Kuykendall-Caruthers Family Papers
Manuscript Collection: MC188
John Caruthers was born in Kentucky, in 1807. He married Frances Murphy in 1827, and in 1836, they moved to Texas. He joined Houston’s army on June 30, 1836, and became a member of Captain Pearson’s company. His brother Allen participated in the Battle of San Jacinto, and brother William was with the guard at Harrisburg on April 21, 1836. Another brother, Ewing Caruthers, died in the Goliad Massacre. John Caruthers died in 1856; he had fourteen children. His children are the subjects of the bulk of the photographs contained in these papers.
Sarah Frances Caruthers, daughter of John and Frances Caruthers, was born in 1841. She married Aquilla Pierce, a Confederate soldier from Hill County, in 1862. They had three children: Terry, Aquilla, and Joanna. Joanna Pierce married Dr. A. R. Kuykendall. The Kuykendall family was one of the first families to settle in Austin’s Colony in 1821 and was comprised of Capt. Abner, Capt. Robert, Peter and Joseph Kuykendall.
Rhea Kuykendall, son of Joanna and A. R. Kuykendall, is the donor of these papers. Rhea Kuykendall served in the U.S. Army during World War I. Afterwards he served as a Presbyterian missionary in the ranching district of western New Mexico.
The Kuykendall-Caruthers Family Papers are comprised of correspondence, a newspaper clipping, creative works and photographs documenting the lives of early Texans. Correspondence is comprised of four letters written by the donor of the collection, Rhea Kuykendall, to San Jacinto Museum of History trustee L. W. Kemp. The letters provide biographical data and other significant historical information regarding the Caruthers family of early Texas. The 1964 newspaper clipping from the El Paso Times entitled "‘Preacher K’ One of Last of Area’s Circuit Raiders" provides biographical information on the life of Reverend Rhea Kuykendall.
Creative works is comprised of four separate biographical and historical sketches. The Caruthers family biographical sketch was written by Rhea Kuykendall and provides individual sketches of Elizabeth Ann Caruthers, Allen Caruthers, Angia Caruthers, Andrew Jackson Caruthers, Dr. Arthur R. Barry, Capt. Samuel Caruthers, Capt. Terry Caruthers, Lt. Aquilla Pierce, Eliza Caruthers, Ella Caruthers Porter, Sarah Frances Caruthers, John Caruthers, William Caruthers, and Ewing Caruthers. The historical sketch on the Kuykendall family was written by Benjamin S. Kuykendall with additions by Rhea Kuykendall and is entitled "Early Days in Texas." These pages provide anecdotal accounts of the Kuykendall family dating as far back as 1844. There is also a biographical sketch of Abner Kuykendall, compiled by L. W. Kemp, which goes back to his arrival in Texas in 1831. The Pierce family biographical sketches, written by Rhea Kuykendall in 1948, include information centering on the life of Aquilla Pierce, who was 1/4 Cherokee and the grandfather of Rhea Kuykendall. These sketches also include information pertaining to Joseph, Riley, David, Robert, Woods and Calvin Pierce all of whom were citizens of the Republic of Texas.
Twenty-three photographs are of members of the Kuykendall, Caruthers and Pierce families. These include Terry Caruthers, Ella Caruthers Porter, Sarah F. Odgen Moore, Allen Caruthers, Elizabeth Ann Caruthers, Mary Delilah Edwards, Ewing Caruthers, Sarah Frances Caruthers, Aquilla Pierce, Dr. Arthur R. Barry, Angia Caruthers, Rev. Rhea Kuykendall, Andrew Jackson Caruthers, Elizabeth Eubank, Amie McElroy, William Caruthers, John Caruthers, Mollie Conatser, and Capt. Sam Caruthers, his wife and six children.
Restrictions on Access
Terms Governing Use
Open for research by appointment.
Copyright has not been assigned to the San Jacinto Museum of History. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Library Director. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the San Jacinto Museum of History as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the researcher.
[Identification of Item], Kuykendall-Caruthers Family Papers, MC188, San Jacinto Museum of History, Houston, Texas.
Rhea Kuykendall, February 1949.
Processed by Lisa M. Lomas, 2012.