Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary and Abstract

Biographical Note

Scope and Content Note

Organization of the Papers

Restrictions

Online Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Series 1. Adminstrative Orders, 1943-1945.

Series 2. Field Orders, 1943-1945.

Series 3. Weekly Reports, 1944 - 1945.

Series 4. Operation Reports, 1943-1944.

Series 5. Historical Reports, 1943-1945.

Cushing Memorial Library, Texas A & M University

Inventory of the General Walter Krueger Papers:

1943-1945



Descriptive Summary and Abstract

Creator Krueger, Walter
Title Inventory of the General Walter Krueger Papers
Dates 1943-1945
Abstract Walter Krueger (1881-1967), General in the United States Army and commander of the 6th Army during World War II, military educator, historian and scholar, was born in Flatow, West Prussia (now Zlotow, Poland) 26 January 1881. At the age of eight Krueger moved with his family to the United States. He attended Cincinnati Technical School (1896-1898) in Ohio, and received further education at various military schools and colleges, where he also often served as instructor or professor. He was the author or translater of several books on military history and tactics. After service in both the Spanish-American War and World War I in France, Krueger assumed command (1943) of the United States Army, 6th Army, headquartered in Australia, at the personal request of General Douglas MacArthur. Krueger was promoted to full General (1945) after two years of fighting, in which the 6th Army under General Krueger was the principle striking force in the Southwest Pacific Area, part of the most extensive series of amphibious operations in military history. In 1946 6th Army was deactivated and Krueger retired to San Antonio, Tex. Krueger was married to Grace Aileen Norvell 11 September 1904, and the couple had three children. He died 20 August 1967 in Valley Forge, Penn., and was buried at Arlington National Cemetery. The General Walter Krueger Papers (1943-1945) include copies of administrative orders, field orders, and weekly reports compiled by the staff of the United States Army, 6th Army and send to General Krueger, as well as copies of operation reports sent from General Krueger to the Adjutant General in Washington, D. C. Also included are after-action operation reports concerning the 6th Army's activities in the Southwest Pacific, the Philippines, and Japan.
Identification Ragan MSS 00077
Extent 5 linear feet.
Language English.
Repository Cushing Memorial Library College Station, TX 77843-5000

Biographical Note

Walter Krueger (1881-1967), General in the United States Army and commander of the 6th Army during World War II, military educator, historian and scholar, was born in Flatow, West Prussia (now Zlotow, Poland) 26 January 1881, the son of Julius O. H. Krueger and Anne (Hasse) Krueger. At the age of eight Krueger moved with his family to the United States. He attended Cincinnati Technical School (1896-1898) in Ohio, a preparatory school for technical disciplines such as engineering. Krueger later received further education at various military schools and colleges, where he also often served as instructor or professor. He was the author or translater of several books on military history and tactics.

Krueger's military career began when he enlisted (1898) as a volunteer in the Spanish-American War. After service in Cuba, Krueger enlisted in the United States regular Army as a private. In 1901 he was commissioned a Second Lieutenant in the 30th Infanty, having served in the Philippines. Krueger graduated from the Infantry-Cavalry School (1903) in Fort Leavenworth, Kan., then from the General Staff College (1907), also at Fort Leavenworth.

After another tour in the Philippines, followed by service in Mexico (1916) with General John J. Pershing, Krueger transferred to France (1918) during World War I, to act as Assistant Chief of Staff of the U. S. Army Infantry, 26th Division. Krueger later served with the 84th Infantry Division, and served as Assistant Chief of Staff with the Tank Corps.

Krueger graduated from the Army War College (1921), remaining as an instructor. In 1926 he graduated from the Naval War College, also teaching there from 1928 to 1932. By 1941, and the entry of the United States into World War II, Krueger had been promoted to temporary Lieutenant General commanding the United States Army, 3rd Army, with headquarters in San Antonio, Tex..

In 1943 Krueger assumed command of the United States Army, 6th Army, headquartered in Australia, at the personal request of General Douglas MacArthur. Krueger was promoted to full General (1945) after two years of fighting, in which the 6th Army under General Krueger was the principle striking force in the Southwest Pacific Area. Sixth Army thus played a major part in the most extensive series of amphibious operations in the history of the world.

In 1946 6th Army was deactivated and Krueger retired, making San Antonio, Tex. his permanent residence.

Krueger was married to Grace Aileen Norvell 11 September 1904, and the couple had three children. He died 20 August 1967 in Valley Forge, Penn., and was buried at Arlington National Cemetery.

  • Arlington National Cemetery Website. "Walter Krueger General, United States Army. "
  • The Handbook of Texas Online. "KRUEGER, WALTER." [Accessed Thu Oct 31 15:15:51 US/Central 2002 ].

Return to the Table of Contents


Scope and Content Note

The General Walter Krueger Papers (1943-1945) include copies of administrative orders, field orders, and weekly reports compiled by the staff of the Sixth Army and send to General Krueger, as well as copies of operation reports sent from General Krueger to the Adjutant General in Washington, D. C. Also included are after-action operation reports concerning the 6th Army.

The administrative orders primarily contain data or amendments to accompany Field Orders and are concerned with supply, evacuation, traffic, service troops, personnel, prisoners of war, and miscellaneous items. Also included are instructions and annexes dealing with captured enemy equipment, individual clothing and equipment, supply, burials and cemetaries, native labor, sanitation, prisoners of war and enemy dead, captured material trophies, air supply circulars, and plans of peration. Maps and sketches are also found among the administrative orders.

The field orders contain data and instructions relating to hostile dispositions and support of operation, task forces, command posts, supplies, and communications. Also included are annexes concerned with staging, loading and embarkation plans, intelligence, artillery and antiaircraft artillery, communications, and engineering. Maps, sketches, and code names are also included in the field orders.

The weekly reports contain intelligence information on enemy activities, terrain, counterintelligence, material and equipment, captured documents and POW interrogations, reclassification of documents, enemy tactics, psychological warfare, and code names and numbers. Also included are photographic coverage reports, sketches and maps.

The operation reports provide the history of the operation, including organization and operating instructions, plans and preparations, background and terrain, reconnaisance, communication, operations, enemy reaction, engineer activities, captured materials, relations with natives, recapitulation of casualties, commendations, awards, and decorations, conclusions, credit for success, and lessons learned.

Return to the Table of Contents


 

Organization of the Papers

This collection is organized into 5 series:
Series 1. Adminstrative Orders, 1943-1945.
Series 2. Field Orders, 1943-1945.
Series 3. Weekly Reports, 1944-1945.
Series 4. Operation Reports, 1943-1944
Series 5. Historical Reports, 1943-1945.

Return to the Table of Contents


Restrictions

Access

No restrictions.

Usage Restrictions

Copyright is retained by the authors of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Return to the Table of Contents


Online Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the online catalog of Cushing Memorial Library. Researchers wishing to find related materials should search the catalog under these index terms.
Organizations
United States. Army--Management.
United States. Army. Army, 6th.
United States. Army-- Equipment.
United States. Army--Staffs.
United States. Army--Supplies and stores.
Subjects
Communications, Military.
Military administration--Oceania.
Military engineering--Oceania.
Military intelligence--Oceania.
Military reconnaissance.
Planning, Military--Oceania.
Orders, Preparation of (Military science).
World War, 1939-1945--Amphibious operations.
World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Japan.
World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Pacific Ocean.
World War, 1939-1945--Communications.
World War, 1939-1945--Engineering and construction.
World War, 1939-1945--Equipment and supplies.
World War, 1939-1945--Military intelligence.
Places
Oceania--History.
Philippines--History--1898-1946.
Japan--History--Allied occupation, 1945-1952.
Japan--History, Military--1868-1945.

Return to the Table of Contents


Related Material

The Walter Krueger Papers (1945-1976). 1 box. Held in the United States Military History Institute, Carlisle Barracks, Penn. 17013-5008. Contains two biographical sketches (1945) and correspondence to Krueger (1965) and regarding Krueger from his son and others (1961-1976).

Return to the Table of Contents


Administrative Information

Provenance

Received by repository in 1982.

Processing Information

Processed by Misti Turbeville in 1982.

Return to the Table of Contents


Detailed Description of the Papers

 

Series 1. Adminstrative Orders, 1943-1945.

box-folder
1/1-15 Administrative Orders 1-19, 6 June 1943-5 October 1945.

Return to the Table of Contents




 

Series 2. Field Orders, 1943-1945.

box-folder
1/16-2/49 Field Orders 1-75, 2 June 1943-6 Sept. 1945.

Return to the Table of Contents




 

Series 3. Weekly Reports, 1944 - 1945.

box-folder
2/50-3/11 Weekly Reports 62-94, 1 Nov. 1944-1 July 1945.

Return to the Table of Contents




 

Series 4. Operation Reports, 1943-1944.

box-folder
3/12 " Report of the Chronicle Operation:" June 22, 1943-August 5, 1943
box-folder
3/13 " Report of Dexterity Operation: " December 15, 1943-February 10, 1944
box-folder
3/14 "Report of Brewer Operation: " February 29, 1944-May 18, 1944
box-folder
3/15 "Report of the Hollandia-Aitape Operation:" April 12, 1944-August 25, 1944
box-folder
3/16 "Report of the Wakde-Biak Operation: " May 17, 1944-September 2, 1944
box-folder
3/17 "Report of the Sansapor Operation: " July 30, 1944-August 31, 1944
box-folder
3/18 "Report of the Noemfoor Operation: " July 2, 1944-August 31, 1944
box-folder
3/19 "Report of the Moratai Operation: " September 15, 1944-October 4, 1944
box-folder
3/20 "Report of the King II Operation, 7th Infantry Division: " October 20, 1944-February 10, 1945
box-folder
3/21 " Report of the Mindoro Operation:" December 15, 1944-December 31, 1944

Return to the Table of Contents




 

Series 5. Historical Reports, 1943-1945.

box-folder
3/22 " The Story of the Bushmasters" by Roy Lancaster (Combat narrative and photographic account of the 158th Regimental Combat Team.)
box-folder
3/23 " 1300 Hours" prepared by the Public Relations Office, 32nd Infantry Division (Combat history of the 32nd Infantry Division-World War II.)
box-folder
3/24 "Going Hard" (History of overseas war service of the 27th Engineer Construction Battalion,) October 1945.
box-folder
3/25 " Inside G-2" published by Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2 Headquarters Sixth Army (a brief symposium on the organization, functioning, and equipment of G-2 and S02 Section in AFPAC Divisions and comments on divisional and regimental   reconnaisance agencies,) 1945.
box-folder
3/26 " Antiaircraft Artillery Operations with Sixth Army" (prepared during the early phase of the occupation of Japan.)
box-folder
3/27 "History of G-4 Section Headquarters Sixth Army, " January 25, 1943-January 26, 1946 (operations from Camp Columbia, Australia to Kyoto, Japan.)
box-folder
3/28 "History of Ordinance Section headquarters Sixth Army, " January 27, 1943-December 15, 1945, (narrative of combat operations and experience, including statistics on ammunition supply and expenditures.)
box-folder
3/29 " Paradise Paper" prepared by Public Relations Office under direction of Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2 (a review of the XI Corps campaign from Finschafer, New Guniea, April 22, 1944 to Yokohama, Japan, September 2, 1945.)
box-folder
3/30 " I Corps History of the Occupation of Japan" (historical narrative and documents concerning the occupation of Honshu,) 1945.
box-folder
3/31 " Japanese Defense of Cities as Exemplified by The Battle For Manila" published by Assistant Chief of Staff, G- Headquarters of Sixth Army (presenting the first instance in WWI in which a metropolitan city strongly defended by the Japanese was assaulted and captured by U.S. forces,) July 1, 1945.
box-folder
3/32 "XIV Corps M-1 Operation after Action report (Luzon campaign.)"
box-folder
3/33 " Map Supplement to after Action Report M-1 Operation XIV Corps. "
box-folder
3/34 "Allied Geographical Section Southwest Pacific Terrain Study No. 94,"Central Luzon—Volume 3, Manila Directory.
box-folder
4/1 " 6th Infantry Division After Action Report, Final Phase of Luzon Campaign, " July 1 to August 21, 1945.
box-folder
4/2 " History of the Luzon Campaign,"I Corps, Phillipine Islands, 1945.
box-folder
4/3 "Operations of the 25th Infantry Division,"Luzon Phillipine Islands, January 17, 1945-June 30, 1945.
box-folder
4/4 " Report After Action, Operations of the 37th Infantry Division,"Luzon, Phillipine Islands, November 1, 1944 to June 30, 1945 (M-1 Operation.)
box-folder
4/5 " Historical Report, Luzon Campaign, 43rd Infantry Division," compiled by Sidney P. Marland, Jr., Colonel, G.S.C., A.C. OF S., G-3.
box-folder
4/6 Luzon Campaign, 6th Infantry Division, January 9, 1945-June 30, 1945.

Return to the Table of Contents