Woodson Research Center, Rice University

Guide to the Jared Ellison Groce biographical manuscript, 1936

Descriptive Summary

Creator Berlet, Sarah Groce
Title: Jared Ellison Groce biographical manuscript, 1936
Dates: 1936
Abstract: Biographical sketch of Jared Ellsion Groce, one of the Old Three Hundred (Austins first colony), who emigrated to Texas in January 1822. Time period described ranges from 1782-1836.
Identification: MS 179
Extent: 1 lin. inch (1 folder)
Language Materials are in English.
Repository: Woodson Research Center,  Fondren Library, Rice University, Houston, Texas

Biographical Note

Jared Ellison Groce was one of the Old Three Hundred (Austins first colony), who emigrated to Texas in January 1822. He was born in Halifax County, Virginia, October 12, 1782, the youngest son of Jared Ellison Groce I , and his wife, Sarah Sheppard, a daughter of Colonel Jacob Sheppard of Surrry County, North Carolina. Wealthy through inheritance and his own efforts, he lost a fortune in the mercantile business in Augusta, Georgia, regained it again in the timber business in Alabama, and was a person of wealth and influence when he emigrated to Texas.

Scope and Contents

This biographical manuscript of the life of Jared Ellison Groce II, features particular emphasis on his activities in Texas and was written in 1936 by Sarah Groce Berlet. Through the efforts of the slaves he brought with him, Groce built his home, quarters for the slaves, and cleared the land for planting. The manuscript details the hardships the early settlers faced, both from drought and from hostile Indians. Groce was a member of the band of colonists raised by Colonel Austin for a punitive expedition against the Carancuas Indians, a campaign briefly described herein. Following a successful season growing corn, Groce changed crops and became the first cotton planter in Texas. Prior to his death he divided his property between his sons Leonard Waller Groce and Jared E. Junior. Manuscript also contains information on the ancestry and life of son, Leonard.


Access Restrictions

This material is open for research.

Use Restrictions

Permission to publish from the Groce biographical manuscript, MS 179, must be obtained from the Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University.

Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Groce, Jared Ellsion
Frontier and pioneer life--Texas.
Land settlement--Texas--History.
Indians of North America--Texas--History.
Cotton growing--Social aspects--Texas--History--19th century.
Subjects (Places)
Texas--History--19th century.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Jared Ellison Groce biographical manuscript, 1936, MS 179, Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Mrs. M. Jourdan Atkinson, July, 1968.

Detailed Description of the Collection


Series I: Biographical manuscript, 1936

1 Jared Ellison Groce Manuscript. 27 typescript pages, with hand written cover sheet.