Houston Academy of Medicine-Texas Medical Center Library, John P. McGovern Historical Collections and Research Center

Menninger Foundation [Clinic] records; 1854-2003; IC 078



Creator: Menninger Foundation
Title: Menninger Foundation [Clinic] records.
Dates: 1854-2003.
Abstract: Menninger Foundation [Clinic] records comprises medical realia, publications, and ephemera from the Menninger Clinic and its former owners. The collection illustrates the evolution of the science of psychiatry and psychiatric treatment as seen through the eyes of America's first family of psychiatry, the Menningers, who opened its eponymous clinic in Topeka, Kansas, in 1925. Objects in the collection date as far back as 1854 through 2003, the year the clinic and its archive moved to Houston. The bulk of the collection is in good condition and consist of 84 cubic feet (123 boxes).
Identification: IC 078
Quantity: 84 cubic feet (123 boxes)
Location: Houston Academy of Medicine-Texas Medical Center Library, Houston, Texas.
Language: English.
Repository: John P. McGovern Historical Collections and Research Center, Houston Academy of Medicine-Texas Medical Center Library

Historical Notes

Charles Fredrick (C. F.) Menninger, MD (also known as Dr. C. F. and CFM), began the Menninger Clinic in 1925. Although not initially a trained psychiatrist, he had an interest in psychiatry and is considered a pioneer in the then-emerging field. Two of his sons specialized in psychiatry at medical school and joined him in operating the clinic. Karl Augustus Menninger, who recently had graduated from medical school, joined him in the clinic late that same year. His son William Claire Menninger, Karl's younger brother, joined the clinic in 1927. Dr. Karl and Dr. Will, as the brothers were known, became leaders in the field. Dr. Karl managed the medical side of the clinic, while Dr. Will managed the finances and administration as the CEO. When Dr. Will died unexpectedly in 1966, Dr. Karl briefly took over as CEO before Dr. Will's son Roy Menninger, MD, known as Dr. Roy, was elected CEO. When Dr. Roy retired in 1993, his younger brother, William Walter (Walt) Menninger, known as Dr. Walt, succeeded him. John McKelvey succeeded Dr. Walt in 2001, and Dr. Walt was named chairman of The Menninger Foundation board of trustees. Menninger moved to Houston in 2003 after it formed an affiliation with The Methodist Hospital and Baylor College of Medicine.


Scope and Content Note

On May 23, 2003, the Houston Academy of Medicine-Texas Medical Center Library acquired The Menninger Foundation's collections of publications and medical realia. This coincided with the transfer of the Menninger Clinic from its original home in Topeka, Kansas, to its new home in Houston, Texas.

The Menninger collection comprises medical realia, publications, and ephemera from the Menninger Clinic and its former owners. The collection illustrates the evolution of the science of psychiatry and psychiatric treatment as seen through the eyes of America's first family of psychiatry, the Menningers, who opened its eponymous clinic in Topeka, Kansas, in 1925. Objects in the collection date as far back as 1854 through 2003, the year the clinic and its archive moved to Houston.

Charles Fredrick (C. F.) Menninger, MD (also known as Dr. C. F. and CFM), began the Menninger Clinic in 1925. Although not initially a trained psychiatrist, he had an interest in psychiatry and is considered a pioneer in the then-emerging field. Two of his sons specialized in psychiatry at medical school and joined him in operating the clinic. Karl Augustus Menninger, who recently had graduated from medical school, joined him in the clinic late that same year. His son William Claire Menninger, Karl's younger brother, joined the clinic in 1927. Dr. Karl and Dr. Will, as the brothers were known, became leaders in the field. Dr. Karl managed the medical side of the clinic, while Dr. Will managed the finances and administration as the CEO. When Dr. Will died unexpectedly in 1966, Dr. Karl briefly took over as CEO before Dr. Will's son Roy Menninger, MD, known as Dr. Roy, was elected CEO. When Dr. Roy retired in 1993, his younger brother, William Walter (Walt) Menninger, known as Dr. Walt, succeeded him. John McKelvey succeeded Dr. Walt in 2001, and Dr. Walt was named chairman of The Menninger Foundation board of trustees. Menninger moved to Houston in 2003 after it formed an affiliation with The Methodist Hospital and Baylor College of Medicine.

The collection is maintained in the McGovern Historical Collections and Research Center at the Houston Academy of Medicine-Texas Medical Center Library. The bulk of the collection has been processed at box and folder level. Most of the realia has be processed at the item level due to the nature of the materials.

Please note that the collection includes a Menninger museum register of realia. Items in this finding aid with numbers included in their description may be referenced in the museum register. The register is located in the IC 78 control folder. Please consult an archivist.

The bulk of the collection is in good condition and consists of 84 cubic feet (123 boxes).


Arrangement of Collection

This collection is arranged into the following series.
Series I. Menninger Publications
Series II. Research of Lolafaye Coyne, PhD
Series III. Medical Realia
Series IV. Addendum

Restrictions

Access restrictions

This material is unrestricted.


Index terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the online catalog. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.
Menninger, William Claire, 1899-1966.
Menninger, Karl A. (Karl Augustus), 1893.
Menninger, Charles Frederick, 1862-1953.
Menninger family.
Menninger Clinic.
Hospitals, Psychiatric--history--Kansas.
Psychiatry.
Menninger Clinic. Psychiatry.

Related Material

Menninger Rare Book Collection


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Menninger Foundation [Clinic] records; 1854-2003; IC 078; John P. McGovern Historical Collections and Research Center, Houston Academy of Medicine-Texas Medical Center Library.

Please cite the box and folder numbers where appropriate.

The Menninger Clinic donated this material to the Houston Academy of Medicine-Texas Medical Center Library.

Processing Information

Materials were generally processed in original order. Medical realia are housed in boxes. Large or odd-sized items have been placed in the GAF (Garment Artifact Framed) Section, each assigned an GAF# and inventoried. A few items were discarded due to poor condition or duplications. Discarded items are lists below:

  • M-456 David and Kidder's Patent Magneto Electric Machine 1854 (2)
  • M-125A Wood box, empty, inscribed with: Dono / Delle Fabbriche Riunite / Amido Glucosio Destrina / Alla Clinica Neuropsichiatrica / Dell' Universita di Roma
  • Ceramic and metal electric sterilizer (2)
  • Metal medical device manufactured by Spencer Lens Co.
  • 71.1.1 Black leather bag. The leather bag was discarded due to poor condition. Contents of the bag were retained. See the Series III Medical Realia detailed listing.

Accruals

The collection was initially acquired in 2003 from the Menninger Foundation. Additional materials were found and added as an addendum to the colleciton in 2017.


Detailed Description of the Collection

Series I: Menninger Publications

Scope and Content for Series I: Menninger Publications: This series includes staff publications and articles from professional and general publications, including typed articles submitted for publication, copies of published articles alone and within publications, copies of news articles and publications, copies of printouts of Menninger Clinic website content. The series has been minimally processed and is described only at box level. The materials are in excellent condition. 37 cubic feet (73 boxes).
Subseries A: Menninger Staff Publications.
This subseries includes articles and copies of medical journals in which the Menningers and staff members published papers. Journals include International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, Psychiatric Studies and Projects, and The Psychiatric Forum. This subseries is organized alphabetically by journal title.
box folder
1 - Ab-App
box folder
2 - App-Bar
box folder
3 - Bas-Bol
box folder
4 - Bom-Bry
box folder
5 - Brz-Cho
box folder
6 - Cho-Cra
box folder
7 - Cra-Eas
box folder
8 - Eas-Ell
box folder
9 - Ell-Far
box folder
10 - Far-Fra
box folder
11 - Frb-Gab
box folder
12 - Gab-Gar
box folder
13 - Gar-Gre
box folder
14 - Gre-Hal
box folder
15 - Hal-Har
box folder
16 - Har-Hir
box folder
17 - Hir-Hom
box folder
18 - Hon-Jas
box folder
19 - Jat-Ker
box folder
20 - Ker-Kle
box folder
21 - Kle-Kli
box folder
22 - Kli-Kov
box folder
23 - Kov-Lau
box folder
24 - Lav-Ler
box folder
25 - Ler-Lev
box folder
26 - Lew-May
box folder
27 - May-Men (KAM)
box folder
28 - Men-Men (KAM)
box folder
29 - Men-Men (KAM)
box folder
30 - Men-Men (KAM)
box folder
31 - Men-Men (KAM)
box folder
32 - Men-Men (KAM)
box folder
33 - Men-Men (KAM)
box folder
34 - Men-Men (KAM)
box folder
35 - Men-Men (KAM)
box folder
36 - Men-Men (Philip-Roy)
box folder
37 - Men-Men (Roy)
box folder
38 - Men-Men (Roy-WC)
box folder
39 - Men-Men (WC)
box folder
40 - Men-Men (WC)
box folder
41 - Men-Men (WC)
box folder
42 - Men-Men (WC)
box folder
43 - Men-Men (WC)
box folder
44 - Men-Men (WC-W Walter)
box folder
45 - Men-Men (W Walter)
box folder
46 - Men (W Walter)-Mod
box folder
47 - Mod-Mor
box folder
48 - Mor-Mur
box folder
49 - Mur-Mur
box folder
50 - Mur-Mur
box folder
51 - Mur-Mur
box folder
52 - Mur-Mur
box folder
53 - Mur-Pee
box folder
54 - Pef-Pru
box folder
55 - Pef-Pru
box folder
56 - Pru-Pru
box folder
57 - Pru-Ram
box folder
58 - Ram-Ros
box folder
59 - Ros-Sat
box folder
60 - Sat-Sch
box folder
61 - Sch-She
box folder
62 - She-Smi
box folder
63 - Smi-Spo
box folder
64 - Spo-Swi
box folder
65 - Swi-Tay
box folder
66 - Taz-Tic
box folder
67 - Tic-Vot
box folder
68 - Vot-Wal
box folder
69 - Wal-Won
box folder
70 - Woo-Zur
box folder
71 - Zur-Zur
Subseries B: Miscellaneous Publications, through June 2003.
box folder
72 Ab-App Menninger Foundation materials, including organizational chart and time chart, 1862-1949, beginning with the birth of C. F. Menninger.
Subseries C: Menninger Website Content and News Clippings, through June 2003.
box folder
73 - Reproductions of pages from Menninger Clinic's first Internet site. News clippings include publications such as Topeka (Kansas) Capital-Journal, Houston Chronicle, and New York Times. Includes folder-level inventory sheet listing for publications.



Series II: Research of Lolafaye Coyne, PhD

Scope and Content for Series II: Research of Lolafaye Coyne, PhD. The materials are in excellent condition. 15 cubic feet (15 boxes).
box folder
74 Selection Project, Dr. Coyne’s Research
box folder
75 - Selection Project, Dr. Coyne’s Research
box folder
76 - Selection Project, Colinna’s Ratings
box folder
77 - Selection Project Therapy Notes
box folder
78 - Selection Project - Sociometry: Bill’s Predictive Ratings
box folder
79 - Lolafaye Coyne Research, Kabai – Leichtman
box folder
80 - Psychotherapy Research: Situation Variables
box folder
81 - Psychotherapy Research
box folder
82 - Celenna’s Ratings 38L.L Eval V-VI
box folder
83 - Psych Research Facet Analysis, Dr. Coyne’s Research
box folder
84 - Dr. Coyne’s Research Selection Project, Eval Res
box folder
85 - Psych Research Proj: Pat Variables Initial Study, Termination Study
box folder
86 - Dr. Coyne’s research, Evaluations VII-VIII
box folder
87 - Dr. Coyne’s Research Selection Project



Series III: Medical Realia.

Scope and Content for Series III: Medical Realia. The condition of the materials ranges from excellent to poor. Many of the tools and metal objects are in good to excellent condition. Some of the leather is in a state of decay. The collection includes numerous sharps (reusable needles, glass syringes and containers) and several sealed mercury instruments. Box level inventory. 32 cubic feet (63 boxes).
Subseries A: Medical Objects, 19th and 20th centuries
box folder
88 - Straitjacket with key
box folder
89 2 folders, 2 objects Surgical saw, metal clamps, Carlizek electro-mechanical metal instrument, vials of herbs and seeds
box folder
90 5 folders Leitz Wetzler lens, Spiegel-Kondensor lens, metal clamps (2), Zeiss slide, Dudgeon's Sphygmograph (blood pressure meter)
box folder
91 5 folders, 1 object Hypodermic needles (sharps), razor blades, Cameron oral lamp, blood pressure meter, miniature leather-bound book (Vest Pocket Medical Lexicon), metal clamp object
box folder
92 2 folders, 4 objects Glass jar, related correspondence regarding the collecting brain tissue; electric light; Eastman Kodak scale
box folder
93 2 folders, 2 objects Speculum (2), metal probe, metal and wood mallet
1 item M-2216 Ceramic head figurine, 2 inches, imprinted with Schering Trilafon logo (drug for treating schizophrenia)
2 items M-527 Globular iron weight with M-530 metal chain restraint
- 68.20 Cat skull with implanted electrode
box folder
94 - Case with syringe, flarometer (fluorometer, measures fluoroscent molecule concentrations), metal objects in case, metal objects
box folder
95 2 folders Buffer pad, forceps, clamps
box folder
96 3 folders Metal blade and handle, slippers, sphygmographe (blood pressure meter)
box folder
97 14 folders, 1 object Brown leather box with contents, leather case of medical tools, halometer (measures red blood cells to diagnose pernicious anemia), stomach cells (slide)
box folder
98 3 devices Electrical devices (2), battery-powered device (1), in boxes(3)
box folder
99 6 folders M-4088, 1.746 Brown canvas tool apron with contents (medical tools, 6 folders)
box folder
100 - Mecal chisel; Sop-o-Zone metal key device; Spike brand straight razor (sharp), Fleischer stethoscope; Brass medical device in leather case; M-418 a, b, c Glass and metal syringe in leather case; M-4072 a, b Krankheit-Anzeiger brand large thermometer (mercury, sealed) in wood tube; Urino-Tycnometer (mercury, sealed) in cardboard tube; Canister for specimen with black slide and mailer for gonhorrea test; brass object with trigger, blades (possibly audio device)
- M-170-1 Box of medications, instruments; M-701 H.5 Case of medication vials; M-90 Case of medication vials; M-45 Case of medication vials
box folder
101 - 67.22.34 John F. Kennedy and Dr. William Menninger photo on halftone printing plate; 67.22.24 Bob Hope and Dr. William Menninger photo on halftone printing plate; 67.22.12 Anna Freud and Dr. Karl Menninger photo on halftone printing plate; 67.22.23 Dr. William Menninger photo on photo halftone printing plate; M-3844 Patient reading room photo halftone printing plate and M-4163 Menninger logo icon printing plate; MS 2 Dr. C. P. Menninger photo halftone printing plate; 67.22.40 Congressional hearing photo halftone printing plate; M-264A, M264B Meninger Foundation printing plates (2)
- Otoscope part, otoscope part (1903), M-290 opthalmic scope lightbulbs; 70.12.4 Opthalmoscope; M-44 Leather case with opthalmoscope and M-42a, M?-42b Scale in box, belonged to Karl Menninger; Set of metal medical instruments in leather case; Menninger US Chamber of Commerce 1957
box folder
102 zzz Canvas bed-tub restraint, circa 1950s; related correspondence on usage, 1986
box folder
103 - Bausch and Lomb handle; Metal blade and metal back manufactured by Spencer, Buffalo, NY, in plastic or Bakelite case; Glass opthalmic lenses or gauges (2) in Dr. R. B. Waite's Local Anesthetic box
- Bowtie (cravat); M-4141 Herman Major medals; 75.5.3 CNPA Medal 1972; Office of Price Administration (OPA) Red Point Tokens (World War II era, used for purchasing rationed foods); BD Fever Thermometer brochure; Syphilis lab test forms; Passports for Karl and Jeanetta Lyle Menninger; Wprld War II war ration books and leather case; 6916.2 William C. Menninger desk accessory
box folder
104 - 71.19.2 Sterling silver bowl preesnted to Will Menninger, 1962; 1-quart pitcher (glass)
box folder
105 - M-3832 Leather paddle restraints; M-107-65 metal medical instrument (3 pieces); set of 7 metal medical objects; metal chisel; wooden sign: Dr. John A. Crabb; 69.16.5 Leather portfolio 1930; M-4361 William C. Menninger Medal presented to Mrs. Arthur Hopkins, honorary life trustee in the Menninger Foundation, 1972
box folder
106 - Glass nameplates: Karl Menninger, Will Menninger, Miss Lyle (later Jeanetta Lyle Menninger); George Pilling Domestic Single Battery #1 magneto, 1905, with Complete Guide to Domestic Treatment by Electricity (book with descriptions of treating various diseases and ailments with electroshock therapy); M-362 Syringe sterilizer and glass vacuum tube; M-3840 Stainless steel Betz brand siphons (medical tools) in leather case
box folder
107 - 70.1 A Brass medical instrument in leather case (2); M-3841 Bloodless tracheotome in leather case; M-3842 Cilkloid surgical dressing in metal cylinder container; M-3835 metal caliper; M-3836 stainless steel caliper
box folder
108 - M-107-17 Forceps; M-107-7-29 stainless steel medical tools, including mallet; M-107-30 stainless steel medical tools including crochets; M-10735 Stainless steel soap container; M-107-76 Leather case with stainless steel tools (sharps)
box folder
109 - M-107-48 Metal medical tools including dental mirror, crochet (sharp); limbic system model with Librium logo; metal and plastic medical objects; medical objects; stainless steel medical tools including forceps, crochet
box folder
110 - M-364 Asepto syringe (2); M-3839 Fleischer manometer with mercury (sealed) in stainless steel, leather cases; M-4125 B Blood pressure meter in plastic case; M-20760 medical device
box folder
111 - Dental articulator; Dental model
- M-1496 (1462) Leather cuff; M-2194A Leather cuff; M02056A Leather harness; M-2194D Leather cuff; M-2194O Leather cuff; M-2194P Leather belt; 3 leather belt restraints with 2 aluminum ID tags: "From the Tranquilizer" and "Belongs on Rush Tranquilizer Chair"
box folder
112 - Electric vibrator, manufactured by Chicago Motor and Vibrator Co.
- M-3830 B, C, D Zenith hearing aid worn by Karl Menninger, very good condition, with case
- M-2076B, M-2077C Fleischer Spinal Manometer (mercury, sealed), in stainless steel case
- Medication vials, in leather case and M-291 Seabury's Sterile Chromic Catgut in sealed glass and rubber tube with clear fluid; 67.7.3 Leather case of medication vials
- Stainless steel head drill; M-2007 Metal handcuffs 1899
- M-3845 Dr. Karl Menninger World War II military photo on halftone printing plate; 6722.41 World War II photo halftone printing plate
- Metal head clamp
box folder
113 - M-2190 Halliwell-Shelton violet ray, in case
- M-456 David and Kidder's Patent Magneto Electric Machine 1854
box folder
114 - M-3833D Leather arm restraint; M-4300 Whip with note; 71-20-4 Leather and canvas belt and arm restraint
- M-507 Case with bottles; 70.11.5 Case with bottles; 70.11.3.b Field microscope in leather case; 70.12.8 silver eyeglasses in case; M-2348F Case with vials
- "Der Struwelpeter" book (German) owned by Karl Menninger as a child. "Der Struwelpeter" background documentation. Glass lantern slide "used by Dr. Kirkbride c. 1850 in his educational programs in the Pennsylvania Hostpial.
box folder
115 - M-367B Leather strap; M-2056B Leather restraints; 71-20-2 Pair of leather restraints; M-367A Leather strap
box folder
116 - Leather restraints
box folder
117 - Straitjacket
box folder
118 - Leather and cloth restraint
box folder
119 - 67.24.1 Long cloth strap M-368; Long cloth strap; M-366 Leather Restraint (2); M-2194 Leather restraint (5)
Subseries B:Medical Black Bags
box folder
120 8 folders M 108-1 Brown leather medical bag, good condition, with contents in folders
box folder
121 - Saddlebags with medication bottles
box folder
122 1-5 Contents of 71.1.1 Black leather bag. The leather bag was discarded due to poor condition.
1 71.1.1 Black leather bag contents: Wood box of medical tools.
2 71.1.1 Black leather bag contents: Hemastats, tools
3 71.1.1 Black leather bag contents: Glass capsule of catgut, capsules of glass slides
4 71.1.1 Black leather bag contents: Set of 3 rinsing curettes in leather box
5 71.1.1 Black leather bag contents: Stehoscope (71.1.5) and Head saw (71.1.6)
box object
GAF GAF-0203 Black medical bag, good condition, wood and paperboard with black imitation leather covering and transparent plastic windows. Contents include 2 pieces of correspondence, contents list taped inside bag, medications, syringes, rubber tubes. Correspondence 1: From the Desk of Nathaniel Uhr, MD (memo pad letterhead) / To: Archives - B. Horne / Old emergency medical kit used by Foundation's physicians when called to CFMMH hospital. It was already here before Dr. Uhr came in the late '40s. Further info contact Dr. Uhr. -- Duane Swansy (sp?). Correspondence 2: (needs to be recorded in book) Temporary accession #: 82.1 Medical bag used in Menninger Clnic, received via Dr. Bob from Dr. Nat Uhr. -- AMM (sp?)
GAF-0204 M-267a Black medical bag, good condition, wood and paperboard with black imitation leather covering. Inscribed with: Dr. J. A. Crabb. Contents include 1 piece of correspondence, medications, stethoscope, syringes, sterilized catgut sutures, needles (sharps), rubber tubes. Correspondence: From the Desk of John Redjinski (memo pad letterhead) / M-267a / Medical instruments, bag, physician, black leather with 2 handles. 19 instruments. Owned by Dr. ___ Crabb. Contains: 267b. Percussion hammer; c. scalpel handle, crescent, #3; d. scalpel handle, Bond-Parket, #4; e. stethoscope, tubular tube, 4 pcs.
GAF-0254 Surgical Kit. Part of 71.1.1 Black leather bag.
Subseries C: Oversized (OV) Items
box object
GAF GAF-0200 M-369 Leather arm support (not boxed)
GAF-0201 ECT (Electo Convulsive Therapy) Unit Model B-24, manufactured by Medecraft Electronic Corp. Object is enclosed in a black imitation leather box case with 1 handle. Measures about 12x6x6 inches. Electrical cord is included.
GAF-0202 Electro-Shock device, manufactured by Rahm Instruments Inc. Object is enclosed in a black imitation leather box case with 1 handle. Measures about 14x8x7 inches. Electrical jack is located on one side of the box. Cord is not included.
GAF-0215 George Pilling, Domestic Single Battery #1, 1905
GAF-0216 Sanborn Viso Cardiette
GAF-0225 Photo electroshock machine. C. 150, C&G Electronics, ElectroShock Therapy.
GAF-0248 Civil War Era Surgical Kit. 608.42-86 Set of surgical saws and knives. Box has an inscribed silver plaque to "George Tillmann." Objects are enclosed in a wood case with brass and silver trim. Manufacturer of objects is W.R. Guilding of NY, NY. c. 1850-1880
box folder
OV 234 Photographs. Karl Menninger portraits, c. 1940-1950
drawer folder
MD 11 - United States Army Air Forces Cloth Map, Asiatic Series No. 32. Silk folding map of French Indo China and surrounding areas (Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Burma / Myanmar), with Central China on reverse side. December 1944. Map given to Karl Menninger in 1956.



Series IV: Addendum, 1946-1994

Scope and Content for Series IV: Addendum contains materials added to the collection after the initial processing. Materials include obituraries, photographs, alumni directories, and printed materials related to Karl Menninger and the educational programs of the Menninger FOundation. The series equals one cubic foot (2 boxes).
box folder
122 6 Obituraries and tributes for Karl Menninger, 1990-1994
7 Karl Menninger "Just Married" cartoon
8 Karl Menninger essays and editorials, 1978-1980
9 Kark Menninger photographs and negatives, 1940s-1950s
10 Sigmund Freud photographs, undated
11 Veteran's Administration [Hospital], Topeka, Kansas, circa 1958
12 Photographs and newsclippings, Menninger School of Psychiatry, Staff and Residents, 1946-1988
box folder
123 -- Alumni Directory, Menninger School of Psychiatry, 1963
-- Alumni Directory, Menninger Foundation, Professional Training Programs, 1975-1979, 1981-1986, 1989, 1991
-- Will Menninger Center for Applied Behavioral Sciences, Programs for Executives
-- Educational programs
-- "Don't Forget the Children: A History of Southard School, 1926-1986"
-- 23rd International Psycho-Analytical Congress Program and List of Delegates, 1963
-- Manuscript. Psychological Homeostasis and Organismic Integrity, Chapter IV, 1959