The Human Rights Documentation Initiative

Genocide Archive of Rwanda Collection



Descriptive Summary

Creator Genocide Archive of Rwanda
Title Genocide Archive of Rwanda Collection
Dates:
Abstract The Genocide Archive of Rwanda Collection contains oral history testimonies, photographs, publications, documents, and other materials related to the 1994 Rwandan Genocide that are held at repositories across Rwanda.
Accession No. 2008-01
OCLC Record No.
Extent 68 videos, 271 audio transcripts, 867 photographs, 19 publication titles, and 27 archival documents available online (+ accruals).
Language English, French, and Kinyarwanda
Repository UT Libraries Human Rights Documentation Initiative, The University of Texas at Austin

Historical Note

The 1994 Rwandan Genocide (alternately called the Genocide against the Tutsi) represents one of the fastest and most atrocious cases of genocide in modern history. From early April until July of 1994, members of the Hutu ethnic group systematically slaughtered approximately 1,000,000 Tutsi, politically moderate or sympathizing Hutus, and Twa people, with whom they had previously co-existed and shared cultural practices. The history of the Genocide dates back to the 1960s, when the postcolonial government instituted anti-Tutsi discriminatory practices, resulting in a deep seated hatred of and periodic violence towards Tutsis. This violence peaked in 1994 when the Hutu leadership, fearing a loss of power in the face of a pro-democracy movement, organized and instigated the Genocide through a calculated dissemination of extremist rhetoric and threats of violence through state-controlled and independent media. The Genocide ended when the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) captured Kigali in July 1994 and defeated the Rwandan army.


Administrative History

The Genocide Archive of Rwanda is a collaborative project of the Kigali Genocide Memorial Centre, Aegis Trust, and Rwanda’s National Commission for the Fight Against Genocide, with the assistance of the University of Texas Libraries Human Rights Documentation Initiative, USC Shoah Foundation Institute, the Rwanda Development Board, the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, Annenberg Foundation, and the Bridgeway Foundation, to document the Rwandan Genocide through personal history and contextual materials.

The oral history testimonies and other videos in the collection were created by the The Kigali Genocide Memorial Centre, a permanent memorial and museum dedicated to the history of the Rwandan Genocide opened in April 2004. The physical materials that comprise the rest of the collection have been contributed by various partner organizations and repositories: the Dominicains Brotherhood of Rwanda, IWACU, Ibuka, the National University of Rwanda, the National Archives of Rwanda, the National Museum of Rwanda, ORINFOR, the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, and numerous individuals, including Bruno Boudiquet and the family of Dr. Paul Rutayisire.


Scope and Contents Note

The Genocide Archive of Rwanda is an interactive online digital archive and contains materials that document the development, lived experiences, and aftermath of the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi. In addition to the online site, a local version of the Genocide Archive Rwanda is accessible at the Kigali Genocide Memorial Centre in Kigali, Rwanda. Copies of the materials on the site are also available at the Human Rights Documentation Initiative at the University of Texas Libraries in Austin, Texas. The collections in Kigali and in Austin contain materials not available on the site: uncatalogued materials, restricted materials, and higher resolution archival copies of photos and videos.

The collection itself is divided into five main format-based series:

Videos are organized into the seven following sub-series: Survivor Testimonies, Rescuer Testimonies, Perpetrator Testimonies, Elders Testimonies, Gacaca Court Proceedings, Remembrance Events, and Conferences. Videos were created by the Kigali Genocide Memorial; some include subtitles, Kinyarwanda transcripts or English or French translations of transcripts. A map with locations linked to places mentioned in testimonies is also available. Additionally, many videos are not yet cataloged and available online, and a small number of videos are restricted and can only be viewed at the Kigali Genocide Memorial Centre.

Audio is comprised of transcripts of recordings from Radio Télévision Libre des Mille Collines (RTLM), a Rwandan radio station which broadcast hate propaganda against Tutsis, moderate Hutus, Belgians, and the United Nations Mission in Rwanda (UNAMIR) from July 8, 1993 to July 31, 1994. The UT Libraries Human Rights Documentation Initiative harvested the transcripts from the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda Judicial Database.

Photographs are arranged into 15 sub-series: Alleged Perpetrator Photographs, Burial Photographs, Commemoration Photographs, Conference Photographs, Exhumation Photographs, Human Remains Photographs, Identity Documents, Memorial Site Photographs, Memorial Site Visit Photographs, Perpetrator Photographs, Political Figure Photographs, Roadblock Photographs, Survivor Photographs, Victim Identity Photographs, and Victim Photographs. Photographs may also be viewed by their source repository or, in some cases, by thematic groupings based on original physical order. Photographs include both scanned film photos and born-digital photographs.

Publications are organized into three sub-series: serial publications (including magazines and newspapers), books, and reports. Publications are comprised of works published prior to and during the Rwandan Genocide and include anti-Tutsi and pro-National Republican Movement for Democracy and Development (MRND) publications, opposition publications, pro-Rwandese Patriotic Front (RPF) publications, and foreign publications. Publications can also be viewed by their source repository.

Archival Documents are organized by title and are comprised of non-published documents--including correspondence, speeches, and administrative documents--related to the Rwandan Genocide and Rwandan history. Archival documents can also be viewed by their source repository.


Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Use Restrictions

Standard copyright restrictions apply.


Index Terms

The is classified under the following Subject Headings in the University of Texas Libraries catalog:
Subjects (Persons)
Habyarimana, Juvénal
Subjects
Genocide--Rwanda
Genocide--Rwanda--History--20th century
War crimes
Oral history
Gacaca justice system
Ethnicity
Places
Rwanda
Kigali (Rwanda)
Butare (Rwanda)
Kibuye (Rwanda)
Nyanza (Rwanda)
Gikongoro (Rwanda : Province)
Burundi

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Cite as: [Name of item], Genocide Archive of Rwanda Collection, Human Rights Documentation Initiative, University of Texas Libraries, the University of Texas at Austin, [link to item, if applicable].


Box and Folder Inventory

 


Videos (2004-2008),
7 subseries; 89 videos total

folder

Survivor Testimonies (2004-2007)
45 videos
In 2004, the Kigali Genocide Memorial Centre began recording testimonies of survivors of the Rwandan Genocide in order to document survivors' personal experiences, feelings, and reactions associated with the Genocide. In these personal oral history testimonies, survivors recount memories of their experiences: their lives and families before the Genocide, discrimination and persecution prior to the Genocide, events leading up to the Genocide, the atrocities of the Genocide, suffering and witnessing human rights abuses, the death of loved ones, surviving the Genocide, and life after the Genocide. Testimonies are given in Kinyarwanda; some have English subtitles, Kinyarwanda transcrips, or French or English translations.
folder
kmc00135
Oral Testimony of BUKUMURA Egide (no date)
Kinyarwanda transcript and English and French translations available.
folder
kmc00053
Oral Testimony of BYUKUSENGE Agnès (no date)
Kinyarwanda transcript available.
folder
kmc00050
Oral Testimony of HABARUGIRA Alexis (no date)
No subtitles or transcripts available.
folder
kmc00072
Oral Testimony of HABINEZA Paul, MUKAKARANGWA Chantal, and NIKUSE Florida (no date)
No subtitles, translations, or transcripts available.
folder
kmc00132
Oral Testimony of HARERIMANA Marcel (no date)
Kinyarwanda transcript and English translation available.
folder
kmc00116
Oral Testimony of ISHIMWE Olivier (no date)
Kinyarwanda transcript available.
folder
kmc00118 (video 3)
Oral Testimony of KABANO Jules (no date)
Kinyarwanda transcript available.
folder
kmc00131
Oral Testimony of KALISA Emmanuel (5 December 2004)
Kinyarwanda transcript available.
folder
kmc00035
Oral Testimony of KAMURONSI Yves (30 March 2004)
Kinyarwanda transcript and French translations available.
folder
kmc00119
Oral Testimony of KARANGWA Janvier (no date)
Kinyarwanda transcript available.
folder
kmc00112
Oral Testimony of KARANGWA Theopiste (no date)
Kinyarwanda transcript available.
folder
kmc00124
Oral Testimony of KARENZI Théonèste (no date)
Kinyarwanda transcript available.
folder
kmc00113
Oral Testimony of MUGENI ISIMBI Isabelle (no date)
Kinyarwanda transcript available.
folder
kmc00073
Oral Testimony of MUHIRE Eugène And UWANTEGE Diane (no date)
Kinyarwanda transcript available.
folder
kmc000165
Oral Testimony of MUKANEZA Antoinette (no date)
Kinyarwanda transcript available.
folder
kmc00176
Oral Testimony of MUKAYIRANGA Marie Rose (no date)
Kinyarwanda transcript available.
folder
kmc00014
Oral Testimony of MUPENZI Odette (no date)
Kinyarwanda transcript and English and French translations available.
folder
kmc00005
Oral Testimony of MUREBWAYIRE Josephine (4 March 2007)
English translation and subtitles available.
folder
kmc00055
Oral Testimony of MUREBWAYIRE Mireille Antoinette (no date)
No subtitles, translations, or transcripts available.
folder
kmc00040
Oral Testimony of MURENGEZI Wilberforce (no date)
Kinyarwanda transcript and English and French translations available.
folder
kmc00007
Oral Testimony of MUTANGUHA Freddy (29 March 2004)
Kinyarwanda transcript and English and French translations available.
folder
kmc00036
Oral Testimony of MWISENEZA Nadine (no date)
Kinyarwanda transcript available.
folder
kmc00171
Oral Testimony of NGARAMBE Francisco Xavier (no date)
No subtitles, transcripts, or translations available.
folder
kmc00067
Oral Testimony of NICYOBERA Anisie (no date)
No subtitles or transcripts available.
folder
kmc00066
Oral Testimony of NIKUZE Béatrice (no date)
Kinyarwanda translation and English and French translations available.
folder
kmc00151
Oral Testimony of NIYONGIRA Diane (no date)
Kinyarwanda transcript and English translation available.
folder
kmc00071
Oral Testimony of NSENGIMANA Albert (no date)
No subtitles, translations, or transcripts available.
folder
kmc00143
Oral Testimony of NSHIMIYIMANA Claude (no date)
Kinyarwanda transcript and English and French translations available.
folder
kmc00070
Oral Testimonies of NTAGENGERWA Dieu donne and NTAGENGERWA Thiery (no date)
Kinyarwanda transcript available.
folder
kmc00057
Oral Testimony of RUBAYIZA Gérard (no date)
No subtitles, translations, or transcripts available.
folder
kmc00059
Oral Testimony of RUBERANZIZA Leonard (no date)
Kinyarwanda transcript available.
folder
kmc00114
Oral Testimony of RUTABINGWA Fernand (no date)
No subtitles, translations, or transcripts available.
folder
kmc00006
Oral Testimony of RUTAYISIRE Masengo Gilbert (no date)
English translation and subtitles available.
folder
kmc00148
Oral Testimony of RWAMUKWAYA Leonce (no date)
Kinyarwanda transcript available.
folder
kmc00008
Oral Testimony of SEBASONI Rosette (29 March 2004)
Kinyarwanda transcript and English and French translations available.
folder
kmc00115
Oral Testimony of UFITINEMA Boyi Evode (no date)
Kinyarwanda transcript available.
folder
kmc00107
Oral Testimony of UMUHOZAWASE Fidela (no date)
Kinyarwanda transcript available.
folder
kmc00063
Oral Testimony of UMULISA Marie Claire (no date)
Kinyarwanda transcript and English and French translations available.
folder
kmc00122
Oral Testimony of UMUTESI Clarisse (no date)
No subtitles, translations, or transcripts available.
folder
kmc00118
Oral Testimony of UMUTONI Jeannine (no date)
Kinyarwanda transcript available.
folder
kmc00129
Oral Testimony of UWAMUNGU Jean de Dieu (no date)
Kinyarwanda transcript and English and French translations available.
folder
kmc00033
Oral Testimony of UWANYIRIGIRA Mathilde (16 February 2007)
Kinyarwanda transcript and English subtitles and translation available.
folder
kmc00090
Oral Testimony of UWAZANINKA Béatha (no date)
Kinyarwanda transcript available.
folder
kmc00091
Oral Testimony of UWERA Manzi Gaudence (no date)
Kinyarwanda transcript available.
folder
kmc00092
Oral Testimony of UWIMPUHWE Alice (no date)
English subtitles, Kinyarwanda transcript and English and French translations available.
folder

Rescuer Testimonies (no date)
28 testimonies.
In these personal oral history testimonies, recorded by the Kigali Genocide Memorial Centre and Ibuka, people who endangered their lives to rescue others recount memories of their experiences during and after the Rwandan Genocide. Testimonies are given in Kinyarwanda; some have English subtitles or English translations.
folder
ibuka00016
Oral Testimony of GAFILI Laurent (no date)
English subtitles and translation available.
folder
ibuka00036
Oral Testimony of GASANA Emmanuel (no date)
No subtitles, transcripts, or translations available.
folder
ibuka00012
Oral Testimony Of HAKIZAMUNGU Venuste (no date)
English subtitles are available.
folder
ibuka00029
Oral Testimony Of HITIMANA Nathanael (no date)
English subtitles and translation available.
folder
ibuka00030
Oral Testimony of Pastor KARASIRA Philippe (no date)
Kinyarwanda transcript available.
folder
kmc00023
Oral Testimony of KARUHIMBI Sula (no date)
English subtitles and transcript available.
folder
ibuka00018
Oral Testimony of KAREMERA Augustin(no date)
English subtitles and translation available.
folder
ibuka00033
Oral Testimony of MAGUMERI Claudien (no date)
No subtitles, transcripts, or translations available.
folder
ibuka00015
Oral Testimony of MASABO Alexis (no date)
English subtitles and translation available.
folder
ibuka00013
Oral Testimony of MBABARIYE Aloys(no date)
No subtitles, transcripts or translations available.

Oral Testimony of MBARUSHIMANA Déo (no date)
English subtitles and translation available.
folder
ibuka00019
Oral Testimony of MUHITIRA Ananiya(no date)
English subtitles and translation available.
folder
ibuka00025
Oral Testimony of MUKARUHAMA Mathilde(no date)
English subtitles and translation available.
folder
ibuka00017
Oral Testimony of MUKARUSINE Anonciata(no date)
No subtitles, transcripts or translations available.
folder
ibuka00027
Oral Testimony of MUNYAGATARE Thomas(no date)
English subtitles and translation available.
folder
ibuka00026
Oral Testimony of MUTABARUKA Ephraim (no date)
English subtitles and translation available.
folder
kmc00016
Oral Testimony of MUTEZINTARE Gisimba Damas (22 July 2007)
English subtitles and translation available.
folder
ibuka00034
Oral Testimony of NDAHAYO John (no date)
No subtitles, transcripts, or translations available.
folder
ibuka00031
Oral Testimony of NDAMYUWERA Jean Sotere(no date)
No subtitles, transcripts, or translations available.
folder
ibuka00023
Oral Testimony of NDWANIYE Ladislas(no date)
No subtitles, transcripts, or translations available.
folder
ibuka00022
Oral Testimony of NDAYISABA Innocent (no date)
No subtitles, transcripts, or translations available.
folder
ibuka00014
Oral Testimony of NIYITEGEKA Marie Grace (no date)
No subtitles, transcripts, or translations available.
folder
kmc00022
Oral Testimony of NTAMFURAYISHYARI Silas (no date)
No subtitles, transcripts, or translations available.
folder
ibuka00032
Oral Testimony Of Pastor NTWALI Dan(no date)
No subtitles, transcripts, or translations available.
folder
ibuka00035
Oral Testimony Of Pastor NTWARI Salathiel(no date)
No subtitles, transcripts, or translations available.
folder
ibuka00024
Oral Testimony Of NYIRABATUMWA Julienne(no date)
No subtitles, transcripts, or translations available.
folder
ibuka00028
Oral Testimony Of NZABONIMANA Manasse(no date)
No subtitles, transcripts, or translations available.
folder
kmc00022
Oral Testimony of Rwagisha Andre (no date)
Kinyarwanda transcript available.
folder

Perpetrator Testimonies (c. 2002-2009)
8 testimonies (each testimony contains the testimonies of multiple individuals).
In these Gacaca Court testimonies, recorded by the Kigali Genocide Memorial Centre, people accused of war crimes, genocide, and crimes against humanity during the Rwandan Genocide confess, describe their crimes, and offer apologies to the survivors, Rwandan society and the Government of Rwanda. The testimonies are given in Kinyarwanda; no transcripts or subtitles are available.
folder
kmc00539
Genocide Perpetrators Confessions (c. 2002-2009), Video 1
Genocide Perpetrators Confessions (c. 2002-2009), Video 2
Genocide Perpetrators Confessions (c. 2002-2009), Video 3
Genocide Perpetrators Confessions (c. 2002-2009), Video 4
Genocide Perpetrators Confessions (c. 2002-2009), Video 5
Genocide Perpetrators Confessions (c. 2002-2009), Video 6
No subtitles, transcripts, or translations aavailable.
folder
kmc00540
Genocide Perpetrators' Confessions (c. 2002-2009), Video 7
Genocide Perpetrators' Confessions (c. 2002-2009), Video 8
Genocide Perpetrators' Confessions (c. 2002-2009), Video 9
Genocide Perpetrators' Confessions (c. 2002-2009), Video 10
Genocide Perpetrators' Confessions (c. 2002-2009), Video 11
Genocide Perpetrators' Confessions (c. 2002-2009), Video 12
Genocide Perpetrators' Confessions (c. 2002-2009), Video 13
No subtitles, transcripts, or translations aavailable.
folder
kmc00545
Genocide Perpetrators Confessions (c. 2002-2009), Video 1
Genocide Perpetrators Confessions (c. 2002-2009), Video 2
No subtitles, transcripts, or translations available.
folder
kmc00546
Genocide Perpetrators' Testimonies (c. 2002-2009), Video 1
Genocide Perpetrators' Testimonies (c. 2002-2009), Video 2
Genocide Perpetrators' Testimonies (c. 2002-2009), Video 3
No subtitles, transcripts, or translations aavailable.
folder
kmc00547
Genocide Perpetrators' Confessions (c. 2002-2009), Video 1
Genocide Perpetrators' Confessions (c. 2002-2009), Video 2
Genocide Perpetrators' Confessions (c. 2002-2009), Video 3
No subtitles, transcripts, or translations available.
folder
kmc00549
Genocide Perpetrators' Confessions (c. 2002-2009), Video 1
Genocide Perpetrators' Confessions (c. 2002-2009), Video 2
No subtitles, transcripts, or translations aavailable.
folder
kmc00555
Genocide Perpetrators' Confessions (c. 2002-2009)
Genocide Perpetrators' Confessions (c. 2002-2009), Video 2
Genocide Perpetrators' Confessions (c. 2002-2009), Video 3
Genocide Perpetrators' Confessions (c. 2002-2009), Video 4
No subtitles, transcripts, or translations available.
folder
kmc00561
Genocide Perpetrators' Confessions (c. 2002-2009), Video 1
No subtitles, transcripts, or translations aavailable.
folder

Elders' Testimonies (2006-2007, no date)
5 testimonies.
In these oral history testimonies, recorded by the Kigali Genocide Memorial Centre, Rwandan elders describe the political and cultural history of ethnicity in Rwanda. Testimonies are given in Kinyarwanda; some have Kinyarwanda transcripts, English subtitles, or English translations.
folder
kmc00062
Oral Testimony of KALISA Rugano (no date)
Kinyarwanda transcript available.
folder
kmc00018
Oral Testimony of KANAMUGIRE Philippe (12 January 2006)
English translation available.
folder
kmc00019
Oral Testimony of MPYISI Esdras (3 August 2007)
English subtitles and translation available.
folder
kmc00015
Oral Testimony of MUZUNGU Bernardini (no date)
Kinyarwanda transcript available.
folder
kmc00046
Oral Testimony of RWANGOMBWA J. Chrysostome (no date)
Kinyarwanda transcript available.
folder

Gacaca Court Proceedings (c. 2002-2009)
4 proceedings recordings.
The Rwandan government established the Gacaca Court in 2001 in order to expedite rulings in cases of war crimes, genocide, and crimes against humanity committed during the Rwandan Genocide. The court, a local component of national truth and reconciliation efforts, is inspired by the legacy of community Gacaca courts that would traditionally settle familial and village disputes. These recordings of Gacaca court proceedings are in Kinyarwanda; some have English subtitles or English translations.
folder
kmc00592
Gacaca Court Trial of Prisoners (c. 2002-2009)
No subtitles, translations, or transcripts available.
folder
kmc00577
Gacaca Court Testimony of Député Magari Mbuzehose Etienne (c. 2002-2009)
No subtitles, transcripts, or translations vailable.
folder
kmc00727
Gacaca Court Trial of Rudasingwa Habib (c. 2002-2009)
No subtitles, translations, or transcripts available.
folder
kmc00024
Gacaca Court Testimony of KAREGAYA Isae (c. 2002-2009)
English subtitles and translation available.
folder

Remembrance Events (2004-2008)
2 event recordings.
The UN has designated April 7 as the day of the annual commemoration of the Rwandan Genocide. In these recordings of remembrance events, filmed by the Kigali Genocide Memorial Centre, leaders and survivors give speeches in commemoration of the events of the Genocide. The events are conducted in Kinyarwanda; no subtitles or transcripts are available.
folder
kmc00027
2008 Night of Remembrance, Nyanza, Kicukiro (April 2008)
No subtitles, translations, or transcripts available.
folder
kmc00031
End Of 100 Days Commemoration 2004 (2004)
No subtitles, translations, or transcripts available.
folder

Conference Events (no date)
1 event recording.
The 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi sparked national and international interest in the causes and consequences of this tragic time in Rwandan history. As a result, a number of conferences focused on the Genocide against the Tutsi have been held in Rwanda. The Kigali Genocide Memorial presents these videos as records of the topics covered and discussions held at these conferences; no subtitles or transcripts are available.
folder
kmc00744
Arusha Peace Talks (no date)
No subtitles, translations, or transcripts available.
folder

Google Map (no date)
1 hyperlinked Google map
This Google map shows markers at locations mentioned in videos. The markers are linked to the times in the videso when the locations are mentioned.



 


Audio (1992-1994)
271 transcripts (online on the University of Texas Digital Repository)

The audio collection available online to date is comprised of 271 transcripts of Radio-Télévision Libre des Mille Collines (RTLM) broadcasts from 1993 and 1994, the period leading up to and during the Rwandan Genocide. These RTLM transcripts were harvested by the HRDI from the UNICTR Judicial Database in 2010. Some transcripts are only available in Kinyarwanda; others have French and/or English translations.

Transcripts (1992-1994)
271 scanned transcripts



 


Photographs (1981-2010, no date)
15 subseries; 867 scanned and born-digital photographs (photographs may be categorized under more than one subseries)

folder

Alleged Perpetrator Photographs (no date)
8 scanned photographs
This series is comprised of photographs of Rwandans accused of crimes during the Rwandan Genocide who were not or have not yet been found guilty in a court of law. Photographs are held in the Ibuka archives.

Burial Photographs (1995, no date)
33 scanned photographs
Photographs of the burial ceremonies of victims of the Rwandan Genocide, during which remains which were found after the Genocide are reburied. Contains graphic images. Photographs are held in the Ibuka archives.

Commemoration Photographs (1999-2009, no date)
191 scanned and born-digital photographs
Photographs taken during the annual commemoration period (April-July), of ceremonies held at important sites in remembrance of the people who lost their lives during the genocide. Photographs are held in the Ibuka archives.

Conference Photographs (no date)
35 scanned photographs
Photos taken at various genocide related conferences. Photographs are held in the Kigali Genocide Memorial Centre archives.

Exhumation Photographs (1995-2010, no date)
14 scanned and born-digital photographs
Photographs of the exhumation of victims of the Genocide agains the Tutsi. Contains graphic images. Photographs are held in the Ibuka archives and the Kigali Genocide Memorial Centre archives.

Human Remains Photographs (1995-2010, no date)
77 scanned and born-digital photographs
Photographs of the remains of victims of the Rwandan Genocide against the Tutsi. Contains graphic images. Photographs are held in the Ibuka archives and the Kigali Genocide Memorial Centre archives.

Identity Documents (1990-1994, no date)
55 document scans
This category contains scans of documents used to establish victims' identities, many of which include identity photographs. Most are identity documents stating their ethnicities as Tutsi. These official documents were used as identification. Documents are held in the Kigali Genocide Memorial Centre archives.

Memorial Site Photographs (1998-2009, no date)
250 scanned and born-digital photographs
Photographs of memorial sites dedicated to the victims of the Rwandan Genocide against the Tutsi. Contains graphic images. Photographs are held in the Ibuka archives and the Kigali Genocide Memorial Centre archives.

Memorial Site Visit Photographs (2005, no date)
53 scanned and born-digital photographs
Photographs of well known people visiting memorial sites. Photographs are held in the Kigali Genocide Memorial Centre archives.

Perpetrator Photographs (no date)
11 scanned photographs.
Photographs of perpetrators of violence during the Rwandan Genocide. Photographs are held in the Ibuka archives.

Political Figure Photographs (2005, no date)
101 scanned and born-digital photographs.
Photographs of people involved in politics or political circles. Photographs are held in the Ibuka archives and the Kigali Genocide Memorial Centre archives.

Roadblock Photographs (no date)
1 born-digital photograph
Photographs of former road block sites during the Genocide against the Tutsi in 1994. Photographs are held in the Kigali Genocide Memorial Centre archives.

Survivor Photographs (1994-1996, no date)
35 scanned photographs
Photographs of survivors of the Rwandan Genocide against the Tutsi. Contains graphic images. Photographs are held in the Ibuka archives.

Victim Identity Photographs (1981-2009, no date)
73 scanned and born-digital photographs and documents
Identity Photographs of victims of the Genocide against the Tutsi. These official photographs were used as identification. Photographs are held in the Kigali Genocide Memorial Centre archives.

Victim Photographs (1985-1994, no date)
259 scanned photographs and photograph composites
Photographs taken prior to the Rwandan Genocide of victims of the Rwandan Genocide. Photographs are held in the Ibuka archives, the Kigali Genocide Memorial Centre archives, and in personal collections.



 


Publications (1987-1996, no date)
11 serial publications, 2 books, and 6 reports.

folder

Serials (1990-1996, no date)
11 serial publication titles.

Cahiers lumière et société (1997-2009)
5 scanned issues.
This subseries 5 issues of the publication Cahiers lumière et société. These issues are in French and Kinyarwanda; no abstracts are available. These issues are held in the National University of Rwanda (NUR) archives.

Courrier du Peuple (1993)
1 scanned issue.
This subseries contains an issue of the pro-MRND, anti-Tutsi publication Courrier du Peuple. The issue is in Kinyarwanda; a Kinyarwanda abstract is available. The issue is held in the IWACU archives.

Echo des milles collines (1992, no date)
4 scanned issues
This subseries contains 4 issues of the pro-MRND publication Echo des Milles Collines, which was published starting with the advent of the multi-party political system in 1991. The issues are in Kinyarwanda; Kinyarwanda and French abstracts are available. These issues are held in the IWACU archives.

Ijambo (1991-1993)
27 scanned issues
This subseries contains 27 issues of the opposition (anti-MRND) publication Ijambo, which was published starting with the advent of the multi-party political system in 1991. The issues are in Kinyarwanda and French; Kinyarwanda, French, and English abstracts are available. These issues are held in the IWACU archives.

Isibo (1991-1994)
23 scanned issues
This subseries contains 23 issues of the opposition (anti-MRND) publication Isibo. The issues are in Kinyarwanda; Kinyarwanda abstracts are available. These issues are held in the IWACU archives.

Kanguka (1991-1993)
5 scanned issues
This subseries contains 5 issues of the opposition (anti-MRND) publication Kanguka. Kanguka, meaning 'wake up' in Kinyarwanda, was a Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) sponsored magazine that was published in response to the MRND publication, Kangura. The issues are in Kinyarwanda; Kinyarwanda, French, and English abstracts are available. These issues are held in the IWACU archives.

Kangura (1990-1993)
19 scanned issues
This subseries contains 18 issues of the pro-MRND, anti-Tutsi publication Kangura. Kangura was a Kinyarwanda- and French-language magazine in Rwanda that served to stoke ethnic hatred in the run-up to the Rwandan Genocide. It was established in 1990, following the invasion of the rebel Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), and continued publishing up to the genocide. Sponsored by the dominant MRND party and edited by founder Hassan Ngeze, the magazine was a response to the RPF-sponsored Kanguka, adopting a similar informal style. Kangura was a Kinyarwanda word meaning "wake others up", as opposed to Kanguka, which meant "wake up". The journal was based in Gisenyi. The magazine was the print equivalent to the later-established Radio Télévision Libre des Mille Collines (RTLM), publishing articles harshly critical of the RPF and of Tutsis generally. Its sensationalist news was passed by word-of-mouth through the largely illiterate population. Copies of Kangura were read in public meetings and, as the genocide approached, during Interahamwe militia rallies. The issues are in Kinywarwand and French; Kinyarwanda, French, and English abstracts are available. These issues are held in the IWACU, UNICTR, and Dominicains archives.

Kanyarwanda (1992-1994)
9 scanned issues
This subseries contains 9 issues of the pro-RPF publication Kanyarwanda, which was affiliated with Kanyarwanda, a non-governmental human rights organization. The issues are in Kinyarwanda; Kinyarwanda, French, and English abstracts are available. These issues are held in the IWACU archives.

Le Vif Express (1994-1996)
Partial scans of 11 issues
This subseries contains scans of parts (individual articles related to the Rwanda) of 11 issues of Le Vif Express, a weekly magazine published in Brussels that reports on Francophone Belgian stories. The partial issues are in French; no abstracts are available. These issues are held in the private collection of Bruno Boudiquet.

RAIDS (1994-1996)
partial scans of 3 issues
This subseries contains scans of parts (individual articles related to the Rwanda) of 3 issues of Revus RAIDS, a monthly magazine that reports on the French armed forces. The partial issues are in French; no abstracts are available. These issues are held in the private collection of Bruno Boudiquet.

Umurangi (1992-1993, no date)
26 scanned issues
This subseries contains 26 issues of the opposition (anti-MRND) publication Umurangi. The issues are in Kinyarwanda; Kinyarwanda, French, and English abstracts are available. These issues are held in the IWACU archives.

Books (1993-1994)
2 scanned books.

'Pour vous mes Frères' La Vie de Grégoire Kayibanda Premier Président du Rwanda (1994)
1 scanned book
A full scan of a biography of Kayibanda written by Baudouin PATERNOSTRE de la MAIRIEU. The text is in French; no abstract is available. This text is held in the private collection of Bruno Boudiquet.

MDR MU MAYIRA ABIRI (1993)
1 scanned book
A full scan of MDR MU MAYIRA ABIRI, written by GASIMBA Faransisiko Saveri. The text is in Kinyarwanda; a Kinyarwanda abstract is available. This text is held in the National University of Rwanda archvies.

Reports (1987-2000, no date)
6 scanned and born-digital reports.

Disikiru, Ubutumwa, N'Ibiganiro 1987 (1987)
1 scanned report
A full scan of Disikiru, Ubutumwa, N'Ibiganiro 1987, written by Juvenal HABYARIMANA. The text is in Kinyarwanda; no abstract is available. This text is held in the National Archives of Rwanda.

Notes DGSE (no date)
1 scanned report
A full scan of Notes DSGE, a French external intelligence services memoranda on the political and military situation in Rwanda before the Rwandan Genocide. These notes were declassified to serve the charge of the judge Florence Michon. Not original copy. The text is in French, and an English abstract is available. This text is from the personal archives of Bruno Boudiquet.

Rapport Gillet Jadoul 1992 (5 January 1992)
1 born-digital report
A full born-digital copy of a report on the two missions in Rwanda, prepared by the Committee for the Respect of Human Rights and Democracy in Rwanda (Comite pour le Respect des Droits de l'Homme et la Democratie au Rwanda, CRDDR) and Belgium’s Human Rights League (Ligue des Droits de l’Homme). The text is in French, and an English abstract is available. This text is from the personal archives of Bruno Boudiquet.

Entrave a la Justice, Les religieuses de Sovu en Belgique (2 January 2000)
1 born-digital report
A full born-digital copy of a human rights report focusing on the judicial case of the sisters Gertrude Mukangango and Julienn Kizito, who fled to Belgium after the Genocide and were accused of coordinating the Tutsi massacre at the Sovu monastery in Butare. The text is in French, and an English abstract is available. This text is from the personal archives of Bruno Boudiquet.

Un espoir gâché (3 January 1995)
1 born-digital report
A born-digital copy of a report that critiques the United Nations’ attempts at neutrality in post-Genocide Rwanda that were said to have privileged the genocide perpetrators and their imprisonment over the Genocide’s consequences for survivors. The text is in French, and an English abstract is available. This text is from the personal archives of Bruno Boudiquet.

Rwanda, who is killing; who is dying; what is to be done. A discussion paper (5 January 1994)
1 born-digital report
A born-digital copy of an African Rights report on human rights violations during the Genocide in Rwanda. The text is in English, and an English abstract is available. This text is from the personal archives of Bruno Boudiquet.



 


Archival Documents (1965-1993, no date)
27 scanned documents

folder

AMENAGEMENTS CONSTITUTIONELS POUR LA MISE EN PLACE DES MECANISMES PROVISOIRES DE FONCTIONNEMENT DES POUVOIRS (30 September 1992)
1 scanned administrative document
The document is in French; no abstract is available. This document is held in the Ibuka archives.

Allocution du President de la Republique lors du Meeting du M.R.N.D. a Kigali (Stade Amahoro)(traduction) (29 January 1993)
1 scanned speech
The text of a speech given by President Juvenal HABYARIMANA in Kinyarwanda. In the speech, Habyarimana calls on members of MRND and all Rwandans for calm and peace amidst the multi-party uprisings and riots across the country. The text is a French translation from the Kinyarwanda; an abstract is available in English. This document is held in the Ibuka archives.

CALLIOPE MURINDAHABI 'NKUNDA UKURI' (19 June 1966)
1 scanned piece of correspondence
The document is in Kinyarwanda; a Kinyarwanda abstract is available. This document is held in the National University of Rwanda archives.

DECLARATION DU COMITE EXECUTIF DU CONSEIL DE CONCERTATION DES ORGANISATIONS D'APPUI AUX INIATIVES DE BASE 'CCOAIB' (23 February 1993)
1 scanned administrative document
The document is in French; no abstract is available. This document is held in the Ibuka archives.

EXPLOSION DE MINES, à NYANZA, le 25 février 1993 (10 March 1993)
1 scanned administrative document
A human rights report on rampant land mine explosions. The report outlines the death of RUKARA Sosthene. His van rolled over a mine and he was killed two kilometers away from Hanika Secondary School in Nyanza. French soldier expertise concluded that the RPF/Inkotanyi were responsible for laying the mines. The document is in French; an English abstract is available. This document is held in the Ibuka archives.

Fiches Politiques (no date)
3 scanned administrative documents
A series of three scanned administrative documents about three individuals: BYIMGBA Antoine, MUTORO Sylvestre, and SEBINYOGATE Deogratias The document are in French; an English abstract is available. These documents is held in the National Archives of Rwanda.

GRANDE LIGNES DU PROGRAMME DU GOUVERNEMENT DE TRANSITION SOUS LA DIRECTION DU Dr. NSENGIYAREMYE Dismas, PREMIER MINISTRE (no date)
1 scanned administrative document
The document is in French; an English abstract is available. This document is held in the Ibuka archives.

Ibuka doc 00011 (10 March 1993)
1 scanned piece of correspondence
The document is in French; no abstract is available. This document is held in the Ibuka archives.

Ibuka doc 00012 (10 March 1993)
1 scanned piece of correspondence
The document is in French; no abstract is available. This document is held in the Ibuka archives.

Instruction Ministerielle N... du... Relative a la Pre-Selection des Candidats Bourgmestres (26 February 1993)
1 scanned administrative document
This document describes cabinet decisions regarding the commune mayor appointments during the political transition in 1993. The document is in Kinyarwanda and French; an English abstract is available. This document is held in the Ibuka archives.

Itangazo (11 March 1993)
1 scanned administrative document
The document is in Kinyarwanda; no abstract is available. This document is held in the Ibuka archives.

ITORA RYA KOMINI (December 1992)
1 scanned administrative document
The document is in Kinyarwanda; a Kinyarwanda abstract is available. This document is held in the National University of Rwanda archives.

LA NECESSITE DE RATTACHER LA GENDARMERIE NATIONALE AU MINISTERE DE LA JUSTICE (19 March 1993)
1 scanned administrative document
A Ministry of Justice document outlining the reasons why the Gendarmerie Nationale (Republican Guard) should be shifted from the Ministry of Defense to the Ministry of Justice. The document is in French; an English abstract is available. This document is held in the Ibuka archives.

Les Pouvoirs du President de la Republique et Chef de l'Etat (14 October 1992)
1 scanned administrative document
This document describes presidential powers and prerogatives during the peace talks between the Rwandan Government and the RPF/Inkotanyi. The document is in French; an English abstract is available. This document is held in the Ibuka archives.

Letter from RENZAHO Tharcisse to Ministre de l'Interieur 1992-02-13 (13 February 1992)
1 scanned piece of correspondence
The document is in French and Kinyarwanda; no abstract is available. This document is held in the Ibuka archives.

Letter from RENZAHO Tharcisse to Ministre de l'Intérieur et du Développement Communal (10 April 1965)
1 scanned piece of correspondence
The document is in French and Kinyarwanda; no abstract is available. This document is held in the National Unviersity of Rwanda archives.

MOTION DE SOUTIEN AU GOUVERNEMENT RWANDAIS ADDRESSEE A L'OPINION PUBLIQUE (19 October 1990)
1 scanned piece of correspondence
The document is in Kinyarwanda; no abstract is available. This document is held in the National University of Rwanda archives.

MOTION DES ETUDIANTS RWANDAIS HUTU EN BELGIQUE SUR LE PROBLEME SOCIO ETHNIQUE AU RWANDA (no date)
1 scanned piece of corerspondence
The document is in French; no abstract is available. This document is held in the personal archives of Prof. RUTAYISIRE Paul .

Message du Premier Ministre a la Nation (14 February 1993)
1 scanned speech
Speech given by the Prime Minister, Dismas NSENGIYAREMYE, in Kinyarwanda. The speech was delivered in the context of the war against the RPF/Inkotanyi. Seven days earlier, RPF/Inkotanyi had breached the ceasefire agreement and made a large scale attack on the Government army positions. It seized a bigger territory and threatened to march over Kigali, the capital city. The document is a French translation of the Kinyarwanda original; an English abstract is available. This document is held in the Ibuka archvies.

N203.02/874/RE/92 (14 November 1992)
1 scanned administrative document
Warning issues by the Burundian Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the possibility for for the Palipehutu destabilizing Burundi from the Rwandan territory. The document is in French; an English abstract is available. This document is held in the Ibuka archives.

Processes Re-Democratisation du Pays (no date)
1 scanned administrative document
Handwritten note. Cover letter for GRANDE LIGNES DU PROGRAMME DU GOUVERNEMENT DE TRANSITION SOUS LA DIRECTION DU Dr. NSENGIYAREMYE Dismas, PREMIER MINISTRE. The document is in French; an English abstract is available. This document is held in the Ibuka archives.

RAPPORT SUR LA MORT INOPINEE DE Mme MUJAWAYEZU Catherine (5 March 1993)
1 scanned administrative document
This document is a human rights report condemning the assassination of MUJAWAYEZU Catherine. She was killed by multiple grenades that had been thrown into her bedroom by unidentified assailants. The document is in French; an English abstract is available. This document is held in the Ibuka archives.

RAPPORT SUR LES EXECUTIONS SOMMAIRES AUX CAMPS MILITAIRES DE KANOMBE ET DE KAMI (25 February 1993)
1 scanned administrative document
This document is a human rights report condemning extrajudicial killings that were being committed by military soldiers in the Kanombe and Kami military barracks. The document is in French; an English abstract is available. This document is held in the Ibuka archives.

UBUTUMWA MINISITIRI W'INTEBE YAGEJEJE KU BANYARWANDA KU BYERECYEYE INTAMBARA (14 February 1993)
1 scanned speech
Speech given by the Prime Minister, Dismas NSENGIYAREMYE, in Kinyarwanda. The speech was delivered in the context of the war against the RPF/Inkotanyi. Seven days earlier, RPF/Inkotanyi had breached the ceasefire agreement and made a large scale attack on the Government army positions. It seized a bigger territory and threatened to march over Kigali, the capital city. The document is in Kinyarwanda; an English abstract is available. This document is held in the Ibuka archives.

VISITE DU PRESIDENT DU F.P.R. A WASHINGTON (1992)
1 scanned piece of correspondence
The document is in French; no abstract is available. This document is held in the Ibuka archives.