Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview

Historical Note

Scope and Contents of the Collection

Arrangement of the Collection

Restrictions

Access Terms

Administrative Information

Description of Series

History of the Mustang Band, 1935-1991

Documents, 1915-1994

Pigskin Revue, 1933-1994

V. Cyrus Barcus, Director, 1924-31, 1932-33

Posters, circa 1994

Audiovisual Materials, circa 1924-1983

Clothing and Memorabilia

Southern Methodist University

Southern Methodist University Mustang Band collection

A Guide to the Collection



Overview

Creator: Southern Methodist University
Title: Southern Methodist University Mustang Band collection
Inclusive Dates: 1915-1994
Abstract: Mustang Band, Southern Methodist University’s band, became firmly established after V. Cyrus Barcus became director in 1924. In 1933, Barcus’s successor, Bob Goodrich, established the annual Pigskin Revue, a musical variety show that remains a highlight of Homecoming week each year. Other influential band directors whose names appear in this collection include Frank Malone, Oakley H. Pittman, Irving Dreibrodt, and Bob Brandenberger. The collection includes letters, fliers, event programs, band bulletins, newspaper clippings, news releases, a scrapbook, videocassettes, record albums, band member clothing, and other memorabilia.
Accession No: SMU 1994.0232
Extent: 9 boxes (6 linear feet)
Language: Material is in English
Repository Southern Methodist University Archives, DeGolyer Library, Southern Methodist University

Historical Note

During the 1915-1916 academic year, H.B. Criswell, a well-known local musician and composer, directed SMU’s Philharmonic Orchestra and Band. Approximately fifty “special students,” meaning local youths not enrolled at SMU, were in the band by mid-September 1915, and the Dallas Morning News expressed hope that “regular students” would soon join. The band, an orchestra, and a choral group together formed the philharmonic society under Criswell.

By the fall of 1916, however, Criswell had left and the band boasted just eight members. Its first performance was at the SMU vs. Dallas University football game at Gardner Field (on the grounds of Fair Park). The yearbook for the 1916-1917 school year lists eleven members (three women and eight men) of a “Student Volunteer Band.” In 1917, Smith McCorkle, who directed the school’s orchestra, reorganized the band, raising its membership to seventeen. The next year, Paul Van Katwijk transformed the band into the Students Army Training Corps Band. The SATC Band disbanded after a short time. SMU went without a band until 1920, when “Sam Gobbett led the aggregation under Harold Hart Todd’s aegis.” By 1922, the band boasted forty members, half of whom were local high school students.

In 1923, a photograph of the band appeared in the Rotunda for the first time. Twenty band members are pictured therein. In 1924, when V. Cyrus Barcus succeeded Roy Ford as the band director, the band again had forty members. The student newspaper later referred to his directorship as a “regime-revolution.” Barcus introduced jazz, or “swing,” music to the band and dramatically increased the amount of touring the band did. By the 1931-32 school year, the band had grown to 51 members. Bob Goodrich, who took over from Barcus in 1933, implemented two innovations: the ‘band sweetheart,’ and the ‘Pigskin Revue,’ a musical variety show. Chosen for her “pretty face and form,” Dorothy Lee Taylor was the first ‘sweetheart.’ She marched with the drum major during game halftimes and accompanied the band on trips. This tradition only lasted through 1936. The “Pigskin Revue,” however, became a permanent fixture, a highlight of SMU’s Homecoming Week.

In 1936, the band moved away from playing the jazz music for which it had become nationally known. The yearbook for the 1936-37 school year observed, “Forced through University intervention to return to the orthodox activity of college bands, the Mustang aggregation found itself without its master showmen as the year began. Reorganizing under the direction of P. C. Conn, a noble effort was made to equal the fame attained by last years’ swingsters, who were classed by Grantland Rice as the ‘nation’s best.’ The annual ‘Pigskin Revue’ was successfully staged and, as spring approaches, will be taken on tour throughout the State. Lacking only the professional smoothness exhibited last year, the band is still the ‘pride of the Mustangs.’” This departure from jazz music was short-lived, however, and the “Mustang Swingsters” were back in business during the 1938-39 school year.

Frank Malone became the band director in 1937. Unlike the directors of the 1920s, who recruited high school students to join the band, Malone found himself tasked with tryouts and a process of elimination in order to trim the number of would-be band members down to 65 each year. The student newspaper claimed in 1939 that the Mustang Band was then “rated the top college swing band of the nation.” In 1942, Frank Malone left, taking sixteen men from the band with him to form an “Air Force Band.” Until his return in 1946, a series of “acting directors” led the Mustang Band. Unimpressed and uninspired by these temporary band leaders, members of the band petitioned the university for a “new and more capable” band director.

During World War II, women joined the band in significant numbers for the first time. Mary Jo Strother had been a member of the band during the 1923-24 and 1924-25 school years, and Anita King was in the band during the 1939-40 school year, but not until Virginia Lee Malone, a flute player, joined in 1941 did women begin maintaining a continuous presence in the band. Also during the war, the band was placed within the School of Music. From September 1948 to July 1958, Oakley Pittman directed the band. Though the band continued to perform at pep rallies and football games, Pittman made it more of a concert band. Indeed, during the last five years of Pittman’s tenure, the yearbooks identified the band as the “SMU Concert Band.” In 1956, however, the band was split into two divisions: a marching band, and a concert band. Pittmann directed both. That same year, the band moved its practices from McFarlin Auditorium to a new rehearsal hall in the basement of Perkins Gymnasium.

On July 1, 1958, Irving Dreibrodt replaced Oakley Pittman as the director of the Mustang Band, which then became independent from the School of Music. Pittman, however, remained the director of the Music School’s concert band. Under Dreibrodt, the band returned once again to the jazz music of the Barcus era. At the time of Dreibrodt’s hiring, Sterling F. Wheeler, SMU’s Vice President in Charge of Development and Public Relations, informed Dreibrodt that the school was adopting a males-only policy for the Mustang Band. Nevertheless, eleven women participated in the band during the 1958-59 school year. By the fall of 1959, the new policy was in place. The 1960 yearbook noted, “Any boy enrolled in the university may participate in the activities of the band.”

A few months after the June 1972 passage of Title IX, an amendment to the Higher Education Act of 1965 which prohibited sexual discrimination in any educational institution receiving federal funds, Dreibrodt announced that women would be allowed to join the band beginning in the fall of 1973. However, as of February 1977, no women had joined. The Women’s Interest Coalition and the Commission on the Status of Women at SMU sought to remedy the situation. This they achieved later that year when freshman saxophone player Rebecca Knight marched with the Mustang Band.

In 1983, following Dreibrodt’s September 1st retirement, Bob Brandenberger became the band’s director. When Brandenberger left in 1994, Claude White took over the directorship for a year. He was followed by David T. Kehler, who remained until 2005, when Don Hopkins became the band director

Sources:

“Music Lovers to Hear Artists Soon,” SMU Times, September 18, 1915

Musical Society Planned for S.M.U.,” Dallas Morning News, September 12, 1915

“University Concert Opens Musical Season,” Dallas Morning News, September 15, 1915

“Second Rehearsal is Held,” Dallas Morning News, October 12, 1915

“Austin Man is Named Mustang Band Director,” Dallas Morning News, September 15, 1924

Jess Hassell, “Fame of Band Spread from Coast to Coast,” Semi-Weekly Campus, November 3, 1939

“Band Leader Named at SMU,” Dallas Morning News, August 31, 1948

“Mustang Band in New Hall,” Dallas Morning News, October 29, 1956

“2d Band Director Named in SMU’s Expanded Program,” Dallas Morning News, March 8, 1958

“Mustang Band to Go Coed in the fall of 1973,” Dallas Morning News, September 28, 1972

Maria Newman, “The girls not in the band,” Daily Campus, February 18, 1977

Kathleen Hast, “All-male band gets a female sax,” Dallas Morning News, September 10, 1977

Rotundas

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Scope and Contents of the Collection

Materials in the collection span the period from 1915 to 1994. These materials include a handwritten history of the band, letters, fliers, event programs, posters, band bulletins, newspaper clippings, news releases, brochures, Pigskin Revue programs and tickets, a scrapbook devoted to V. Cyrus Barcus, videocassettes, record albums, a compact disc, band member clothing (bowties, sashes, a beanie cap, a sweater, and a vest), and other memorabilia (including megaphones, a cow bell, a homecoming pin, and a blanket).

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Arrangement of the Collection

The collection is organized into seven series:
Series 1: History of the Mustang Band, 1935-1991
Series 2: Documents, 1915-1994
Series 3: Pigskin Revue, 1933-1994
Series 4: V. Cyrus Barcus, Director, 1924-31, 1932-33
Series 5: Posters, circa 1994
Series 6: Audiovisual Materials, circa 1924-1983
Series 7: Clothing and Memorabilia

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Restrictions

Access to Collection:

Collection is open for research use.

Publication Rights:

Permission to publish materials must be obtained from the Director of the DeGolyer Library.

Copyright Statement:

It is the responsibility of the user to obtain copyright authorization.

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Access Terms

This collection is indexed under the following terms in the Southern Methodist University Libraries' online catalog. Researchers desiring related materials may search the catalog using these terms.
Southern Methodist University Mustang Band.
Marching bands -- Texas -- Dallas.
Revues -- Texas -- Dallas.
Clippings.
Scrapbooks.
Audiovisual materials.
Clothing.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Southern Methodist University Mustang Band collection, Southern Methodist University Archives, DeGolyer Library, Southern Methodist University

Acquisition Information

Donation, Eddie J. Wagoner, October 2010.

Cy Barcus materials, Donation, Bette Barcus Carpenter, April 2013.

Custodial History

The items in this collection came from a variety of sources. Most of the Pigskin Revue programs were transferred from the Student Activities collection. Former band member Eddie Wagoner (SMU class of 1969) donated a box of clothing and mementos in 2010. And in 2013, Bette Barcus Carpenter, daughter of Cyrus Barcus, donated a scrapbook containing information about Barcus and his years leading the Mustang Band. These materials have been combined with other legacy materials to create this collection.

Processed by

Dale Topham, May 2013.

Finding aid written by

Dale Topham, 2013-2014.

Encoded by

Ada Negraru, 2014.

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Detailed Description of the Collection

 

Series 1:
History of the Mustang Band, 1935-1991
3 folders

Box Folder
1 01 History of the Mustang Band
02 Newspaper clippings, 1935-1991
03 News releases, 1958-1983

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Series 2:
Documents, 1915-1994
14 folders

Box Folder
1 04 Letters to or about H.B. Criswell and Cyrus Barcus; and list of band members, 1915-1927
05 Concert programs, 1929-1960
06 Advertisements and program for band summer schools held at SMU, 1931-1959
07 Band trips – itineraries, brochures, menus, invoice, 1933-1934
08 Bulletins for band members and applications to join band, 1938-1970
09 Petition to replace the band director, circa 1945
10 Letters (bulk is event invitations), 1950-1994
11 “The SMU Bandsman” – official handbook for participants of the Mustang Band, circa 1958-1973
12 “Pre-Game and Half-Time Presentation of Mustang Band,” 1958
13 Event fliers, 1962-1994
14 “The Hub of SMU Spirit,” 1984-1985
15 Brochures, circa 1983-1994
16 The 1989 Mustang Band Handbook
17 Miscellaneous, 1958-1994

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Series 3:
Pigskin Revue, 1933-1994
6 folders

Box Folder
1 18 Pigskin Revue programs, 1933-1934
19 Pigskin Revue programs, 1935
20 Pigskin Revue programs, 1936-1949
21 Pigskin Revue programs, 1950-1969
22 Pigskin Revue programs, 1981-1994
23 Pigskin Revue tickets, 1989-1992

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Series 4:
V. Cyrus Barcus, Director, 1924-31, 1932-33
1 box

Box
2 Scrapbook of Director of Mustang Band V. Cyrus Barcus

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Series 5:
Posters, circa 1994
1 box

Box
3 Classic SMU Homecoming poster, 1994
Southfork Ranch poster, 1994
Imagine… The Hub of SMU Spirit poster, undated (2 copies)
Classic Mustang Jazz: The Big Bands poster, 1994 (3 copies)

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Series 6:
Audiovisual Materials, circa 1924-1983
2 boxes

Box
4 Varsity: The Mustang Band, V. Cyrus Barcus, Director (undated LP)
The Mustang Band Pigskin Revue 1976 LP (4 copies)
The Sights and Sounds of '77 LP (2 copies)
Sounds of the Southwest: The Fight Songs and Alma Maters of the Southwest Conference (1977)
Thanks for the Memories Jack – Pigskin Revue, circa 1983 LP (2 copies)
Southwest Conference Jazz LP (2 copies)
Mustang Music Mania LP
Songs of SMU, 1950, Oakley H. Pittman, Director (4 copies)
Box
5 Mustang Band, Red Hot 'n Blues, compact disc, circa 1989-1994
Rock-M-Roll, 58th Annual Pigskin Revue, November 2, 1990 (2 video cassettes)
Star-Spangled Salute, 59th Annual Pigskin Revue, 1991 (2 video cassettes)
Peruna's Palace, 61st Annual Pigskin Revue, November 5, 1993 (2 video cassettes)

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Series 7:
Clothing and Memorabilia
4 boxes

Box
6 Red plastic megaphones (2)
Mustang cow bell (2)
Cardboard megaphones (2)
Winston megaphone (1)
Classic SMU Homecoming pin (1)
Box
7 Mustang Band sweater (1)
Box
8 Band uniform: small blue bowties (2)
Band uniform: large blue bowties (2)
Band uniform: red & white striped sashes (2
Material swatches (2)
Mustang basketball band striped polos [shirts] (2)
Box
9 All items from Eddie Wagoner (SMU class of 1969), October 2010
Mustang Band beanie cap
Mustang Band candy-striped vest
Varsity music score
Mustang Band blanket
Mustang Band sweater

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