Woodson Research Center, Rice University

Guide to the Sir Edwin Arnold correspondence MS 127

creator Arnold, Edwin, Sir, 1832-1904
Title: Sir Edwin Arnold correspondence
Dates: 1887-1899
Abstract: This collection consists of letters written to and from the British author and journalist, Sir Edwin Arnold between 1887 and 1899. The letters primarily discuss invitations and lecture schedules.
Identification: MS 127
Quantity: 0.1 linear ft.(1 folder, 14 letters)
Repository: Woodson Research Center, Rice University, Houston, Texas

Biographical Note

Sir Edwin Arnold was born on 10 June 1832, in Gravesend, near London. During the last five decades of the nineteenth century, Arnold gained great popularity as an influential London journalist and best-selling poet of the Orient.

Arnold attended King's School in Rochester, King's College in London, and, University College, Oxford. In 1852 he won the Newdigate Prize in poetry for The Feast of Belshazzar; the following year, when he was twenty-one, his first book of verse, Poems, Narrative and Lyrical, was published. In 1854 Arnold married Katharine Elizabeth Biddulph. After leaving Oxford, he taught for two years as a master at King Edward's School, in Birmingham. In 1856, he accepted the position of principal of the government Deccan College at Poona, in the state of Bombay, India. At the same time, he became a fellow of Bombay University, and for the extent of his six-year stay in India, he studied Sanskrit, Persian, Arabic, and Turkish.

As a consequence of his wife's illness (Katharine Arnold died in 1864) and the death of their young child, Arnold left India in 1861 to pursue a new career in England. He applied for a position with the London Daily Telegraph and was accepted. Thereafter, until his semiretirement in 1888, he served as news-, editorial-, and leader-writer, subeditor, and editor of the Telegraph.

In 1879 Arnold published the long narrative poem, , a romantic rendering of the experiences and ideas of Siddârtha Gautama, later to become the Buddha. The Light of Asia achieved astounding commercial success in England and America and, in translation, throughout the world.

Arnold died on March 24, 1904.

Excerpted from: Kogan, B.R. (1985). Edwin Arnold. Dictionary of Literary Biography: Victorian Poets After 1850, 35, 9-13.

Scope and Contents

This collection consists of letters written to and from Sir Edwin Arnold. The letters to Arnold come from Hall Caine, Lord Brassey, Archbishop of Canterbury Benson, Lady Jeune, Dean Reynolds Hole, Augustin Daly, and Reverend Joseph Parker. The letters written by Arnold are addressed to E. Walford, Sir John Lubbock, the Baroness, Burdette, Coutts, and others. The letters refer to invitations and personal matters.



This collection is arranged into the following series:
Series I: Correspondence, 1887-1894
Series II: Correspondence, 1895-1899


Access Restrictions

This material is open for research.

Use Restrictions

Permission to publish from the Sir Edwin Arnold correspondence must be obtained from the Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University.

Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Arnold, Edwin, Sir, 1832-1904
Benson, Edward White, 1829-1896
Caine, Hall, Sir, 1853-1931
Daly, Augustin, 1838-1899
Lubbock, John , Sir, 1834-1913
Parker, Joseph, 1830-1902

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Sir Edwin Arnold correspondence, 1887-1899, MS 127, Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University

Acquisition Information

This collection was purchased on May 9, 1958.


No future additions are expected for this material.

Detailed Description of the Collection

1 Correspondence 1887-1894
Scope and Contents note
This series contains letters addressed to Sir Edwin Arnold from Rafurddin Ahman, Augustin Daly, Dean Reynolds Hole, Reverend Joseph Parker, Lord Brassey, and Lady Jeune. There are also two notes written by Sir Edwin Arnold: one is a reply to Miss Palmer regarding her request for his autograph, and the other is a reply to F.A. Turner, Esq., declining his request to photograph Sir Arnold's library.

1 Correspondence 1895-1899
Scope and Contents note
This series contains letters addressed to Sir Edwin Arnold from Hall Caine and Archbishop of Canterbury Benson, as well as letters from Sir Arnold to Sir John Lubbock, E. Walford, and "My dear Maud."