Woodson Research Center, Rice University

Guide to the Dick Hedges World War II Memorabilia Collection, MS 422, 1944-46 MS 422

creator Hedges, Dixon D. (Dick)
Title: Dick Hedges World War II Memorabilia Collection
Dates: 1944-46
Abstract: This collection consists of books, magazines, newspapers, clippings, photographs, photograph albums, maps, town plans, reports, writings and memorabilia, which were collected by Dick Hedges while he was serving with the U. S. Army in Europe in World War II.
Identification: MS 422
Quantity: 4.25 Linear Feet
Quantity: (8 boxes)
Language: English
Repository: Woodson Research Center, Rice University, Houston, Texas

Biographical Note

Dick Hedges was drafted into the United States Army in December of 1942. He was sent first to Dodd Field (Fort Sam Houston) in San Antonio and from there joined the 654th Engineer Topographic Battalion at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin. He was put in Company B (Art, Drafting & Printing).

In December, 1943 the 654th was sent to Camp Shanks on the outskirts of New York City for a short while, and then crossed the Atlantic Ocean on the HMS Aquitania to Gourock, the port for Glasgow, Scotland. After a week in Glasgow, Dick Hedges was sent to Tetbury, England in the Cotswold Hills.

With the First U. S. Army headquarters in Bristol, England requested that its G-2 (air) form a new unit to be known as APID (Army or Aerial Photo Interpretation Detachment), Dick Hedges was assigned to it. He was put on P.I. team #15 and put in charge of APID's small drafting section. He was given a Top Secret BIGOT card and was sent to London to do special detailed work on beach maps for the invasion of Normandy. APID was living in tents in the woods at Middle Wallop near the Stonehenge in Southern England when the invasion of Normandy occurred on June 6, 1944.

Landing on Omaha beach at D+24, APID was at Airstrip #9 at Le Molay when Generals Eisenhower, Bradley and Montgomery visited in July at the time of the St. Lo breakthru.

APID moved from Normandy to Gif-sur-Yvette, a village south of Versailles, where the soldiers again lived in tents, but did their work in a huge chateau nearby.

In September APID then moved from France north to Gosselies, a suburb of the city of Charleroi, in southern Belgium.

For recreation, the 67th's three squadrons plus the attached groups such as APID, formed a basketball league and Dick Hedges coached and played on APID's team.

In March, 1945 APID left Belgium and moved east into Germany. The first stop was Ordensberg Vogelsang (Orderly Mountain Bird Chant) a former school for Hitler Jugend (Youth). From there they crossed the Rhine River at Remagen, and proceeded to Limburg, Germany.

When the war in Europe ended in May of 1945, APID was at Eschwege, Germany. After APID was disbanded, Dick Hedges was sent to Weisbaden, Germany where 12th Army Group Headquarters was located. Its code name was "Eagle." Dick Hedges applied for a job and was assigned to G-2. He was billeted with MFIU- 4 (Mobile Field Interrogation Unit #4) which operated the Weisbaden jail housing several high ranking Nazis.

In July 1945 Dick was sent to (Military Intelligence Service Center) at Oberursel, 12 miles from Frankfurt. He was promoted to Master Sergeant and put in charge of the library. While serving with MISC, Dick Hedges and Major Bill Silliman escorted five high ranking Nazis to Nurnberg to stand trial as war criminals. They were Field Marshall Albert Kesselring, commander of the Wermacht in North Africa, Italy and the Western Front; General of the Artillery Walter Warlimont; Reich Finance Minister Horace Greeley Hjalmar Schacht; Dr. William (Wilhelm) Stuckart, Secretary of the Minister of the Interior; and Frans Xavier Schwarz, the Treasurer of the NAZI party.

Several other excursions were taken out of "Dulag Luft" at Oberursel by groups of GIs who were stationed there. One was to the Buchenwald Concentration Camp near Weimar, Germany. Another was to Bavaria and Salzburg, Austria. While visiting in Austria, the group visited Hitler's former mountain top headquarters, "Adlerhorst" (Eagle's nest).

Dick Hedges spent three years in the United States Army earning the ranks of Private, T-5 (Corporal) for one year, T-4 (Sergeant), and T-3 (Staff Sergeant) for one year, Technical Sergeant and finally, Master Sergeant.

Among the many awards that he won were the Legion of Merit-Legionaire, Bronze Star, Good Conduct Medal and Victory Medal, American Theater of Operations medal, and the European Theater of Operations medal with five battle stars.

He received an Honorable Discharge from the United States Army at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin in March of 1946. After a shortvisit with his family in Iowa, he returned to Houston and his job in the Land Drafting Division of the Land Department of Shell Oil Company.

Scope and Contents

The Dick Hedges World War II Collection consisting of approximately 3.75 linear ft. of books, magazines, newspapers, clippings, photographs, photograph albums, maps, town plans, reports, writings and memorabilia, were collected by Dick Hedges while he was serving with the U. S. Army in Europe in World War II.

The various intelligence reports that are part of the collection were all extra copies and were declassified at the end of World War II.

The photograph albums containing pictures of Lt. Col. Otto Skorzeny and his friends were used by U. S. interrogators at the end of World War II.

Some of the German books in the collection, such as href="" render="underline" type="simple">Hitler wie ihn keiner kennt,href="" render="underline" type="simple">Deutschland Erwacht,href="" render="underline" type="simple">SS Kavallerie im Osten and href="" render="underline" type="simple">Die Malerei der Gotik und Fruh Renaissance, can possibly be found in libraries in Germany.


The collection is divided into seven series, with subseries as necessary.
Missing Title
Series I: Personal
Series II German Leaders
Series III: Intelligence
Series IV Publications
Series V: Photographs and Postcards
Series VI Topography
Series VII Oversize


Access Restrictions

Access to the x-rays of Adolph Hitler's head is restricted and requires permission from the Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University. All other material is open for research. Stored off-site at the Library Service Center. Please request this material via woodson@rice.edu or call 713-348-2586.

Conditions Governing Access

Stored off-site at the Library Service Center. Please request this material via woodson@rice.edu or call 713-348-2586.

Use Restrictions

Permission to publish from the Dick Hedges World War II Memorabilia Collection must be obtained from the Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University.

Index Terms

World War (1939-1945)
Soldiers -- Correspondence
clippings (information artifacts)
maps (documents)
Hedges, Dixon D. (Dick)
Hedges, Dixon D. (Dick)

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Dick Hedges World War II Memorabilia Collection, MS 422, Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University.

Acquisition Information

The papers were a gift from Dixon D. (Dick) Hedges to Rice University in 1987.

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series I: Personal

Scope and Contents note
One of the most interesting parts of the Personal series are the writings by Dick Hedges, of his many trips through Europe at the end of World War II, both personal and as a member of Military Intelligence Service Center. Of particular interest is href="" render="doublequote" type="simple">The Trip to Nurnberg, which chronicles his experiences while guarding various high ranking Nazi officials and generals to Nurnberg to stand trial as war criminals.
This series also contains correspondence sent to and received by Dick Hedges while he was serving his tour of duty with the U.S. Army. Memorabilia from his army days can also be found in this series.
Box Folder
1 1 A Trip to Salzburg (With Photos, Newsclippings, Maps and Memorabilia)
2 A Trip to Brussels (With Map)
3 A Trip to Nurnburg (Including Cards, Photos, Newsclippings, Illustrations and Memorabilia)
4 The Pecten, Volume 7, Nos. 7-8 (Shell Oil Co.) July - August 1945
5 The Military Engineer October 1946
6 A Note of Explanation About Lt. Col. Otto Skorzeny
7 Interrogation of Julius Streicher
8 Family Correspondence June 1942 - December 1944, n.d.
9 General Correspondence July 1944 - January 1946
10 Diary of Dick Hedges 1942 - 1943
11 Promotions, emblems, recommendations and application papers of Dick Hedges
12 Drawings by Dick Hedges (See Series II, Skorzeny Report and Series IV, Publications (Apidigest) for additional drawings)
13 Memorabilia: address book, programs, cartoons, cards, drawing and tickets
14 Longest Day (Magazine) - Darryl F. Zanuck June 6, 1944
15 Christmas and Birthday Greetings
16 Guidebooks to Heidelberg and Salzberg, Dos and Don'ts in Brussels
17 Turnover (Log) Book December 15, 1944 - February 6, 1945
18 Memorabilia - miscellaneous

Series II: German Leaders

Scope and Contents note
The material covers a period from approximately 1944 - 1946.
Book titles in German have been written in both German and English on the guide for clarification.
Box Folder
2 1 Hitler wie ihn keiner kennt (Hitler as he is little known), Heinrich Hoffman
2 The Mind of Adolf Hitler. Walter C. Langer 1972
3 Excerpts by Dick Hedges from The End of Adolf Hitler, by Hanna Reitsch February 11, 1946
4 Hitler as seen by his doctors
5 Newspaper Clippings 1945 - 1987
6 The Skorzeny Report July 23, 1945
7 "The Most Dangerous Man in Europe" : True, The Man's Magazine January, 1948
8 Photograph Album: Colonel Otto Skorzeny
9 The Nurnberg Diary: Major B. D. Silliman
Box Folder
2b 1 X-rays of Adolf Hitler's head (Restricted)

Series III: Intelligence

Scope and Contents note
This series consists of some very interesting interrogation reports about some of Germany's most notorious war criminals. href="" render="doublequote" type="simple">Economics: a German View gives an excellent over-all picture of German thought concerning their own economic situation at the end of World War II, their hopes and fears for the future. Another interesting feature to be found in this series are the German Propoganda documents.
Box Folder
3 1 Interrogation, Friedrich von Boetticher
2 Interrogation, Friedrich Fischer
3 Interrogation, Field Marshall Karl von Runstedt's Summary of Operations in Europe
4 Interrogation, Dr. Karl Ritter and Dr. Otto Meissner
5 Political Situation in Belgium January 29, 1946
6 Types of German Obstacles (Beach Defenses at Normandy), Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force- Theatre Intelligence Section
7 Intelligence Administration
8 Report by The Supreme Commander to the Combined Chiefs of Staff of the Operations in Europe of the Allied Expeditionary Force, June 6, 1944 - May 8, 1945
9 Photo Interpretation Reports November 1944
10 Breakthrough in Western Germany March 1945
11 U. S. Intelligence, Economics a German View January 11, 1946
12 War Department Field Manual (FM 30-5) Military Intelligence, Combat Intelligence February 1946
13 Propaganda - Germany

Series IV: Publications

Scope and Contents note
The publication series has an excellent collections of newspaper clippings, books and magazines. The newspaper clippings includes copies of Stars and Stripes, and Apidigest, both military publications.
Box Folder
4 1 Stars and Stripes clippings
2 Clippings
3 The API Digest August 7, 1944-March 12, 1945
4 The API Sentinel November 20, 1944
5 Recflash
6 Der Stehgurt July 1-Spetember 31, 1944
7 Yankee Kriegies, by Colonel C. Ross Greening and Sergeant Angello M. Spinelli
8 Bristol, Siren Nights: Diaries of the Blitzes, compiled by Rev. S. Paul Shipley
9 APID, 12th Army Group
10 Bivouac - 654th Engineer Topographic Battalion
11 Souvenir aerial photos
12 30th Photo Reconnaissance Squadron, 67th Tactical Reconnaissance, Group, 9th Air Force
13 654th Engineer Topographic Battalion
14 Report of Technical Operations, 654th Engineer Topographic Battalion August 1, 1944-December 31, 1944
15 Report of Technical Operations, 654th Engineer Topographic Battalion December 21, 1943-June 30, 1944, July 4, 1944-August 1, 1944
16 >Report of Technical Operations, 654th Engineer Topographic Battalion January 1, 1945-May 9, 1945
17 Up Front, by Bill Mauldin
18 Achtung Jabos!: The Story of the IX Tactical Air Command

Series V: Photographs and Postcards

Scope and Contents note
The material in this series consists of military and nonmilitary photographs. Some of the most interesting photos were taken while Dick Hedges visited Paris and other parts of Europe at the end of the war. Most of the photos of the Cherbourg, Omaha, and Utah beaches were taken just before the Normandy invasion in 1944.
See Series I, II, III, and VIII for additional photographs.
Box Folder
5 1 Basketball Banquet 1944-1945
2 King Leopold III of Belgium postcard
3 Brussels, Versiers, Gosselies - Belgium
4 Pinup Girls of Nazi Luftwaffe Officers
5 Personnel of the 1st U.S. Army Photo Interpretation Detachment - Gosselies, Beligium March 5, 1945
6 Mont St. Michel, France
7 Paris, France
8 Oxford, England
9 General Runstedt
10 Germany (aerial views)
11 Bonn, Germany
12 Beaches of Normandy (See Box 7 for Map)
13 ns2:type="simple" ns2:href="" render="doublequote">Army Buddies
14 Postcards (Belgium)

Series VI: Topography

Scope and Contents note
The Topography series contains Maps, Town Plans, Guidebooks, and a War Department Technical Manual.
Of special interest are the maps and townplans of Germany and England.
See Series VII: Oversize for the map of Utah Beach.
Box Folder
6 1 Map and Aerial Photo Reading, Simplified, by Col. W. F. Heavey - Corps of Engineers, U.S. Army 1942
2 War Department - Technical Manual, Topography and Surveying Map Reproduction April 1942
3 Map of Bristol, Bath and Cardiff - England
4 Maps of London
5 Map of England and Wales
6 Maps of Brussels
7 Map of Belgium
8 Road Map to Germany
9 Map of Europe - Grand Operations
10 War Department - Corps of Engineers, U.S. Army - Uncontrolled Mosaic (2nd edition) Defense Legend (map)
11 Map of Camp McCoy, Wisconsin
12 "Geographia" Pictorial Plan of London
13 Belgium - Town Plans
14 Holland Town - Plans
15 Germany - Town Plans No. 1
16 Germany - Town Plans No. 2

Series VII: Oversize

Scope and Contents note
The material in this series is comprised of a mixture of Books, Photograph Albums, Newspapers, Magazines and a Map of Utah Beach for the Normandy invasion.
One of the most exciting books in the collection is The Artists of the Gothic and Early Renaissance, which contains excellent color reproductions of famous paintings by Dutch, French, Italian and German artists. The book is catalogued separately and the call number is ND140 .W5 1938.
Information on the battle of Iwo Jima, the Normandy Invasion and the death of Adolf Hitler can be found in the Stars and Stripes, a military newspaper.
Of particular interest is the photograph album containing pictures of Colonel Otto Skorzeny training with the S.S. at an Summer Training Camp in Loas, Tyrol.
7 Map, Utah Beach - North (Ravenoville) April 21, 1944
Stars and Stripes, The Daily Newspaper of the U.S. Armed Forces - Vol. 4, No. 188 June 10, 1944
Stars and Stripes, The Daily Newspaper of the U.S. Armed Forces - Vol. 1, No. 32 February 20, 1945
Stars and Stripes, The Daily Newspaper of the U.S. Armed Forces - Vol. 1, No. 28 May 2, 1945
Deutschland erwacht - Werden, Kampf und Sieg (Germany Awakes - Will, Struggle and Victory) - Nazi Propagation Office 1933
Kavallerie Im Osten (Cavalry in the East) 1939-1942
8 render="doublequote">Der Adler February 9, 1943
render="doublequote">Der Adler May 1, 1943
8 render="doublequote">Der Adler June 1, 1943
render="italic">Der Weg Zur Ordensburg (The Way of the Orderly Town)
render="italic">Die Malerei Der Gotik und Fruh Renaissance (The Artists of the Gothic and Early Renaissance)
Separated Materials
Catalogued separately. Call number ND140 .W5 1938
Skorzeny - Summer Training Camp Alpine Inn, Loas, Tyrol (Photograph Album)