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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview

Organizational History

Scope and Contents of the Records

Organization of the Records

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Home Services correspondence, 1941-1959,bulk 1945-1949,

Disaster relief services files, 1940-1950, 1957, 1960-1961,

War relief services files, 1941,

Health and safety service files, 1941, 1953-1956, 1959-1960,

Fund drive files, 1941-1945, 1947, 1950-1955, 1957,

Administrative records, 1941, 1949-1950, 1961,

Financial records, 1939-1959,

Clipping files, 1940s-1960s, undated,

Scrapbook, 1941-1945, 1954-1955,

Texas State Library and Archives Commission

American Red Cross, Liberty County Chapter:

An Inventory of the American Red Cross, Liberty County Chapter (Tex.) Records at the Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center, Texas State Archives, 1939-1961, undated, bulk 1941-1957



Overview

Creator American Red Cross. Liberty County Chapter.
Title: American Red Cross, Liberty County Chapter (Tex.) records
Dates: 1939-1961, undated
Dates (Bulk): bulk 1941-1957
Abstract: The American Red Cross, Liberty County Chapter (Tex.) records document the activities of a local Red Cross chapter and its services to residents of Liberty County, Texas during the mid-twentieth century. The records primarily consist of correspondence, telegrams, reports, disbursing orders (similar to purchase orders), invoices, bank statements, chapter financial reports, accounting ledgers, tax returns, membership lists, clippings, and a scrapbook. Materials date from 1939 to 1961 and undated, with the bulk dating from 1941 to 1957.
Quantity: 4.05 cubic ft.
Location: These records are housed at the Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center, P.O. Box 310, 650 FM 1011, Liberty, Texas 77575, 936-336-8821.
Language: These materials are written in English.
Repository: Texas State Archives
Sponsor: This EAD finding aid was created in cooperation with Texas Archival Resources Online.

Organizational History

The American Red Cross was founded by Clara Barton and others in Washington, D.C., on May 21, 1881. It is a humanitarian organization led by volunteers and guided by its congressional charter and the Fundamental Principles of the International Red Cross Movement. The traditional purposes of the organization include giving relief to and serving as a medium of communication between members of the American armed forces and their families and providing national and international disaster relief and mitigation.

Numerous local American Red Cross chapters were formed after the United States entered World War I in 1917. In Liberty County, Texas, a group of citizens met at the courthouse on January 4, 1918, to organize a chapter. Officers elected included W.D. Partlow, chairman; Elba DeBlanc, vice chairman; Mrs. F.M. Stevens, secretary; and Mrs. Clarence Chambers, treasurer. The chapter received its charter from the national organization on January 15, 1918.

The Liberty County American Red Cross chapter provided social services to members of the armed forces and their families, veterans, and civilians; provided assistance to county residents following various natural disasters; participated in civilian war relief efforts during World War II; offered health and safety programs to the public; and participated in Red Cross fundraising efforts. The Liberty County Red Cross chapter disbanded in about 2008 or 2009.

(Sources include: "A Brief History of the American Red Cross," American Red Cross website, accessed April 7, 2016; Liberty Vindicator, January 11, 1918; American Red Cross, Liberty County Chapter vertical file; and the records themselves.)

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Scope and Contents of the Records

The American Red Cross, Liberty County Chapter (Tex.) records document the activities of a local Red Cross chapter and its services to residents of Liberty County, Texas during the mid-twentieth century. The records primarily consist of correspondence, telegrams, reports, disbursing orders (similar to purchase orders), invoices, bank statements, chapter financial reports, accounting ledgers, tax returns, membership lists, clippings, and a scrapbook. Materials date from 1939 to 1961 and undated, with the bulk dating from 1941 to 1957. Subjects covered include disaster relief services provided by the chapter following tornadoes and fires in the 1940s and 1950s; social services and other assistance provided to active duty members of the military, their families, and veterans during and after World War II; a Red Cross water safety course in the 1950s; the chapter's fund drives; and its activities on behalf of civilian war relief during World War II.

To prepare this inventory, the described materials were cursorily reviewed to delineate series, to confirm the accuracy of contents lists, to provide an estimate of dates covered, and to determine record types.

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Organization of the Records

The records were organized into nine series:
Home Services correspondence, 1941-1959, bulk 1945-1949, 2.8 cubic ft.
Disaster relief services files, 1940-1950, 1957, 1960-1961, 0.45 cubic ft.
War relief services files, 1941, fractional
Health and safety services files, 1941, 1953-1956, 1959-1960, 0.1 cubic ft.
Fund drive files, 1941-1945, 1947, 1950-1955, 1957, 0.2 cubic ft.
Administrative records, 1941, 1949-1950, 1961, fractional
Financial records, 1939-1959, 0.3 cubic ft.
Clipping files, 1940s-1960s and undated, 0.1 cubic ft.
Scrapbook, 1941-1945, 1954-1955, 0.1 cubic ft.

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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Because of the possibility that portions of these records fall under Public Information Act exceptions including, but not limited to, social security numbers (Texas Government Code, Section 552.147 and United States Code, Title 42, Section 405(c)(2)(C)); medical information (Texas Occupations Code, Section 159.002); and common-law privacy (Texas Government Code, Section 552.101), an archivist must review these records before they can be accessed for research. The records may be requested for research under the provisions of the Public Information Act (Texas Government Code, Chapter 552).

The records may be requested for research under the provisions of the Public Information Act (Texas Government Code, Chapter 552). The researcher may request an interview with an archivist or submit a request by mail (Texas State Library and Archives Commission, P.O. Box 12927, Austin, TX 78711), fax (512-463-5436), email (director.librarian@tsl.texas.gov), or see our web page (https://www.tsl.texas.gov/agency/customer/pia.html). Include enough description and detail about the information requested to enable the archivist to accurately identify and locate the information. If our review reveals information that may be excepted by the Public Information Act, we are obligated to seek an open records decision from the Attorney General on whether the records can be released. The Public Information Act allows the Archives ten working days after receiving a request to make this determination. The Attorney General has 45 working days to render a decision. Alternately, the Archives can inform you of the nature of the potentially excepted information and if you agree, that information can be redacted or removed and you can access the remainder of the records.

Materials do not circulate, but may be used in the Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center reading room. Materials will be retrieved from and returned to storage areas by staff members.

Restrictions on Use

Under the Copyright Law of 1976 as amended in 1998, unpublished manuscripts are protected for the life of the author plus 70 years. The term of copyright for published materials varies. Researchers are responsible for complying with the Copyright law.

Technical Requirements

Some materials may be too large or fragile to photocopy. Please see archivists staff for assistance.

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Index Terms

The terms listed here were used to catalog the records. The terms can be used to find similar or related records.
Subjects (Organizations):
American Red Cross. Disaster services.
American Red Cross--History--20th century.
United States. Veterans Administration.
Subjects:
Veterans--Services for--Texas.
Families of military personnel--Services for--Texas.
Soldiers--Services for--Texas.
Disaster relief--Texas.
World War, 1939-1945--Civilian relief.
Places:
Liberty County (Tex.)--History.
Document Types:
Bank statements--Texas.
Clippings (information artifacts)--Texas.
Correspondence--Texas.
Financial statements--Texas.
Ledgers (account books)--Texas.
Membership lists--Texas.
Reports--Texas.
Scrapbooks--Texas.
Tax returns--Texas.
Telegrams--Texas.

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Related Material

The following materials are offered as possible sources of further information on the agencies and subjects covered by the records. The listing is not exhaustive.

Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center
American Red Cross, Liberty County Chapter vertical file, fractional
National Archives and Records Administration at College Park, Maryland
Records of the American National Red Cross, 1881-2008
Hoover Institution, Stanford University
American National Red Cross records, 1906-1995, bulk 1917-1922, 95.5 linear ft.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

(Identify the item and cite the series), American Red Cross, Liberty County Chapter (Tex.) records. Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.

Accession Information

Accession number: 1991.235

These records were donated to the Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center in about 1982 or 1983 by W.O. Mearns Jr.; the exact date is unknown. The records were formally accessioned on December 11, 1991.

Processing Information

Partial processing by Venus Booker, date unknown

Additional processing and finding aid by Lisa Meisch, June 2016 and February 2017


XML markup completed by Irene Lule of the University of Texas at Austin School of Information, March 2017

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Detailed Description of the Records

Home Services correspondence, 1941-1959,bulk 1945-1949,
2.8 cubic ft.

Home Services correspondence documents the activities of that department of the Liberty County Red Cross chapter. The documents reflect the division's attempts to locate servicemen who had not been in contact with their families for an extended period, attempts by servicemen to locate family members, assistance to servicemen with family emergencies, and assistance to veterans and their families in resolving issues with medical or disability benefits. The records primarily consist of correspondence with members of the armed forces, veterans, and/or their family members; other Red Cross chapters; U.S. military units; and the Veterans Administration. Dates covered are 1941-1959, with the bulk dating 1945-1949.
Arrangement
Materials are arranged alphabetically by client surname.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Home Services correspondence, American Red Cross, Liberty County Chapter (Tex.) records. Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
Because of the possibility that portions of these records fall under Public Information Act exceptions including, but not limited to, medical information (Texas Occupations Code, Section 159.002); and common-law privacy (Texas Government Code, Section 552.101), an archivist must review these records before they can be accessed for research. The records may be requested for research under the provisions of the Public Information Act (Texas Government Code, Chapter 552). Refer to the overall restriction statement for instructions on requesting access through the Texas Attorney General.
Box
1991.235-1 Abel - Abshier
Adams - Ainsworth
Alcorn - Alsobrooks
Anderson - Andrews
Arnold - Arrington
Ashby - Ashmore
Aucion - Austin
Ayers - Ayres
Aucion - Austin
Bagley - Bagwell
Bailey - Baillio
Bal - Ballinger
Bankhead - Bankins
Barclay - Barrow
Bashrun - Bayless
Beard - Belsome
Bennett - Best
Bice - Bishop
Black - Bloomfield
Bobo - Bohanan
Bond - Bower
Bradford - Brazell
Breaux - Brisco
Brooks - Broussard
Brown - Bunyard
Burch - Burns
Burrows - Buxton
Cade - Cain
Caldwell - Callihan
Campbell - Cantrell
Capabianco - Carnes
Carrell - Carwell
Casey - Caylor
Cephus - Cessna
Chambers - Childress
Box
1991.235-2 Clark - Clough
Coats - Conner
Cook - Cotton
Coulter - Coyle
Crabb - Crichfield
Crocker - Cuttings
Daffen - Davenport
Davis - Dawson
Debieu - Dempre
Denby - DeSpain
Dickerson - Dirba
Dobbs - Donahoe
Donatto
Douglas - Dozier
Drake - Driskill
Dubose - Duston
Eaton
Edgar - Edwards
Elder - Elzie
Emanuel - Emerson
Enloe - Etter
Evans - Ewing
Faircloth - Fayle
Feike - Few
Fielder - Fisher
Flankard - Flynn
Fogle - Fontenot
Ford - Foreman
Fountain - Foxworth
Franklin - Franssen
Freeman
Fregia
Fries - Fuselier
Box
1991.235-3 Gagne - Gay
Geisendorff
Gibson - Gilmore
Glaze
Glenn - Glover
Godfrey - Goetsch
Golden - Goodrum
Gradney - Gray
Goodson - Gott
Green - Grevenberg
Griffin - Guthrie
Hales - Hanlon
Hardin - Hardy
Harmon - Harrold
Hart - Hayes
Hebert - Henry
Herbert - Hester
Hickman - Hines
Hobbs - Hollis
Holmes - Hough
Hubert - Hunt
Irwin - Izard
Jackson
James - Jansen
Jefferson - Jingle
Johansen - Johnston
Box
1991.235-4 Jolly - Joseph Weldon Jones
Marion F. Jones - Walter Jones
Jordan
Kaldor - Kay
Keeney - Key
Kile - Kline
Knight - Krull
Lafour - Lange
Laprode - Layton
Lee
Leggett - Lewis
Liebhart - Lively
Lloyd - Lyons
McAdams - McGown
McIlvain - McWaters
Mack - Massengell
Matlock - Mayfield
Meacham - Merritt
Mickens - Mitchell
Montgomery - Moreau
Morris - Mounce
Mull - Murry
Neal - Nixon
Box
1991.235-5 Norris - Nugent
Oakley - Ozan
Page - Patton
Pedron - Peveto
Phillips - Phipps
Pickett - Pittman
Pland - Powell
Prater - Pritchard
Purswell
Quinn
Ramirez - Ray
Redmond - Rhodes
Richards - Risner
Roberds -Rogers
Rohrer - Rye
Sawtell - Scott
Searle - Seward
Shamblin - Shivers
Sikes - Simone
Sims - Skidmore
Smart - Smith
Southern - Squier
Steele - Sterling
Stevenson - Stewart
Stine - Stinson
Stokes - Stowell
Strahan - Stringer
Stubbs - Stuckey
Sumpter
Box
1991.235-6 Sweeten - Swinney
Tanner - Tate
Taylor
Teton - Thibodeaux
Thompson - Thurman
Tidwell - Totress
Trahan - Turicchi
Underwood - Uselton
Vail - Vawter
Vester - Vyoral
Walding - Walls
Wardrup - Watterson
Weathers - West
Wheat - Wheelington
White
Whitmire - Whitton
Williams - Wisdom
Wolf - Wooten
Yancey - Youngblood
Zable - Ziller
Miscellaneous clients, 1941, 1946-1947

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Disaster relief services files, 1940-1950, 1957, 1960-1961,
0.45 cubic ft.

Disaster relief service files document the Liberty County Red Cross chapter's services to victims of various natural disasters in Liberty County such as fires and tornadoes. The files include disbursing orders for disaster victims to obtain various necessities such as groceries, temporary housing, and building materials, reports and forms completed by local Red Cross staff that document damages and/or injuries sustained by disaster victims and services provided to them, correspondence, financial records, invoices, receipts, and a clipping. Dates covered are 1940-1950, 1957, and 1960-1961.
Arrangement
Materials are arranged by topic.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Disaster relief services files, American Red Cross, Liberty County Chapter (Tex.) records. Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
Because of the possibility that portions of these records fall under Public Information Act exceptions including, but not limited to, medical information (Texas Occupations Code, Section 159.002); and common-law privacy (Texas Government Code, Section 552.101), an archivist must review these records before they can be accessed for research. The records may be requested for research under the provisions of the Public Information Act (Texas Government Code, Chapter 552). Refer to the overall restriction statement for instructions on requesting access through the Texas Attorney General.
Box
1991.235-6 Disbursing orders, receipts and correspondence pertaining to East Texas flood, 1940-1941
Disaster application cards, disbursing orders, reports, and financial records pertaining to Liberty tornado, 1947-1948
[4 folders]
Disaster application cards, disbursing orders, reports, and financial records pertaining to Liberty fire, 1948
[2 folders]
Box
1991.235-7 Disaster case records pertaining to Liberty County tornadoes, 1957
[4 folders]
Disbursing orders pertaining to Liberty County tornadoes, 1957
[3 folders]
Correspondence, reports and financial records pertaining to Liberty County tornadoes, 1957
Invoices, clipping and list of donors pertaining to Moss Hill fire, 1960
Receipts, disbursing orders and reports pertaining to Hurricane Carla, 1961
Miscellaneous correspondence and reports, 1944-1950

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War relief services files, 1941,
fractional

War relief services files document the Liberty County Red Cross chapter's activities on behalf of civilian war relief during one year of World War II. The files consist primarily of disbursing orders, correspondence, canceled checks, receipts, and invoices for items such as the purchase of sewing supplies for the chapter's sewing room. Materials are dated 1941.
Arrangement
Materials are arranged by topic.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), War relief services files, American Red Cross, Liberty County Chapter (Tex.) records. Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Box
1991.237-7 Disbursing orders, canceled checks, invoices, receipts and correspondence for materials for civilian war relief efforts, 1941

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Health and safety service files, 1941, 1953-1956, 1959-1960,
0.1 cubic ft.

Health and safety services files pertain to health and medical services provided to local residents by the Liberty County Red Cross chapter in 1941, including funds for prescriptions, surgical procedures and hospitalization, and a Red Cross water safety course offered by the chapter in the 1950s. Materials consist primarily of correspondence, forms, disbursing orders, and invoices, dating 1941, 1953-1956, and 1959-1960.
Arrangement
Materials are arranged by topic.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Health and safety services files, American Red Cross, Liberty County Chapter (Tex.) records. Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
Because of the possibility that portions of these records fall under Public Information Act exceptions including, but not limited to, medical information (Texas Occupations Code, Section 159.002); an archivist must review these records before they can be accessed for research. The records may be requested for research under the provisions of the Public Information Act (Texas Government Code, Chapter 552). Refer to the overall restriction statement for instructions on requesting access through the Texas Attorney General.
Box
1991.235-7 Disbursing orders and invoices pertaining to health and medical services for various clients, 1941
Forms and correspondence pertaining to water safety course, 1953-1956, 1959-1960

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Fund drive files, 1941-1945, 1947, 1950-1955, 1957,
0.2 cubic ft.

Fund drive files pertain to the Liberty County chapter's participation in Red Cross fund drives in the 1940s and 1950s, primarily the War Relief Fund and the Annual Roll Call. The files consist primarily of correspondence, and membership and enrollment lists. Also included is a sign-up sheet with the names of Liberty County residents attending a meeting two days after the December 7, 1941, Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor regarding the chapter's quota for the War Relief Fund. Dates cover 1941-1945, 1947, 1950-1955, and 1957.
Arrangement
Materials are arranged by document type and topic.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Fund drive files, American Red Cross, Liberty County Chapter (Tex.) records. Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Box
1991.235-7 Enrollment forms for Annual Roll Call, 1941-1942
[2 folders]
Record for Firms or Organizations (forms), 1951-1954
Correspondence and contributors' lists for war relief fund, December 9, 1941 meeting signup sheet, 1941-1945
[5 folders]
Correspondence, work sheet and forms pertaining to fund campaign, 1947
Correspondence, work sheets and reports pertaining to fund campaigns, 1950, 1954-1955, 1957

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Administrative records, 1941, 1949-1950, 1961,
fractional

Administrative records pertain to routine matters or activities of the Liberty County Red Cross chapter, such as purchases of office supplies and forms, staff training, and the Red Cross employee retirement system. Materials primarily consist of correspondence and invoices. Dates cover 1941, 1949-1950, and 1961.
Arrangement
Materials are arranged by topic.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Administrative records, American Red Cross, Liberty County Chapter (Tex.) records. Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Box
1991.235-8 Correspondence, telegrams, and invoices pertaining to routine office purchases and chapter personnel, 1941, 1949-1950, 1961

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Financial records, 1939-1959,
0.3 cubic ft.

Financial records consist of material pertaining to the Liberty County Red Cross chapter's finances in the 1940s and 1950s, including bank statements, financial reports, ledgers, correspondence, and tax returns. Dates range from 1939 to 1959 and are not inclusive. The records pertain to expenditures and receipts for each of the chapter's departments and the war relief fund, including funds spent on supplies and salaries, and remittances to American Red Cross headquarters; and quarterly federal tax returns showing the chapter's employee's taxable wages under the Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA). (The chapter had one paid employee, the executive secretary, during this period.)
Arrangement
Materials are arranged by document type.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Financial records, American Red Cross, Liberty County Chapter (Tex.) records. Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
Because of the possibility that portions of these records fall under Public Information Act exceptions including, but not limited to, social security numbers (Texas Government Code, Section 552.147 and United States Code, Title 42, Section 405(c)(2)(C)), an archivist must review these records before they can be accessed for research. The records may be requested for research under the provisions of the Public Information Act (Texas Government Code, Chapter 552). Refer to the overall restriction statement for instructions on requesting access through the Texas Attorney General.
Box
1991.235-8 Balance sheets and worksheets, 1939-1945, 1953-1954
Bank statements, 1947, 1953-1955
Chapter financial reports, 1941-1945, 1952-1953, 1955
Correspondence and memorandums, 1941-1952
Other bank records, 1941-1942
Employer's quarterly federal income tax returns and other income tax forms, 1951-1957
Accounting ledger, July 1953-June 1956
Accounting ledger, July 1956-June 1959

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Clipping files, 1940s-1960s, undated,
0.1 cubic ft.

Clipping files pertain to various activities of the Liberty County Red Cross chapter, such as war relief, fund drives, and disaster relief; chapter personnel; and subjects unrelated to the Red Cross. They consist of loose clippings from the Liberty Vindicator and other publications. Dates range from the 1940s to the 1960s and undated.
Arrangement
Materials are arranged chronologically.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Clipping files, American Red Cross, Liberty County Chapter (Tex.) records. Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Box
1991.235-8 Clippings, probably Liberty Vindicator, 1940s
Clippings, probably Liberty Vindicator and Houston Post, 1950s-1960s
Clippings, unidentified publications and possibly Liberty Vindicator, undated
Box
1991.235-9 Clippings,"City Praised for Storm Aid," Cleveland Advocate,September 14, 1961

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Scrapbook, 1941-1945, 1954-1955,
0.1 cubic ft.

The scrapbook pertains to the Liberty County Red Cross chapter's civilian war relief efforts in World War II and to the chapter's fund drive efforts during and after World War II and consists of clippings primarily from area newspapers such as the Liberty Vindicator, dating 1941-1945 and 1954-1955.
Arrangement
Materials consists of a single scrapbook.
Preferred Citation
(Identify the item), Scrapbook, American Red Cross, Liberty County Chapter (Tex.) records. Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center, Texas State Library and Archives Commission.
Restrictions on Access
None.
Box
1991.235-9 Scrapbook of clippings from Liberty County, Texas, newspapers pertaining to the Liberty County Red Cross chapter's war relief work and other activities, about 1941-1945, 1954-1955

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