Eliza Johnson Home for Aged Negroes Collection:
An Inventory of Records at the Houston Metropolitan Research Center, Houston Public Library
The Eliza Johnson Home for Aged Negroes began as a dream of Anna Dupree. Dupree moved to Houston from Galveston in 1916. She supported herself as a maid and housekeeper for white families while taking instruction at Ethel Baird's Beauty Shop. She subsequently amassed a considerable fortune as a beautician and entrepreneur. When the Eliza Johnson Home opened in June of 1952, it was largely due to her determination and resources, as well as the support and encouragement of her husband, C.A., and others in the black community.
The need for such a facility in Houston was palpable. Five such homes already operated in the metropolitan area, one funded by Harris County and the others by churches, but they admitted only white people; health care in Houston for elderly, indigent citizens, as in many other American cities, was based largely on a policy of racial segregation or exclusion. Hence, the goal of the Eliza Johnson Home--located on a thirty-five acre tract off Chocolate Bayou Road in the historically black neighborhood of Sunnyside--was basic: to provide a place "where our old people enjoy kind, humane care and freedom from fear and want in their remaining days."
The collection consists of business documents and correspondence, dating approximately from 1949 to 1983, and photographs and clippings.
Permission to publish or reproduce materials from the Eliza Johnson Home for Aged Negroes Collection must be obtained from the Houston Metropolitan Research Center or the appropriate copyright holder.
Eliza Johnson Home for Aged Negroes Collection. RG E 47. Houston Metropolitan Research Center, Houston Public Library.
Processed by Howard Beeth, 1983.