

Records of the Parents Teachers Association/Organization, 1953-1975, 1978,
Extent 0.33 cubic ft.

This series consists of the records of the Parents Teachers Association/Organization (PTA or PTO) of the Texas School for the Blind, including minutes of general and executive committee meetings, correspondence, by-laws, budgets, a brochure, etc. Dates covered are 1953-1975, 1978.
Arrangement
These records are arranged as listed.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Records of the Parents Teachers Association/Organization, Texas School for the Blind. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1989/073
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas School for the Blind on December 14, 1988.
Technical Requirements
None.
Box Folder
1989/073-6 3. PTA brochure, 1962
3. PTA by-laws, [undated]
3. PTA budget, 1974-1975
4. PTA correspondence, 1967-1972
5. PTA unpaid bills, 1978
Minutes, PTA Meetings:
[four notebooks]
General Meeting:
1953-1965
1965-1975
Executive Committee:
1955-1962
1962-1970



 

Records of the Southwestern Association of Schools for the Blind, 1956-1968,
Extent 0.33 cubic ft.

This series consists of the records of the Southwestern Association of Schools for the Blind (SWASB), of which the Texas School for the Blind is a member. The records include minutes of meetings (which often included wrestling tournaments), correspondence, track and field rules, etc. Dates covered are 1956-1968.
Arrangement
These records are arranged in one group.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Records of the Southwestern Association of Schools for the Blind, Texas School for the Blind. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1989/073
These records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas School for the Blind on December 14, 1988.
Technical Requirements
None.
Box Folder
1989/073-6 6-17. SWASB Records, 1956-1968



 

Records of the Texas Institute for Deaf, Dumb and Blind Colored Youths, 1893, 1899, 1925-1965, 1989,
Extent 0.49 cubic ft.

This series consists of one annual report, one register of students, one published history, and a brief chronology dating 1893, 1899, 1925-1965, 1989.
The annual report is the 1899 Annual Report for the Institute for the Deaf, Dumb and Blind Colored Youths.
The volume, labeled the Register of the Texas Deaf and Blind Institute for Colored Youths, 1925-1965, lists date, name, residence, and remarks (either the name of the parent/guardian, or the date the student graduated, withdrew, etc.). The register is broken down by Department (Blind and Deaf), and therein by sex.
There is a ten-page section titled "History of the Texas Institute for Deaf, Dumb and Blind Colored Youths", included in a volume edited by Edward Allen Fay, Histories of American Schools for the Deaf, 1817-1893, Volume II: Public Schools in the United States, published in 1893.
Finally, there is a memo originating from the Texas School for the Deaf, 1989, which provides "an incomplete list of dates gleaned from historical documents and articles" concerning the Texas School for the Deaf and the Texas Institute for Deaf, Dumb and Blind Colored Youths (1856-1985).
Agency History
In 1887, the 20th Legislature created the Texas Institute for Deaf, Dumb and Blind Colored Youths, to occupy a 100-acre tract four miles northwest of the State Capitol, just east of what became Camp Mabry. The first class had nine blind students and eight deaf students, taught by one teacher apiece. Enrollment had climbed to 125 by 1912, with a faculty of 11. The governing body was a three-person Board of Trustees. In 1930, black orphans began to be admitted to the newly designated Deaf, Dumb and Blind Asylum for Colored Youths and Colored Orphans. Three more name changes followed: in 1943, to the State School for Deaf and Blind Negro Children; in 1947, to the Texas Blind, Deaf and Orphan School; and in 1965, to the Texas Blind and Deaf School (finally placed under the Texas Education Agency). With desegregation in 1966, black students were merged with white students in the Texas School for the Blind and the Texas School for the Deaf respectively.
Arrangement
These records are arranged as listed.
Related Material
The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.
Texas State Archives
The Texana collection of books catalogued in the Archives Division of the Texas State Library also contains the bound annual reports for the Institute for the Deaf, Dumb and Blind Colored Youths, 1887-1912, as well as the 1927-1928 Catalogue and Announcement for the Institute.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Records of the Texas Institute for Deaf, Dumb and Blind Colored Youths, Texas School for the Blind Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1989/073, 1989/130
The majority of these records were transferred to the Archives and Information Services Division of the Texas State Library and Archives Commission by the Texas School for the Blind on December 14, 1988, with an additional transfer on April 26, 1989.
Technical Requirements
None.
Box Folder
1989/073-1 36. Annual Report, Institute for the Deaf, Dumb and Blind Colored Youths: 1899:
Reel
3639 Register of Students, Deaf & Blind Colored Youths, 1925-1965
Box
1989/073-5 Histories of American Schools for the Deaf, 1817-1893, 1893
Box Folder
1989/130-1 8. Chronology (1856-1985), 1989