Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Biographical Sketch

Scope and Contents

Arrangement

Restrictions

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Series I: Newspaper Clippings, 1908-1926

Series II: Correspondence, 1899-1918

Series III: Newspapers, 1900-1925

Series IV: Photographs and Ephemera, 1909-1920, n.d.

Woodson Research Center, Rice University

Guide to the Rienzi Melville Johnston papers, 1899-1926 MS 117



creator Johnston, Rienzi Melville
Title: Rienzi Melville Johnston papers
Dates: 1899-1926
Abstract: Newspapers, clippings, personal correspondence, and photographs relating to the political life and professional life of Rienzi Melville Johnston, co-founder of the ns2:type="simple" ns2:href="" render="italic">Houston Post and Texas and U.S. Senator.
Identification: MS 117
Quantity: 1 Linear Feet (2 boxes)
Language: English
Repository: Woodson Research Center, Rice University, Houston, Texas

Biographical Sketch

Rienzi Melville Johnston was born in Georgia in 1849. He served as a drummer in the Confederate Army when he was twelve then reenlisted as a soldier when he came of age. Johnston moved to Texas in 1878 in order to edit the type="simple" href="" render="italic">Crockett Patron newspaper, but after a year began to edit the type="simple" href="" render="italic">Coriscana Observer. In Corsicana, Johnston founded the type="simple" href="" render="italic">Independent newspaper. In 1880 he moved to Austin and quickly became a correspondent for the type="simple" href="" render="italic">Austin Statesman, later to be renamed the type="simple" href="" render="italic">Austin-American Statesman. The type="simple" href="" render="italic">Houston Post later hired Johnston as a political correspondent in the capital and Johnston served there until he was appointed editor-in-chief of the newly reorganized type="simple" href="" render="italic">Houston Post. Johnston was a vice president of the Associated Press and a strong Southern Democrat. He served as a member to the Democratic National Committee for the early part of the 1900's until 1913 when he was appointed by Governor Colquitt to serve the remainder of Senator Bailey's unexpired term. After he month long service in the United States senate, Johnston resumed his position with the type="simple" href="" render="italic">Houston Post until his retirement in 1919. He served as a state senator and chairman of the state prison commission until his death in 1926. Johnston was a profoundly influential member of the press and a strong voice within the Democratic Party of the South, which he proudly served until his death. Quotes from Johnston's various political editorials surfaced in every Democratic newspaper in the Southwest and he was repeatedly asked to serve as higher positions within the state and national government.

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Scope and Contents

This body of personal papers relating to Johnston's life as politician, press, and a prominent member of Houston society includes newspaper clippings and entire newspapers relating to Johnston's service as a senator and as co-founder of the type="simple" href="" render="italic">Houston Post. The collection also includes personal correspondence with men such as John Wortham (1862-1924), Nelson Phillips (1873-1939), E.M. House (1858-1938), H.F. MacGregor (1855-1923), O.B. Colquitt (1861-1940), and E.O. Lovett (1871-1957).

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Arrangement

This material has been arranged in the following four series:
Missing Title
Series I. Newspaper Clippings, 1908-1926
Series II. Correspondence, 1899-1918
Series III. Newspapers, 1900-1925
Series IV. Photographs and Ephemera, 1909-1920, n.d.

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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

This material is open for research. Stored off-site at the Library Service Center. Please request this material via woodson@rice.edu or call 713-348-2586.

Restrictions on Use

Permission to publish material from the Johnston papers must be obtained from the Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library.

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Index Terms

Newspapers
clippings (information artifacts)
photographs
corrrespondence
Legislators
House, Edward Mandell
Phillips, Nelson
MacGregor, H. F.
Lovett, Edgar Odell
Wortham, John Lee
Colquitt, O. B.
Johnston, Rienzi Melville

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Rienzi Melville Johnston papers, 1899-1926, MS 117 Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University

Acquisition Information

The collection was a gift of Harris Masterson III, 1967.

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Detailed Description of the Collection

Series I: Newspaper Clippings, 1908-1926

Box Folder
1 1 Johnston for Vice President 1908
2 William Jennings Bryan's Candidacy for President 1908
3 Johnston as Democratic National Committeeman 1908, 1911, 1912
4-5 Johnston's Appointment to U.S. Senate 1913
6 Johnston's Term as State Senator, Acting Lieutenant Governor, Acting Governor 1913, 1917, 1918
7 Various clippings regarding Johnston 1917
8 State's Rights and Prohibition 1917, 1918
9 Regarding Johnston's candidacy for Governor 1918
10 Johnston's Resignation as Editor of the ns2:type="simple" ns2:href="" render="italic">Houston Post 1918, 1919
11 Johnston's Death 1926
12 Regarding Johnston 1903-1924, 1926

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Series II: Correspondence, 1899-1918

Box Folder
1 13 Personal and Political 1899, 1901, 1909, 1911, 1912
14 Notes to Texas Senator R.M. Johnston Jan. 1-8, 1913
15 Notes to Texas Senator R.M. Johnston Jan. 9-23, 1913
16 Notes to R.M. Johnston and Political Correspondence 1913
17 1914-1917
18 1918
19 Personal n.d.

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Series III: Newspapers, 1900-1925

Box Folder
1 20 ns2:type="simple" ns2:href="" render="italic">Apalachicola Times June 6, 1900
21 ns2:type="simple" ns2:href="" render="italic">Brickbats and Bouquets April 1, 1908
22 ns2:type="simple" ns2:href="" render="italic">Daily Times-Herald August 13, 1916
23 Editor and Publisher and Journalist 1913, 1915
24 Fourth Estate 1912, 1925
25 ns2:type="simple" ns2:href="" render="italic">Galveston Daily News August 15, 1912
26 ns2:type="simple" ns2:href="" render="italic">Houston Post: Miscellaneous Clippings 1913-1918
Box Folder
2 1 ns2:type="simple" ns2:href="" render="italic">Houston Post January 12, 1919
2 ns2:type="simple" ns2:href="" render="italic">Houston Post June 8, 1922
3 ns2:type="simple" ns2:href="" render="italic">Houston Post-Dispatch March 1, 1926
4 ns2:type="simple" ns2:href="" render="italic">Houston Post-Dispatch March 2, 1926
5 ns2:type="simple" ns2:href="" render="italic">Houston Post-Dispatch May 26, 1927
6 ns2:type="simple" ns2:href="" render="italic">Pensacola Evening News November 23, 1911
7 ns2:type="simple" ns2:href="" render="italic">Post-Searchlight October 24, 1918
8 ns2:type="simple" ns2:href="" render="italic">Texas Republic January 11, 1913

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Series IV: Photographs and Ephemera, 1909-1920, n.d.

Box Folder
2 9 Photographs 1909
10 Decree Appointing R.M. Johnston A Member of the Prison Commissioners Board January 12, 1920
11 Stationery

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