Guide to the John A. Dix Civil War Pass and Letter, 1862, 1869
John Adams Dix was born July 24, 1798, in New Hampshire; he received a classical education and then served in the army, rising to the rank of major; meanwhile he studied law, became an attorney, and in 1826 married Catharine Morgan; they eventually had seven children. He resigned from the army and moved to New York State, where he managed family properties and entered politics, serving in a number of positions; in 1845 he was elected to fill a term in the United States Senate, where he participated in international affairs; he later served briefly as postmaster and then as secretary of the treasury and in 1861 was commissioned major-general by President Lincoln, serving during the Civil War in administrative positions, including as head of the Department of Maryland. After the war he became minister to France from 1866-69 and then withdrew from political life for a time, serving as president of two railroads and practicing law in New York City. In 1872 he was elected governor of New York and served one term, then retiring but continuing in various civic activities; he was also the author of several books. He died April 21, 1879, in New York City.
This collection consists of two items: a Civil War pass to and from Baltimore “by steam, free of charge,” signed by John A. Dix, dated August 19, 1862, and written on stationery with the letterhead “Head Quarters Seventh Army Corps, Fort Monroe, Va.”; and a personal letter dated December 1, 1869 (evidently written in New York City) to “My dear Colonel,” in which Dix comments on recent activities, discusses a recent land purchase and investment opportunity, and expresses the hope that his friend will soon visit him.
This material is open for research.
Permission to publish material from the John A. Dix Civil War Pass and Letter must be obtained from the Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library.
John A. Dix Civil War Pass and Letter, MS 110, Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University.
The John A. Dix Civil War Pass and Letter, 1862, 1869 were purchased from a dealer in September 1962.
Detailed Description of the Collection