Albert and Ethel Herzstein Library, San Jacinto Museum of History

August Forcke Papers

Manuscript Collection: MC052

Collection Summary

Creator: Forcke, August
Title: August Forcke papers
Dates: 1852-1896
Dates: (Bulk: 1870-1890)
Abstract: Financial documents, correspondence, and printed materials record the professional life of August Forcke, Druggist, in New Braunfels, Texas, from 1852-1896.
Identification: MC052
OCLC Record No.: 48846076
Quantity: 2 boxes (.6 linear feet) + 2 volumes
Language: Materials are in German and English.
Repository: Albert and Ethel Herzstein Library, San Jacinto Museum of History, La Porte, Texas

Creator Sketch

A practicing pharmacist in New Braunfels, Texas, for 50 years, Johann August Forcke was born in Hildsheim, Germany, on April 20, 1814, and studied pharmacy in Jena, Germany, before immigrating to Texas in 1845. He landed at Indianola and arrived in New Braunfels in 1846. An early settler of the city, Forcke served as one of the first city aldermen from June 7, 1847, to March 3, 1849. Forcke bought property in 1851 on South Seguin Street where he located his drug store. His business closed in 1898.

August Forcke married Johanne Sophia Fricke (1816-1898) in 1847. The couple had five children. He died January 2, 1903, and is buried in the Comal Cemetery in New Braunfels, Texas.

Scope and Content Note

Financial documents, correspondence, and printed materials record the professional life of August Forcke, Druggist, in New Braunfels, Texas, from 1852-1896. Financial documents (1860-1896), both bound and loose, include bills of lading (1867-1891), invoices and statements of account (1863-1896), and receipts (1866-1893) that record the materials and their prices, and the methods of obtaining those materials needed to maintain a drug store on the edge of the Texas frontier. Of particular interest is an invoice from S. Ramos y Hermano of Monterey, Mexico, dated August 19, 1863, that documents the necessity for Texans to turn to Mexico to import drugs during the Civil War. A single daybook (1860-1873) records Forcke's daily financial transactions. Arranged according to the location where they were found in the records boxes, 2957 loose prescriptions (1860-1896) written primarily in German and on scraps of paper may or may not contain names of patients, drug formulations, the names of doctors, or the date. The correspondence seems to be related primarily to business. Eleven circulars advertise products related to drugstores. The preponderance of the documents are written in German with English used as a secondary language.


Organized into four series: Correspondence, Financial documents, Printed materials, and Lists; arrangement is alphabetical and chronological.


Restrictions on Access


Terms Governing Use

Open for research by appointment.

Publication Rights

Copyright has not been assigned to the San Jacinto Museum of History. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Library Director. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the San Jacinto Museum of History as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which must also be obtained by the researcher.

Index Terms

Forcke, August--Archives
Medicine--Formulae, receipts, prescriptions
New Braunfels (Tex.)--Archives
Advertising mail

Archivist's Note

This collection is a part of an accession donated by Mrs. Henry V. Schumann shortly after the death of her husband in 1942. Included in the collection were three other finite collections. Of these, the Alex Reszczynski Papers also contain financial documents and prescriptions of August Forcke.

Further information about August Forcke can be obtained from the Sophienburg Museum and Archives, 200 Seguin, New Braunfels, Texas 78130.

Administrative Information


[Identification of Item], August Forcke Papers, MC052, San Jacinto Museum of History, Houston, Texas.


Gift of Mrs. Henry V. Schumann, 1942.

Processing Information

Processed by Sarah Canby Jackson, 2001.


Correspondence: Received

box folder
66 1 Lehn & Fink 1886-1890
2 General D-W 1852-1892
3 John L. Payne (found with loose prescriptions) 1869
4 General F-W (found with loose prescriptions) 1853-1887, undated

Financial: Bills of Lading

box folder
66 5 C. H. Mallory & Co. 1894-1890
6 General G-U 1867-1891

Financial: Daybook

17.1A.B3 Daybook 5013c.40 1860-1873

Printed Materials

17.1A.B2 Invoice Book 1869, June 29-1882 November 9
box folder
66 7 Dr. N. Armsbaugh 1884-1885
8 Baker Brothers & Co. 1895, 1879-1884
9 Concklin, George & Gaines 1890
10 Chamberlain & Co. 1889-1890
11 Adolph Dreiss 1869-1883
12 Adolph Dreiss 1884
13 Adolph Dreiss 1885
14 Adolph Dreiss 1886
15 Adolph Dreiss 1887-1888
16 Dreiss, Thompson & Co. 1888-1890
17 George Dulling 1885-1888
18 Lehn & Fink 1886-1891
19 Lutz & Movius 1884-1885
20 I. L. Lyons 1884-1887
21 McKesson & Robbins 1879-1888
22 J. C. Mendenhall & Co. 1891-1896, undated
23 Julius Moureau 1888-1889
24 Richardson & Co. 1883-1884
25 William Radam 1883-1888
26 J. Ronse & Co. 1884
27 San Antonio Drug Co. 1893-1896
28 Thompson, Schott & Co. 1879-1881
29 Thompson & Ohmstede 1882-1888
30 B. E. Voelcker 1880-1892
31 Wheelock, Finlay & Co. 1868
32 General A-K 1868-1895
33 General L-Z 1863-1893

Financial: Receipts

box folder
66 34 George Dulling 1885-1889
35 Finlay & Thompson 1879-1882
36 I. L. Lyons & Co. 1884-1886, undated
37 McKesson & Robbins 1883-1885
38 General C-T 1878-1896
39 (found with loose prescriptions) 1866-1893

Financial: Prescriptions

17.1A.B1 2957 loose prescriptions, bundled 1860-1896

Printed Materials

box folder
66 40 Circulars 1881-1893, undated


box folder
66 41 (found with loose prescriptions) undated