Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Historical Note

Scope and Contents Note

Restrictions

Index Terms

Administrative Information

Description of Series

I. Unedited Interview Footage

II. Unedited B-roll footage,

The Human Rights Documentation Initiative

Global Survival Network’s footage for Bought & Sold: An Investigative Documentary about the International Trade in Women



Descriptive Summary

Creator Global Survival Network,Witness (organization)
Title Global Survival Network’s Footage for Bought & Sold: An Investigative Documentary about the International Trade in Women
Dates: 1995-1998
Abstract The Global Survival Network’s Footage for Bought & Sold: An Investigative Documentary about the International Trade in Women contains 83 videos of unedited interviews and b-roll footage shot during the production of the documentary film Bought & Sold.
Accession No. 2012-02
OCLC Record No.
Extent 83 videos
Language English, German, Japanese,Russian
Repository Human Rights Documentation Initiative, The University of Texas at Austin

Historical Note

In partnership with the human rights non-profit organization WITNESS, Steve Galster, Executive Director, and Gillian Caldwell, Co-Director of the non-governmental organization Global Survival Network (GSN), filmed and conducted the investigative journalism for the documentary Bought & Sold: An Investigative Documentary About the International Trade in Women which examines the illegal trafficking of women out of Russia and into Asia, Europe and the United States. The collection of raw footage, originally filmed on 83 Hi8 videotapes, contains interview, b-roll, and undercover footage shot during the production of the documentary from 1995-1997.

Despite the large number of women who are victims and survivors of illegal trafficking, most police agencies in receiving countries minimize the extent of trafficking and governments usually respond to trafficking as a problem of illegal migration, an approach that criminalizes trafficked women in lieu of human traffickers. To learn why and how this form of modern slavery persists, and to propose solutions, the Global Survival Network (GSN) conducted a study from August 1995 through the autumn of 1997 to uncover the rapidly growing trade in Russian women for the purposes of prostitution. GSN conducted videotaped interviews with numerous non-governmental organizations, women who had been trafficked overseas, and police and government officials in Russia, Western Europe, Asia, and the United States. In order to delve into and learn more about the world of organized crime and its role in Russian sex trafficking, GSN also conducted undercover research by establishing a dummy company that purportedly specialized in importing foreign women as models, escorts and entertainers. Under the guise of this company, GSN successfully gained entry to the operations of international trafficking networks based in Russia and beyond, obtaining interviews with Russian mafia members and traffickers who revealed their modus operandi and identities of their financial investors and overseas partners. Many of the interviews were recorded with hidden cameras and provide insight into the actions and inner workings of human trafficking organizations. Wherever legal, interviews were recorded by hidden cameras directly inside the establishments where prostitution was occurring. The investigators revealed the nature of their work whenever possible, however; in some cases, security conditions for both the investigator and the persons interviewed prevented disclosure. In order to preserve the safety and privacy of all parties involved, pseudonyms have been given to the persons interviewed during GSN's covert investigations and whenever requested by interviewees.

The film was released in 1997 and received widespread media coverage in the US and abroad, including specials on ABC Primetime Live, CNN, and BBC. The documentary also helped to catalyze legislative reform on trafficking as well as new financial resources to address the problem.

After ending her term as Co-Director for the Global Survival Network, Caldwell served as Executive Director of WITNESS for 10 years and added the raw footage from the Bought and Sold documentary project to the WITNESS Media Archive.

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Scope and Contents Note

Files in this collection are arranged into the following two series:

  Series I, Unedited Interview Footage, 1995-1997

This series contains unedited footage of interviews that were conducted for the documentary Bought & Sold, including interviews and conversations that took place during GSN’s covert investigations. Titles and abstracts are provided by WITNESS. Videos are organized alphabetically.

  Series II, Unedited B-roll Footage, 1995-1998

This series contains unedited b-roll footage from the Bought & Sold footage collection. Titles and abstracts are provided by WITNESS. Videos are organized alphabetically

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

In order to protect the privacy and security of some of the participants 26 videos from the collection are restricted and cannot be viewed online.

Use Restrictions

These materials are made available by the University of Texas Libraries solely for the purposes of research, teaching and private study. All intellectual property rights are retained by the legal copyright holders. The University of Texas does not hold the copyright to the content of this file. Formal permission to reuse or republish this content must be obtained from the copyright holder.

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Index Terms

The is classified under the following Subject Headings in the University of Texas Libraries catalog:
Subjects (Persons)
Caldwell, Gillian
Galster, Steven R.
Galster, Steven R.
Global Survival Network (Organization)
Witness (Organization)
Subjects
Activists, Human Rights
Human Rights--Russia
Human trafficking--Japan--Tokyo.
Human trafficking--Law and legislation.
Human trafficking--Research.
Human trafficking--Russia (Federation)
Organized crime--Russia
Sex-oriented businesses--Russia (Federation)--Moscow.
Sex-oriented businesses--Social aspects.
Sex trafficking
Sex work (Prostitution)
Prostitutes-- Civil rights--Cross-cultural studies.
Prostitution--Japan.
Prostitution--Russia (Federation)
Women -- Employment.
Women’s Rights—21st Century
Places
Frankfurt (Germany)
Moscow (Russia)
Tokyo (Japan)

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Cite as: [Name of file], Human Rights Documentation Initiative, Global Survival Network’s footage for Bought & Sold: An Investigative Documentary about the International Trade in Women, Human Rights Documentation Initiative, University of Texas Libraries, the University of Texas at Austin, [link to file if applicable].

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Box and Folder Inventory

 

I. Unedited Interview Footage, 1995-1997
(42 videos)

box folder
3142 B01473 Anatoly Diachenko, activist / woman at AIDS center, Moscow / Kirial Ganin, pornographer, no date
This video has security restrictions and cannot be viewed on the HRDI website.
box folder
4642 B03605 Andre Burnakin / Natasha Interview part 2, no date
box folder
3148 B01480 Burmakin--meeting in university diner, no date
This video has security restrictions and cannot be viewed on the HRDI website.
box folder
3162 B01494
Dr. Lola Karimov, Aesop Center Moscow Part 1, 6 February 1996
The first part of this video is an interview (in English) with Tatiana Zabelina from the Moscow Youth Institute. She founded the Center for Women, Family, and Gender Studies at the institute in 1993. She begins by talking about the work that the center has done, and their current project to provide organizational training and seminars for young women and for health service providers.
Zabelina cites a poll that showed that 22% of girls were willing to have sex for money. She talks about problems with education, family structure, and poverty in smaller cities that lead to prostitution, and about the spread of AIDS related to prostitution. Zabelina says that the trade of women is controlled by the Mafia, and talks about a recent trial in Germany involving Russian sex workers who were murdered in a brothel. She says that girls are controlled by the Mafia because they have no rights in the countries they are in, have no support, and are afraid. Zabelina discusses various cases of child sexual exploitation, and says that the path to prostitution often begins with rape. Zabelina says that media plays a negative role, showing prostitution as a well-paid, easy, and safe profession. Since perestroika, problems are more openly discussed and there are more programs and organizations; however, women's sexuality is now being exploited in capitalist ways. Zabelina says that everyone involved in prostitution should be punished, and that there should be better control over companies that trade in women. She says there should be state-sponsored programs to help girls.
At the end of the interview, there is a MS of interviewer Gillian Caldwell and Zabelina. Caldwell re-asks the questions from the interview for video production purposes.
The second part of this video is the first part of an interview (in Russian) with Dr. Lola Karimova, director of the program for women's sexual wellness at the AESOP Center in Moscow. In the interview she talks about the increase in sexually transmitted diseases like syphilis due to social decline, migration, commercialization of sex, and the complete lack of sex education programs. She also talks about treatment for survivors of rape and marital rape, saying that doctors in Russia are not adequately trained
Dr. Karimova discusses prostitution in Russia, and her experience working with "elite" prostitutes. These women are highly educated, concerned about their health, and aware of diseases. They work as prostitutes to earn extra income. She also talks about working with street prostitutes, who are very young and do not know about basic hygiene and health.
Dr. Karimova talks about the social relations between men and women in Russia. She says that men are not aware of women's problems, and tend to not share responsibility for children. In terms of the sexual culture in Russia, she says that during the transition from socialism, a "sexual revolution" took place in which pornography became readily available, but not sex education.
The interview returns to the topic of prostitution. Dr. Karimova talks about a successful Dutch program that provided health education as well as practical information for prostitutes. She then tells a story about a young woman who ended up as a prostitute, transmitted sexual diseases to many johns, and was mistreated by police. Dr. Karimova also talks about the perception of prostitution in Russia.
box folder
3165 B01498
Dr. Lola Karimov Aesop Center Moscow Part II, 6 February 1996
Second part of interview (in Russian) with Dr. Lola Karimova of the AESOP Centre in Moscow. She continues to talk about sex workers in Moscow and the women she has been in contact with. She says she is most concerned about street prostitutes, and wants to publish a small booklet for the women who work at the train station. She recounts a story of meeting an 11-year-old girl who was working as a prostitute.
At the end of the interview, there is an MCU of the interviewer Natalia Blinkova re-asking all of the questions and looking off-screen, shot for video production purposes.
box folder
4466 B03619 Frankfurt / junkies next to brothels / eros center / int w/ Sandy / police busting drug dealer, no date
box folder
3253 B01602 Frankfurt: SOLWODI, Eva Schaab, no date
box folder
3190 B01529
Geneva: ASPASIE interview, red light district, 6 October 1996
Gillian Caldwell interviews Joanna Pióro from Association Aspasie. Aspasie is a Geneva-based organization that works on behalf of sex workers and women who have been trafficked. Pióro talks about the situation of foreign women who come to Switzerland with artist visas and work in cabarets. She explains that women come because they have the false impression they will make money and find a husband. She says that Aspasie regularly visits the hotels or flats where the sex workers live, but it is often difficult to get information about safe sex and AIDS to them because their agents and cabaret owners do not want to help them. Pióro also discusses how much sex workers earn, and explains that their traffickers often keep their passports until they pay off their debts.
box folder
3184 B01522 Helena Moscow Apartment, Australia / Export, no date
This video has security restrictions and cannot be viewed on the HRDI website.
box folder
3155 B01488 Helena undercover in Moscow Apartment, no date
This video has security restrictions and cannot be viewed on the HRDI website.
box folder
4691 B03684 Interview w/ Marina, part 2, no date
box folder
4638 B03601 Interview 12/18/95 Gapova Russian Sex Trade 18 December 1995
box folder
4690 B03683 Interview 2 w/ Natasha, part 2 / int. w/ Marina (bar), part 1, no date
box folder
4680 B03682 Interview w/ women vendors / Fast food cafe (Russian Interpreter's contacts), no date
box folder
4690 B03683 Interview 2 w/ Natasha, part 2 / int. w/ Marina (bar), part 1, no date
box folder
3181 B01519 [Interview with Russian Interpreter Part II / Interview with University Students, no date
box folder
3254 B01600 Interview with Steven Galster about Bought & Sold and the trafficking of women from Eastern Europe, no date
box folder
3143 B01474 Judo interviews with students / Tanya Mielnik, no date
box folder
3187 B01526 Kirial Ganin Part II / Street Scenes and Sexual Assault Conference, no date
box folder
3145 B01477 Kochkina Interview/Posklakova Interview Part I, no date
box folder
3144 B01475 Moscow school children, no date
box folder
3203 B01545 Natasha at apartment / Dance Company / Saratov woman, no date
box folder
3183 B01521 Natasha undercover / Irene meeting #2 undercover in Moscow apartment, no date
This video has security rescrictions and cannot be viewed on the HRDI website.
box folder
4680 B03637 Nick / his women on Tverskaya 5/17 [no picture], 17 May (year unknown)
box folder
3202 B01542 Nick and Tatiana, Prana Marriage Agency, Undercover, no date
This video has security restrictions and cannot be viewed on the HRDI website.
box folder
3194 B01532 Nick meeting #1 at apartment undercover, no date
This video has security restrictions and cannot be viewed on the HRDI website.
box folder
3147 B01478 Nick, Russian Interpreter and SG; Nick, Russian Interpreter, SG and Prostitute--undercover, no date
This video has security restrictions and cannot be viewed on the HRDI website
box folder
3207 B01546 Russian Interpreter, rape story / Tverskaya, 12 May 1996
Steven Galster interviews his Russian interpreter, who also runs a "mail-order bride" business. She tells the story of an American man who met a Ukrainian girl through an agency. The interpreter rented her apartment out to the man during his stay in Russia. She says that the girl told her that the man was very greedy, but she wanted to stay with him to get as much money as possible from him. One night, he spent a lot of money on tickets for a concert, then started demanding sex from the girl. He raped her, bit her and stole her money. The girl managed to escape and call the police, but the police could not take any action against the man because he was American. The interpreter called the agency that sent the man and complained, but they did not care either. When the man left, he locked the Russian interpreter's apartment and took the key. The interpreter shows Galster the apartment door, and the lock that she had to break in order to get back into her apartment.
The tape also contains nighttime footage of Tverskaya Street in Moscow. Shots of nightlife, group of women walking down the street, a woman getting into a police van, a group of women standing together, a woman getting into a car that drives away.
box folder
3182 B01520 Pisklakova Interview Part II / Moscow Center for Gender Studies Part I, no date
box folder
4679 B03636 Rollband client 9/96, September 1996
box folder
4639 B03602 [Rus 10/95], October 1995
box folder
3180 B01518 Steve calling Irene, Russian Interpreter / Kids in Gorky Park / Interview with Russian Interpreter Part I, no date
box folder
4643 B03608 Tatyana Semyonova Feb 20, 21 (her home in Vlad.) / Natasha Feb 21 (her home in Vlad), 21-22 February (year unknown)
box folder
3224 B01565 Tokyo: Columbian (Melody), Help Interview, no date
box folder
3208 B01547 Tverskaya, Moscow Russia--half with Nick, Half with police, no date
box folder
3159 B01491 Undercover interview with Irene in Moscow Apartment, no date
This video has security restrictions and cannot be viewed on the HRDI website.
box folder
3195 B01533 Undercover Nick at Metropol, no date
This video has security restrictions and cannot be viewed on the HRDI website.
box folder
3193 B01531 Undercover Sergei: Banker and Nite Club Owner, no date
This video has security restrictions and cannot be viewed on the HRDI website.
box folder
3244 B01589 Undercover: Berlin, "Vlada"-Latvian, no date
This video has security restrictions and cannot be viewed on the HRDI website.
box folder
3243 B01588 Undercover: Rappongi Strip Club, Tokyo interview with Luciana, no date
This video has security restrictions and cannot be viewed on the HRDI website.
box folder
4645 B03608 Vlad / Moscow at night / Russian Interpreter Interview w/ SG in Red Square, no date
box folder
3219 B01560 Yana at Foxy Club, Tokyo, no date
This video has security restrictions and cannot be viewed on the HRDI website.
box folder
3189 B01528
Zurich: Fiz Kuoh Interview, red light district, no date
Interview with Koyo Kovott from Frauen Informations-Zentrum (FIZ) / Women's Information Centre for Women from Africa, Asia, Latin America, and Eastern Europe in Zurich. Kovott talks about the situation of women who are trafficked or who migrate to Switzerland and end up having to work in the sex industry. She says that Swiss immigration law makes it difficult for women, from Africa and Asia especially, to come to the country without a man unless she gets an artist visa to work as a dancer in a strip club. Kovott explains that women are recruited in many different ways, and that there are many professional agencies recruiting for cabarets and strip clubs. She also talks about the mail-order bride industry, another part of sex trafficking that targets women from Asia. Kovott says that the migration and trafficking of women is a global issue brought on by economic structural problems. She then talks about how migrant women are treated by police in Switzerland, Swiss laws about deportation, and how these laws affect trafficked women. Kovott also talks about the situation of migrant women who work in nightclubs, and the pressures they face. Kovitt talks about FIZ's services, including providing information and direct counseling.
B-roll of the red light district in Zurich, including shots of nightclubs, sex shops, hotels, and naked women in a window.

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II. Unedited B-roll footage, 1995-1998
(52 videos)

box folder
4705 B03649 Brighton Beach #1 Mark, no date
box folder
4676 B03633 Brighton Beach #2 Mark, no date
box folder
4696 B03648 Brighton Beach #3 Mark, no date
box folder
4649 B03614 Brighton Beach - National Odessa 10/96, October 1996
box folder
4219 B02932 B-Roll footage in Pattaya, Thailand; footage for Bought and Sold, no date
box folder
4698 B03647 Budapest #1 6/98, June 1998
box folder
4697 B03646 Budapest #2 6/98, June 1998
box folder
4674 B03631 Budapest #3 6/98, June 1998
box folder
4685 B03643 Budapest #5 6/98, June 1998
box folder
4695 B03689 Budapest #6 6/98, June 1998
box folder
4681 B03640 Budapest #7 6/98, June 1998
box folder
4466 B03619 Frankfurt / junkies next to brothels / eros center / int w/ Sandy / police busting drug dealer, no date
box folder
4683 B03640 Frankfurt: General shots, cut-aways, SudFasse (last time), 12 July 1996
box folder
4707 B03645 Frankfurt: Sudstasse / sauna shot/ Brazilian women / Afghan, no date
box folder
4671 B03628 Golden Gate - Sasha #2 (Berlin 7/96), July 1996
box folder
4672 B03629 Golden Gate - Sasha #2 (Berlin 7/96), July 1996
box folder
3246 B01591 Hamburg: Repperbahn, Peep Show, Live Show, Lithuanian in Club Flamingo, First part of Club Fantasy (Bulgarian), no date
This video has security restrictions and cannot be viewed on the HRDI website.
box folder
4670 B03627 Health Office / Train / Ban Ying-Frankfurt, no date
box folder
3222 B01563 International Street Tokyo, Yakuza mafia shots, no date
This video has security restrictions and cannot be viewed on the HRDI website.
box folder
4689 B03682 Interview w/ women vendors / Fast food cafe (Russian Interpreter's contacts), no date
box folder
3187 B01526 Kirial Ganin Part II / Street Scenes and Sexual Assault Conference, unknown
box folder
4669 B03626 Macau Estoril / Blue Lady - Katerina / Remis-Lilia / Berlin 7/96, July 1996
box folder
3225 B01566 Macau: Hotel Fortuna/Sauna Estoril, no date
This video has security restrictions and cannot be viewed on the HRDI website.
box folder
3188 B01527 Moscow Center for Gender Studies Part II, no date
box folder
4646 B03611 Mtg in Moscow Apt No show / SPID INFO 2/16/96, 16 February 1996
box folder
3203 B01534 Natasha at apartment / Dance Company / Saratov woman interview, no date
box folder
3211 B01552 Nick with candidates in Prana Office, Moscow, no date
box folder
3212 B01553 Nick with prostitutes on Tverskaya Street, Moscow, no date
This video has security restrictions and cannot be viewed on the HRDI website.
box folder
3216 B01558 Night Flight, Moscow, no date
box folder
3209 B01550
Night Flight/Tverskaya, Moscow, 10 May 1996
Hidden camera footage shot by Steven Galster from a camera attached to his torso. Galster leaves his hotel, walks to a nightclub called Night Flight. Footage inside the club is extremely dark. Galster has some brief conversations in Russian, but they are barely audible over loud music in the club. Galster then leaves the club and walks on Tverskaya Street.
box folder
3207 B01546 Russian Interpreter, rape story / Tverskaya, 12 May 1996
Steven Galster interviews his Russian interpreter, who also runs a "mail-order bride" business. She tells the story of an American man who met a Ukrainian girl through an agency. The interpreter rented her apartment out to the man during his stay in Russia. She says that the girl told her that the man was very greedy, but she wanted to stay with him to get as much money as possible from him. One night, he spent a lot of money on tickets for a concert, then started demanding sex from the girl. He raped her, bit her and stole her money. The girl managed to escape and call the police, but the police could not take any action against the man because he was American. The interpreter called the agency that sent the man and complained, but they did not care either. When the man left, he locked the Russian interpreter's apartment and took the key. The interpreter shows Galster the apartment door, and the lock that she had to break in order to get back into her apartment.
The tape also contains nighttime footage of Tverskaya Street in Moscow. Shots of nightlife, group of women walking down the street, a woman getting into a police van, a group of women standing together, a woman getting into a car that drives away.
box folder
3152 B01484 Prostitutes Vica and Tanya--undercover camera, no date
This video has security restrictions and cannot be viewed on the HRDI website.
box folder
3191 B01530 Rachmonchikov Dance Troupe / Blizzard Agency / Zinov at office, women behind bars, Zinov in car and street prostitution, no date
box folder
3220 B01561 Rappongi Strip Club [second time] Tokyo, no date
This video has security restrictions and cannot be viewed on the HRDI website.
box folder
4679 B03636 Rollband client 9/96, September 1996
box folder
4637 B03600 [Rus 10/95], October 1995
box folder
4647 B03612 Russia 2/96 Sex Trade Lenin & Titanic, February 1996
box folder
3218 B01559 Sex massage parlor / Elena / Asian Hostess Bar--Tokyo, no date
This video has security restrictions and cannot be viewed on the HRDI website.
box folder
4655 B03615 SG in Astoria / Phone calls to escort services, no date
box folder
3224 B01565 Tokyo: Columbian (Melody), Help Interview, no date
box folder
3223 B01564 Tokyo: International Street, Yakuza, Yana, no date
This video has security restrictions and cannot be viewed on the HRDI website.
box folder
3221 B01562 Tokyo: International Street / Yana on Streets / Association Against Prostitution / Shinjuko Police/Massage Parlor, no date
This video has security restrictions and cannot be viewed on the HRDI website.
box folder
4703 B03654 Trafficking in Albania continued, no date
box folder
4704 B03655 Trafficking in Albanian Women and Children Second Part, no date
box folder
3208 B01547 Tverskaya, Moscow Russia--half with Nick, Half with police, no date
box folder
3196 B01534 Undercover Russian Romance Mixer, no date
box folder
4640 B03603 Undercover Waiting for Natasha / Journalist & Prostitute no date
box folder
3244 B01589 Undercover: Berlin, "Vlada"-Latvian, no date
This video has security restrictions and cannot be viewed on the HRDI website.
box folder
3245 B01590 Undercover: Hamburg: Street Prostitution; Berlin: Yugoslav Pimp, no date
This video has security restrictions and cannot be viewed on the HRDI website.
box folder
3243 B01588 Undercover: Rappongi Strip Club, Tokyo interview with Luciana, no date
This video has security restrictions and cannot be viewed on the HRDI website.
box folder
4648 B03613 Vienna La Strada Ukraine/Ukrainian embassy 7/97 July 1997
box folder
4645 B03608 Vlad / Moscow at night / Russian Interpreter Interview w/ SG in Red Square, no date

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