Record Book of the Spanish Examining Board
Manuscript Collection: MC184
During the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, the practice of medicine in Spain was regulated more closely than in any other European country at the time. The protomedicato, which first began as a royal institution, became a centralized system established to examine physicians and surgeons, midwives, bone setters, apothecaries, dealers in aromatic drugs, barbers, pharmacists and others in the medical field.
This structure and regulation over medical personnel was continued in New Spain, where all those who wished to be licensed had to appear in Mexico City. Applications which included educational background were submitted by candidates seeking a license to legally practice medicine in New Spain, which could only be done in the capital. As a result, there were only a small number of university trained practitioners who competed against a large number of "illegal" native healers.
This Spanish record book comprising 18 pages appears to have been the official record book of the Senior Examining Board for all doctors, surgeons, pharmacists, barbers, herniotomists, and bone setters in New Spain. Each section is devoted to a different candidate with entries dating from 1688 to 1691.
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[Identification of Item], Record Book of the Spanish Examining Board, MC184, San Jacinto Museum of History, Houston, Texas.
Emil Hurja, June 1939.
Processed by Lisa M. Lomas, 2012.