
Guide to the Salomon Chaim Bochner Papers, 19141982
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHSalomon Chaim Bochner, a mathematician, historian, and teacher of international fame, was born on 20 August 1899 in the small town of Podgorzu, AustriaHungary, now in Poland. His early schooling included grammar school and attendance at the Academia w Krakowie. Reputedly, he had already mastered the calculus by age 13, and completed his first original research in his fifteenth year. In 1915 he moved to Berlin to attend the Konigstadtisch Oberrealschule until he was conscripted into the AustroHungarian army in May 1917. In the army Bochner received medical training at a military school near Vienna, and eventually obtained the rank of corporal in the medical corps. He was stationed at Feldpost # 3, a military hospital, until November of 1918. Soon thereafter he matriculated at the University of Berlin where he studied mathematics for three years. He received the D.Phil. on 8 April 1921, his examiners being Max Planck, Ehrhardt Schmidt, Issai Schur and Alois Riehl. Directly after receiving his degree, Bochner was employed as a volunteer in the Cuten and Syman Banking House in Berlin, but left at the end of the year to "do other things". Exactly what he did for most of the next three years is unknown. In 1925, however, he was awarded an International Education Board Fellowship, which brought him to Copenhagen to study with Harald Bohr and to Oxford and Cambridge to work with G.H. Hardy and J.E. Littlewood. In 1927 Bochner accepted a position as a Lecturer in the Mathematics Department of the University of Munich. His colleagues there included several wellknown mathematicians, among them C. Caratheodory, O. Perron, H. Tietre, and H. Hartogs. Bochner made his debut as a young scholar in the 1920s in an incident involving the Danish mathematician, Harald Bohr, the brother of the wellknown physicist, Niels Bohr. Inspired on the one hand by the analytic number theory of Bernhard Riemann and on the other by the celestial mechanics of Lagrange and the later astronomers, Bohl and Esclangon, Bohr had developed a general theory of a phenomenon which he named "almost periodicity" and which was described in brief announcements published in 1923. On reading such exciting news, Bochner lacked the patience to wait for the publication of the detailed proofs and simply worked it out himself. Upon learning of the young man's work a month later, Bohr invited Bochner to visit him in Copenhagen. They soon discovered that Bochner had achieved Bohr's result by means of a highly original and parallel approach, entirely different from that of Bohr. Moreover, the Bochner approach was the one that would stand the test of time, being the basis for future generalizations of Bohr's theory. Notoriety at such an early age led Bochner onto his lifelong study of harmonic analysis, starting in 1932 with the now classical treatise, "Lectures on the Fourier Integral". This work laid out the seeds of what was later to be called the theory of distributions and set forth his most famous theorem, actually known as the "Bochner Theorem". In the later development of abstract Fourier analysis, the Bochner theorem became the cornerstone of the theory of distributions. As a Jew, Bochner evidently decided that the growing tide of Nazism in Germany left him with no other choice than to seek a new life elsewhere. Accordingly, after a sixmonth stay in Cambridge, England, he joined the Princeton University faculty in 1933, and served as an assistant, associate, and full professor of mathematics until 1968. During that period Bochner held other professional positions. He was a temporary member of the Institute for Advanced Study of Princeton University. He spent one year as a visiting professor at Harvard University and another at the University of California, Berkeley. He was a consultant at the Los Alamos Project and for the Air Research and Development Command. In 1968 Bochner retired from Princeton University and accepted Rice University's offer of the Edgar Odell Lovett Chair in Mathematics. He subsequently became the chairman of the Mathematics Department. Although Bochner was most devoted to his work and study, he nonetheless led a very active personal life that involved much correspondence and travel. In November 1937 he married Naomi Weinberg of Brooklyn, New York. They went on a threemonth honeymoon trip the following year to Holland, France, and Great Britain. One daughter, Deborah, was born to them. His father, Joseph Bochner, became ill in 1935 and died soon thereafter. Upon his father's death, his mother, Ruda Bochner, moved to London to live with his sister, Fannie Rabinowicz. He maintained close ties with his family throughout his life. During those early years at Princeton, Bochner was extremely preoccupied with pure mathematical theory and proved to be a provocative and prolific writer. His research was original and pioneering. He was a forerunner in the theory of the socalled Schwartz distributions in that he introduced generalized Fourier transforms for functions that do not grow faster at infinity than a power of x. Also, he was the first to introduce, in 1936, the muchstudied process of spherical summability of multiple Fourier series; and by a nonobvious construction, he showed that Riemann's classical localization property in one dimension does not have the "expected" analog in two dimensions. In the field of several complex variables, Bochner's achievements were very significant and spanned a broad horizon, especially in their interaction with other areas of mathematics. In 1938 he proved that the envelope of holomorphy of a tube is again a tube, the basis of the envelope tube being the convex closure of the basis of the original tube. In 1943 he used the "BochnerMartinelli kernel" to prove Hartog's key theorem that, for a bounded domain with a connected boundary, a holomorphic function on the boundary has a continuation into the entire interior of the domain. The "BochnerMontgomery Theorem", published in 1946, maintains that, on a compact complex manifold, the Lie group of holomorphic automorphism is a complex Lie group. Bochner created, for real and complex manifolds, the topic of "curvature and Betti numbers", a title under which he published a book with Kentaro Yano in 1953. Finally, the crowning honor in this field came in 1967 with the fifth printing of "Several Complex Variables", originally published in 1947. In probability theory, Bochner constructed, analyzed, and introduced in 1946 the Fourier transform of a rather general type of stochastic process, randomizing not point functions, but additive set functions, and obtaining not only differential space but other homogeneous processes. In this area of study Bochner's "Harmonic Analysis and the Theory of Probability" became a standard work. Finally, a belated honor arrived in 1977, when it became generally known that Zorn's lemma of 1933 had been fully published and applied by Bochner in 1926. In the period from 1950 to 1965, Bochner published at least eighty mathematical articles, most being elaborations of the enormous body of his earlier ideas. Afterwards, however, he turned almost exclusively to the history and philosophy of science. In his later years, Bochner wrote books and articles on the role of the concepts of space, infinity, real numbers, functions, and continuity in major junctures and upheavals in the rise of Western mathematics, such as the decline of Greek mathematics in its own phase, the sudden emergence of analysis in the late Renaissance, and a subtle but very tangible change of style in mathematics in the transition from the eighteenth to the nineteenth century. His "The Role of Mathematics in the Rise of Science", perhaps his most famous book, was published in 1966 and soon thereafter translated into many languages. Indeed, a very large proportion of the working papers in this collection deal with the history of science. Salomon Bochner died in Houston, Texas on 2 May 1982, eleven years after the death of his beloved wife, Naomi. His life began at the turn of the century and his work influenced and sowed seeds of ideas in his students and colleagues that will continue to be important long after his death and beyond the turn of the next century.
SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTEPapers of the American mathematician, historian of science, and teacher. Salomon Bochner began his career in Germany, receiving a D.Phil from the University of Berlin and teaching mathematics at the University of Munich. At an early age he established a considerable reputation in Europe for his work in harmonic analysis. In 1933 he joined the mathematics faculty of Princeton University, where he remained until 1968. Although he continued his work in harmonic analysis while at Princeton, he also achieved much fame in the fields of several complex variables, probability theory, and in the history and philosophy of science. His last years were spent as the Edgar Odell Lovett Professor of Mathematics at Rice University. Even though he continued to teach both undergraduate and graduate courses in mathematics at Rice, his scholarly work there was principally historical. The collection consists of correspondence, manuscripts produced in the preparation of articles, books and lectures, financial and legal documents, and printed material in the form of offprints and books. Bochner's correspondents included many of the most distinguished scholars of the twentieth century. Their letters complement the scholarly works found in the collection, and both series reflect the profundity and breadth of Bochner's ideas and interests and the influence he exerted in the realm of mathematics and history. Salomon Bochner's papers were donated to Rice University and placed in Fondren Library's Woodson Research Center in 1982 by his daughter, Deborah Bochner Kennel. On 11 May she donated five record storage boxes from his home in Houston, and she arranged to have sent on 12 October an additional thirtyfour boxes from the Mathematics Department of Princeton University. Along with the manuscripts came a great number of books. Only those books which were either written by Bochner or annotated by him have been retained with the papers. The remainder were given to the Fondren Library to be distributed among its regular collections. Roughly half of the collection consists of correspondence and the manuscripts produced in preparation for a tremendous number of scholarly works. These two sections correspond with each other chronologically in that the bulk of the material in each falls between 1968 and 1981, the years Bochner spent at Rice University. The rest of the collection is less significant but potentially useful. The financial and legal manuscripts provide some detail on the practical affairs of an American academic, and the thirtysix cubic feet of offprints, which make up part of the collection, reflect Bochner's varied scholarly interests and may prove useful to the researcher when references to such works appear in the manuscripts. The collection as received was almost completely unorganized, and a chronological or an alphabetical arrangement was used according to the nature of the various categories that emerged during processing. The number of items in each box and file is given in brackets. Separate descriptions for each series precede its inventory. The major classifications of the series that comprise the collection are as follows: Correspondence, 19241982 Scholarly Works, 19231982 Teaching Materials and Workbooks, 19171979 Personal Documentation, 19141981 Printed Material, 19251979 RestrictionsRESTRICTIONS AND PERMISSION TO PUBLISHThere are no restrictions but permission to publish material from Salomon Chaim Bochner  Papers must be obtained from the Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University.
Administrative InformationPREFERRED CITATION:Salomon Chaim Bochner  Papers, 19141982, MS 357, Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University PROVENANCEThe papers of S.C. Bochner were donated to the Woodson Research Center by Bochner's daughter, Deborah Bochner Kennel on May 11, 1982 BIOGRAPHICAL SOURCES
BOX INVENTORY
Index Of Correspondents: (1st AZ, To Bochner ; 2nd AZ, From BochnerAbelson, Philip H. [Science] Abramenko, B. Adams, R. E. [Princeton University, Personnel Services] Adem, Jose Alman, Robert Almgren, Beverly Aloys, Sr. Mary [St. Johns Hospital, Santa Monica, CA] Alperin, Arlene Alperin, Roger Altman, Yale [MIT Press] Ambrose, Alice Amerio, Luigi Amsbury, Clifton Anderson, Claire W. Andrew, Merle M. [Air Force Office of Scientific Research] Ankeny, Barbara Anstee, R. [Pergamon Press] Aptheker, Jeanette Zevin Arens, Richard Aresty, Esther Aresty, Julian Arkowitz, Martin Armel, Jeanne [Dictionary of Scientific Biography] Arnous, Edmond Artzt, Harriet Artzt, Marice Askey, Richard A. Atkinson, Bengta [Princeton University Press] Atwell, Priscilla A. [Journal of the History of Ideas] Austin, William Axelrod, Rona [W. A. Benjamin] Ayoub, Raymond G. D. Badner, Carol Bailey, Herbert S., Jr. [Princeton University Press] Bakeman, G. W [Rockefeller Foundation] Baker, Theophilus, Jr. Bangs, John Bangs, Nora H. [Princeton University Press] Barnes, John L. Bartlett, Arthur C. [Princeton University Press] Barymauu, Sonja Barymauu, Vaja Bastian, Joseph J. Battin, Isaac L. Baumslag, Gilbert Baur, A. Beer, Arthur Bellman, Richard E. Benjamin, William A. [W. A. Benjamin, Inc.] Benson, Jann Benson, Robert L. Berberian, S. K. [Mathematical Reviews] Bernstein, Marver Bernstein, Sheva Bers, Lipman Berthier, Anne Marie Besicovitch, A. S. Betts, Winifred R. [Albert B. Ashforth, Inc.] Beverley, Stanley Bhatt, S. N. [Indian Journal of Mathematics] Billington, James H. [Woodrow Wilson International Center] Bing, R. H. Biographic Encyclopedia of Scientists and Technologists Birkhoff, Garrett [American Academy of Arts and Sciences] Bleacher, Dianne [RendallCook and Company] Blumenfeld, Walter [Revista de Ciencias, Lima, Peru] Boas, Ralph P. [Mathematical Association of America] Bochner, F. Bohnerblust, Frederic Boldrini, Marcello [Scuola Di Studi Superiori Sugli Idrocarburi] Bombieri, Enrico Bompiani, Enrico [Centro Internazionale Matematico Estivo] Bonetti, N. [Scientia, Milan, Italy] Boutet de Mouvel, Louis Bowden, Lemeul Bowen, William G. Boxer, Eric Boxer, Hedda Boyar, Stephen A. [W. A. Benjamin, Inc.] Boyer, Howard [W. A. Benjamin] Bray, Herbert E. Bremer, John [Harcourt, Brace & World] Brierly, James S. [Ballistic Research Laboratories] Bronk, Detlev W. Brotzen, Franz R. Brower, W. Bruml, Ethel Bruml, Milton Buck, Peter [American Academy of Arts and Sciences] Bull, David C. [W. A. Benjamin, Inc.] Bunch, Grace Grierson [Rice University, Alumni Assoc.] Bunting, Virginia McCormac [University of California Press] Burke, John G. Buriak, I. [Mathematical Reviews] Butzer, Paul Byrne, Josheph E. [AddisonWesley Publishing Company] Cahill, Betty [Who's Who in America] Callaway, Karyn [Sallyport] Campbell, Paul J. Carlson, Carl G. R., Jr. Carmichael, R. D. Carmigiani, Robert Carothers, S. Casey, Bob Choksi, J. R. Chandrasekharan, K. Chandrasekharan, Sari Chang, H. M. Cheeger, Jeff Cheng, M. T. Chern, S. S. Chuhay, Georgia M. [W. A. Benjamin, Inc.] Chung, K. L. Church, Ralph B. [Juniata College, Cultural Events Cmte.] Cicero, Providence [Charles Scribner's Sons] Clark, Eloise E. [National Science Foundation] Clarke, W. Norris [International Philosophical Quarterly] Cohen, I. Bernard Cohen, Esther Cohen, George S. Coleman, Bernard D. Colodny, Robert Colombano, Silvano Conti, Roberto [Centro Internazionale Matematico Estivo] Cook, Frederic A. Cooke, Roger L. Copeland, Jim Corbett, Paul D. [Harcourt, Brace & World] Cordovan Press Cordy, J. K. [Clarendon Press] Corson, Earl M. Costner, Herbert L. [National Science Foundation] Cottle, Evelyn Craig, Homer V. Crater, Claude M. Crawford, Victoria B. [National Academy of Sciences] Crispin, Edwin A. Crompton, T. [International Education Board] Crouse, William H. [McGrawHill] Curtis, Michael Curtis, Morton L. Cutler, Liz [Princeton University Press] Dall, C. G. [National Economic Council, Inc.] Dalton, Joanne Daly, M. Hope [American Mathematical Society] Damrou, Mary [Friedman, Rosen and Bochner, Inc.] Danese, Arthur E. Darling, Donald A. Dawson, Nancy W. [Unitarian Church of Princeton] Debney, George Delaroche, P. [Ministry of National Education, France] Delons, P. L. Delsarte, J. De Reuck, A. V. S. [Ciba Foundation] Diamond, Phil Dick, John H. [Who's Who in Technology Today] Dieudonne, J. Dodds, H. W. Dodge, John V. [Encyclopedia Britannica] Doherty, Loretta T. Dolpe, Charles Domandi, Mario Donahue, Jack [Cordovan Press] Doran, Barbara Giusti Dorroh, J. R. Drew, Katherine Fischer [Rice University Studies] Driscoll, Rev. Br. John G. Dryden, Hugh L. [National Academy of Sciences] Dube, M. K. Dubins, Lester E. Durham, Barbar [University of California Press] Durst, Lincoln K. [American Mathematical Society] Dutta, M. [Calcutta Mathematical Society] Dvoretzky, A. Eberlain, William F. Ehrlich, Ruth Ehrlich, Stanley Eisele, Carolyn Elmore, Nan M. Epstein, Jules M. [New York Life Insurance Co.] Equitable Life Assurance Everett, Arthur L. [First National Bank of Princeton] Faith, Carl Farinholt, Larkin H. [Alfred P. Sloan Foundation] Farrell, David [Foundation for Advanced Computer Technology] Fejer, Paul H. Ferrell, Sara [Dictionary of American Biography] Feurhel, K. Fielding, Anne Fieldston, Heidi [National Endowment for the Humanities] Filion, Gail [Princeton University Press] Finh, A. M. Finney, George G. First National Bank of Princeton Fisch, Max H. Fischer, William L. Fisher, Doris Fleming, Mary Janet Fordyce, C. J. Forscher, Bernard [National Academy of Sciences] Fox, Cynthia Fox, Ralph Fraukel, R. F. Fritz, Kurt von Fruge, August [University of California Press] Furtmuller, L. E. Gaffney, Matthew P. [National Science Foundation] Gaines, Joseph Gaines, Sylvia Galuten, Aaron [Chelsea Publishing Company] Gamelin, T. W. Gander, John F. [Air Force Office of Scientific Research] Garraty, John A. [Dictionary of American Biography] Garside, Charles, Jr. Gelbaum, Beatrice Gelbaum, Bernard R. Gelfand, I. M. Gemelli, G. [Scientia] Gersten, Steve Geter, Maggie Gilbert, Felix Gilbert, Walter Gilbertson, Edna [National Academy of Sciences] Gillispie, Charles C. Gillmor, C. Stewart Ginsburg, Miriam H. Gipstein, Dr. Glassman, Irvin [Nassau Swim Club, Princeton, NJ] Gleason, Andrew M. [National Academy of Sciences] Goddard, David R. [National Academy of Sciences] Godoli, G. Goheen, Robert F. Goldberg, Richard R. Goldberg, Samuel I. Goldhaber, J. K. Goldstine, Herman Heine Good, I. Jack Goodman, Joanna [Princeton University Press] Gordon, Albert [National Committee on the Emeriti, Inc.] Gordon, Carole J. [Alfred A. Knopf] Gordon, Elva Gordon, Janet [Rice University, Mathematics Department] Gordon, William E. Gorman, Elizabeth Gottlieb, Sally Tompkins Gottschalk, Walter Graham, Laurie [Charles Scribner's Sons] Greenleaf, Newcomb Griffith, Louis C. [Rice University, Office of Advanced Studies and Research] Groh, Gurgen Gruder, Y. [Wolf Foundation] Guenther, Ronald B. Guerlac, Henry Guggenheimer, H. Gulliver, B. Gunning, Robert Gunning, Wanda Hackerman, Norman [UNK], Mary [UNK], Stanley Haidemenakis, E. D. [International Science Foundation] Haimm, S. M. Haimm Garden Memorial Center Halmos, P. R. [American Mathematical Society] Halperin, Israel Hamilton, Mary Alice [Rice University, Library Gifts and Exchanges] Hardy, G. H. Harris, C. R. S. Harris, Carl [W. A. Benjamin, Inc.] Harvey, Reese Haulik, Gejza Hawley, Newton R. Hayman, W. K. Heffernan, Irene [TIAACREF] Helgason, Sigurdur Hellerstein, Simon [National Science Foundation] Hempel, Peter Henry, Agnes Henry, Arthur W. [W. B. Saunders Co., Publishers] Herman, Victor Hersh, Reuben Herz, Carl Hewitt, Edwin Higgins, Ronald C. [U. S. Department of Defense] Hitch, Charles J. Hochschild, Gerhard Hoekzema, Loren [Princeton University Press] Hoffman, Kenneth Hollman, Dorothy [Princeton University Press] Hopkins, Jeannette [Harper and Row] Horn, Roger A. Horowitz, Frances G. Horvath, J. Howell, Samuel C. Hubel, Gordon [Princeton University Press] Huneke, Harold Hunt, Gilbert A. Hurney, Leon Hyman, Harold M. Iggers, George G. Ismail, Mourad Italian State Tourist Office Izumi, Masako Izumi, Shinichi Jaco, Becky Jaco, Bus Jaffe, Arthur James, Edward T. [Dictionary of American Biography] James, Mary Ann Jones, Charles F. [Humble Oil Company] Jones, Beverly Jones, Frank, Jr. Kac, Mark Kahane, Pierre Kalechofsky, Robert Kandel, Esther F. [Journal of the History of Ideas] Karlin, Samuel Karush, Rebecca [Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications] Katsurada, Yohie Katz, Ellen Kaysen, Carl Kelley, J. L. Kemeny, John G. Kempton, Gail [TIAACREF] Kendall, David G. Kennel, Charles F. Kennel, Deborah Kennel, Sarah Kenny, Anne Ketz, Louise Bilebof [Dictionary of Scientific Biography] Kidd, Stephen [Nassau Swimming Club, Princeton, NJ] Kiefer, J. Kile, Barbara [Rice University, Library Gifts and Exchanges] Kinsman, Clare D. [Contemporary Authors] Knipe, Anthony W. [Lumberman's Mutual Casualty Company] Kormendi, Kati Koste, L. Kra, Irwin Krabisch, Elisabeth [Dictionary of American Biography] Krawiec, T. S. Kress, Alicia Kress, Lee Kristeller, P. O. Kriz, Miroslav Kriz, Sujami Kuhn, Thomas S. Kulstad, M. Kusuda, Tetsuza La Due, John S. Lagerstrom, Paco A. Landon, Charles Langlands, Bob Lapedes, Daniel M. [McGrawHill] Laubert, Flora Lawson, Blaine Lazar, Hym Lazar, Lill Lee, Mrs. Rensselaer Wright Lefevre, Timothy M. Lehner, Joseph Leibler, R. A. [Institute for Defense Analyses] Leipziger, Mrs. Joseph Leitch, Alexander Lentz, Harris, III Leray, Jean Lessing, Uwe [Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft] Lester, Richard A. Levinson, Norman Levitan, B. M. Levitt, I. M. [Franklin Institute] Levy, Marion J., Jr. Lew, John S. [IBM] Lewin, Juliette [Federation Thrift House] Lewis, Hywel David Libster, Bernard [W. A. Benjamin, Inc.] Lichtenberg, D. R. Lightfoot, Melinda N. Linis, V. LipschutzYevick, Miriam Lister, William G. Lorch, Lee Lowace, Arnold J. Lynch, Edward F. [Prudential Insurance Company] Lynch, Helen D. [Holt, Rinehart and Winston] Lyons, Bridget Gellert [Renaissance Quarterly] MacArthur, Robert McBride, Elizabeth McCormach, Russell McGuire, William [Princeton University Press] McMillan, Brockway [Bell Telephone Laboratories] MacNeille, H. M. Macorini, Edgardo [Edizioni Scientifiche E Tecniche] MacRae, Scotia W. [Princeton University Press] Malindzak, George S., Jr. Mallianni, P. Mandelbaum, Samuel [Friedman, Rosen and Bachner] Marchand, L. S. [Plenum] Marcus, Philip N. [National Endowment for the Humanities] Martin, Livy Martin, W. Ted Martinez, Juan Carlos Martino, Joseph P. [Air Force Office of Scientific Research] Mason, Christine Masyn, William [U. S. Social Security Administration] Mattingly, Mary E. May, Kenneth O. [Historia Mathematica] Meier, Donal A. [National Computer Conference, 1975] Metivier, Michel Meyer, Don E. [Harcourt, Brace and World] Miele, Angelo [Plenum] Miller, Paul E. [Automobile Club of Central New Jersey] Mills, G. A. Milne, R. K. Minkin, Margit Montgomery, Deane Moore, Carlisle Morgan, Bernard S., Jr. Morrey, Charles B., Jr. Morse, Louise Morse, Marston Mostow, G. D. Mudrak, Deborah Muhly, Paul S. Mullany, Rosemary [TIAA] Multhauf, Robert P. [ISIS] Munsche, M. C. Murata, Tamotsu Murphree, Martha [Rice University, Association of Rice Alumni] Nakae, T. Napoles Gandara, Alfonso Nassau Inn Neu, Charles E. Neumann, B. H. Newman, Tommie Neyman, J. Nitsche, Johannes C. C. Nitzche, Jane Nordon, Jean Norton, Claire Norton, Lowell Nunziato, Virginia Obletz, Mrs. Benjamin O'Byrne, Sylvester Olds, Michael M. [W. A. Benjamin] Osserman, Bob Overmann, Ronald J. [National Science Foundation] Paine, Dorothy W. [University of California Press] Papakonstantinov, K. Parker, Sybil P. [McGrawHill] Parzen, Emanuel Pasta, John R. [National Science Foundation] Peking University, Mathematics Department Pelle, J. S. Pennachio, Dorothy [Harcourt, Brace & World] Peoples, Klaus Pepper, Doris Hellman Peters, Klaus [Birkhauser, Inc.] Pettee, Charles E. [Charles Scribner's Sons] Pfeiffer, John Phillips, Ralph Piana, Anna [Edizioni Scientifiche E Tecniche] Pinl, M. Pitcher, Everett [American Mathematical Society] Pitcher, Florence Pitman, H. Russ [Rice University, Office of the President] Poe, John [First National Bank of Princeton] Pohrer, R. G. [Air Force Office of Scientific Research] Polakoff, Sue [W. A. Benjamin] Polking, John C. Pollard, Harry Pollock, Shirley [Beth Israel Cemetery] Pope, Carl R. [Institute for Advanced Study] Post, Gaines Prakash, N. Press, Frank [U.S. Office of Science and Technology Policy] Press, Michelle [American Scientist] Price, William J. Primas, Hans Princeton University, Information Services Princeton University, Mathematics Department Princeton University Store, Sales Manager Procita, Leonard Proshansky, Harold M. Querry, John W. [Air Force Office of Scientific Research] Quigley, Edward J. [Harcourt, Brace and World and Hatner Press] Raalte, Andree Rabinowicz, Ernest Rabinowicz, Fanny Rabinowicz, Ina Rabinowicz, Karen Raghunathan, T. T. Rahr, David G. [Princeton University, Alumni Association] Randol, Burton Rao, A. S. Rassias, George M. Rauch, Harry E. Reasoner, Harry M. [Rice University, Alumni Association] Recillas, Felix Reese, Lawrence L. Ruiz Reese, Mina Reiche, Frank P. [Smith, Stratton, Wise] Rendell, Kenneth M., Jr. [Princeton University, Real Estate Department] Resnikoff, Howard L. Reynolds, W. B. Rhodes, Kathy [Rice University, High Emprise] Rice, George J. Rice University, Mathematics Department Rice University, Mathematical Sciences Department Rice University, Office of Public Relations Riley, Edward F. [HoldenDay, Inc.] Rockafellar, Tyrrell Rohmann, Paul H. [Kent State University Press] Ronchi, Vasco Roobelaar, Buan Rosen, O. [Mosadat Publications] Rosen, Pinhas [Rothschild Prizes Organization] Rosenbaum, R. A. Rosenberg, Alex [Mathematical Association of America] Rosenberg, Winnie Rosenkrantz, Walter Rota, GlanCarlo [Encyclopedia of Mathematics] Rothaus, Oscar Rothaus, Tobe Royster, W. C. Rubel, Lee A. Rubin, Beth [McCutchen Publishing Company] Rudin, Walter Ruse, H. S. Ryan, Donald E. Sachs, Alexander Sacksteder, Richard Sadler, M. O. [Rice University, Personnel] St. James Press, Ltd. Saint John's Hospital Salsburg, Bertha Saltman, Aaron Sampson, J. H. Sapojnikoff, Victor Scarf, Herbert E. Scarf, Maggle Schafer,... Schanze, E. S. [New York Academy of Sciences] Schatz, Bruce Schoenberg, I. J. Schoenfeld, Lowell Schroth, Gerald P. [First National Bank of Princeton] Schuster, Constance Schwammberger, Virginia E. Schwartz, Laurent Schwarz, Magda Scribner, Charles, Jr. [Charles Scribner's Sons] Seeger, Raymond J. [National Science Foundation] Seeley, Robert T. Seide, Maurice [W. A. Benjamin] Selberg, Atle Selberg, Hedvig Selvin, Hanan C. Serre, JeanPierre Servdio, Frank J. Shapiro, Betty J. [W. A. Benjamin] Shaw, Oliver Shepp, L. A. [Bell Telephone Laboratories] Sherrard, Mrs. Peter [Princeton University Press] Shklarsky, E. Silver, Ida Simany, M. A. Singh, R. N. Sinlie, Bipin Behari Sisco, Helen R. [Prudential Insurance Company] Slater, Marguerite B. Smith, Craig G. [Mathtech] Smith, Cyril Stanley Smith, Edgar S. [Smith, Stratton, Wise and Heher] Smith, H. E. [Thomas Cook and Son] Smith, Vincent E. [The New Scholasticism] Snow, Donald R. Snow, Jack L. [AAAWorld Wide Travel Service] Soldavin, Evelyn H. [Princeton University, Real Estate Department] Spaeder, Margaret A. [Charles Scribner's Sons] Speiser, David Spellman, John Spencer, Natalie Spitzer, Doreen Spivak, Michael Srebrny, Simon Srivastav, Ram Prasad Staples, Robert H. [Princeton Public Library] Starke, Emory P. Stein, Elias M. Steiner, Eugene F. Steiner, George Stigler, Stephen M. Stix, Thomas Howard Stout, E. L. Strauss, Herbert A. [International Biographical Archives] Struik, Dirk J. Strzelecki, E. [Journal of the Australian Mathematical Society] Studley, Duane Stutsky, Fred Sullivan, Laurie [Charles Scribner's Sons] Sutton, Linda A. [W. A. Benjamin] Swerdlow, Noel Tangherlini, Frank R. Tanner, Daniel Tarwater, Dalton Taton, Rene Tax Department, Township of Princeton Taylor, Angus E. Taylor, Michael Taylor, S. James Templeton, Alan Tenner, Edward [Princeton University Press] Terracini, Alessandro Thomas, Emery Thomas, J. M. Thomas, Roy E. [Princeton University Press] Thompson, Ewa Thompson, Jim Tiras, Mrs. Henry [City of Hope Thrift and Resale Shop] Toohey, Terrence J. [Academic Press] Torres, G. Trowbridge, Augustus [International Education Board] Truesdell, Clifford Tuan, HsioFu Tucker, Albert W. Tucker, Mary Ubell, Robert [Plenum] Underwood, Carolyn D. [Institute for Advanced Study] U.S.S.R. Embassy, Cultural Attache Vaghi, Carla Vandiver, Frank E. [Rice University, Office of the President and Texas A and M, Office of the President] Van Helden, Albert Veech, Kay Veech, William A. Vickery, W. W. [Harcourt, Brace and World] Villa, Mario Wadsworth, Frank W. Wagstaff, Samuel S., Jr. Walker, Gordon L. [American Mathematical Society] Wallace, Andrew Wallace, DeWitt [Reader's Digest] Wallace, William A. Walsh, Margaret A. [University of Wisconsin Press] Walters, G. King Ward, Lee C., Jr. [W. A. Benjamin] Wardlaw, Frank H. [Texas A and M University Press] Warran, Arlene [Princetion University Press] Washnitzer, Gerald Washnitzer, Lilly Watkins, Edwin [University of Michigan Press] Watson, Geoffrey S. Wedding, R. T. Weil, A. Wein, Benjamin Weinberg, Alvin M. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory] Weinberg, Babe Weinberg, Sylvia Weinberger, Peter Weinstein, Alexander Weisse, Alan Weisse, Laura Weissenberger, Monika Wells, Reva S. Wells, Ronald O., Jr. Westman, Robert S. Weyl, F. Joachim White, Barbara White, Leon H. White, Morton Whitrow, Gerald J. Widder, D. V. [Duke Mathematical Journal] Wiederhold, Wanna Wiener, Philip P. [Charles Scribner's Sons and Journal of the History of Ideas] Wiggins, Jim Wigner, Eugene P. Wigner, Mary Wigner, Martha F. Wilks,... Williams, Josephine A. [National Academy of Sciences] Wintringer, G. C. [Princeton University, Office of the Controller] Wolf Foundation Wolfman, Kirby Wolfman, Lee Wolfowitz, Jack Woodrow, Raymond J. Woodward, Ronald N. Wray, Vernon J. Wright, Fred B. Xanthakis, I. [Greek Mathematical Society] Yano, Kentaro Yano, Yukako Yau, ShingTung [Institute for Advanced Study] Yevick, Miriam L. York, Helen W. Young, Paul Zaidman, S. Zassenhauer, Angela E. Zedeck, Mishael Zenker, Timothy P. Zimering, S. Abelson, Philip H. [1971] [Science] Adams, R. E. [1966] [Princeton University, Personnel] Akers, W. W. [1981] [W. A. Benjamin] American Express Co. [1982] American Scientist [1973, 1976] Amerio, Luigi [1971,1974] Ansben, Ruth N. [1965] Anstee, R. [1975] [Pergamon Press] Arbib, Michael A. [1974] Ashby, Lynn [1980] Askey, Richard A. [1973] Austin, William [1969] Automobile Club of Central New Jersey [1960] Axelrod, Rona [1968, Undated] [W. A. Benjamin] Ayoub, Raymond G. D. [1971] Bailey, Herbert S., Jr. [1966, 1971, 1975, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1981] [Princeton University Press] Baker, Theophilus, Jr. [1970] Balestrieri, John J. [1972] Bangs, Nora H. [1974] [Princeton University Press] Beer, Arthur [1972, 1974] Bellman, Richard E. [1970, 1972, 1975] Benedict, George A. [1973] Benson, Robert L. [1972] Bertelsen, Elmer [1975] Berthier, Anne Marie [1978, 1979] Beth Israel Cemetery [1971] Betts, Winifred R. [1959] [Albert B. Ashforth, Inc.] Billington, James H. [1974] [Woodrow Wilson International Center] Birkhauser Boston, Inc. [1982] Black, C. [1971, Undated] Blyth, Colin R. [1973] Bochner, Deborah [See Kennel, D.] Bochner, Joseph [1924] Bohnerblust, Frederic [1974] Bombieri, Enrico [1979, 1980, 1981] Bonetti, N. [1968] [Scientia, Milan, Italy] Bonney, Evelyn [1975] Borlase, Rodney [1978] [Rice University, Library Collection Dev.] Boutet de Mouvel, Louis [1978] Boxer, Eric {1973} Boyar, Stephen A. {1968} [W. A. Benjamin, Inc.] Bremer, John {1961, 1962} [Harcourt, Brace and World] Brierly, James S. {1953} [Ballistic Research Laboratories] Broch, Nathan {1982} Brockton Boot and Shoe Co. {1971} Brower, W. {1971, 1972} Bull, David C. {1971} [W. A. Benjamin, Inc.] Bunch, Grace Grierson {1981} [Rice University, Alumni Assoc.] Burke, John G. {1975} Calabi, Eugenio {1976} California, University of {1978} Callaway, Karyn {1971} [Sallyport] Callihan, Mrs. {1970} Carlson, Carl G. R., Jr. {1971} Chandrasekharan, K. {1973} Chaplin, J. P. {1966} Chapman, Alan J. {1969} Cheeger, Jeff {1971} Chuhay, Georgia M. {1970} [W. A. Benjamin, Inc.] Church, Ralph B. {1968} [Juniata College, Cultural Events Cmte.] Clark, Eloise E. {1979} [National Science Foundation] Clarkson, Llayron L. {1971} Clerc, Jean Louis {1974} Cohen, I. Bernard {1972} Coleman, Bernard D. {1977, 1978} Colodny, Robert {Undated} Combes, Jean {1980} Cook, Frederic A. {1967} Cooke, Roger L. {1971} Cosmos Club {1978} Curtis, Morton L. {1967, 1968, 1969} Daerr, Robert L. {1953} Daly, M. Hope {1978} [American Mathematical Society] Dayton Biltmore {1961} Debrey,... {1972} Dee, Orson R. {1971} Doherty, Loretta T. {1969, 1970, 1971, 1978} Domandi, Mario {1976} Donahue, Jack {1973} [Cordovan Press] Doran, Barbara Giusti {1974, Undated} Dorroh, J. R. {1971} Drew, Katherine Fischer {1968, 1970, 1977, 1980} [Rice University Studies] Driscoll, Rev. Br. John G. {1966} Dryden, Hugh L. {Undated} [National Academy of Sciences] Duffin, R. T. {1981} Durst, Lincoln K. {1978} [American Mathematical Society] Eisele, Carolyn {1973} Encyclopedia Britannica {Undated} Everett, Arthur L. {1972} [First National Bank of Princeton] Farinholt, Larkin H. {1964, 1969, 1970} [Alfred P. Sloan Foundation] Farlee, Myrtle {1971} Ferrell, Sarah {1976} [Dictionary of American Biography] Ferrell, T. W. {1975} Filion, Gail {1977} [Princeton University Press] Fisch, Max H. {1973, 1974} Fleischer, Everly B. {1976} Floyd, Edwin E. {1969} Fordyce, C. J. {1971} Friedman, Rosen and Bachner {1971} Fritz, Kurt von {1932, 1967, 1972, 1973, Undated} Funkenstein, Amos {1975} FurlanSpitzer Furriers {1971} Furstenberg, Hillel {1977} Furtmuller, L. E. {1972} Gamelin, T. W. {1980, Undated} Gangoli, Ramesh {1977} Garside, Charles, Jr. {1969} Gelbaum, Bernard R. {1966, 1968, 1973} Gemelli, G. {1968} [Scientia] Gerstenhaber, Murray {1974} Gilbertson, Edna {1970} [National Academy of Sciences] Gillispie, Charles C. {1973, 1974, 1978} Gillmor, C. Stewart {1968, 1970, 1972, 1973} Gingerich, Owen {1974} Glassman, Irvin {1971} [Nassau Swim Club, Princeton, NJ] Gleason, Andrew M. {1976, 1978} [National Academy of Sciences] Goddard, David R. {1976} [National Academy of Sciences] Goldberg, Richard R. {1974} Goldberg, Samuel I. {1975} Goldhaber, J. K. {1969} Goldstine, Herman Heine {1971} Gordon, Albert {1973} [National Committee on the Emeriti, Inc.] Gordon, Janet {1968, Undated} [Rice University, Mathematics Department] Gordon, William E. {1967, 1969, 1970, 1979, 1980, 1981, Undated} Gottschalk, Walter {1966} Grabstald, Harry {1970} Graham, Laurie {1977} [Charles Scribner's Sons] Griffith, Louis C. {1978, 1980} [Rice University Office of Advanced Studies and Research] Guenther, Ronald B. {1980} Guerlac, Henry {1970} Gunning, Robert {1969, 1971, 1972, 1974, 1975, Undated} Hackerman, Norman {1975, 1978} Haidemenakis, E. D. {1970} [International Science Foundation] Hall, Jason {1977} Hanley, Newton {1982} Harris, C. R. S. {1966} Haskell, Tom {1973} Heffernan, Irene {1971} [TIAACREF] Heinsuis, Fred W. {1963, Undated} Helgason, Sigurdur {1974, 1976} Hellerstein, Simon {1975} [National Science Foundation] Henry, Agnes {1971} Henry, Arthur W. {1971} [W. B. Saunders Co., Publishers] Herder and Herder {1971, 1973} Herz, Carl {1976} High Emprise {1971, 1972, 1973, 1974} History of Science Society {1971} Hobbs, Marcus E. {1965} Hoekzema, Loren {1981} [Princeton University Press] Hoffman, Kenneth {1963} Horn, Roger A. {1974} Huneke, Harold {1976} Hunt, Gilbert A. {1970, 1976} Hyman, Harold M. {1969, 1972, 1976} Iggers, George G. {1973} Institute for Advanced Study {1979} International Education Board {1926} Ivusic, Christine K. {1980} Jacobson, Nathan {1975, 1976} Jaffe, Arthur {1981, 1982} James, Edward T. {1972} [Dictionary of American Biography] Jan, W. {1979} John, John S. {1973} Jones, Charles F. {1972} [Humble Oil Company] Jones, Frank, Jr. {1969, 1971} Kac, Mark {1972} Kalechofsky, Robert {1975} Kalisch, Gerhard K. {1968} Kandel, Esther F. {1968} [Journal of the History of Ideas] Katz, Herzel {1971} Kaysen, Carl {1969, 1971} Kennel, Charles F. {1967, 1973} Kennel, Deborah {1967, 1972} Kenny, Anne {1970} Ketz, Louise Bilebof {1974} [Dictionary of Scientific Biography] Kimble, Birchall {1971} King, Donald {1973} King, Edmund L. {1976} Kirwan, William E. {1975, 1976} Knopf, Alfred {1979} Kolenda, K. {1970} Kormendi, Kati {1976, 1980} Kra, Irwin {1971} Krabisch, Elisabeth {1974} [Dictionary of American Biography] Krawiec, T. S. {1966} Kress, Alicia {1971, 1973} Kristeller, P. O. {1970} Kuhn, Thomas S. {1975} Kuper, J. B. H. {1959} Kusuda, Tetsuza {1969} La Due, John S. {1969, 1970} Landon, Charles {1971} Lapedes, Daniel M. {1965, 1967, 1970, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1976, 1977} [McGrawHill] Lawson, Blaine {1980} Lazerowitz, Alice {1971} Lefevre, Timothy M. {1971} Lehmann, E. L. {1970} Lemonick, Aaron {1970, 1973} Leray, Jean {1958, 1974} Lester, Richard A. {1972} Levinson, Norman {1974} Levitt, I. M. {1971, 1972} [Franklin Institute] Levy, Marion J., Jr. {1972} Lew, John S. {1975} [IBM] Lichtenberg, D. R. {1974, 1975} Lorch, Lee {1975} Louis A. 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Social Security Administration] Mathematical Association of America {1975} May, Kenneth O. {1973, 1975} [Historia Mathematica] Meisters, Gary H. {1962} Meredith Press {1966} Metivier, Michel {1972, 1973} Meyer, Don E. {1968, 1971} [Harcourt, Brace & World] Miele, Angelo {1977} [Plenum] Mikusinski, Jan {1976} Miller, Paul E. {1972} [Automobile Club of Central New Jersey] Miller, Richard W. {1971} Milnor, John {1973} Moore, Carlisle {1977} Multhauf, Robert P. {1965} [ISIS] Murata, Tamotsu {1969} Murphin, Kathleen {1977} National Academy of Science, Proceedings Office {1981} Needham, Joseph {1982} Nelson, Edward {1967} Neuwirth,... {1973} Nicolescu, Miron {1973} Nitsche, Johannes C. C. {1974, 1982} Nunziato, Virginia {1971} Olds, Michael M. {1968} [W. A. Benjamin] O'Meara, O. Timothy {1972} Oxford University Press {1966} Parker, Sybil P. {1978, 1980, 1981, 1982} [McGrawHill] Parzen, Emanuel {1981} Pergamon Press {1980} Peters, Klaus {1979} [Birkhauser, Inc.] Pettee, Charles E. {1967, 1969, 1970, 1971} [Charles Scribner's Sons] Pietrinferno, James R. {1971} Pinl, M. {1970} Pitcher, Everett {1978} [American Mathematical Society] Pitman, H. Russ {1973} [Rice University, Office of the President] Pitzer, Kenneth S. {1968} Polking, John C. {1979, 1981} Pollock, William F. {1971} Pope, Carl R. {1972} [Institute for Advanced Study] Post, Gaines {1971} Prakash, N. {1970} Press, Michelle {1972} [American Scientist] PriceWilliams, Douglass {1969} Princeton University Press {1972} Procita, Leonard {1966} Proshansky, Harold M. {1972} Prudential Insurance Co. {1971} Quigley, Edward J. {1965, 1970, 1972} [Harcourt, Brace and World and Hafner Press] Quinn, Frank J. {1972} Rabinowicz, Ernest {1972} Rahr, David G. {1972} [Princeton University, Alumni Association] Ramsay, Beatty H. {1971} Randol, Burton {1976} Random House {1979} Rao, A. S. {1981} Rauch, Harry E. {1974} Reasoner, Harry M. {1981} [Rice University, Alumni Association] Redding, J. B. and Son {1972} Reese, Lawrence L. Ruiz {1978} Reiche, Frank P. {1970, 1971, 1972} [Smith, Stratton, Wise] Renaissance Quarterly {1978} Rendell, Kenneth M., Jr. {1971} [Princeton University, Real Estate Department] Resnikoff, Howard L. {1968} Rice, George J. {1972} Rice University Studies {Undated} Rohmann, Paul H. {1977} [Kent State University Press] Ronchi, Vasco {1978, 1979, 1980} Rosen, Edward {1973} Rosen, Pinhas {1970} [Rothschild Prizes Organization] Rosenberg, Alex {1973, 1974} [Mathematical Association of America] Rosenblum, Charles {1973} Rosser, J. Barkley {1970} Rossi, Hugo {1972}d Rota, GianCarlo {1974, 1975, 1979} [Encyclopedia of Mathematics] Rubel, Lee A. {1973} Rubin, Beth {1968} [McCutchen Publishing Company] Rudin, Walter {1971} Ryff, John V. {1971} Sachs, Alexander {1965} Sadler, M. O. {1968} [Rice University, Personnel] Salkow, Gregory M. {1970, 1971} Scarf, Herbert E. {1974} Schary, Dore {1972} Schary, Miriam {1972} Schoenberg, I. J. {1970} Schoenfeld, Lowell {1971} Schoenfield, J. R. {1971} Schroth, Gerald P. {1971} [First National Bank of Princeton] Schwammberger, Virginia Ed. {1971} Scribner, Charles, Jr. {1971} [Charles Scribner's Sons] Seeger, Raymond J. {1971, 1972} [National Science Foundation] Seeley, Robert T. {1972} Selberg, Hedvig {1975} Sell, George R. {1974} Shapiro, Betty J. {1968, 1969} [W. A. Benjamin] Shapiro, Mrs. Julian {1971} Shklarsky, E. {1970} Simons, James {1969} Sisco, Helen R. {1971} [Prudential Insurance Company] Slater, Marguerite B. {1970} Sloan Foundation. 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James {1974} Teague, James U. {1978} Temple, George {1961} Tenner, Edward {1980, 1981} [Princeton University Press] Tnackeray, Arnold {1978} Thomas, Emery {1973} Thomas, G. F. {1961} Thomas, Roy E. {1968} [Princeton University Press] Thurston, William P. {1979, 1980, 1981} Truesdell, Clifford {1974, 1976} Tsanoff, Radoslav A. {1968} Tucker, Mary {Undatedd} Ubell, Robert {1975} [Plenum] Underwood, Carolyn D. {1975} [Institute for Advanced Study] Vaghi, Carla {1982} Vandiver, Frank E. {1970, 1975, 1979} [Rice University, Office of the President and Texas A and M, Office of the President] Van Helden, Albert {1979} Veech, William A. {1979, 1981} Vlastos, Gregory {1963, Undated} Wadsworth, Frank W. {1968} Wallace, Andrew {1969} Wallace, William A. {1972} Walsh, Margaret A. {1980} [University of Wisconsin Press] Walters, G. King {1976, 1980, 1981} Wedding, R. T. {1976} Weinberg, Alvin M. {1969} [Oak Ridge National Laboratory] Weissenberger, Klaus {1978} Wells, Ronald O., Jr. {1969, 1981} Westman, Robert S. {1972, 1973, 1976} Weyl, F. Joachim {1975} White, Morton {1973} Wiener, Philip P. {1967, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1972, 1973, 1974, Undated} [Charles Scribner's Sons and Journal of the History of Ideas Wigner, Eugene P. {1973} Wolfman, Kirby {1971} Woodward, Ronald N. {1971} Wray, Vernon J. {1972, Undated} Xanthakis, I. {1973} [Greek Mathematical Society] Yano, Kentaro {1971, 1973, 1975} Yau, ShingTung {1979, 1980, 1981} [Institute for Advanced Study] Zervos, S. P. {1973} 