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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Arrangement

Restrictions

Index Terms

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Series I: Correspondence 1940s-1997

Series II: Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR) Library Case 1968-1978

Series III: Loewenheim Family WWII Related Materials 1934-1966, undated

Series IV: Personal 1941-1986

Series V: Provost's Office Files on Francis L. Loewenheim 1959-1983

Series VI: Manuscripts and Speeches 1962-1989, undated.

Series VII: Published Materials 1970s-1990, undated.

Series VIII: Additional Loewenheim Family Materials 1939-1983

Series IX: Images and oversize items 1948-1980s

Woodson Research Center, Rice University

Francis Loewenheim papers, 1934-1997. MS 461



Title: Francis Loewenheim papers
Dates: 1934-1997
Abstract This is a collection of the papers of Francis Loewenheim, who taught history at Rice University from 1940s to 1996. The papers contain family correspondence, class notes, drafts and manuscripts for his writings. There are numerous family photographs and also photographs of musicians and composers. This collection consists of 10 linear feet (10 boxes) covering the years 1948 to 1996.
Identification: MS 461
Quantity: 10.0 linear ft.(10 boxes)
Language:
Language of Materials Most of the materials in this collection are in English. Some correspondence and official records are in German.
Repository: Woodson Research Center

Biographical Note

Francis L. Loewenheim retired from Rice University as professor emeritus of history in 1996 shortly before he died in Houston, Texas, at the age of 69. He joined the Rice faculty in 1959. He was an authority on modern diplomatic and German history.

His accomplishments include exposing a reputed diary of Adolph Hitler as a fraud, proving that Dwight Eisenhower was the first president to record conversations in the White House, and discovering 22 suppressed pages from Eisenhower's diary in which he revealed his dislike for General Douglas MacArthur, whom he called a "baby" and a man who "likes his bootlickers."

Loewenheim was co-editor of the books "Roosevelt and Churchill: Their Secret Wartime Correspondence" (1975, Da Capo) and "The Diplomats: 1939-1979" (Princeton, 1994). He was the editor of "Peace or Appeasement? Hitler, Chamberlain and the Munich Crisis" (1965).

Loewenheim was born in Nuremburg, Germany on June 27, 1927. He emigrated with his parents to the United States in 1934, the year after Hitler took power. He grew up in Cincinnati, Ohio and received bachelor's and master's degrees in history from the University of Cincinnati and his doctorate in 1952 from Columbia University.

After earning his doctorate, he taught at Princeton from 1951 to 1956, the College of William and Mary from 1956-1957, and the University of Illinois from 1958-1959. He also served in the Historical Division of the United States Department of State from 1958-1959.

While at Rice he was a frequent contributor to newspapers and magazines, altogether about 600 articles for some 50 papers in the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom. He also contributed to ten books in addition to the ones mentioned above.

As a teacher at Rice, he was said to be inspiring and inspired. He received teaching awards in 1962 and 1991 with a nomination for the American Historical Association's mentor award in 1991.

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Scope and Contents

This is a collection of the papers of Francis Loewenheim, who taught history at Rice University from 1959 to 1996. The papers contain family correspondence, class notes, drafts and manuscripts for his writings. There are numerous family photographs and also photographs of musicians and composers.

The collection consists of 9 series: Correspondence, Franklin Delano Roosevelt Library Case, Loewenheim Family WWII Related Materials, Personal, Provost Office files on Francis Loewenheim, Manuscripts and Speeches, Published Materials, Additional Loewenheim Family Materials, and Images and Oversize Items.

Loewenheim was an historian at heart, and he kept all of his correspondence, whether personal or professional. Loewenheim was an enthusiastic letter writer to colleagues and family. He often wrote to his family, in particular his mother, from two to five times a day, including postcards and lengthy letters. In addition to family correspondence he wrote to colleagues as well. His letters are full of comments, asides, and insights about the various places where he studied or worked, including Princeton University and Rice University. Loewenheim loved music and often wrote about performances he heard and personalities he encountered.

In his prolific correspondence, he wrote about the issues of the day from the Red Scare of the 1950s to local issues such as the Masterson controversy at Rice Univerisity.

Loewenheims life was not without controversy. He became embroiled in a legal battle about access to materials within the Franklin D. Roosevelt Library in Hyde Park, New York. He saved the documentation and his correspondence surrounding the case.

This collection consists of 10 linear feet (10 boxes) covering the years 1948 to 1996. The materials are in excellent shape.

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Arrangement

Arranged in 9 series: 1. Correspondence, 1949-1975. 2. Franklin Delano Roosevelt Library Case, 1968-1978. 3. Loewenheim Family WWII Related Materials, 1934-1966, undated. 4. Personal, 1941-1986. 5. Provost Office files on Francis Loewenheim, 1959-1993. 6. Manuscripts and Speeches, 1962-1989, undated. 7. Published Materials, 1970s-1990s, undated. 8. Additional Loewenheim Family Materials, 1939-1983. 9. Images and Oversize Items, 1948-1980s.

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Restrictions

Conditions Governing Access

This material is open for research.

Conditions Governing Reproduction and Use

Permission to publish material from the Francis Loewenheim papers must be obtained from the Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University in Houston, Texas.

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Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Loewenheim, Francis L., Dr., 1924-1996

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Francis Loewenheim papers, 1934-1997, MS 461, Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University.

Accruals

No further accruals are expected.

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Detailed Description of the Collection

 

Series I
Series I: Correspondence 1940s-1997
4.0 cubic ft.

Scope and Contents
The Loewenheim family correspondence is a collection of letters that Francis Loewenheim wrote to his mother Lilly Loewenheim. Francis usually wrote numerous letters to his mother each day. On average, he wrote two letter and several postcards per day. The topics include Francis's careeer, music, current events, and his relationship with family, friends and co-workers.
Box Folder
1 1 Correspondence - General; 1940s
2 Correspondence - General; 1950s
3 Correspondence - General; folder 1 of 2; 1960s
4 General Correspondence; folder 2 of 2; 1960s
5 Correspondence - General; 1970-1974
6 Correspondence - General; 1974-1979
7 Correspondence - General; 1980s
8 Correspondence - General; 1990s
9 Correspondence - General, undated
10 Correspondence - Friends 1947-1949
11 Correspondence - Friends; 1950-1951
12 Correspondence - Friends; 1952
13 Correspondence - Friends; 1953-1954
14 Correspondence - Friends; 1955-1957
15 Correspondence - Friends; 1958-1959
16 Correspondence - Friends; 1960-1961
17 Correspondence - Friends; 1962-1967
18 Correspondence - Friends; 1968-1969
19 Correspondence - Friends; 1970s
20 Correspondence - Friends; 1980s
21 Correspondence - Friends; undated
22 Correspondence - Family; 1945-1949
23 Correspondence - Family; January 1950 - June 1950
24 Correspondence - Family; July 1950 - December 1950
25 Correspondence - Family; July - December 1951
26 Correspondence - Family; January - June 1952
Box Folder
2 1 Correspondence - Family; July - December 1952
2 Correspondence - Family; January - June; 1952
3 Correspondence - Family; July - December, 1953
4 Correspondence - Family; January - June 1954
5 Correspondence - Family; July - December 1954
6 Correspondence - Family; January - June 1955
7 Correspondence - Family; July - December 1955
8 Correspondence - Family; January - June, 1956
9 Correspondence - Family; July - December 1956
10 Correspondence - Family; 1957
11 Correspondence - Family; 1958
12 Correspondence - Family; 1959
13 Correspondence - Family; 1960
14 Correspondence - Family; 1961
15 Correspondence - Family; 1962
16 Correspondence - Family; 1963
17 Correspondence - Family; 1964
18 Correspondence - Family; 1965-1969
19 Correspondence - Family; 1970-1990
20 Correspondence - Family; n.d, fragments
21 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; July 3, 1948 - December 19, 1948
22 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; January - April, 1949
23 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; May - December, 1949
24 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; January - June, 1950
25 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; July - December, 1950
Box Folder
3 1 Francis Loewenheim papers; January - July 1951
2 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; August - December 1951
3 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; January - July 1952
4 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; August - December 1952
5 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; January - April 1953
6 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; May - October 10, 1953
7 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; October 11 - December 1953
8 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; January - June 1954
9 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; July - December 1954
11 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; May - August 1955
10 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; January - April 1955 January - April 1955
11 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; September - October 1955
13 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; November 1955 - January 1956
14 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; January 26 - April 8, 1956
15 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; April 10, - May 16, 1956
16 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; May 18 - September 2, 1956
17 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; September 15, 1956 - February 2, 1957
18 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; February 4 - August 15, 1957
19 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; August 18 - November 6, 1957
20 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; November 7, 1957 - March 24, 1958
Box Folder
4 1 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; March 25 - June 1, 1958
2 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; June 19 - October 2, 1958
3 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; October 9, 1958 - February 3, 1959
4 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; February 15 - May 5, 1959
5 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; May 7 - August 24, 1959
6 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; September 14 - December 31, 1959
7 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; January 3 - May 26, 1960
8 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; June 16 - August 23, 1960
9 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; September 17, 1960 - March 4, 1961
10 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; March 5 - December 17, 1961
11 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; January 5 - July 16, 1962
12 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; July 23, 1962 - February 2, 1963
13 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; February 11 - November 18, 1963
14 Correspondence with Lilly Loewenheim; November 25, 1963 - September 20, 1964
15 Correspondence academic, general; 1940s
16 Correspondence academic, general; 1950 - 1953
17 Correspondence academic, general; 1954 - 1959
18 Correspondence academic, general; 1960 - 1962
19 Correspondence academic, general; 1963 - 1965
20 Correspondence academic, general; 1966 - 1969
Box Folder
5 1 Correspondence academic, general; 1970 - 1972
2 Correspondence academic, general; 1973 - 1975
3 Correspondence academic, general; 1976 - 1977
4 Correspondence academic, general; 1978 - 1979
5 Correspondence academic, general; 1980s
6 Correspondence academic, general; 1990s
7 Correspondence academic, general; undated
8 Correspondence - Arts; 1945 - 1992
9 Correspondence - American Historical Association and Richard Leopold; 1953 - 1971
10 Correspondence - FDR Library Personnel; 1969 - 1972
11 Correspondence - GSA (General Services Administration) and Loewenheim; 1970 - 1976
12 Correspondence - Media; 1942 - 1949
13 Correspondence - Media; 1950 - 1959
14 Correspondence - Media; 1961 - 1966
15 Correspondence - Media; 1968
16 Correspondence - Media; 1969
17 Correspondence - Media; 1970-1971
18 Correspondence - Media; 1972 - 1974
19 Correspondence - Media; 1975 - 1979
20 Correspondence - Media; 1980 - 1985
21 Correspondence - Media; 1985 - 1989
22 Correspondence - Media; 1991-1996
23 Correspondence - Media; undated
24 Correspondence - Political; 1945-1967
25 Correspondence - Political; January - September 1968
26 Correspondence - Political; October-December 1968
27 Correspondence - Political; January-July 1969
28 Correspondence - Political; 1970
29 Correspondence - Political; 1969-1971
30 Correspondence - Political; 1970-1972
Box Folder
6 1 Correspondence - Political; 1973-1986
2 Correspondence - Political; undated
3 Correspondence - Presidential; 1938-1971
4 Correspondence - Publishers; 1941-1960
Box Folder
5 5 Correspondence - Publishers; 1961-1964
Box Folder
6 6 Correspondence - Publishers; 1965-1969
7 Correspondence - Publishers; 1975-1995
8 Correspondence - publishers; undated
9 Correspondence - Religious; 1949-1992
10 Correspondence - Career; 1949-1997

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Series II
Series II: Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR) Library Case 1968-1978

Box Folder
6 11 Correspondence General 1967-1978
12 Correspondence - Richard Leopold; 1969-1970
13 Supporting materials, A-C; 1969-1970
14 Supporting materials, D-H; 1969-1970
15 Supporting materials, K-P; 1969-1970
16 Supporting materials, R-W; 1969-1970
17 Newsclips; 1969-1972
18 Support Materials (other than FLL); 1969-1978
19 Statements: Ad hoc committee; 1970
20 Ad hoc committee correspondence; 1970-1976
21 Statements: Miscellaneous; 1969-1971
Box Folder
7 1 Statements: GSA 1968-1970
2 Congressional 1969-1972
3 Statements: Lowenheim 1968-1970
4 Legal, General 1969-1976
5 Legal Supporting Materials: Covington and Burling 1971-1978
6 Legal Supporting Materials: Lokey and Bowden 1969-1970
7 Legal Supporting Materials: Paul, Weiss, Goldberg, Rifkind, Wharton and Garrison 1971-1973
9 Legal Supporting Materials: Baer and McGoldrick 1969-1972
10 Legal Supporting Materials: Keller and Heckman 1970
11 AHA-OAH Draft Report with FLL notes chp. 2, 3, 4 1970
12 AHA-OAH Draft Report with FLL Notes ch. 5, 6 1970
13 FLL Additional Response to Leopold Committe Report p. 30-93 undated
14 FLL's Draft Response to Leopold Committe Final Report undated
15 American Historical Association Final Report 1970

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Series III
Series III: Loewenheim Family WWII Related Materials 1934-1966, undated

Box Folder
7 16 L. Loewenheim War Restitution Papers and Correspondance; folder 1 of 3 1937-1966
17 L. Loewenheim War Restitution Papers and Correspondance; folder 2 of 3 1937-1966
18 L. Loewenheim War Restitution Papers and Correspondancel; folder 3 of 3 1937-1966
19 Sympathy Letters: Death of Husband of Lilly Loewenheim 1942
20 Fritz Loewenheim and Family Correspondance (in German); folder 1 of 2 1936-1940
21 Fritz Loewenheim and Family Correspondance (in German); folder 2 of 2 1936-1940
22 World War II Scrapbook no.2 1940-1941
23 Francis Loewenheim School Workbooks undated
24 Francis Loewenheim High School Essay (German-Jewish Exile) 1940
25 Essays, Composition and Socialist Party Membership 1943-1945

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Series IV
Series IV: Personal 1941-1986

Box Folder
8 1 Personal 1945-1970
2 Legal 1971-1986
3 Columbia University Transcripts and Placement Papers 1948-1949
4 Internal Revenue Service - Taxes 1953-1980
5 Correspondance to FLL; 1941-1962

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Series V
Series V: Provost's Office Files on Francis L. Loewenheim 1959-1983

Box Folder
8 6 Provost's Office Files on FLL; 1959-1970
6 Provost's Office Files on FLL; 1971-1976
8 Provost's Office Files on FLL; 1977-1989
9 Provost's Office Files on FLL; 1973-1978
10 Provost's Office File on FLL; 1987-1993

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Series VI
Series VI: Manuscripts and Speeches 1962-1989, undated.

Box Folder
8 12 Manuscript on German Unification undated
13 Speeches/ Lectures; 1962-1989
Box Folder
9 1 Manuscripts; folder 1; undated
2 Manuscripts; folder 2; undated
3 Manuscriopts; folder 3; undated

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Series VII
Series VII: Published Materials 1970s-1990, undated.

Box Folder
9 4 Published Materials Listings 1992-1995
5 Published Materials: 1974-1978
6 Published Material: 1989-1989
7 Published Materials: 1991-1996
8 Published Materials: undated

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Series VIII
Series VIII: Additional Loewenheim Family Materials 1939-1983

Box Folder
9 9 Drawings undated
10 Fragments and Undated Materials
11 Fritz Loewenheim and Family Correspondence (In German); 1939
12 Fritz Loewenheim and Family Correspondence (In German); 1938
13 Loewenheim Family Materials; 1941-1945
14 Francis Loewenheim German and WWII materials
15 Loewenheim Family Travel and Immigration Materials: Germany - USA; 1939-1940
16 Letters from Salo Jacob (Lilly's Cousin) and Additional Correspondence; 1941-1944
17 Bavarian Bank Records; 1973-1981
18 Lilly Loewenheim Employment Materials; 1941
19 Francis Loewenheim letters and St. Ives Essay; 1939-1942
20 Francis Loewenheim Letter to Eleanor Rooseveldt; 1941
21 World War II Scrapbook undated
22 Biographical Materials; 1948-1991
23 F.L.L versus Times Books; 1983
24 F.L.L. versus Schulte & McGoldrick; 1977-1980
25 Pamphlet: "The War for Freedom"; [descriptions of World War II naval battles by Francis Loewenheim]; 1940

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Series IX
Series IX: Images and oversize items 1948-1980s

Box envelope
10 1 Photos, Lilly Loewenheim ca. 1940-1960
2 Photos from Princeton, academic colleagues ca. 1954
3 Photos academic colleagues 1954-1960s
4 Photos academic colleagues, Europe, London, Germany ca. 1961
5 Photos Franklin D. Rossevelt, Joseph Stalin, Winston Churchill [copies] ca. 1940s
6 Photos of Francis Loewenheim 1940s-1990s
7 Photos Princeton, S.S. America, musicians, trip to Europe ca. 1953-1954
8 Photos family ca. 1950s
9 Photos of Toscanini ca. 1940s-1950s
10 Photos Europe and other locations unknown ca. 1953 - 1960s
11 Photos Arturo Toscanini, Robert Merrill, Richard Tucker, unknown conductor ca. 1940-1950s
12 Francis Loewenheim with Lilly Loewenheim and undentified male undated
13 Loewenheim "Is Liberty Our Destiny": "R" Club Room, Rice University November 13, 1979
14 Naturalization Application, Francis Loewenheim October 3, 1940
15 Photo of Francis Loewenheim with negative ca. 1940s
16 Francis Loewenheim photo negatives December 1948
17 Lyndon B. Johnson photo and correspondence October 15, 1968
18 Musical Scores by Francis Loewenheim; 1945
19 Francis Loewenheim degrees, bachelor of art and master of arts; 1948
20 Doctoral Diploma from Columbia University 1952
21 Columbia Records Press Department: LP Microgroove home player 1948
Individuals pictures in photos
Arthur Godfrey, CBS and Columbia Records star; Dr. Peter Goldmark, CBS Director of Engineering Research and Development; Goddard Lieberson, vice president of Columbia's Masterworks Division; Fritz Reiner, symphonic conductor; Mannie Sachs, vice president of Columbia Records Inc.; Frank Sinatra, recording star; Rene Snepvangers; George Szell, symphonic conductor; Edward Wallerstein, board of chairman of Columbia Records Inc.; Bruno Walter, musical director of the New York Philarmonic Symphony Orchestra; Frank K. White, president of Columbia Records Inc.;
22 German address book ca. 1940s

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