Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH

SCOPE AND CONTENT

Restrictions

INDEX TERMS

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Dobney Project Correspondence

Papers

Miscellaneous, 1929-1953

Memorabilia

Ellen Garwood

Copies of Related Holdings

Senate Hearing

Correspondence

Miscellaneous, 1899-1904

Personal Financial Records

Biographical Material

Materials in Vault

Oversized Materials

Woodson Research Center, Rice University

Guide to the William Lockhart Clayton Papers, 1897-1966



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Clayton, William Lockhart
Title William Lockhart Clayton - Papers,
Dates: 1897-1966, Bulk dates 1934-1964
ID MS 7
Extent 34.5 linear feet
Language English.
Repository: Rice UniversityFondren Library Houston, TX 77251-1892

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH

William Lockhart Clayton was born in Tupelo, Mississippi on February 7th, 1880. In August 1902 he was married to Susan Vaughan. He was a co-founder of Anderson, Clayton and Company, based in Houston, Texas. In 1918 Clayton was a member of the Committee on Cotton Distribution with the War Industries Board. From 1940 to 1942 he was the Vice President of the Export-Import Bank.

His career in government service began in 1942 with his appointment as Assistant Secretary of Commerce, followed by appointments as Administrator of the Surplus War Property Administration (1944), Assistant Secretary of State (1944-1945), Undersecretary of State for Economic Affairs (1945-1947), and as head of the U.S. delegation at the United Nations Conference on Trade and Employment, which took place in Havana, Cuba, in 1947.

Clayton also served in the following capacities: Alternate Governor, World Bank (1946-1949), Vice President, Atlantic Union Committee (1949-1961), member on the National Security Training Commission (1951-1954), Chairman, National Committee on Campaign Contributions and Expenditures (1960), member on the Board of Governors of the Atlantic Institute (1960), and as co-Chairman of the U.S. Citizens Commission on NATO (1961).

In the 1950s Clayton authored a number of books primarily dealing with economics and their political remifications. These included "We Must Trade Sovereignty For Freedom" (1950), "The Road To Peace" (1955), "What Price Oil?" (1958), and "We Are Losing The Cold War" (1958).

William L. Clayton died on February 9th, 1966, in Houston, Texas.

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SCOPE AND CONTENT

The Clayton collection, covering the years 1897 to 1966, consists of sixty-five boxes of originals and photocopies of business and personal correspondence, speeches, reports, and telegrams. Many of the photocopies are of original material held by other repositories. Also included are photographs, memorabilia, and some oversize material such as certificates of appointment.

The papers are arranged chronologically.

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Restrictions

RESTRICTIONS AND LITERARY RIGHTS

No restrictions, but permission to publish materials from William Lockhart Clayton's papers must be obtained from the Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University.

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INDEX TERMS

Anderson, Clayton and Company.
Marshall Plan.
Statesmen--United States.
Economic assistance, American--Europe--20th century.
United States--Foreign relations--1945-1953.

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Related Material

Other significant William L. Clayton papers are at the National Archives, the Truman Library, and the Hoover Institution, Stanford University. Lesser holdings are at the Cossitt-Goodwyn branch of the Memphis/Shelby County Public Library. Some time in the early 1980s a small group of papers went to the Houston Metropolitan Center of the Houston Public Library when Anderson, Clayton and Co. was acquired by Quaker Oats.

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Administrative Information

PREFERRED CITATION:

William Lockhart Clayton - Papers, 1897-1966, MS 7, Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University

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BOX INVENTORY

 

Dobney Project Correspondence

box
Box 1 Correspondence with libraries related to Dobney project of collecting photocopies of WLC papers in other repositories

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Papers

box
Box 2 Papers, 1919-1929
box
Box 3 Papers, 1930-1933
box
Box 4 Papers, January-October 1934
box
Box 5 Papers, November 1934-1935
box
Box 6 Papers, 1936-1938
box
Box 7 Papers, 1939
box
Box 8 Papers, 1940
box
Box 9 Papers, 1941
box
Box 10 Papers, 1942
box
Box 11 Papers, 1943
box
Box 12 Papers, January-August 1944
box
Box 13 Papers, September-December 1944
box
Box 14 Papers, January-June 5, 1945
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Box 15 Papers, June 6 - September 15, 1945
box
Box 16 Papers, September 16 - December, 1945
box
Box 17 Papers, January-August 1946
box
Box 18 Papers, September 1946 - May 1947
box
Box 19 Papers, June-December 1947
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Box 20 Papers, January-October 1948
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Box 21 Papers, November 1948 - February 1949
box
Box 22 Papers, March-September 1949
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Box 23 Papers, October 1949 - March 1950
box
Box 24 Papers, April-December 1950
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Box 25 Papers, 1951
box
Box 26 Papers, 1952
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Box 27 Papers, 1953-1955
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Box 28 Papers, 1956 - June 1958
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Box 29 Papers, June - September 15, 1958
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Box 30 Papers, September 16 - December 1958
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Box 31 Papers, January - April 1959
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Box 32 Papers, May-August 15 1959
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Box 33 Papers, August 17 - December 1959
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Box 34 Papers, January-May 1960
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Box 35 Papers, June-September 1960
box
Box 36 Papers, October-December 1960
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Box 37 Papers, January-March 1961
box
Box 38 Papers, April-June 1961
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Box 39 Papers, July - September 11, 1961
box
Box 40 Papers, September 15 - December 1961
box
Box 41 Papers, January-May 1962
box
Box 42 Papers, June-December 1962
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Box 43 Papers, January-May 1963
box
Box 44 Papers, June-October 1963
box
Box 45 Papers, November 1963 - March 1964
box
Box 46 Papers, April-December 1964
box
Box 47 Papers, 1965
box
Box 48 Papers, 1966 - January 1967
box
Box 49 Photocopies of papers in Truman Library (unfoldered)
box
Box 50 Photocopies of WLC papers in Truman library (unfoldered)

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Miscellaneous, 1929-1953

box
Box 51 WLC/St. John Garwood personal corresp. 1929/30 - 1939/40
Clayton (Will, Ellen) correspondence with the Hon. L.W. Douglas (photocopies)
French newspaper quotes on Clayton and Marshall Plan
London Times index to articles on Clayton 1947
Newspaper clippings
Notes on Clayton's South American trip February 1937
box
Box 52 WLC-related photocopies and originals. Some grouped and labeled by category (e.g., “Misc. A 1950- 53,” “Congress 1952”, “ACCO - to be cataloged...,” “TL -not to be cataloged”)

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Memorabilia

box
Box 53 Family and WLC memorabilia
e.g. passports, daughters' early drawings and notes, photographs Corresp, etc., re J.M. Clayton death 7/7/26

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Ellen Garwood

box
Box 54 Correspondence (original and photocopy) to and from Ellen Garwood (incls. Atlantic Union, Clayton Center, recollections of WLC)
Transcripts (photocopy) of Ellen Garwood's interviews
Ellen Garwood notes from State Department files
Correspondence between State Dept. and Ellen Garwood
"Notes of W.L. Garwood"

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Copies of Related Holdings

box
Box 55 Microfilm:
Truman library, 5 reels: "Papers of WLC", Chron. file: ; Alpha. file - World Trade Fdtn.; "Papers of WLC", Papers of. E.C. Garwood, Official File, President's Personal File, Bill File. June 1, 1945-1964
Library of Congress, 1 reel, no R.G. #
Princeton Library, 1 reel, no R.G.#.
National Archives, 4 reels. "Selected Documents Relating to WLC from the RFC, Commerce and Interior Records"; (R.G. 234, 40, 48); untitled, R.G. 16, 83, 145
Audiotape, 4 reels. Will Clayton, Columbia University Oral History

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Senate Hearing

box
Box 56 Hearing before the Committee on Agriculture and Forestry of the U.S. Senate... to Investigate the Causes of the Decline of Cotton Prices, vol. 1-13
box
Box 57 Hearing before the Committee on Agriculture and Forestry of the U.S. Senate... to Investigate the Causes of the Decline of Cotton Prices vol. 14-19

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Correspondence

box
Box 58 Correspondence (photocopies) W. L. Clayton to Sue Vaughan, Sept. 1899 - Jan. 1901
box
Box 59 Correspondence (photocopies) W. L. Clayton to Sue Vaughan, Feb. 1901 - May 1902
box
Box 60 Correspondence (photocopies) W. L. Clayton to Sue Vaughan, June - August 1902
W.L. Clayton personal business correspondence and miscellany (photocopies), 1898-99, 1903
W. L. Clayton correspondence (photocopies) to Hattye Vaughan, 1900
Sue Vaughan correspondence (photocopies) to W.L. Clayton, 1897-99
Sue Vaughan correspondence (photocopies) to W.L. Clayton, Jan. 1900 - April 1901
box
Box 61 Sue Vaughan correspondence (photocopies) to W.L. Clayton, May 1901 - May 1902
box
Box 62 Sue Vaughan correspondence (photocopies) to W.L. Clayton, June - Aug. 1902
Sue Vaughan correspondence (photocopies) to W.L. Clayton, 1902, 1904
Misc. correspondence (photocopies) to Sue Vaughan and W.L. Clayton, 1898-1904
Personal family correspondence (photocopies), ca. 1895-1903
Personal family correspondence (photocopies), 1917-19
Personal family correspondence (photocopies), 1920-22
Personal family correspondence (photocopies), 1923
Personal family correspondence (photocopies), 1924-26
Personal family correspondence (photocopies), 1927-28
Personal family correspondence (photocopies), 1929-30
box
Box 63 Personal family correspondence (photocopies), 1931-32
Personal family correspondence (photocopies), n.d. (ca. 1920-40)
Personal family correspondence (originals), 1907-63, n.d.
Personal correspondence (photocopies) to Ellen Garwood from parents, 1940-57.
WLC business, personal, and financial correspondence and records (original and photocopy), 1897-1958

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Miscellaneous, 1899-1904

Misc. news items, announcements, etc. (photocopies), ca. 1899-1904

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Personal Financial Records

Financial records re renovation of Clayton's Southmore residence, 1917

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Biographical Material

box
Box 64 Ross Joseph Pritchard thesis, Will Clayton: A Study of Business Statesmanship..., 1955
The Reminiscences of William Lockhart Clayton, Oral History Research Office, Columbia University, 1962
Photocopied materials from Truman Library; Diplomatic Branch, Civil Archives Div., Nat'l Archives; and Harry Hopkins Papers, Sherwood Collection, FDR Library.
box
Box 65 Typescript of Gregory Fossedal's WLC biography published in 1993 as Our Finest Hour. (March 1991,

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Materials in Vault

Jewelry (watch fob, stickpin, ring mounting)

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Oversized Materials

Photos, drawings of WLC
Certificates of appointment (Ass't Secretary of State, Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs, U.S. Alternate Governor of International Monetary Fund and of International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, and Deputy Member to Conference of Food and Agricultural Organization of U.N.)
Certificate of appreciation for assistance in American Program for the Brussels Exhibition, 1958

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