Woodson Research Center, Rice University

Guide to the Stockton Axson papers, 1912-1935 MS 338



creator Axson, Stockton
Title: Stockton Axson papers
Dates: 1912-1935
Abstract: This collection contains the correspondence and other material of Dr. Stockton Axson, first head of the Rice English department and one of its most famous lecturers and teachers. Included are photographs, newspaper clippings, letters to family, telegrams, unpublished manuscripts, and a scrapbook.
Identification: MS 338
Quantity: 1.5 Linear Feet (3 boxes)
Language: English
Repository: Woodson Research Center, Rice University, Houston, Texas

Biographical Note

Dr. Stockton Axson, the son of Presbyterian Minister Samuel Edward and Margaret (Hoyt) Axson, was born in Rome, Georgia, on June 6, 1867. He attended Wesleyan University where he received a B.A. (1890), an M.A. (1892), and an LHD (1914). He also attended Johns Hopkins University and Knox College before becoming a teacher of English at the University of Vermont in 1892. He was staff lecturer for the American Society for University Extension from 1894 to 1896, taught at Adelphi College in Brooklyn from 1896 to 1899, and from 1899 to 1914 was professor of English at Princeton University.

In 1914, Axson moved to Texas to teach at the Rice Institute (now Rice University). He was made head of the English department and became a recognized authority on Shakespeare. During his career he published numerous lectures and reviews. He also took an interest in government affairs through the influence of his brother-in-law and personal friend President Woodrow Wilson. From 1917 to 1919, Axson served as national secretary of the American Red Cross and was very involved in national politics through President Wilson. He returned to Rice at the end of World War I and continued to teach there until his death on February 26, 1935.

During his time at Rice, Dr. Axson was a very prominent and respected member of the Houston community. He quickly became one of the most famous lecturers and teachers at the university. After his death, a memorial fund was established in his name and was used to purchase 2100 English plays written between 1700 and 1800, a fitting gift for a dedicated scholar of 17th and 18th century literature. Today the collection remains in the Woodson Research Center Special Collections and Archives in Fondren Library at Rice University.


Scope and Contents

This collection contains the correspondence and other material of Stockton Axson, first head of the Rice English department and one of its most famous lecturers and teachers. The collection includes photographs, newspaper clippings, letters to family, telegrams, unpublished manuscripts, and a scrapbook.


Restrictions

Conditions Governing Access

Stored off-site at the Library Service Center. Please request this material via woodson@rice.edu or call 713-348-2586.

Access Restrictions

This material is open for research.

Restrictions on Use

Permission to publish material from the Stockton Axson papers must be obtained from the Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library.


Index Terms

Wilson, Woodrow
Wilson, Ellen Axson
Axson, Stockton

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Stockton Axson Papers, 1912-1935, MS 338, Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University.

Acquisition Information

This collection was a gift donated by Mr. and Mrs. Edward Elliott, sister (Margaret) of Stockton Axson.


Detailed Description of the Collection

Series I: Correspondence

Box Folder
1 1 Woodrow Wilson-Axson, 1915-1917
2 Wilson family-Axson, 1913-May 1915
3 Wilson family-Axson, Aug. 1915-1917
4 Edward Elliott-Axson, 1912-1913
5 Miscellaneous, 1914-1920, 1931
6 Newspaper articles and booklet on Woodrow Wilson/family, 1916
7 Replies to articles, Oct 8-10, 1916
8 Replies to articles, Oct 11-15, 1916
9 Replies to articles, Oct 16-20, 1916
10 Replies to articles, Oct 21-27, 1916
11 Replies to articles, Oct 30-Dec 4, 1916
12 Letters and Other Materials Concerning the Late Doctor Stockton Axson Collected by A.D. McKillop, 1937



Series II: Photographs, newsclippings and speeches

Box Folder
2 1 Photographs [people]
2 Photographs [places]
3 Newsclips: Axson and lectures
4 Woodrow Wilson materials
5 Address on receiving honorary Doctor of Laws degree, Univ. of Athens, GA, no date
6 E.O. Lovett speech in honor of Dr. Axson, no date
7 Dinner honoring Prof. Stockton Axson, June 15, 1916
8 Checkbook ledger, May 22, 1915-Aug. 5, 1916
9 Cancelled checks, 1913-1916
10 The Great Valley by Edgar Lee Masters, In Acadia. The Acadians in Story and Song. Inscribed by Margaret Avery Johnston, 1917.



Series III: Publications and Manuscripts

Box Folder
3 1 Published articles
2 Manuscript, 1913-1915
3 Rice Institute Pamphlet, Oct. 1935, manuscript for Preface
4 Rice Institute Pamphlet, Oct. 1935, manuscript for Ch. 1 “Heredity and Environment
5 Rice Institute Pamphlet, Oct. 1935, manuscript for Ch. 2 “The Political Philosopher”
6 Rice Institute Pamphlet, Oct. 1935, manuscript for Ch. 3 “The Literary Historian”
7 Unpublished manuscript for Rice Institute Pamphlet, Ch. 4 “Academic Addresses”
8 Unpublished manuscript for Rice Institute Pamphlet, Ch. 56 “Reaction and Progress”
9 Unpublished manuscript for Rice Institute Pamphlet, Ch. 6 “Wilson the Warrior and the Frustrated Peace-Maker”
10 Rice Institute Pamphlet, Oct. 1935, manuscript sent to Edward Elliott



Series IV: Scrapbook

drawer
69 Axson scrapbook, 1926-1927 [located in map case drawer 69]