Woodson Research Center, Rice University

Guide to the U.S. Civil War Photographs Collection, 1861-1865 MS 476MS 476



Title: U.S. Civil War Photographs Collection
Dates: 1861-1865
Abstract: These photographs taken during the U.S. Civil War reflect a wide range of battles and sites, although not all are represented. The collection includes 84 photographs mounted on 8″ × 91/2″ boards, many labelled with caption information. The photographs were taken by a variety of photographers, including Mathew B. Brady and Alexander Gardner, and many have been published in The Photographic History of the Civil War or which are also available through the National Archives.
Identification: MS 476
Quantity: 0.1 linear ft.(84 photographs)
Language:
Repository: Woodson Research Center, Rice University, Houston, Texas

Scope and Contents

These photographs taken during the Civil War reflect a wide range of battles and sites, although not all are represented. The collection includes 84 photographs mounted on 8″ × 91/2″ boards, many labelled with caption information.

The photographs were taken by a variety of photographers, including Mathew B. Brady and Alexander Gardner. Whenever possible they have been identified as to artist by comparison with The Photographic History of the Civil War and The Mathew B. Brady Collection of Civil War Photographs cited at the end of the list.

The "Photo" numbers are those which appear in pencil on the photograph itself, and the "(PHCW) Page #" reflects the page number of The Photographic History of the Civil War (PHCW) on which the photograph was published. Mathew B. Brady photographs are also assigned numbers by the National Archives, B-xxx, and will be so designated here.

Identifications made May, 1978. Margaret R. Olvey

Inventory divisions follow those used in The Photographic History of the Civil War. main stacks E468.7.M5

Identifications of Mathew B. Brady photogaphs made by comparison to The Mathew B. Brady Collection of Civil War Photographs microfilm, in four reels from the National Archives, Film E 468.7 .B8.

Identifications of other photographs made by comparison to The Photographic History of the Civil War. ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller. New York. Review of Reviews Co. 1911-12. 10 vols. reprinted in 5 vols. by T. Yoseloff, New York, 1957.


 

Arrangement

Photographs are arranged in the following nine series:
Series I: Battles (41 photographs)
Series II: Cavalry (5 photographs)
Series III: Fortifications (7 photographs)
Series IV: Navy (1 photograph)
Series V: Prisons and Hospitals (7 photographs)
Series VI: Special Services, Business (7 photographs)
Series VII: In Memoriam (8 photographs)
Series VIII: Miscellaneous Images attributed to Brady (6 photographs)
Series IX: Identified from The Real American Tragedy. Homsey-Simon Production Company; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. 1977. (2 photographs)

Restrictions

Access Restrictions

No access restrictions; this material is open for research.

Use Restrictions

Photographs may not be duplicated without consulting with U.S. National Archives for copyright information.

Permission to publish material from the U.S. Civil War Photographs Collection must be obtained from the National Archives, through the Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library.


Index Terms

Subjects
American Civil War (1861-1865)
Genres
photographs

Related Material

Flyleaf, v. 5:2


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

U.S. Civil War Photographs Collection, 1861-1865, MS 476 Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University

Acquisition Information

Gift of Mrs. George R. Brown, 1958.


Detailed Description of the Collection

 

Series I: Battles.

Photograph
Photo 89 Rappahannock River, before Fredericksburg attributed to Mathew B. Brady
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 26
Photograph
Photo 44 U. S. Military Telegraph Construction Corps April, 1864.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 41
Photograph
Photo 55 Quarles's Mill, North Anna River, Virginia Gardner, photographer. June 24, 1864.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 43
Photograph
Photo 62 Camp of McClellan's Army of the Potomac at Cumberland Landing Brady.
Material Specific Details note Brady # B-6336. PHCW Page # 51
Photograph
Photo 100 Antietam Battlefield; middle (Sharpsburg) bridge Brady.
Material Specific Details note Brady # B-7199. PHCW Page # 54
Photograph
Photo 95 Little Round Top, Slaughter Pen, Gettysburg. July, 1863.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page #71
Photograph
Photo 6 Ruins of Stone Bridge, Bull Run, Virginia Brady. B-3213, 4049. Battle took place March, 1862. July, 1861.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 138
Photograph
Photo 52 Stone Church, Centreville, Virginia July, 1861.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page #149
Photograph
Photo 40 Trenches at First Manassas, Quaker dummy guns Brady. B-89.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 163
Photograph
Photo 24 Confederate Entrenchments, Centreville, Virginia July, 1861.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 166
Photograph
Photo 12 Moore's House, Yorktown. Scene of Corwallis' surrender different view.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 269
Photograph
Photo 43 Chickahominy Morass. Woodbury's Bridge, named after builder. 278 May, 1862.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 278
Photograph
Photo 51 Chickahominy Morass. Upper, or Grapevine Bridge
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 279
Photograph
Photo 78 Gaines' Mill, Chickahominy. June, 1862.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 342
Photograph
Photo 80 Marshall House, Alexandria, Virginia. Brady. Col. Elmer E. Ellsworth killed here by Jackson.
Material Specific Details note Brady #s B-5193, 6335, 5294. PHCW Page # 351
Photograph
Photo 71 Manassas Junction, different shot.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 41
Photograph
Photo 36 Berlin, Maryland. McClellan's last advance.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 56
Photograph
Photo 87 Antietam Battlefield, Burnside's Bridge. different view. possible Brady.
Material Specific Details note Brady # B-7198. PHCW Page # 71
Photograph
Photo 7 Franklin Crossing, Rappahannock River. December, 1862.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 91
Photograph
Photo 86 General Joseph Hooker and staff. After Chancellorsville April (?), 1863.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 109
Photograph
Photo 93 Gettysburg dead. July, 1863.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 241
Photograph
Photo 8 Seminary Ridge, Gettysburg. July 1, 1863.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 241
Photograph
Photo 97 Gettysburg dead. July 1, 1863.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 242
Photograph
Photo 35 Trostle's House, Gettysburg. Sickle's Headquarters on the Emmitsburg Road, second day of battle.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 247
Photograph
Photo 60 Devil's Den, Gettysburg.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 249
Photograph
Photo 32 Little Round Top, Gettysburg. 251 July, 1863.
Material Specific Details note Brady # B-6357. PHCW Page # 251
Photograph
Photo 70 Cemetery Hill, Gettysburg. Summer, 1863.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 259
Photograph
Photo 11 Meade's Headquarters, Gettysburg. another view.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 261
Photograph
Photo 58 Maryland Heights, Harper's Ferry. Fall, 1862.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page #325
Photograph
Photo 17 Brandy Station, Virginia. Headquarters of General Sharp April, 1864.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 35
Photograph
Photo 90 Taylor's Bridge of Telegraph Road over North Anna River, Va. May, 1864.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 71
Photograph
Photo 63 Charles City Courthouse. June 14, 1864.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 89
Photograph
Photo 2 The Dictator with named officers.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 186
Photograph
Photo 30 Aiken House, Petersburg, Virginia. August, 1864.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 197
Photograph
Photo 82 Gracie's Salient, Petersburg. August, 1864.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 203
Photograph
Photo 4 Fort Stedman. Summer, 1864.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 206
Photograph
Photo 39 Petersburg, Virginia Gas Works. April, 1865.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 274
Photograph
Photo 46 Federal Wagon Train, Petersburg, Virginia. April, 1865.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 305
Photograph
Photo 75 High Bridge over Appomattox River. April, 1865.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 311
Photograph
Photo 31 Appomattox Station. April 8, 1865.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 313
Photograph
Photo 84 Confederate Mill. 1865.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 335



 

Series II: Cavalry

Photograph
Photo 22 Brandy Station after Gettysburg
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 100
Photograph
Photo 88 Fairfax Court House, Virginia. June, 1863.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 167
Photograph
Photo 79 Beauregard/McClellan Headquarters near Fairfax Court House
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 209
Photograph
Photo 65 Mechanicsville, Virginia. June, 1862.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 223
Photograph
Photo 98 Castle Murry near Auburn, Virginia. Fall, 1863.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 243



 

Series III: Fortifications

Photograph
Photo 33 Federal Battery No. 1 in front of Yorktown, Viriginia. different shot. May, 1862.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 23
Photograph
Photo 1 20 inch gun Columbiad. Fort Monroe, Virginia. March, 1861.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 137
Photograph
Photo 28 Fort Sedgewick, Fort "Hell", Petresburg, Virginia.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 217
Photograph
Photo 0 Pontoon. Grant's Crossing of James River. June, 1864.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 239
Photograph
Photo 99 ? Fort Fisher, North Carolina.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 265
Photograph
Photo 59 Fort Fisher, North Carolina, January, 1865.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 267
Photograph
Photo 42 Tredegar Ironworks, Richmond, Virginia. (enlargement)
Material Specific Details note Brady # B-4867. PHCW Page # 307



 

Series IV: Navy

Photograph
Photo 91 Norfolk Naval Yard, Confederate Navy. 1862.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 73



 

Series V: Prisons and Hospitals

Photograph
Photo 45 Old Capitol Prison, Washington. different shot.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 67
Photograph
Photo 49 Libby Prison, Richmond, Virginia. taken after the war
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 91
Photograph
Photo 23 Provost Marshal, Aquia Creek. Winter, 1862.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 187
Photograph
Photo 29 Castle Thunder Provost Prison, Richmond, Virginia
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 199
Photograph
Photo 14 Medical Supply boat Planter, City Point, Virginia
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 227
Photograph
Photo 77 ? different view of Field Hospital, 2nd Division, 2nd Army Corps, Brandy Station, Virginia
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 267
Photograph
Photo 34 Sanitary Commission Organisation, "Shebang" Brandy Station, Virginia 335
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 335



 

Series VI: Special Services, Business

Photograph
Photo 67 Scouts and guides of the Army of the Potomac, 1862.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 19
Photograph
Photo 69 Map photographing; Alexander Gardner.
Photograph
Photo 16 Field wheelrights
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 41
Photograph
Photo 66 Army of the Potomac, Brandy Station, Virginia, 1863.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 224
Photograph
Photo 85 Petersburg Church different shot.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 257
Photograph
Photo 54 Telegraph Battery-Wagon near Petersburg, Virginia, June, 1864.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 353
Photograph
Photo 56 New York Herald Wagon in the field
Material Specific Details note Brady # B-5512. PHCW Page # 285



 

Series VII: In Memoriam

Photograph
Photo 13 General Ambrose Burnside, different pose, with staff.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 69
Photograph
Photo 64 Appomattox Court House, Viginia. Soldier and citizen. taken after the war. 126
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 126
Photograph
Photo 53 Lee Homestead, Pleasant Valley, Maryland. after Battle of Antietam, 161 October, 1862.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 161
Photograph
Photo 57 Little Dunker Church, Antietam Battlefield. Brady. B-7200.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 189
Photograph
Photo 68 Devil's Den, Gettysburg.
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 205
Photograph
Photo 47 Washington Monument, Richmond, Viriginia. 228
Material Specific Details note Possibly Brady # B-4815. PHCW Page # 228
Photograph
Photo 15 Dedication of the First Bull Run Monument 266
Material Specific Details note PHCW Page # 266
Photograph
Photo 26 Haxall's Mills, Richmond, Viriginia
Material Specific Details note Brady #s B-14, 702, 737, 798, 4820, 4042. 306



 

Series VIII: Miscellaneous Images Attributed to Brady Miscellaneous; identified as Mathew B. Brady photographs

Photograph
Photo 92 Bridge ruins at Richmond, Virginia.
Material Specific Details note Brady #s B-370, 1737, 1929, 2734, 3321, 4863, 5566.
Photograph
Photo 10 Slave pen, Alexandria, Virginia.
Material Specific Details note Brady #s B-4867, 5119, 6334.
Photograph
Photo 19 The pulpit. Fort Fisher, North Carolina.
Material Specific Details note Brady # B-6358.
Photograph
Photo 73 Ruins of Arsenal, Richmond, Virginia.
Material Specific Details note Brady #s B-466, 749…
Photograph
Photo 94 Dutch Gap Canal, James River, Virginia.
Material Specific Details note Brady #s B-4057, 414, 426, 676…
Photograph
83 McLean's House, Appomattox, Virginia.
Material Specific Details note Brady # B-6333.



 

Series IX: Identified from The Real American Tragedy. Homsey-Simon Production Company; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. 1977.

Photograph
Photo 82 Taken behind Confederate fortifications at Manassas; p. 63 1862.
Photograph
Photo 41 Several weeks (months) after Battle of Cold Harbor; p. 114 1864.
General note
Photographs in this publication attributed to Mathew B. Brady and Alexander Gardner.