Texas State Library and Archives Commission

Jean Laffite:

An Inventory of the Jean Laffite Collection at the Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center, Texas State Archives, 1773-1986, undated, bulk 1845-1979



Overview

Creator: Laffite, Jean.
Title: Jean Laffite collection
Dates: 1773-1986, undated
Dates (Bulk): bulk 1845-1979
Abstract: Jean Laffite, along with his brother Pierre, engaged in piracy and smuggling in New Orleans, Louisiana, and then Galveston Island, Texas, during the 1810s-1820s. The Jean Laffite collection has two components. One component consists of original journals, documents, photographs, and publications allegedly written or owned by Jean Laffite or other Laffite family members. These materials were in the possession of claimed Jean Laffite descendant John A. Laffite. The second component consists of documents, photographs, postcards, maps, publications, clippings, research materials, manuscripts, and artwork that were collected by former Texas Governor Price Daniel Sr. The collection pertains to Jean Laffite's career as a pirate/privateer, his alleged post-1820s life in the United States, Laffite family history, John A. Laffite's activities and communications concerning his alleged Laffite family materials and his sale of the materials, and Price Daniel's purchase of and interest in the Laffite materials. Photographic formats include tintypes, cartes-de-visite, and prints. Material dates from 1773 to 1986, and undated, with the bulk dating 1845-1979. Photocopies of some material contain information that originally dates from 1608 to 1980. Portions of this collection have been digitized and are part of the Texas Digital Archive.
Quantity: 3.87 cubic ft.
Location: This collection is housed at the Sam Houston Regional Library & Research Center, P.O. Box 310, Liberty, Texas 77575, 936-336-8821.
Language: These materials are written in English, French, and Spanish.
Repository: Texas State Archives
Sponsor: This EAD finding aid was created in cooperation with Texas Archival Resources Online.

Biographical Sketch

Jean Laffite's date and place of birth and parentage are uncertain. Some sources state that he was born in Bayonne, France, about 1780 or 1781, the son of a French father and a Spanish mother. Other sources claim that he was born on the island of Hispaniola. By 1808, he and his older brother Pierre were in Louisiana, engaging in smuggling from Barataria Bay to New Orleans.

During the War of 1812, in September 1814, Britain offered Jean Laffite $30,000, a pardon, and a commission in the Royal Navy if he would help them capture New Orleans. Laffite, however, hoping to obtain a pardon for his illegal activities and the restoration of goods confiscated by the United States government, offered to fight on the side of the United States. Louisiana Governor W.C.C. Claiborne and his defense council rejected Laffite's offer and on September 11, U.S. Navy ships attacked Barataria, destroying the pirate stronghold and its fleet. Three months later, Laffite met with General Andrew Jackson and offered him assistance, which the general accepted. Laffite supplied men, weapons, and his knowledge of the region, and during the Battle of New Orleans on January 8, 1815, his men helped Jackson's forces overwhelmingly defeat the British.

For the next two years Jean Laffite tried unsuccessfully through legal avenues to regain property and ships that had been seized by the United States in the attack on Barataria, traveling to Washington, D.C., and Philadelphia to meet with President James Madison. In 1817 the Laffites moved their smuggling and privateering operations to Galveston Island, Texas. There they established the town of Campeche and recommenced their activities. In January 1818 a group of French refugees from the Napoleonic wars, led by Charles Lallemand, arrived in Galveston with plans to establish a colony (Champ d'Asile) on the Trinity River. The Laffites provided them with supplies but also reported their activities to the Spanish government. Eventually, confronted with the American government's determination to destroy their Galveston operations, Jean Laffite and his followers set fire to Campeche and quietly departed in May 1821.

What became of Jean Laffite after he left Galveston Island is not known for certain. It is believed he sailed to Mugeres Island, off the coast of Yucatán, where he continued to engage in piracy until his death in the Yucatán around 1825. In the 1950s, a journal surfaced in the possession of a man named John A. Laffite (also known as John Laflin), who claimed to be a descendant of Jean Laffite. The journal relates how, after his announced death in the 1820s, Jean Laffite returned to the United States, married and reared a family, and died in Alton, Illinois, in the 1850s. The authenticity of this journal has not been established.

(Sources include: Warren, Harris Gaylord. "Jean Lafitte," Handbook of Texas Online, accessed April 14, 2017; and the collection itself.)


Scope and Contents of the Collection

Jean Laffite, along with his brother Pierre, engaged in piracy and smuggling in New Orleans, Louisiana, and then Galveston Island, Texas, during the 1810s-1820s. The Jean Laffite collection has two components. One component consists of original journals, documents, photographs, and publications allegedly written or owned by Jean Laffite or other Laffite family members. These materials were in the possession of claimed Jean Laffite descendant John A. Laffite. The second component consists of documents, photographs, postcards, maps, publications, clippings, research materials, manuscripts, and artwork that were collected by former Texas Governor Price Daniel Sr. The collection pertains to Jean Laffite's activities as a pirate/privateer, his alleged post-1820s life in the United States, Laffite family history, John A. Laffite's activities and communications concerning his alleged Laffite family materials and his sale of the materials, and Price Daniel's purchase of and interest in those Laffite materials. Photographic formats include cased and loose tintypes, cartes-de-visite, and prints. Material dates from 1773 to 1986, and undated, with the bulk dating 1845-1979. Photocopies of some material contain information that originally dates from 1608 to 1980.

Notable items include the journal or diary allegedly written by Jean Laffite about 1845-1850 in which he relates his life in the United States following his supposed death in the 1820s, a second journal and two notebooks dating between 1840 and 1869 containing writings allegedly by Jean Laffite and other Laffite descendants, an 1806 division charter outlining portions of spoils to be distributed among ship's officers and crew, tintypes identified as Jean Laffite and Laffite family members and friends dating about 1840s-1890s, gouache paintings or drawings dated 1840s-1860s by Laffite descendant Lois Ann Little or other artists, and manuscripts of Jean Laffite biographies written by John A. Laffite and author Audrey Walls Lloyd. The collection also includes a portfolio of research materials and reproductions of documents used by Stanley Clisby Arthur for his 1952 biography of Jean Laffite. The original documents were loaned to Arthur by John A. Laffite and after their return were later destroyed in a fire.

Laffite family members have used various spellings of their family name: Laffite, Lafitte, Laffitte. While this finding aid uses Laffite as the standard spelling in the narrative description of the collection, the spelling used by particular individuals and organizations on documents and photographs is preserved as written.

To prepare this inventory, the described materials were cursorily reviewed to delineate series, to confirm the accuracy of contents lists, to provide an estimate of dates covered, and to determine record types.


Organization of the Collection

The records are organized into nine series:
Correspondence, 1947-1951, 1956-1957, 1965-1985, 1.1 cubic ft.
Government and other official documents, 1806-1836, 1920, undated, 0.2 cubic ft.
Postcards and clipping, 1939, 1961, undated, fractional
Journals/Diaries, 1773-1869, 0.57 cubic ft.
Research and miscellaneous materials, 1940s-1986, undated, 1.25 cubic ft.
Maps, 1813, undated, fractional
Photographs, 1844-1901, 1940s-1977, undated, 0.45 cubic ft.
Publications, 1820, 1839, 1938, 1960s-1986, 0.3 cubic ft.
Artwork, 1840s-1860s, undated, fractional

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Materials do not circulate but may be used in the Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center reading room. Materials will be retrieved from and returned to storage by staff members.

Restrictions on Use

Under the Copyright Law of 1976 as amended in 1998, unpublished manuscripts are protected for the life of the author plus 70 years. The term of copyright for published materials varies. Researchers are responsible for complying with the Copyright Law.

Technical Requirements

Researchers are required to wear gloves provided by the Archives staff when reviewing photographic materials.

Some materials are too fragile to photocopy. Please see Archives staff for assistance.


Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Personal Names:
Daniel, Price.
Laffite, John A., 1893-1970.
Little, Lois Ann, 1840-1914.
Lloyd, Audrey Walls, 1907-1980.
Subjects (Persons):
Arthur, Stanley Clisby.
Laffite, Jean.
Laffite, Pierre, -1826?
Subjects (Families):
Laffitte family.
Subjects:
Piracy--History--19th century.
Piracy--Mexico, Gulf of.
Places:
Galveston (Tex.)
New Orleans (La.)
Document Types:
Agreements--Texas.
Cabinet photographs--Louisiana.
Cartes-de-visite (card photographs)--Louisiana.
Cased photographs--Texas.
Clippings (information artifacts)--Texas.
Correspondence--Texas.
Diaries--Texas.
Gouaches (paintings)--Louisiana.
Manuscripts (documents)--Texas.
Maps (documents)--Louisiana.
Maps (documents)--Texas.
Photographs--Texas.
Publications (documents)--Louisiana.
Publications (documents)--Texas.
Tintypes (prints)--Louisiana.

Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center
Jean and Pierre Laffite collection, 1936-2005 and undated, 0.5 cubic ft.
Laffite Society research collection, 1969-2005, 1 cubic ft.
Marcel Moraud collection, 1857-1975, undated, 6.5 cubic ft.
Texas A&M University-Galveston
Laffite Society Collection [The collection is a list of resources, including Laffite Society publications and minutes, other publications, and finding aids and inventories for archival materials concerning the Laffite family.]
Laffite Society Organization Records & Research Files, 1976-, 6 cubic ft.
Laffite Society Papers, 1806-2016, bulk 1995-2015, 6.84 linear ft.
Reginald Wilson Papers, 1972-2012, 5 cubic ft.
Publications
Arthur, Stanley Clisby. Jean Laffite, Gentleman Rover. New Orleans: Harmanson, 1952.
Davis, William C. The Pirates Laffite: The Treacherous World of the Corsairs of the Gulf. Orlando, Fla.: Harcourt, 2005.
Doree, Bill. Profiles in Pillage: The Galveston Pirateers 1816-1822. N.p.: by the author, 2004.
Laffite, Jean and Gene Marshall. The Memoirs of Jean Laffite: From Le Journal de Jean Laffite. Philadelphia: Xlibris, 1999.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item and cite the series), Jean Laffite collection, Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession numbers: 1978.101, 1989.248

The initial donation of this collection, consisting of materials acquired by Price Daniel Sr. from John A. Laffite, was made to the Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center by Daniel on August 1, 1978. An addition to the collection, consisting of materials separately collected by Price Daniel Sr., was donated by Jean Baldwin Daniel on November 27, 1989.

Processing Information

Processed by Sally Rogers, 1989

Additional processing and DACS updates to finding aid by Lisa Meisch, April 2017

EAD encoding and description edits by Rebecca Romanchuk, April 2017

Other Formats for the Records

All original journals and diaries and a portion of the photographs have been digitized and are part of the Texas Digital Archive, available online at https://tsl.access.preservica.com/tda/manuscripts/jean-laffite-collection/.


Detailed Description of the Collection

Correspondence, 1947-1951, 1956-1957, 1965-1985,
1.1 cubic ft.

Former Texas governor Price Daniel kept correspondence files pertaining to French pirate and privateer Jean Laffite and the Jean Laffite journal and collection. This series consists of correspondence to and from Price Daniel, John A. Laffite, Audrey Walls Lloyd and other individuals concerning Jean Laffite's life and activities, the alleged Jean Laffite journal, John A. Laffite's possession of the journal and other Laffite documents (the collection), publicity about the collection, and Daniel's purchase of the collection and donation to the Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center. Materials date 1947-1951, 1956-1957, and 1965-1985.
Arrangement
The materials are mostly arranged alphabetically by recipient.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Correspondence, Jean Laffite collection. Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1989.248
This portion of the collection was donated to the Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center by Jean Baldwin Daniel on November 27, 1989.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Box Folder
1978.101-1 1 Joyce Calhoon to/from Lionel Beinvenu pertaining to Jean Laffite, the Laffite collection and journal, 1977-1979
2 Joyce Calhoon to/from John Howells pertaining to Jean Laffite, the Laffite collection, Laffite land claims in Louisiana, inscription on coin, 1979-1980
3 Joyce Calhoon to Henry Laffite regarding the Laffite Journal, January 24, 1979
4 Joyce Calhoon to William Simpson regarding the Laffite Journal, May 16, 1975
5 Joyce Calhoon to Robert C. Vogel regarding the ship Pride, early 19th century Texas lighthouses, February 9, 1977
6 Joyce Calhoon to Bill Walraven regarding Jean Laffite and the Laffite journal, June 12, 1979
7 Price Daniel to/from Barry Bishop, regarding article in New Orleans Times-Picayune, 1980
8 Edwin M. Eakin to Price Daniel regarding book, Marxists in Texas, December 22, 1979
9 Price Daniel to/from John L. Howells regarding Audrey Lloyd manuscript, Jean Laffite's gravesite, Laffite collection and journal, bust of Laffite, and Laffite's involvement with communism, 1975, 1977, 1979
10 Price Daniel to/from Millicent Huff regarding translation of Laffite journal, 1977
11 Price Daniel to/from Sam D. Johnson regarding article in New Orleans Times-Picayune, 1980
12 Florence M. Jumanville to Price Daniel regarding Laffite journal, inscription on coin, March 23, 1984
13 Jim Kyle to Price Daniel regarding photographs of the Jean Laffite collection, about 1977
14 Foch Laffite to Price Daniel regarding the Laffite family, undated
15 Price Daniel to/from Audrey Lloyd regarding Audrey Lloyd manuscript, Jean Laffite collection and journal, descendants of Laffite, Laffite's involvement with communism, Rachel Levine, Christina Levine, Alexander Hamilton, 1977-1978
16 Price Daniel to/from Jasmine McGee regarding Jean Laffite, Sam Houston Center, 1977
17 Price Daniel to Christie Mitchell regarding painting of Jean Laffite, Jean Laffite collection, March 29, 1977
18 Dave Prickett to Price Daniel regarding Jean Laffite, June 1, 1982
19 Price Daniel to/from Elda Prickett regarding Jean Laffite, John A. and Lacie Laffite, tape made by John A. Laffite, 1982
20 Price Daniel to/from Lacie Laffite Sanders regarding Jean Laffite Collection, John A. Laffite, 1977, 1981
21 Price Daniel to Richard G. Santos regarding Jean Laffite collection, 1976
22 Price Daniel to Vantage Press regarding Vantage Press edition of The Journal of Jean Laffite, 1976
23 Price Daniel to Robert C. Vogel regarding Charles Hamilton, Jean Laffite journal, December 15, 1980
24 Price Daniel to/from Bill Walraven regarding Jean Laffite journal, inscription on coins, 1985
25 Price Daniel to/from C. George Younkin regarding Laffite papers housed at National Archives and Records Center, Fort Worth, 1976
26 John H. Jenkins to Charles Hamilton regarding John A. Laffite, October 2, 1969
27 Harris G. Warren to John Howells regarding Jean Laffite collection, Pierre Laffite, Jean Laffite's gravesite, 1973-1974
28 C. George Younkin to John Howells regarding Laffite papers housed at National Archives and Records Center, Fort Worth (United States vs. John Desfarges et al.), December 4, 1973
29 Stanley C. Arthur to John A. Laffite regarding funeral of Dominique Youx, July 17, 1951
30 Jay Chernis to John A. Laffite regarding Jean Laffite journal, September 13, 1965
31 Mark G. Eckhoff, National Archives, to John A. Laffite regarding letters of marque issued to John Paul Jones and Jean Laffite, October 17, 1966
32 Irving Halpern to John A. Laffite regarding sale of Laffite documents, June 4, 1969
33 Charles Hamilton to John A. Laffite regarding sale of Laffite documents, 1969
34 John D. Hyatt to John A. Laffite regarding sale of Laffite documents, January 2, 1967
35 Lacie Laffite to John A. Laffite regarding trip to Galveston, 1966
36 Robert A. Land, Library of Congress, to John A. Laffite regarding letters of marque issued to John Paul Jones and Jean Laffite, October 5, 1966
37 Peninsular Archaeological Society to John A. Laffite regarding Jean Laffite in Florida, August 8, 1969
38 Rebecca Tumlinson to John A. Laffite regarding True magazine article, March 1, 1966
39 Unknown correspondent to John A. Laffite regarding Jean Laffite and Jean Laffite collection, January 21, 1966
[photocopy]
40 Robert Alderice to Audrey Lloyd regarding Nicholas Cruger, Dr. Jane Grummond, Reyne Beluchai, and Alexander Hamilton, April 15, 1976
41 Audrey Lloyd to/from Katherine Bridges regarding book, The Untold Story of Jean Laffite, 1968
42 Audrey Lloyd to/from Jay Chernis regarding book, The Untold Story of Jean Laffite, 1974
43 Audrey Lloyd to/from Martin I. Cooley regarding permission to reproduce photographs, 1966
44 Audrey Lloyd to/from E.A. Delacroix regarding permission to reproduce illustrations, 1966
45 William C. Eliot to Audrey Lloyd regarding Laffite family, March 5, 1972
46 Audrey Lloyd to Mrs. Franks regarding Lacie Laffite, 1967
47 Audrey Lloyd to Julian Genella regarding Jean Laffite, April 15, 1966
48 Audrey Lloyd to/from Pamela Grunewald regarding Jean Laffite, Laffite Collection, painting of Laffite by Gros, Battle of New Orleans, Laffite's involvement with communism, Ray Thompson, Robert C. Vogel, Laffite journal, Emma Mortimore, bust of Jean Laffite, 1975-1976
49 Audrey Lloyd to/from John D. Hyatt regarding Jean Laffite journal, John A. Laffite, paintings by Paul Schuman, 1966-1967
50 Audrey Lloyd to/from Francis M. Kaar regarding Jean Laffite's alleged grave site in Alton, Illinois, 1966
51 Nancy LaCook to Audrey Lloyd regarding publications concerning Jean Laffite, March 21, 1969
52 Audrey Lloyd to Foch Laffite regarding dedication of Sam Houston Regional Library, April 17, 1977
53 Audrey Lloyd to/from John A. Laffite regarding Jean Laffite, Laffite family, Laffite collection, manuscript by John A. Laffite, 1966
54 Audrey Lloyd to/from John A. Laffite regarding Jean Laffite, Laffite family, Laffite collection, manuscript by John A. Laffite, 1967-1968
55 Audrey Lloyd to/from John A. Laffite regarding treasure, receipt of package, about 1966-1968
Audrey Lloyd to/from Lacie Laffite regarding John A. Laffite, manuscript by John A. Laffite:
56 1966-1967
57 1967
Box Folder
1978.101-2 1 and 2 1968
3 thru 5 1969
6 1970
7 1970-1971, 1973
8 1974-1975
9 1975-1978
10 undated
11 1966, 1976-1978
12 Audrey Lloyd to Christie Mitchell, regarding French state on Galveston Island, Champ d'Asile, Jean Laffite, John Paul Jones, Jean Laffite's gravesite, Cartagena, undated
13 Audrey Lloyd to Rebecca Tumlinson regarding John A. Laffite, manuscript by John A. Laffite, November 29, 1967
14 Audrey Lloyd to "Betty and Doc" regarding cruise, Cartagena, March 14, 1977
15 Telegram to Audrey Lloyd from unknown correspondent regarding money order, November 5, 1966
16 Lacie Laffite to Elda Prickett regarding John A. Laffite's trip to Galveston, November 14, 1966
17 Pamela Grunewald to Lacie Laffite Sanders regarding a Jean Laffite painting by Gros, 1975
Box Folder
1978.101-5 9 Hans W. Baade to Price Daniel, regarding translation of Jean Laffite Journal, authenticity of scrapbook folder, August 4, 1978
10 Price Daniel to/from Sam Lafitte Jr., 1978
11 Price Daniel to/from Audrey Lloyd regarding Jean Laffite portraits, Pierre Laffite descendants, John A. Laffite's manuscript, Nicholas Cruger, Alexander Hamilton, St. Croix, Christina, Rachel and John Michael Levine, James Hamilton, Lacie Laffite, Jean Laffite's alleged involvement with communism, 1977-1979
12 Stanley C. Arthur to John A. Laffite regarding Jean Laffite papers reproduced in Arthur's book, Don Isidro Beluche, Reyne Beluche, Madam John, Battle of New Orleans, Espinosa letters, 1950-1951
13 Bess Bozell to John A. Laffite regarding translation (of Laffite journal?), July 15, 1957
14 Simone Herve to John A. Laffite regarding Jean Laffite, documents pertaining to Laffite, 1966-1969
15 Bud Key to John A. Laffite regarding Jean Laffite collection, TV series based on Jean Laffite, June 7, 1957
16 Mrs. C.M. Richard to John A. Laffite regarding Jean Laffite in Lake Charles, Louisiana, March 15, 1948
17 Edward Kilbourne Tullidge to John A. Laffite regarding data on Jean and Pierre Laffite, Jean Laffite's gravesite in Yucatan, Lucy Allen, February 16, 1949
18 Audrey Lloyd to/from Louis J. Genella regarding Jean and Pierre Laffite, John Paul Jones, Napoleon, 1966
19 Lacie Laffite to Audrey Lloyd regarding Laffite material at her nephew's home, April 15, 1979
20 Martin Littlefield to Audrey Lloyd regarding Vantage Press edition of The Journal of Jean Laffite, November 24, 1970
21 James Nagel (?) to John Laffite regarding Jean Laffite gravesite in Yucatan, Mexico, 1949
22 Laura Goodenow, (Galveston) News-Tribune to John Laffite regarding newspaper story on Jean Laffite, July 31, 1947
23 Herman Liveright, WDSU-TV, New Orleans, to John Laffite regarding Jean Laffite journal, January 23, 1956



Government and other official documents, 1806-1836, 1920, undated,
0.2 cubic ft.

Some documents pertaining to or alleged to pertain to French pirate and privateer Jean Laffite were among the collection possessed by John A. Laffite and others were collected by Price Daniel. This series consists of documents signed by or pertaining to Jean Laffite involving his piracy/privateering activities and his communications with government or military officials, and legal documents pertaining to land claims by Laffite family members. Materials consist of original and photocopied items and date 1806-1836, 1920, and undated. Included is an 1806 division charter outlining portions of spoils to be distributed among ship's officers and crew, signed by Jean Laffite.
Arrangement
The materials are arranged by topic.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Government and other official documents, Jean Laffite collection. Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1978.101, 1989.248
This portion of the collection was donated to the Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center by Price Daniel Sr. on August 1, 1978, with an addition donated by Jean Baldwin Daniel on November 27, 1989.
Other Formats for the Records
Two items in this series (an 1829 report and an 1807 pass, both signed by Jean Laffite) have been digitized and are part of the Texas Digital Archive, available online at https://tsl.access.preservica.com/tda/manuscripts/jean-laffite-collection/.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Box Folder
1978.101-3 1 Documents pertaining to land claims of Pierre Laffite, Jean Baptiste Laffite, Cesaire Laffite, and Paul Bouet Laffite, undated
[photocopies and transcriptions]
[Information dates from 1784 to 1823.]
2 Article 13 of a division charter (articles of agreement), outlining portions of spoils to be distributed among the ship's captain, officers, and crew, December 18, 1806 (date of original)
[photocopy]
[Written in French.]
3 Power of attorney between Ygnacio Diaz and Ygnacio Perez regarding four leagues of land, September 28, 1808 (date of original)
[photocopy]
[Written in Spanish.]
4 Enrollment for brig Guelette la Diligente, Jean Laffite, captain, 1813 (date of original)
[photocopy]
[Written in French.]
5 Request of Lieutenant Colonel Edward Nicholls that Jean Laffite enter into service of Great Britain, August 13, 1814 (date of original)
[photocopied transcription]
6 Proclamation of Lieutenant Colonel Edward Nicholls requesting that natives of Louisiana join the British against the Americans, August 29, 1814 (date of original)
[photocopied transcription]
7 Captain William Henry Percy to Nicholas Lockyer, instructing him to urge the Baratarians to join the British, August 30, 1814 (date of original)
[photocopied transcription]
8 Captain William Henry Percy to Jean Laffite urging the Baratarians to join the British, September 1, 1814 (date of original)
[photocopied transcription]
9 Jean Laffite to "President" (James Madison) regarding recovery of property seized by the United States, December 27, 1815 (date of original)
[printed reproduction on tear sheet]
10 Viceroy of New Spain to an unknown person regarding General Charles Lallemand and agreement between Spain and Jean Laffite, about 1818 (date of original)
[photocopy and English translation]
[Written in Spanish.]
11 Unknown document regarding Captain Juan (Jean) Desfarges, and corsair El Bravo, 1818 (date of original)
[photocopy]
[Written in Spanish.]
12 Document naming J___ de la Porte to a post at Campeche commune, signed by Jean Laffite, May 15, 1818 (date of original)
[photocopy]
[Written in French.]
13 Correspondence, Jean Laffite to General James Long, July 7, 1819 (date of original)
[photocopies (poor quality, mostly illegible)]
[Original in the Mirabeau Buonaparte Lamar papers, Texas State Archives. Written in French, with English translation.]
14 Division charter (articles of agreement) containing instructions given by Jean Laffite to Mr. Desforges, captain of Mexican corsair The Brave, August 18, 1819 (date of original)
[photocopy and English translation]
[Written in French.]
15 Message, Jean Laffite to J.R. Madison, regarding intentions of United States schooner off Galveston, November 7-8, 1819 (date of original)
[carbon copy of transcription]
16 Correspondence, J. M'Intosh to General James Long, regarding hospitable treatment from Jean Laffite and assistance in securing prisoners, November 10, 1819 (date of original)
[carbon copy of transcription]
17 Two checks from Louisiana banks to M.D. Bringin (?) and D.T. (?) Hall, 1825, 1831 (dates of originals)
[photocopy]
18 Report signed by several persons, including "Jn Laffite," regarding site and construction of bridge in unknown location, 1829
[Note: This item has been digitized.]
19 Correspondence, Williams and Campbell to "Messrs Laffite and Laffite," Philadelphia, regarding shipment of goods, April 22, 1836 (date of original)
[photocopy]
20 Unknown document in French, undated
[photocopy]
21 Division charter (or articles of agreement) outlining portions of spoils to be distributed among ship's officers and crew, signed by Jean Lafitte, December 18, 1806
[Written in French.]
Box Folder
1978.101-5 24 Pass signed by Jean Laffite allowing W. McLellen to pass so he may buy 50 slaves, April 7, 1807
[Note: This item has been digitized.]
[Written in French.]
25 Pass signed by Jean Laffite allowing Wade Hampton to pass so he may buy 200 slaves, September 9, 181__ (date of original)
[photocopy]
[Written in French.]
26 Land petition of T.H. McKinnie and B.W. Porter pertaining to land originally granted to Pierre Boitt Laffite in DeSoto Parish, Louisiana, 1920 (date of original)
[photocopy of typed and handwritten transcription]
[Includes names of Laffite's descendants.]



Postcards and clipping, 1939, 1961, undated,
fractional

Postcards and a clipping with images of buildings or scenes, primarily in New Orleans and pertaining to French pirate and privateer Jean Laffite, were collected by Price Daniel and date 1939, 1961, and undated.
Arrangement
The materials are arranged by format.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Postcards and clipping, Jean Laffite collection. Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1989.248
This portion of the collection was donated to the Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center by Jean Baldwin Daniel on November 27, 1989.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Box Folder-Item
1978.101-3 22-1 Drawing of street scene with structures and man pushing a cart, with the caption, "Lafitte Blacksmith Shop, Old New Orleans," by M.H. Hobbs, 1939
[one photomechanical print]
22-2 Color photograph of Jean Lafitte's Blacksmith Shop in the Vieux Carre, New Orleans, undated
[one photomechanical print]
22-3 Drawing of street scene in New Orleans, with the caption, "Madam John's Legacy," by M.H. Hobbs, 1939
[one photomechanical print]
22-4 Clipping of black-and-white image of Jean Lafitte's crew boarding a merchantman, from magazine Focus, August 1961



Journals/Diaries, 1773-1869,
0.57 cubic ft.

Journals and copy books allegedly kept by French pirate and privateer Jean Laffite and other Laffite family members during the 1840s-1860s give details of their lives and the Laffite brothers' pirating activities. Newspaper clippings that were originally inside the alleged Jean Laffite journal date from 1773 to around 1857. Together, the material in this series dates from 1773 to about 1869. Notable items include the journal allegedly written by Jean Laffite during the 1840s-1850s containing an account of his life in the United States after his supposed death in the 1820s; and a second journal dating about 1869 with entries allegedly by Jean Laffite and other Laffite family members, including summaries of ship data from records and log books, lists of ships captured by Jean and Pierre Laffite, Frederic (Dominique) Youx, and Reyne Beluchai, and lists of persons employed by or associated with Jean Laffite.
Arrangement
The materials are arranged by format.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Journals/Diaries, Jean Laffite collection. Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1978.101
This portion of the collection was donated to the Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center by Price Daniel Sr. on August 1, 1978.
Other Formats for the Records
The original copy books and journals in this series have been digitized and are part of the Texas Digital Archive, available online at https://tsl.access.preservica.com/tda/manuscripts/jean-laffite-collection/.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Technical Requirements
Some materials are too fragile to photocopy. Please see Archives staff for assistance.
Box Folder
1978.101-3 23 Leather-bound copy book with green endpapers, 1840-1887
[Note: This item has been digitized.]
[Belonged to Jules Laffite; entries, including poetry, prose, and extracts from letters, made by "Jean Laffite," Eugene Laffite, Lois Ann Little, and others.]
Journal, allegedly written by Jean Laffite, 1845-1850:
[Written in French. Each dated section signed by "Jean Laffite."]
Box Folder
1978.101-9 1 Leather-bound journal, 1845-1850
[Note: This item has been digitized.]
Box Folder
1978.101-3 24 and 25 Photocopies, 1845-1850
[2 folders]
26 Newspaper clippings of advertisements, articles, and poems, originally inside journal, 1773-about 1857
[originals and photocopies]
27 Copy book with gray, green, and gold marbled covers, about 1850-about 1857
[Note: This item has been digitized.]
[Entries in French and English, including poetry and prose, made by "Jean Laffite," Lois Ann Little, Eugene Laffite, Charles Laffite, and others.]
28 Leather-bound journal with brown and blue marbled endpapers, about 1869
[Note: This item has been digitized.]
[Entries in French and English made by "Jean Laffite," Pierre Laffite Jr., Eugene Laffite, and others and include summaries of ship data from records and log books, lists of ships captured by Jean and Pierre Laffite, Frederic (Dominique) Youx, and Reyne Beluchai.]



Research and miscellaneous materials, 1940s-1986, undated,
1.25 cubic ft.

Price Daniel maintained research files on Jean Laffite and his family history. These files primarily consist of articles, clippings, notes, genealogical materials, and manuscripts pertaining to Jean Laffite's early life in New Orleans and Galveston, his alleged later life in the United States, Laffite family genealogy, and other individuals connected with Laffite. Materials date 1940s-1986 and undated. Photocopies of some material contain information that originally dates from 1608-1980. A portfolio of research materials and reproductions of documents used by Stanley Clisby Arthur for his biography of Jean Laffite is of particular interest since the original documents no longer exist, having been destroyed in fire after their return to their owner, John A. Laffite. Other notable items include handwritten and typed manuscripts of Jean Laffite biographies written by John A. Laffite and Audrey Lloyd in the 1960s-1970s.
Arrangement
The materials are arranged by topic.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Research and miscellaneous materials, Jean Laffite collection. Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1978.101, 1989.248
This portion of the collection was donated to the Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center by Price Daniel Sr. on August 1, 1978, with an addition donated by Jean Baldwin Daniel on November 27, 1989.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Box Folder
1978.101-4 1 Pages (22) from Bible, 1820
[photocopies]
[Pages contain genealogical information on the Laffite family; written in French.]
2 Pages (14) from Bible, 1839
[photocopies]
[Pages contain genealogical information on the Laffite family, 1608-1912; written in French.]
3 and 4 Biography of Jean Laffite, handwritten manuscript by John A. Laffite, about 1966-1968
[2 folders]
5 Biography of Jean Laffite, typed manuscript by John A. Laffite, about 1966-1968
6 and 7 Biography of Jean Laffite, handwritten and typed manuscript by John A. Laffite, about 1966-1968
[2 folders]
8 thru 10 The Story of Jean Laffite, typed manuscript by Audrey Walls Lloyd, about 1970s
[3 folders]
11 This is Jean Laffite Speaking! Our Houseguest, John Andrechyne Laffite, Great-Grandson of Jean Laffite, the Pirate-Patriot, typed manuscript by Audrey Walls Lloyd, about 1970
Box Folder-Item
1978.101-5 27-1 "Jean Lafitte's Buccaneers at New Orleans," article by John Howells, source unknown, undated
[photocopy]
27-2 "Lafitte's Life Can Be Traced - Up To a Point," clipping, source unknown, undated
[photocopy]
28 "Sir Francis Drake, The Scourge of the Spanish Main," typed excerpt from Romance of the Spanish Main, by Norman J. Davidson, 1916, undated
29 Clippings and articles from various newspapers and magazines pertaining primarily to Jean Laffite and his time on Galveston Island, undated, 1966
[primarily photocopies]
[Dates of originals range from 1852 to 1966.]
30 Correspondence to John Laffite and notes pertaining to John Paul Jones, Jean Laffite, and letters of marque, 1966
31 Notes, clippings, census records, and bible records pertaining primarily to Laffite family genealogy, 1947, 1958, 1966, 1970, undated
[photocopies]
[Information dates from 1716 to 1970.]
32 Laffite Study Group newsletters and periodicals, 1976-1980
33 Notes and lists pertaining to Jean Laffite bibliography, undated
34 Clippings and articles from various newspapers and magazines with biographical information on Jean Laffite, 1932-1976
[photocopies and originals]
[Only the items dated 1976 are original documents.]
35 Clippings from various publications and book excerpts with biographical information on Jean Laffite, 1840-1986
[photocopies]
36 Clippings, correspondence, and manuscript pertaining to the Jean Laffite Collection and its sale by John Laffite to John H. Jenkins, 1959-1979
[originals and photocopies]
37 Correspondence, clippings, and articles pertaining to Jean Laffite's alleged involvement with communism, 1975-1979
[originals and photocopies]
38 "There's Still Hope for a Jean Lafitte National Park," Times-Picayune (New Orleans), December 5, 1976
[Pertains to proposed park in the Barataria region of Jefferson Parish, Louisiana.]
39 Legal documents, receipt, and certificate pertaining to John A. Laffite and books on Jean Laffite, 1952-1970
[originals and photocopies]
[Includes copy of John A. Laffite's death certificate.]
40 Clippings pertaining to John A. Laffite, 1950, 1966, 1969
41 Clippings and excerpts from publications pertaining to New Orleans and Jean Laffite's time there, undated, 1965, 1966
[photocopies and transcription]
42 Manuscripts pertaining to Dominique Youx and his death, undated
[typed transcriptions]
[Information dates 1814 and 1830.]
43 Jean Laffite: From His Memoirs, typed manuscript by Lionel J. Bienvenu, about 1970s
44 Correspondence and clipping pertaining to steamboat Sultana, buried treasure in Louisiana, undated
[originals, photocopies, typed transcriptions]
45 Note allegedly written by Jean Laffite, that he owes his frankness to his grandmother, undated
[photocopy and English translation]
[Written in French.]
46 Laffite family genealogical information, possibly from copy book or other manuscript, undated
[Information dates 1744-1850. Written in French.]
Box Folder
1978.101-6 1 The Laffite Book, typed manuscript by Audrey Walls Lloyd, about 1977
[photocopy]
2 Clippings and notes pertaining to the Laffite family, Laffite genealogy, 1969, 1970, undated
[originals and photocopies]
3 "Many Valuable Lafitte Papers Lost in Blaze," The Spartanburg Journal (South Carolina), December 10, 1959
[photocopy]
4 Clippings pertaining to John A. Laffite and legal documents pertaining to John A. Laffite and his ancestry and Jean Laffite books, 1956-1967
[originals and photocopies]
59 Untitled handwritten manuscript pertaining to Jean and Pierre Laffite and Dominique Youx, possibly by John A. Laffite, undated
[5 folders]
Box Folder
OS 36 1 Portfolio with images and documents pertaining to Jean Laffite and the Laffite family, collected by Stanley Clisby Arthur for his book, Jean Laffite: Gentleman Rover, about 1940s-1952
[photocopies and transcriptions]



Maps, 1813, undated,
fractional

Two photocopied maps collected by Price Daniel consist of one with an original date of 1813 depicting Barataria Bay on the Louisiana coast, where Jean and Pierre Laffite's smuggling operations were located, and a second, undated map depicting Lake Charlotte in Chambers County, Texas.
Arrangement
The materials are arranged by document type.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Maps, Jean Laffite collection. Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession number: 1989.248
This portion of the collection was donated to the Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center by Jean Baldwin Daniel on November 27, 1989.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Box Folder
1978.101-4 12 Plan of the Entrance of Barataria with a Projected Battery Proposed by Lt. Col. G.T. Ross, N. 9, May 1813 (date of original)
[photocopy]
[Shows Barataria Bay behind the the island of Grand Terre on the Louisiana coast south of New Orleans.]
13 United States Department of the Interior Geological Survey map, Chambers County, Texas, undated
[photocopy]
[Shows Lake Charlotte, Mud Lake, Lake Miller, Trinity River, and Interstate Highway 10.]



Photographs, 1844-1901, 1940s-1977, undated,
0.45 cubic ft.

This series consists of two sets of images, one collected by John A. Laffite and later acquired by Price Daniel, and another collected by Price Daniel from other sources. The Laffite images consist of tintypes and cartes-de-visite of persons identified as Jean Laffite and other Laffite family members and friends and an 1850s-1870s photo album that originally held many of the tintypes and cartes-de-visite. That set of photographs dates 1844-1901 and undated. The Daniel images consist of photographs pertaining to the Jean Laffite collection and various Laffite family members and include photographic prints of 1880s-1890s images of some family members. This second set of photographs dates about 1940s-1977 and undated.
Arrangement
The materials are arranged by format.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Photographs, Jean Laffite collection. Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1978.101, 1989.248
This portion of the collection was donated to the Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center by Price Daniel Sr. on August 1, 1978, with an addition donated by Jean Baldwin Daniel on November 27, 1989.
Other Formats for the Records
A portion of the photographs in this series have been digitized and are part of the Texas Digital Archive, available online at https://tsl.access.preservica.com/tda/manuscripts/jean-laffite-collection/.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Technical Requirements
Researchers are required to wear gloves provided by the Archives staff when reviewing photographic materials.
Box Folder-Item
1978.101-4 14-1 and 2 Bearded man wearing cap, seated next to a woman, allegedly Jean Laffite and his wife Emma Hortense Laffite, pre-1966
[one 3¼ x 4⅞-inch black-and-white photograph]
[one 3½ x 3½-inch black-and-white photograph]
[Images taken before original was damaged.]
14-3 Bearded man wearing cap, seated next to a woman, allegedly Jean Laffite and his wife Emma Hortense Laffite, post-1966
[one 5⅛ x 6¾-inch black-and-white photograph]
[Image taken after original was damaged.]
14-4 Engraving of Jean Laffite wearing privateer's uniform and hat, with arms folded, holding telescope, undated
[one 5 x 7⅛-inch black-and-white photograph]
14-5 Painting of Jean Laffite wearing dark hat, suit jacket, white shirt, and dark tie, with arms folded, April 1966
[one 3½ x 3½-inch black-and-white photograph]
14-6 and 7 Woman standing next to seated bearded man, allegedly Emma Hortense and Jean Laffite, and unidentified document, as two photographs in hinged double frame, about 1966
[two 3½ x 3½-inch black-and-white photographs]
14-8 Bearded man, allegedly Jean Laffite, and unidentified document, as two photographs in hinged double frame, about 1966
[two 3½ x 3½-inch black-and-white photographs]
14-9 and 10 Cased photograph of painting of white-haired bearded man and woman wearing bonnet, allegedly Jean and Emma Hortense Laffite, by Manuel de Franca, about 1966
[two 3½ x 3½-inch black-and-white photographs]
14-11 Bust of Jean Laffite located in Cabildo Museum, New Orleans, Louisiana, undated
[one 8 x 10-inch black-and-white photograph]
15 David Laffite and his wife, studio portrait, about 1900
[one 5 x 7-inch black-and-white photograph]
[Handwritten note along border: "David Laffite – 2nd cousin to my father."]
16-1 John A. Laffite (center) and two unidentified men, November 1967
[one 3½ x 5⅛-inch black-and-white photograph]
16-2 John A. Laffite (right) and unidentified man, November 1967
[one 3½ x 5⅛-inch black-and-white photograph]
16-3 John A. Laffite, November 12, 1967
[one 6½ x 8½-inch black-and-white photograph]
[Handwriting on recto: "Taken – Galveston Island Texas November 12 1967 at Galvez reception club room."]
16-4 thru 6 John A. Laffite and Audrey Lloyd examining the alleged Jean Laffite journal, November 1967
[three 8 x 10-inch black-and-white photographs]
17-1 thru 3 Jules Jean Laffite, prints of cabinet card, June 1884 (date of original)
[three 5 x 7-inch black-and-white photographs]
[Writing on recto along one side: "Son of Jean Laffite."]
18-1 thru 3 Lacie Laffite (wife of John A. Laffite) standing in front of Old Absinthe House, New Orleans, Louisiana, June 1953
[two 8⅝ x 11½-inch black-and-white photographs]
[one 8⅝ x 11½-inch negative print black-and-white photograph]
18-4 Lacie Laffite standing in front of house, holding her dog, February 1966
[one 3½ x 3½-inch black-and-white photograph]
18-5 Two framed photographs of Lacie Laffite, at 20 years old and as an older woman, propped against a wall, October 1966
[two 3½ x 3½-inch black-and-white photographs]
19-1 thru 4 Leon Laffite (father of John A. Laffite), prints of cabinet card, March 1896 (date of original)
[two 5 x 7-inch black-and-white photographs]
[two 5 x 7½-inch black-and-white photographs]
[Note: One of these items has been digitized.]
19-5 and 6 Leon Laffite, his wife Mary Pauline, son John A., and daughter Rosemary Jeanette, prints of cabinet card, 1895 or 1896 (date of original)
[two 5 x 7-inch black-and-white photographs]
19-7 Two children, John A. Laffite and Rosemary Jeanette Laffite, standing on fur rug holding hands, print of cabinet card, 1898 (date of original)
[one 4⅛ x 6⅜-inch black-and-white photograph]
[Note: This item has been digitized.]
["Sister and I" and "1898" handwritten on recto.]
19-8 Mary Pauline (Mrs. Leon) Laffite, standing next to chair, print of cabinet card, 1889 (date of original)
[one 5 x 7-inch black-and-white photograph]
[Note: This item has been digitized.]
["My mother – when she was a grown girl" handwritten on recto.]
19-9 Leon Laffite, his wife Mary Pauline, son John A., and daughter Rosemary Jeanette, November 1896
[one 4½ x 6½-inch cabinet card]
[Note: This item has been digitized.]
["Nov. 1896" written on recto, "Taken in year 1895" written on verso.]
20 Audrey Lloyd sitting at typewriter and holding up framed painting of a house in Galveston that was built on the foundation of Jean Laffite's home, about 1970
[one 5¾ x 8-inch black-and-white photograph]
21-1 Bearded man in dark suit seated next to curtain, allegedly Jean Laffite, about 1850s (date of original)
[one 3½ x 4¾-inch black-and-white photograph]
[Note: This item has been digitized.]
21-2 and 3 Middle-aged woman in dark dress standing next to seated bearded man in dark suit, allegedly Emma Hortense and Jean Laffite, 1840 (date of original)
[one 3½ x 4¾-inch black-and-white photograph]
[Note: This item has been digitized.]
["Sylvester Août 9, 1840" and "Jn Laffite" written on verso. Accompanied by cardboard card with the following handwritten note: "Cincinnati, [symbol] 9 Août 1840, Jn Laffite, à Sylvester Carondelet."]
22-1 and 2 Price Daniel, Jean Daniel (seated), John Kinney, Nina Kinney, and possibly Frank Horlock (standing behind the Daniels), with items from the Jean Laffite Collection, about 1977
[two 8 x 10-inch black-and-white photographs]
22-3 Framed division charter for The Brave, pistol, and Bible, about 1977
[one 8 x 10-inch black-and-white photograph]
22-4 thru 6 Portions of the division charter for The Brave, about 1977
[three 8 x 8-inch color photographs]
23-1 Infant, Eulethére Irenne Marie Jean Andrechyne Laffitte, 1893
[one 2½ x 4⅛-inch carte-de-visite (card photograph)]
[Note: This item has been digitized.]
[Name of infant written on recto and mother identified as "Pauline Laffitte" on verso.]
23-2 Carmen Andrechyne, 1862
[one 2½ x 4⅛-inch carte-de-visite (card photograph)]
[Note: This item has been digitized.]
["Carmen - Grandmother April 1862" written on recto.]
23-3 Two unidentified women in dark-colored dresses, one seated, one standing, 1901
[one 2½ x 4⅛-inch carte-de-visite (card photograph)]
[Note: This item has been digitized.]
["Grandmother 1901" written on recto, with arrow indicating seated woman.]
23-4 Leon Laffite (?), about 1880s-1890s
[one 2½ x 4⅛-inch carte-de-visite (card photograph)]
[Note: This item has been digitized.]
["Father before he married mother - His age at the time 25 years old" written on verso.]
23-5 Mary Pauline Laffite (?), 1886
[one 2½ x 4⅛-inch carte-de-visite (card photograph)]
[Note: This item has been digitized.]
["Age 16 My Mother" and "Mother 1886 when a girl" written on recto.]
23-6 Woman identified as Emma Hortense Laffite, 1864
[one 2½ x 4⅛-inch carte-de-visite (card photograph)]
[Note: This item has been digitized.]
["Great grandmother Emma Hortense Laffite [illegible] 1864" written on verso.]
24-1 Unidentified man in dark suit and hat, standing in front of curtain, 1955
[one 5 x 7-inch black-and-white photograph]
[Note: This item has been digitized.]
["Taken October 1955 - Kansas City, Mo." written on recto.]
24-2 Jules Laffite, print of cabinet card, 1884 (date of original)
[one 5 x 7-inch black-and-white photograph]
[Note: This item has been digitized.]
["My grandfather the son of Jean Laffite" and "June 1884" written on recto.]
Box Folder
1978.101-6 10 Joseph Clinton Chighizola, about 1940s (date of original)
[one 7⅝ x 12½-inch black-and-white contact sheet]
[Has label identifying the subject.]
11 Nicholas Cruger, undated
[one 5 x 7-inch black-and-white photograph]
[Typewritten sheet in folder identifies subject.]
12 Painting of Jean Laffite at age 22 on board ship, about 1977
[one 5 x 7-inch black-and-white photograph]
[Original painting dated 1804.]
13 Mary Pauline Laffite, print of cabinet card, 1896 (date of original)
[one 5 x 7-inch black-and-white photograph]
14 Historical marker for the grave of Pierre Boitt Laffite, about 1960s-1970s
[one 3½ x 3⅝-inch black-and-white photograph]
15 Lacie Laffite at airport, Lacie Laffite and Audrey Lloyd, plaster bust of Jean Laffite, and John A. Laffite holding journal, about 1970
[one 8¼ x 15-inch black-and-white contact sheet]
16 Tomb of Dominique You (Youx), undated
[one 6¼ x 8¼-inch black-and-white contact sheet]
Box Folder-Item
1978.101-8 1-1 Bearded man wearing cap, seated next to a woman, allegedly Jean Laffite and his wife Emma Hortense Laffite, in 3¾ x 4¾ x ⅜-inch dark brown leather case, 1844
[one 4 x 3⅛-inch encased tintype]
[Note: This item has been digitized.]
[Image was broken about 1966.]
1-2 Unidentified young man with long dark hair, white shirt, and dark coat, in 3⅛ x 3 ¾ x ⅝-inch dark brown leather case, 1850s
[one 2¾ x 2¼-inch encased tintype]
[Note: This item has been digitized.]
2-1 Madame Poirier, about 1883
[one 2½ x 4-inch tintype]
[Note: This item has been digitized.]
["Madame Poirier, mid-wife, Third & Mulberry St., St. Louis, 1883." written on verso.]
2-2 Julius (Jules) Laffite, 1858
[one 2⅝ x 4-inch tintype, hand-colored]
[Note: This item has been digitized.]
["John Graham, Washington & St. Charles, St. Louis, 1858, From Julius Laffite." written on verso.]
2-3 Francis Litite Jr., 1845
[one 2½ x 3¼-inch tintype]
[Note: This item has been digitized.]
["Francis Litite, Jr., St. Louis, Dec. 10 - 1845." written on verso.]
2-4 Unidentified dark-haired man with mustache standing next to table, undated
[one 2½ x 4-inch tintype, hand-colored]
[Note: This item has been digitized.]
3-1 Two unidentified Union soldiers, American flag in background, 1860s
[one 2⅜ x 3½-inch tintype, hand-colored]
[Note: This item has been digitized.]
3-2 Carmen Andrechyne, May 1860
[one 2½ x 4-inch tintype]
[Note: This item has been digitized.]
["Carmen Andrechyne - May 1860 - Guerido Jules." written on verso.]
3-3 Louis Devereaux, August 1863
[one 2½ x 3⅛-inch tintype]
[Note: This item has been digitized.]
["Louis Devereaux, Richmond, Va., August 1863 To my friend Jules Laffite, East St. Louis." written on verso.]
3-4 Two young women, standing and leaning against table, identified as Henrietta and Hannah Sage, about 1890s
[one 2⅜ x 3⅝-inch tintype]
[Note: This item has been digitized.]
["Our friends – Julius Laffite – Henrietta and Hannah Sage – 1859" handwritten on verso; however, the women are wearing 1890s-era clothing.]
4-1 Edward Laffite, in cartouche paper sleeve, 1865
[one 2⅜ x 3⅞-inch tintype, hand-colored]
[Note: This item has been digitized.]
["Edward Lafitte to Cesar Lafitte 1865" written on recto.]
4-2 K.B. Selick, in cartouche paper sleeve, 1857
[one 2⅜ x 3⅞-inch tintype, hand-colored]
[Note: This item has been digitized.]
["K.B. Selick to Jules Nov. 8, 1857" written on recto.]
4-3 Jacques Selick, mounted on cardboard, 1848
[one 2⅜ x 3⅞-inch tintype, hand-colored]
[Note: This item has been digitized.]
["To Jules - Regards Jacques Selick 1848" written on verso.]
4-4 Carmen Andrechyne, in cartouche paper sleeve, 1860
[one 2½ x 4⅛-inch tintype, hand-colored]
[Note: This item has been digitized.]
["Carmen Andrechyne May-1860" written on verso.]
Box Folder
OS 36 2 Joseph Clinton Chighizola, Jean Laffite at age 22, Jean Laffite family, Nez Coupe homesite, Dominique Youx portraits and tomb, Pierre Laffite and Reyne Beluchai, about 1970
[one contact sheet negative]
Box Folder
1978.101-7 3 Leather-bound photograph album of tintypes and cartes-de-visite of Laffite family members and friends, about 1850s-1870s
[Note: The photographs have been removed from this album and stored separately for preservation reasons; all photographs from the album have been digitized.]
Box Folder-Item
1978.101-4 25-1 Andrew Har___, dark-haired young man with mustache, head and shoulders shot, undated
[one 2⅜ x 3¼-inch carte-de-visite (card photograph)]
[Top of carte-de-visite has been cut off. "Andrew Har___" written on verso (part of name is illegible).]
25-2 Katy Kely, young woman with dark hair in dark-colored dress standing next to table, undated
[one 2½ x 4-inch carte-de-visite (card photograph)]
["Remember me when this you see (illegible) Yours truly, Katy Kely" written on verso.]
25-3 Unidentified bearded young man in dark suit seated next to table, undated
[one 2½ x 4-inch carte-de-visite (card photograph)]
25-4 Unidentified man with goatee, seated, undated
[one 2½ x 4-inch carte-de-visite (card photograph)]
Box Folder-Item
1978.101-8 5-1 Unidentified dark-haired bearded man, in cartouche paper sleeve, 1862
[one 2¼ x 4-inch tintype]
["To Julius Laffitte (sic) April 1862" written on verso.]
Box Folder-Item
1978.101-4 25-5 Unidentified white-haired bearded man, seated, undated
[one 2½ x 4-inch carte-de-visite (card photograph)]
Box Folder-Item
1978.101-8 5-2 Pat McKewn (clean-shaven young man in dark suit, standing), 1859
[one 2½ x 4-inch tintype]
[Name of subject written on verso. Tintype mounted on cardboard.]
Box Folder-Item
1978.101-4 25-6 Unidentified older bearded man (seated) and woman (standing with her arm on his shoulder), undated
[one 2½ x 4-inch carte-de-visite (card photograph)]
Box Folder-Item
1978.101-8 5-3 Unidentified dark-haired young man in dark suit jacket and white shirt, head and shoulders shot, in cartouche paper sleeve, undated
[one 2¼ x 3¾-inch tintype]
["To Mr. J. Laffitte (sic) St. Louis Missouri" written on verso.]
Box Folder-Item
1978.101-4 25-7 J.C. Nutt, M.D., balding older man with white goatee, head and shoulders shot, 1859
[one 2½ x 4-inch carte-de-visite (card photograph)]
[Name of subject written on recto. "Mr. Jules Laffitte (sic) and family regards Dr. Nutt (?) Dec. 1859" written on verso.]
Box Folder-Item
1978.101-8 5-4 Louis Kest (?), balding bearded man in dark suit jacket, head and shoulders shot, in cartouche paper sleeve, 1858
[one 2½ x 4-inch tintype]
["My friend Julius Laffitte (sic) Louis Kest (?) Nov. 8, 1858." written on verso.]
Box Folder-Item
1978.101-4 26-1 Unidentified dark-haired woman seated next to table and curtain, undated
[one 2½ x 4-inch carte-de-visite (card photograph)]
Box Folder-Item
1978.101-8 6-1 Harrietta Green, woman in dark dress and hat, standing next to column, in cartouche paper sleeve, 1856
[one 2½ x 4-inch tintype]
["Mrs. Harrietta Green 69 Saint Charles St., Saint Louis, Nov. 1856 to Juluis (sic) Laffite & family" written on verso.]
6-2 Anna Kelly, middle-aged woman in dark dress, seated, in cartouche paper sleeve, 1858
[one 2½ x 4-inch tintype, hand-colored]
["My deal Ernestina, Love to all. This has been a terribly hot day. Mrs. Anna Kelly, Memphis, Tenn., August 7, 1858" written on verso.]
Box Folder-Item
1978.101-4 26-2 Unidentified child in dark dress and striped stockings, seated with feet on chair, undated
[one 2½ x 4-inch carte-de-visite (card photograph)]
Box Folder-Item
1978.101-8 6-3 Unidentified child in dress with checked skirt and with hands clasped, in cartouche paper sleeve, 1858
[one 2½ x 3¾-inch tintype]
["Our baby - To Carmen Laffite Mrs. Margaret M_____ Nov. 15, 1858" written on verso.]
Box Folder-Item
1978.101-4 26-3 Unidentified child in knee-length dark-colored and white dress standing next to chair, undated
[one 2½ x 4-inch carte-de-visite (card photograph)]
26-4 Unidentified bearded man (no mustache) in dark suit jacket, head and shoulders shot, undated
[one 2½ x 4-inch carte-de-visite (card photograph)]
26-5 Isabel Huchinson, woman in dark dress and wearing earrings, seated, undated
[one 2½ x 4-inch carte-de-visite (card photograph)]
[Name of subject written on verso.]
26-6 Two unidentified bearded young men in dark suits, one standing next to column, the second standing next to chair and holding hat, undated
[one 2½ x 4-inch carte-de-visite (card photograph)]
Box Folder-Item
1978.101-8 6-4 James W. Kely (?), clean-shaven dark-haired young man, head and shoulders shot, in cartouche paper sleeve, undated
[one 2¼ x 3¾-inch tintype, hand-colored]
[Name of subject and "James W. to Jules" written on verso.]
Box Folder-Item
1978.101-4 26-7 Unidentified young woman with braided hair and light-colored dress with white collar, undated
[one 2½ x 4-inch carte-de-visite (card photograph)]
Box Folder-Item
1978.101-8 7-1 Unidentified dark-haired girl with checked dress/blouse, undated
[one 1½ x 2-inch tintype]
["To my Aunt Carmen" written on recto of frame.]
7-2 Margaret McGhee, middle-aged woman in red dress, seated, 1857
[one 2 x 2¼-inch tintype, hand-colored]
[Name of subject, date, and "To Misses Laffitte (sic) with devotion and love" written on verso of mount.]
7-3 Mr. and Mrs. Decreaux, dark-haired man with mustache and dark-haired woman wearing dress with red bow, both seated, in cartouche paper sleeve, 1858
[one 2½ x 4-inch tintype, hand-colored]
[Inscribed on verso to "Mr. & Mrs. Laffitte (sic)" from "Mr. & Mrs. Decreaux," with date.]
7-4 Unidentified dark-haired man with mustache wearing light-colored suit, seated, and dark-haired woman standing with her hand on his shoulder, in cartouche paper sleeve, 1858
[one 2½ x 4-inch tintype, hand-colored]
[Inscribed on verso to "Mr. and Mrs. Julius Laffitte (sic) Sr. and Jules Laffitte (sic)" with date.]
8-1 John Graham, young man with mustache wearing dark-colored suit, standing next to table, 1857
[one 2½ x 4-inch tintype, hand-colored]
[Name of subject and date written on verso.]
8-2 Lynch brothers, three boys, two wearing dark-colored suits and the youngest wearing a sailor suit, 1859
[one 2½ x 3¼-inch tintype]
[Names of subjects and date written on verso.]
8-3 William Dodd and Mrs. Dodd, dark-haired man with beard and dark jacket, seated and woman in white dress standing with her hand draped over his shoulder, 1858
[one 2½ x 4-inch tintype, hand-colored]
[Names of subjects and date written on verso.]
8-4 Alexander Doan, dark-haired young man with mustache and dark-colored suit jacket and bow tie, head and shoulders shot, in 2½ x 4-inch cartouche paper sleeve, 1858
[one 1½ x 2-inch tintype, hand-colored]
["My friend Julius Laffitte (sic) St. Louis from Alexander Doan Nov. 1858" written on verso.]
9-1 William Murphy, clean-shaven young man in dark suit, seated, black-and-white tintype in 2½ x 4-inch cartouche paper sleeve, 1858
[one 2 x 3⅛-inch tintype, hand-colored]
[Name of subject and date written on verso, inscribed to "my dear Julius."]
9-2 Unidentified infant wearing dark-colored dress with white trim, in 2½ x 3¾-inch cartouche paper sleeve, 1858
[one 1¾ x 2¼-inch tintype, hand-colored]
["To our dear friends Mr. & Mrs. Laffitte (sic) Alton, Ill Oct. 1858."]
9-3 Dark-haired young girl wearing dark-colored dress and necklace with cross pendant, head and shoulders shot, in 2½ x 3¾-inch cartouche paper sleeve, undated
[one 1⅝ x 2-inch tintype, hand-colored]
["Maggie (?) M. Busby" written on recto; "Miss Eva Gates, to Missess Laffitte (sic), St. Louis, Mo." written on verso.]
9-4 Alexander Gannauden (?), dark-haired man with mustache wearing dark suit jacket, head and shoulders shot, 1860
[one 2¼ x 3½-inch tintype, hand-colored]
[Name of subject and date written on verso.]
10-1 Mr. and Mrs. Lemuel Shelton, dark-haired man with bushy mustache, woman holding infant with one arm and her other arm through the man's, mounted on 2½ x 4-inch card, undated
[one 2⅛ x 3¼-inch tintype, hand-colored]
[Names of subjects written on verso.]
10-2 Ellen Malone, dark-haired woman in high-necked dress standing next to table, 1857
[one 2½ x 4-inch tintype, hand-colored]
[Name of subject and date written on verso.]
10-3 Mary Donnelly, dark-haired older woman in dark-colored dress, seated next to curtain, 1858
[one 2½ x 4-inch tintype, hand-colored]
[Name of subject and date written on verso, inscribed to "Mr. and Mrs. Jesse Little."]
11-1 Mary Fagin, dark-haired woman in dark-colored dress standing next to table and curtain, undated
[one 2½ x 4-inch tintype, hand-colored]
[Name of subject written on verso.]
11-2 Hazel Martin, dark-haired woman in dark-colored dress standing next to table, 1858
[one 2½ x 4-inch tintype, hand-colored]
[Name of subject and date written on verso, inscribed to Carmen E. Andrechyne.]



Publications, 1820, 1839, 1938, 1960s-1986,
0.3 cubic ft.

Publications consisting primarily of booklets, pamphlets, magazines, and newspapers collected by Price Daniel pertain to or contain articles on French pirate and privateer Jean Laffite or other historical subjects. The series also includes two French-language Bibles dating 1820 and 1839 containing Laffite family genealogical information that were in the possession of John A. Laffite. Material dates 1820, 1839, 1938, and 1960s-1986.
Arrangement
The materials are arranged by topic.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Publications, Jean Laffite collection. Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1978.101, 1989.248
This portion of the collection was donated to the Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center by Price Daniel Sr. on August 1, 1978, with an addition donated by Jean Baldwin Daniel on November 27, 1989.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Box Folder
1978.101-5 1 The Story of Jean and Pierre Laffite the Pirate-Patriots, James J.A. Fortier, editor, Louisiana State Museum booklet, 1938
[Includes reprint of article, "The Historical Sketch of Pierre and Jean Lafitte," by Charles Gayarré, from July-December 1883 issue of The Magazine of American History.]
2 What So Proudly We Hail: The Danish West Indies and the American Revolution, by Florence Lewishon, American Revolution Bicentennial booklet, 1975
[Includes information on privateer Nicholas Cruger.]
3 Rules for the Management and Cleaning of the Rifle Musket, .58 Calibre, for the Use of Soldiers of the Texas Republic Guard, State of Texas publication, booklet, 1977
4 Three brochures for tourist attractions, including river cruises, in New Orleans and in St. Augustine, Florida, about 1960s
[Brochures contain references to Jean Laffite.]
5 Heritage, Volume IV, No. III, magazine, Winter 1986
[Includes article, "Jean Laffite, Buccaneer and Double Agent," by Evelyn Gill Hilton.]
6 New Orleans, Volume 10, No. 10, magazine, July 1976
[Includes article, "Jean Lafitte Bankrolled Karl Marx," by Harry Hurt III.]
7 Texas Parade, Volume XXVII, No. 2, magazine, July 1966
[Includes article, "Jean Laffite is Back," by Audrey Walls Lloyd.]
8 Letter from Columbia, Texas December 27, 1836 Addressed to Blas Herrera, pamphlet published by James W. Knight, County Clerk, Bexar County, Texas, 1966
Box
1978.101-7 La Sainte Bible le Vieux et le Nouveau Testament, New York: American Bible Society, 1820
[Bible written in French.]
La Sainte Bible le Vieux et le Nouveau Testament, New York: American Bible Society, 1839
[Bible written in French.]
Box Folder
OS 36 3 National Intelligencer (Washington, D.C.), newspaper, December 23, 1817 (date of original)
[photocopy]
[Includes articles pertaining to Jean Laffite and Galveston.]
4 The Celebrated and Extraordinary Trial of Col. Monroe Edwards for Forgery and Swindling, Pemberton Press, newspaper reprint, 1970
[Reprint of 1842 newspaper transcript of trial concerning slave running and smuggling operation in Texas.]



Artwork, 1840s-1860s, undated,
fractional

Six gouache paintings or drawings by Laffite descendant Lois Ann Little or other artists are of various Laffite family members, including French pirate and privateer Jean Laffite. The Little paintings and one by Manuel de France (Franca?) were collected by Price Daniel. The sixth painting of a man alleged to be Jean Laffite was among the materials in the possession of John A. Laffite. Materials date 1840s-1860s.
Arrangement
The materials are arranged by format.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Artwork, Jean Laffite collection. Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Accession Information
Accession numbers: 1978.101, 1989.248
This portion of the collection was donated to the Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center by Price Daniel Sr. on August 1, 1978, with an addition donated by Jean Baldwin Daniel on November 27, 1989.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Technical Requirements
Some materials are too fragile to photocopy. Please see Archives staff for assistance.
Box Folder-Item
1978.101-7 1 Portrait of dark-haired man in profile wearing dark coat and ruffled shirt, allegedly Jean Laffite, artist unknown, undated
[one 6½ x 8.5-inch gouache painting]
[Painting is on paper.]
2 Portrait of bearded white-haired man, woman, and two small boys, allegedly Jean Laffite, his wife Emma Hortense, and sons Glenn Henry (left) and Jules Jean (right), by Manuel de Franca, about 1840
[one 9 x 12¼-inch gouache painting]
[Painting on paper is mounted on wood support.]
3-1 Portrait of bearded man wearing bow tie, vest, and coat, leaning on verso of chair, allegedly Jean Laffite, by Lois Ann Little, about 1850s-1860s
[one 8 x 11⅞-inch gouache painting]
[Painting on paper is mounted on cardboard support.]
3-2 Portrait of red-haired bearded man identified as "Marcus Laffite - My Grandfathers (sic) Father," by Lois Ann Little, about 1850s-1860s
[one 8 x 11⅞-inch gouache painting]
[Painting on paper is mounted on cardboard support.]
3-3 Portrait of woman wearing scarf seated next to fireplace, identified as "Zora" (Laffite), by Lois Ann Little, about 1850s-1860s
[one 7¾ x 12⅜-inch gouache painting]
[Painting on paper is mounted on cardboard support.]
3-4 Portrait of unidentified young man with light brown hair, gray coat, and tan waistcoat, by Lois Ann Little, about 1850s-1860s
[one 8 x 12-inch gouache painting]
[Painting on paper is mounted on cardboard support.]