McCulloch Family Papers
Manuscript Collection: MC167
The two most memorable members of the McCulloch family are Benjamin and Henry Eustace McCulloch who were prominent early Texas settlers and Confederate officers born of Alexander and Frances McCulloch. Benjamin McCulloch was born in 1811 in Tennessee. He followed Crockett to Texas in 1835 and although an illness prevented him from reaching the Alamo before its fall, McCulloch commanded one of the Twin Sisters during the Battle of San Jacinto. Shortly after, he left the army to become a surveyor and Texas Ranger. McCulloch began his political career in 1839 when he was elected to the House of Representatives of the Republic of Texas. McCulloch did not seek reelection and continued his military career, participating at the Battle of Plum Creek. During the Mexican War, he raised a command of Texas Rangers and received much acclaim for his efforts. McCulloch became a brigadier general in the Army of the Confederate States of America and was killed at the Battle of Pea Ridge on March 7, 1862.
Henry Eustace McCulloch was born in 1816 in Tennessee but made his way to Texas where he participated in military affairs in early Texas and joined the Texas Rangers. In 1840 and 1842 McCulloch participated in the Battle of Plum Creek and the Battle of Salado Creek respectively. During the Mexican War, he served as a captain of a volunteer company and ultimately served as a high-ranking Confederate officer during the Civil War, where among many accomplishments he organized the First Regiment, Texas Mounted Riflemen, in 1861. McCulloch mixed his military career with business ventures including establishing a merchandising career in Seguin where he retired after his long military and political career. McCulloch was married to Jane Isabella Ashby in 1840, and he died in 1895.
The McCulloch Family Papers are comprised of two family letters and four photographs. The first correspondence is dated in 1855 from Frances L. McCulloch to her son Henry E. McCulloch. The letter contains family business and local gossip, including information about Ben McCulloch, and the purchase of a Negro woman by a man named Billy Mitchell. The second correspondence, dated in 1861, from Ben McCulloch to his brother Henry E. McCulloch, contains information regarding camp conditions at Camp Jackson, in Arkansas, and describes the men's health, morale and lack of food. Both letters are accompanied by two typed transcripts.
The four cabinet card photographs are not dated but include portraits of: Jane Isabella Ashby McCulloch (Mrs. Henry E. McCulloch), General Henry E. McCulloch (about 39 years of age), General Ben McCulloch, and Addie Eudora Brown (as a baby).
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[Identification of Item], McCulloch Family Papers, MC167, San Jacinto Museum of History, Houston, Texas.
E. B. Bronaugh as a loan in 1939, gift in 1952.
Processed by Lisa M. Lomas, 2012.