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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Collection Summary

Historical Note

Scope and Contents

Arrangement

Index Terms

Texas A&M University Kingsville, South Texas Archives

Sam A. Millar Photograph Collection



Collection Summary

Creator Samuel A. Millar
Title Sam A. Millar Photograph Collection
Dates: 1940-1950
Abstract: The collection is a one album containing photographs of quarter horses and racehorses on the King Ranch, mostly on the Norias Division, around 1944. Sam Millar was a friend of Dr. J. K. Northway's, King Ranch's veterinarian.
Identification A1987-017
Collection URL http://archives.tamuk.edu/collections/ead.php?xml=sam%20millar%20ead
Quantity: 332 photographs
Location: STA Photo File
Language: English

Historical Note

Sam A. Miller was the photographer of these images. He was a friend of Dr. J.K. Northway, the King Ranch veterinarian. Stationed at Harlingen Air Force Base in the 1940s, Millar was introduced to Dr. Northway by his brother-in-law, Dr. Homing. Later he and his wife moved to Port Arthur, Texas where they lived the remainder of their lives.

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Scope and Contents

All 332 photographs are black and white, primarily taken by Sam A. Millar, a friend of Dr. J.K. Northway, the King Ranch veterinarian, mostly on the Norias Division of the King Ranch. Millar writes, "When I was stationed at Harlingen my brother-in-law Dr. Homing suggested I meet Dr. Northway. From 1943-1945 I took hundreds of pictures but attrition took its toll so I put the remainder in the album to hold on to them. Dr. Northway liked for me to drive him on his rounds and I spent a lot of time on the Ranch.” Comments written by Sam Millar are copied from the scrapbook, identifying each horse and adding information of interest to the image. King Ranch, located in South Texas between Corpus Christi and Brownsville, comprises 825,000 acres, making it one of the largest ranches in the world. King Ranch was founded in 1853 by a river pilot, Captain Richard King and Gideon L. Lewis. The ranch is not one contiguous plot of land but four separate plots called divisions. The four divisions are the Santa Gertrudis, the Laureles, the Encino and the Norias. Back in its day, King Ranch epitomized the romance and adventure of the cowboy and Texas ranching. Begun primarily as a cattle and horse ranch, today King Ranch has diversified into various agribusinesses, luxury retail products and recreational hunting. King Ranch's quarter horse and thoroughbred programs date back to Richard King and his son-in-law, Robert Kleberg, Sr., who tamed the Mustangs of the Wild Horse Desert, improving their genetic traits over time. In 1934 King Ranch purchased Chicaro, a thoroughbred quarter horse to add his genetic qualities to the ranch's quarter horse line. He was crossed with thoroughbred mares bought in 1935. Dr. Northway and Robert Kleberg, Jr. experimented with crossing American and European strains and line breeding. In 1915 Robert J. Kleberg Jr. bought Old Sorrel, a colt, who became the foundation sire that made King Ranch famous as a breeder of champion quarter horses. Whimpy, a grandson of Old Sorrel, won the champion 1941 Fort Worth Stock Show. Both of these horses are pictured in this collection.

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Arrangement

All 332 photographs are numbered in sequential order, and described by the photographer, Sam A. Millar.

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Index Terms

Persons
Northway, J. (James) K. (Kellogg), 1884-1973
Millar, Sam A.
King, Richard, 1824-1885
Durham, Ed (foreman of the Norias Division of King Ranch)
Kleberg, Robert Justus, 1853-1932
Kleberg, Robert Justus, 1896-1974
Kleberg, Helen Cambell, 1902-1963
Kleberg, Caesar, 1873-1946
Organizations
King Ranch (Tex.)
Geographical Names
Kingsville (Tex.)
Subjects
Ranch life -- Texas, South -- History
Ranches -- Texas, South -- History
Quarter horse
Horse racing
Assault (Race horse)
Cowboys
Santa Gertrudis cattle
Charolais cattle
American Brahman cattle

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