Houston Academy of Medicine-Texas Medical Center Library, John P. McGovern Historical Collections and Research Center

Leon Dmochowski, MD, PhD papers; 1947-1977; MS 020



Creator: Dmochowski, Leon
Title Leon Dmochowski, MD, PhD papers
Dates: 1947-1977
Abstract: The Leon Dmochowski, MD, PhD papers are reprints and reports that cover his career in virology and oncology. Leon Dmochowski was a virologist, experimental oncologist, and academic in Texas Medical Center in Houston, TX. He held faculty positions at both Univeristy of Texas at Houston and Baylor College of Medicine. The collection contains 2 boxes equaling 1 cubic foot, the materials are mostly in good condition. One item has water damage.
Identification: MS 020
Quantity: 1 cubic foot (2 boxes)
Location: Houston Academy of Medicine-Texas Medical Center Library, Houston, Texas.
Language: English
Repository: John P. McGovern Historical Collections and Research Center, Houston Academy of Medicine-Texas Medical Center Library

Biographical Note

Leon Dmochowski was a virologist, experimental oncologist, and academic born on July 1, 1909 in Ternopil (Ukraine; at that time Austrian crown land of Galicia). He died on August 26, 1981 in Mexico City and was buried in Houston, Texas.

Dmochowski attended the Ukrainian Grammar School for Boys in Peremyshl, and in 1928-33 he studied at the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Lviv, where he gained a bachelor's degree. In 1934-35 he worked as a general practitioner at the Lviv university clinic. He subsequently obtained a grant from the J. Potocki Foundation for Scientific Investigation of Cancer and Tuberculosis and moved to Warsaw where, from 1935 to 1938, he was a research assistant in the cancer laboratoryy of the Polish State Institute of Hygiene, Department of Bacteriology and experimental Medicine. In 1973 he gained a Doctor of Medicine degree from Warsaw University.

Obtaining a one-year traveling fellowship from the Potocki Foundation, in 1938 he came to the United Kingdom where, unti l1946, he conducted research at the Imperial Cancer Research Fund (now Cancer Research UK). During this period he published five papers in the British Medical Journal, the British Journal of Experimental Pathology, the British Journal of Cancer and the Journal of Pathology and Bacteriology. in 1946 he moved to Leeds, where he worked as a researcher and lecturer in the Department of Experimental Pathology and Cancer Reasearch at the School of Medicine, University of Leeds. He also lectured in microbiology. In 1949 he obtained a second doctorate from Leeds University, and in 1950 was promoted to the position of reader at the university. In this period he published a further 24 papers in The Lancet (1947), Nature (1947, 1948, 1950, 1951) and other journals (Advances in Cancer Research, British Medical journal, Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Acta-Unio Internationalis Contra Cancrum, Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences). In 1951, he was invited to give a series of lectures on oncology at a number of universities in the USA. in 1953-54 he was a visiting associate professor of microbiology at the Colombia University College of Physicians and Surgeons in New York. From 1949 to 1955 he was an adviser to the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA). He was a member of the Royal Society of Medicine, the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, the British Society of General Microbiology, and the Pathological Society oof Great Britain and Ireland.

Deciding to settle in the USA, in 1954 Dmochowski moved from New York to Houston, where in 1954-55 he was a professor of anatomy at the Baylor University of College of Medicine, and a consultant at the M.D. Anderson Hospital and Tumor Institute (now University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center). He continued to work at M.D. Anderson where he was chief of the Section of Virology and Electron Microscopy (1955-65), acting head of the newly-established Department of Virology (1965-66), and, from 1966, professor and head of the Department of Virology. From 1955 he was also professor ofexperimental pathology at the University of Texas Postgraduate School of Medicine, and, from 1965, professor of virology at the new University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences. Additionally, he was a clinical professor at the Baylor University College of Medicine (from 1955), and a distinguished lecturer at the Medical College of Georgia at Augusta (1966). After 1974 he continued with his academic and research work at M.D. Anderson. His main academic interests included virology, experimental oncology, immunology and serology of tumors, endocrinology, and electron microscopy in cancer diagnosis. He was the author or co-author of over 450 articles and papers, as well as chapters in several books. He was at the forefront of research into the role of viruses in oncology, one of the first researchers to report the viral origins of various malignant tumors (1953), and a pioneer in the application of electron microscopy in oncovirology. He also discovered viruses which cause leucosis in rodents and demonstrated the presence of such viruses in human beings.

Dmochowski was a member of the Ukrainian Physicians' Society in Lviv and the Ukrainian Medical Association of North America, and (from 1959) a full member of the Shevchenko Scientific Society in the US. He was also a member of the American Association for Cancer Research, the Electron Microscopy Society of America, the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine, the American Society for Microbiology, the New York Academy of Sciences, the Leukemia Society of America (National Board of Trustees, 1966-; National Medical and Scientific Advisory Board, 1966-1970), and the Pan American Cancer Cytology Society. He was an honorary member of the Chilean Society of Cancerology.

Source: Kovaliv, Yuriy B. (20 June 2014). Leon Dmochowski. Ukrainians in the United Kingdom. Retrieved from http://www.ukrainiansintheuk.info/eng/02/dmochowski-e.htm


Scope and Content Note

The Leon Dmochowski, MD, PhD papers contain article reprints, reports and an undated manuscript related to his career in oncology and virology. The collection contains 2 boxes equaling 1 cubic foot, the materials are mostly in good condition. One item has water damage.


Arrangement of Collection

This collection is arranged into the following series.
Series I. Reprints and Reports

Restrictions

Access restrictions

Permission to publish, quote, or reproduce should be secured from the repository.


Index terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the online catalog. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Dmochowski, Leon
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Ukrainian Medical Association of North America
Baylor College of Medicine
Virology
Oncology

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

The Leon Dmochowski, MD, PhD papers; MS 20; John P. McGovern Historical Collections and Research Center, Houston Academy of Medicine-Texas Medical Center Library.

Please cite the box and folder numbers where appropriate.

Processing Information

On the most part, original order of the collection was maintained. Materials are in chronological order.


Detailed Description of the Collection

Series I: Reprints and Reports; 1947-1977, undated

Reprints and reports from a Leon Dmochowski's career.
box folder
1 1 Reprints 1947-51
2 Reprints 1957
3 Reprints 1959
4 Reprints 1960
5 Reprints 1961-1962
6 Reprints 1963
7 Reprints 1964
8 Reprints 1965
9 Reprints 1966
10 Reprints 1967
11 Reprints and Educational Program 1968
12 Reprints 1969
13 Reprints 1970
14 "Studies on the Relationship of Viruses in Human Leukemia, Lymphoma, and Solid Tumors" - Report 1970
box folder
2 1 Reprints 1971
2 "Studies on the Relationship of Viruses to Human Neoplasia" 1971
3 Reprints 1972
4 "Report of the Human Leukemia-Lymphoma Virus Study Section" 1972
5 Reprints 1973
6 Reprints 1973
7 Reprints 1974
8 Speech 1974
9 Reprints 1975
10 Reprints 1976
11 Reprints 1977
12 Manuscript undated
13 Reprints undated
14 "Current Information on Human-Animal Cancer Associations" - Report undated