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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Contents

Arrangement

Restrictions

Index Terms

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Hugh Wilson Correspondence

Correspondence Index

Woodson Research Center, Rice University

Guide to the Hugh H. Wilson U.S. Civil War papers, 1862-1868



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Wilson, Hugh H.
Title: Hugh H. Wilson U.S. Civil War papers,
Dates: 1862-1868
Abstract: Many of these letters are courtship letters toWilson's future wife, Mary Grier, containing information on the aspirations and attitudes of the South Carolina upper classes during the U.S. Civil War period. Wilson also relays information about hospitals, medicine, schools, cemteries, camp life and the military, and the issue of conscription.
Identification: MS #125
Quantity: 1 inch (1 folder)
Language: Materials are in English.
Repository: Rice University, Fondren Library

Biographical Note

Hugh H. Wilson was a resident of Sumter District, South Carolina. He owned several slaves (at least) and ran a farm or plantation with them. In the summer of 1862 he began to court Mary Grier (or, at least, one letter has a pencilled-in notation by the name "Mrs. Grier": "Our grandmother"), a resident of Cheraw. In October, Mary and Hugh were married.

In the meantime, Hugh Wilson was searching for an appropriate position in the South Carolina army. Concerned with various possibilities of the Conscription Act and its Exemption Bill, Wilson sought a position either in medical or commissary work. Exploiting a family connection with the Witherspoon family, he finally became quartermaster sergeant on the staff of Col. James H. Witherspoon, 8th Regiment of the South Carolina Reserves, assigned to coastal defense.

That Wilson survived the war is attested by a letter written in 1868. An oblique reference in a letter written in 1874 seems to indicate he was living in that year. The course of his subsequent life is unknown.

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Scope and Contents

The letters of H.H. Wilson consist of 21 autograph letters with 7 drafts for the letters. In addition, a letter of January 3-4, 1864, is preserved in an undated newspaper clipping, and there is a letter of 1874 written to Mrs. Wilson on the death of her child by Betty M. McLeod. With the exception of one letter, written in 1868, all of Wilson's letters cover the period from 1862-1864.

Many of the letters are courtship letters. They contain much information on the aspirations and attitudes of the South Carolina upper classes. In addition, Wilson pays special attention to hospitals and medicine, schools, and cemeteries. Some material is contained in the letters which pertains to camp life and the military. Much of the material concerns the problem of conscription.

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Arrangement

Letters are in chronological order. In cases in which a draft letter is also present, the draft is filed after the letter, and in the listing is indicated by a "d" after the date.

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

This material is open for research.

Use Restrictions

Permission to publish material from the Hugh H. Wilson U.S. Civil War papers must be obtained from the Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library.

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Index Terms

Correspondents
Wilson, Mary Grier--Correspondence.
McLeod, Betty M.--Correspondence.
Subject:
Courtship--South Carolina.
Places
South Carolina--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865.
South Carolina--Social life and customs --19th century.
Formats
Correspondence.
Personal papers.
Family papers.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Hugh H. Wilson U.S. Civil War papers, 1862-68, MS #125, Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University]

Acquisition Information

Gift of Mrs. Hardin Craig, Jr. (granddaughter of Wilson), 1956.

Processing Information

Finding aid prepared by John Fowler, 1978.

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Detailed Description of the Collection

 
Folder
1 Hugh Wilson Correspondence
The following is a chronological listing of the letters in this collection. A subject index follows this list.
C. Wadsworth to [D.] McNair 1839 August 10
H. H. Wilson to "Miss Mary" 1860 June 30
H. H. W. to "Miss Mary" 1860 July 11
H. H. W. to "Dear" 1862 July 11 d.*
H. H. W. to "Miss Mary" 1862 July 21
H. H. W. to "Miss Mary" 1862 July 21 d.*
H. H. W. to [Mar]y 1862 July 23
H. H. W. to "Miss Mary" 1862 August 6
H. H. W. to "Miss Mary" 1862 August 22
H. H. W. to "Miss Mary" 1862 August 22 d.
H. H. W. to "Miss Mary" [1862] August 29
H. H. W. to "Miss Mary" [[1862 August] 29] d.
H. H. W. to "My Dear Marie" 1862 September 8
H. H. W. to "My Dear Marie" 1862 September 8 d.
H. H. W. to "My Dear Marie" 1862 September 11
H. H. W. to "My Dear Marie" 1862 September 20
H. H. W. to "My Dear Marie" 1862 September 25
H. H. W. to "My Dear Marie" 1862 September 25 d.
H. H. W. to "My Dear Marie" 1862 October 1
H. H. W. to "My Dear Marie" 1862 October 10
H. H. W. to "My Dear Marie" 1862 October 15
H. H. W. to "My Dear Marie" 1862 October 15 d.
H. H. W. to "My Dear Marie" 1862 October 23
H. H. W. to "My Dear Marie" 1862 October 24
H. H. W. to "My Dear Marie" 1862 December 5
H. H. W. to "Dear Wife" 1863 May 22
H. H. W. to "My Dear Marie" 1863 June 23
H. H. W. to "Dear Wife" 1868 July 3
Bettie M. McLeod to "My Dear Marie" 1874 February 20
Newspaper clipping publishing Wilson letter n.d.
*d. denotes draft

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Correspondence Index

This index is primarily topical. Persons whose full names are given--or who are obviously related to clearly identifiable persons--and military personnel of the rank of major or higher, are listed as well.

Place names occur mostly in itineraries of travel (most of which can be found under the heading: "railroads,"); those few places which cannot be disregarded are indexed.

All entries refer to finished letters. In cases where the draft contains information not found in the final letter, the date of the letter and the symbol "d" are listed.

Antietam, Battle of 1862   1862, 9-25
Artillery Batteries n.d.   1862, 6-23   1863, 5-22   1862, 9-11
Benbow, Col. C.S.A.   1862, 9-11
Bleeding (Medical procedure)   1862, 9-11
Blockade of civilian traffic 2   186, 9-11
Camp Hampton   1866, 12-5
Camp life   1862, 12-5   1863, 6-23
Casualties   1862, 7-11   1862, 7-21   1862, 8-6   1862, 9-8   1862,9-11   1862, 10-15
Cavalry   1863,6-23
Cemeteries   1862, 7-21   1862, 8-6
Charleston Mercury   1868, 7-3
Chesterfield Academy   1862, 8-22
Church Services (Presbyterian)   1862, 10-23
Cider    1862, 9-11
Civilian desertion of countryside on CSA occupation    1863, 5-22
Coit's Battery   5-22
Colzy, Sam 1862   1863, 7-11   1862, 9-8   1862, 10-10   1862, 8-22
Commissary Department (C.S.A.)   1862, 9-8   1862, 9-11   1862, 9-20
Conscription   1862, 8-22   1862, 9-11   1862, 9-25   1862,10-1   1862,10-1   1863,6-23
Conscript Law (in South Carolina)   1862, 8-22   1862, 9-11   1862, 9-25
Conscript Law (Exemption Bill)   1862, 10-10   1863, 6-23
Cooper, Eli   1862, 7-11
Cooperation between Confederate and state government   1862, 10-15   1862, 10-15d
Corinth, Battle of 1862   1862, 8-22
Cotton   1862, 8-6 (embargo)   1862, 9-20
Cox, Mrs. from Masiou   1863, 6-23
Crane, Dr. and Mrs. 1862   1862, 8-22   1862, 10-10
Crane, [Elizabeth] "Lizzie"   1862, 8-22
Deserters (C.S.A.) executed   n.d.
Dick, J.H.   1862, 7-11
Edgeworth Seminary   1862, 7-21
8th Regiment South Carolina Reserves   1862, 8-22 and n.d.
English, T.R., Rev.   1862, 10-23
Family connections   1862, 6-30
Foreigners, attitudes toward   1862, 9-20
Furlough   1863, 5-22
Friendship   1862, 7-11
Gilmer, Congressman   1862, 7-21
Grier, Mrs.   n.d.
Hollywood Cemetary   1862, 7-21d   1862, 7-23
Hospitals   1862, 7-21   1863, 5-22   1863, 6-23
Human Nature   1862, 8-29
Jenkins, Micah Gen. C.S.A.   1862, 9-11
Jews   1862, 10-10
Joint stock companies   1862, 8-6   1862, 12-5
[K]no[w]-nothing Party   1862, 7-21
LaCaste, Miller   1862, 9-8   1862, 9-11
LaC[a]ste, Sam   1862, 8-6
Lee, Stephen Dill (?) Col. C.S.A.   1862, 7-11
Mayes, William (Dr.)   1862, 7-11   1862, 7-21
McBride, James   1862, 7-21
McCutcheon, George   1862, 9-8
Medical personnel   1862, 7-11   1862, 7-21   1862, 7-23   1862, 8-6   1862, 9-11   1862,9-20   1863, 6-23
Methodist College   1862, 7-21
Mills, Mr. (H.H.W.'s neighbor)   1862,8-6   1862, 12-5
Mills, Anderson   1862, 9-8   1862, 9-11   1862, 10-15
Mills, William   1862, 9-8   1862, 10-15
Molloy, T.   1862, 8-6
Montgomery, Mrs. (H.H.W.'s sister)   1862, 9-8   1862, 9-11
Montgomery, John   1862, 10-15
Montgomery, Sue (H.H.W.'s niece)   1862, 8-22   1862, 9-20   1862, 12-5
Moore, Hannah   1862, 9-25
Morehead, Governor   1862, 7-21
Moses, F.J. Col. C.S.A.   1862, 7-21
Mount Pleasant, S.C.   n.d.
Mount Zion, S.C.   1862, 8-22
Music   1862, 9-25
Negro Slaves   n.d.   1862, 12-5   1862, 10-23   1862, 10-15   1862, 10-10   1862, 9-11   1862, 9-8
Newspapers   1862, 9-8   1868, 7-3   1862, 7-21
Passports, internal   1862, 7-21   1862, 9-20
Plantation management   n.d.
Planter's Cotton Bank   1862, 8-6
Potatoes   1862, 12-5
Powder mills   1862, 8-6
Prices cloth   n.d.   1863, 5-22 bacon
Prisoners, Confederate   1862, 8-22
Railroads   1862, 7-11   1862, 7-21   1862, 10-10   1862, 10-24   n.d.
Reserves, South Carolina   1862, 9-11   1862, 9-25   1862, 10-1   1862, 10-15   1862, 8-22
Rice   1862, 10-10
Rich and poor, conflict between   1862, 10-10
Richmond Cemetary   1862, 7-21
Richmond General Hospital   1862, 7-21
Roberts, Lt. Col. C.S.A.   1862, 9-11
Rutledge, Col. C.S.A.   n.d.
Sanduskey, Ohio   1862, 8-22
Sasnasky (sic.), Madam, High School of 1862   1862, 9-20
Savannah, Georgia   1862, 9-20
School-mates   1862, 9-20
Schools   1862, 7-21   1862, 8-22   1862, 9-20   1862, 10-23
Scott, Mrs. (H.H.W.'s sister)   1862, 7-21   1862, 8-6
Scott, John (H.H.W.'s nephew)   1862, 7-11   1862, 7-21   1862, 5-22   n.d.
Scott, May (H.H.W.'s niece)   1862, 8-22   1862, 12-5
Scudder, "Sissie" 1862   1862, 9-20   1862, 9-25
"Second Revolution"   1862, 7-21
Servants (free)   1868, 7-3
Shaw, Dwight   1862, 9-8
Shaw, Mary   1862, 8-22
Sicknesses   1874, 2-20   1868, 7-3   1863, 5-22   1862, 10-23   1862, 10-15   1862, 8-22   1862, 8-6   1862, 9-11   1862, 10-10
Smythe, Bob   1862, 9-20
South Carolina, invasion of, 1861   1862, 9-11
Sullivan Island, South Carolina   n.d.
Sumter Gazette   1862, 9-8
Supply wagons   1862, 12-5
Taxes and tarriffs   1862, 7-21
Teachers (and Professors)   1862, 10-23   1862, 7-21   1862, 9-20
Telegraph   1862, 9-8
Thornwell, Dr. and Mrs.   1862, 8-6   1862, 9-20
V[arun], James   1862, 7-21   1862, 10-23
Virginia Campaign (1862)   1862, 9-11
Walker, William S. Gen. C.S.A.   n.d.
Whilden, Maj. C.S.A.   1862, 9-11
White's Battery   1863, 6-23
Wilson, Dr.   1863, 6-23
Wilson, Clara   1862, 10-23
Wilson, Moultri   n.d.
Wilson, R.E.   1862, 9-8
Wilson, W.W.   1862, 10-23
Witherspoon, Capt. C.S.A.   1862, 9-20
Witherspoon, A.J., Rev.   1862, 8-22
Witherspoon, Dunham, from Yorkville 1862   1862, 9-20
Witherspoon, James H. Col. C.S.A.   1862, 8-22   1862, 9-11   1862, 9-20   n.d.
Witherspoon, J[ohn] E.   1862, 9-11   1862, 9-20
Word's Battery   1863, 6-23
Worley Battery   1863, 6-23

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