Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library at the Alamo

A Guide to the Ann Fears Crawford Papers, 1917-1991

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Crawford, Ann Fears, 1932-2004
Title: Ann Fears Crawford Papers
Dates: 1917-1991
Creator Abstract: A life-long resident of East Texas, Ann Fears Crawford (1932-2004) was a Texas author, historian, and teacher.
Content Abstract: The Ann Fears Crawford Papers contain research material, writings, teaching material, printed items, and audio tapes representing professional activities and interests.
Identification: Col 5881
Extent: 1.33 linear feet (3 boxes)
Language: Materials are in English.
Repository: Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library at the Alamo, San Antonio, Texas

Biographical Note

A life-long resident of East Texas, Ann Fears was born in Beaumont on 1932 August 26, the daughter of Dr. T. A. and Dorothy Huey Fears. After graduating from Beaumont High School in 1949, Fears attended the University of Texas at Austin, where earned a degree in drama in 1953. She later received a master's degree in education from Los Angeles State College and two additional degrees from the University of Texas, a doctorate in American studies (1976) and a master’s in library and information science (1988). While living in Los Angeles, Fears married Frank B. Crawford, Jr.; the couple had one son and later divorced.

Crawford taught history at a number of Texas high schools, colleges, and universities. In addition, Crawford was also a noted biographer and writer of Texas history. Her works included several books for young readers; numerous textbooks; John B. Connally: Portrait in Power, coauthored with Jack Keever; and The Eagle: The Autobiography of Santa Anna, which she edited. Particularly interested in the lives and accomplishments of Texas women and their increasing role in politics, Crawford wrote Women in Texas and Texas Women: Frontier to Future with Crystal Sasse Ragsdale. She also served as the Director of the Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library from 1989 to 1992. A long-time member of the East Texas Historical Association, Crawford was also involved with the Texas State Historical Association and the American Studies of Texas Association.

Ann Fears Crawford died in Beaumont, Texas, on 2004 May 14.


Ann Fears Crawford biographical file, Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library, San Antonio, Texas.

Scope and Content Note

Research material, writings, teaching material, printed items, and audio tapes are part of the Ann Fears Crawford Papers, representing the professional activities of the Texas author, historian, and teacher.

Research material, arranged alphabetically by subject, gathers documents, clippings, notes, and other items related to a number of subjects, primarily Texas women and politics. Some of the individuals documented are Lupe Anguiano, María Berriozábal, Minnie Fisher Cunningham, Cyndi Taylor Krier, and Lou Nelle Sutton. Part of the material was gathered by students of Dr. Crawford and a small amount of material is associated with journalistic writing projects.

Writings by Dr. Crawford include manuscripts and notes for speeches and presentations, a published article, and manuscripts of articles and books. These include books for children on Jane Long and Lizzie Johnson Williams and an in-depth history of the O’Connor Ranch of south Texas entitled “Gold Under the Trees: The O’Connor Ranch and the People Who Made It.”

Teaching material consists of a syllabus and student papers from a class on women in politics taught by Dr. Crawford at the University of Texas at San Antonio.

Printed material includes political ephemera from various candidates for local and national office and from a women’s political organization. Miscellaneous newspapers, periodicals, clippings, programs, and badges are also included.

Audio tapes record interviews with several individuals conducted by Dr. Crawford or her students. The focus is again on women in politics and the interviewees include O’Lene Stone, Rose Spector, Cyndi Taylor Krier, María Berriozábal, Jane Macon, Bob Krueger, and Arthur Gochman. Other interviews were conducted with O’Neil Ford and Frank Buschbacher. A presentation by Dr. Crawford is also recorded.

Some of the materials in the collection are photocopies.


Organization of Collection

This collection is organized into five series.
Series 1: Research material
Series 2: Writings
Series 3: Teaching material
Series 4: Printed material
Series 5: Audio tapes


Access Restrictions

No restrictions. The collection is open for research.

Usage Restrictions

Please be advised that the library does not hold the copyright to most of the material in its archival collections. It is the responsibility of the researcher to secure those rights when needed. Permission to reproduce does not constitute permission to publish. The researcher assumes full responsibility for conforming to the laws of copyright, literary property rights, and libel.

Index Terms

Personal Names
Crawford, Ann Fears.
Anguiano, Lupe.
Berriozábal, María Antonietta, 1941- .
Cunningham, Minnie Fisher, 1882-1964.
Krier, Cyndi Taylor, 1950- .
Long, Jane Herbert Wilkinson, 1798-1880.
O'Connor family.
Sutton, Lou Nelle.
Williams, Elizabeth Ellen Johnson, 1840-1924.
O'Connor Ranch (Tex.)--History.
Authors, American--Texas.
Women college teachers--Texas.
Women in politics--Texas.
Texas, Politics and government--1951- .
Personal papers.
Printed ephemera.
Research notes.
Student projects.

Related Material

Anne Fears Crawford Papers, 1879-1999, MS 205, Woodson Research Center, Fondren Library, Rice University.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Ann Fears Crawford Papers, 1917-1991, Col 5881, Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library, San Antonio, Texas.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Ann Fears Crawford, 1990-1991.

Processing Information

Processed by Warren Stricker, 1999 January.

Finding aid edited and encoded by David Gallin-Parisi, 2011 July.

Detailed Description of the Collection


Series 1: Research material

Box Folder
1 1-2 Lupe Anguiano
3 María Berriozábal
4 Communities Organized for Public Service
5-7 Minnie Fisher Cunningham
8 Cyndi Taylor Krier
9 Paseo del Rio
10 Lou Nelle Sutton
11 Texas breweries
12 Texas wine


Series 2: Writings

Box Folder
1 13 Published article: “Ann Richards: The New Woman in Texas Politics,” Journal of the American Studies Association of Texas 15 (1984): 3-12.
14 Federally Employed Women, 1977
15 Book review: Turn Your Eyes Toward Texas, 1990
16 Mexican Americans in Texas History conference, introduction, 1991
17 Article: "Remembering Texas: Emma Murk Altgelt"
Children's books
18 Bonnie Jane: Jane Long of Texas
19 Lizzie: Queen of the Cattle Trails
20 Women in Texas, partial bibliographies only
Box Folder
2 21-23 Gold Under the Trees: The O’Connor Ranch and the People Who Made It


Series 3: Teaching material

This series contains materials from a class on women in politics taught by Dr. Crawford at the University of Texas at San Antonio in 1978.
Box Folder
2 24 Syllabus
Student papers
25 Michael Bernard, “The Princess and the Dragon”
María Antonietta Berriozábal, “An Approach to the Analysis of Political Participation of Mexican American Women in the United States”
Judy Berry, “FEW—A Working Woman’s Political Pressure Group”
Steve M. Casillas, “The Women in the Right to Life Movement in San Antonio”
26 Beatrice V. Mumm, “Mrs. Lou Nelle Sutton”
Gloria Pollock, “Lupe Anguiano: From Lemons to Legislation”
Deborah R. Reichman, “Rose Spector: Judge, County Court at Law No. 5, Bexar County, Texas"
Golbert Ricondo, “Womens’ Role in the Trade Unions”
Christa Samniego, untitled


Series 4: Printed material

Box Folder
2 27 Political ephemera
28 Newspapers and periodicals
29 Clippings
30 General printed material
Ephemera Collection Separated printed material: María Berriozábal, oversize political ephemera, 2 items


Series 5: Audio tapes

3 O’Lene Stone and Arthur Gochman interviewed by Deborah R. Reichman, original cassette and copy
Bob Krueger, unknown interviewer, and Rose Spector interviewed by Deborah R. Reichman, original cassettes and copy
O’Neil Ford interviewed by Ann Crawford, original cassette and copy
María Berriozábal interviewed by Ann Crawford, 1985
Cyndi Taylor Krier interviewed by Ann Crawford, 1985
Jane H. Macon interviewed by Ann Crawford, 1985; Frank Buschbacher and Tim Seltenrich interviewed by Ann Crawford, 1990
Ann Fears Crawford, review of Turn Your Eyes Toward Texas, 1990