Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library at the Alamo

A Guide to the Hiram B. Yeager Papers, 1846-1888



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Yeager, Hiram B., circa 1818-circa 1863
Title: Hiram B. Yeager Papers
Dates: 1846-1888
Creator Abstract: A resident of Pennsylvania, Hiram B. Yeager enlisted in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in 1846. Serving in the Mexican War (1846-1848), Yeager received an appointment as an officer in the Third Regiment of Dragoons in 1848. He served in militia companies in Pennsylvania after the war and with the 20th, 68th, and 99th Pennsylvania Volunteers during the Civil War (1861-1865).
Content Abstract: Letters, military documents, and financial documents are part of the Yeager papers, associated with his military activities. Primarily letters, a large portion of the papers are associated with the Mexican War.
Identification: Col 925
Extent: 4.38 linear feet (1 box, 3 oversize items)
Language: Materials are in English.
Repository: Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library at the Alamo, San Antonio, Texas

Biographical Note

Hiram B. Yeager was born in Pottstown, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, around 1818. Previously working as a hatter, Yeager enlisted in the army at the onset of the Mexican War, joining Company A of the Corps of Engineers in Philadelphia on 1846 August 2. He and his unit trained at the United States Military Academy at West Point during the summer months of 1846; Company A later participated in the American landing at Vera Cruz, Mexico, and accompanied Winfield Scott’s column on its march to Mexico City. Yeager received an appointment as an officer in the Third Regiment of Dragoons in 1848 March. He was honorably discharged with his unit on 1848 July 31 at Jefferson Barracks, a post near St. Louis, Missouri.

Yeager served in militia companies in Pennsylvania after the Mexican War. By 1861, he was also employed as a clerk. During the Civil War, Yeager re-enlisted in the army, serving as a Captain in the 20th Pennsylvania Volunteers (1861 April 26-1861 August 6), a Second Lieutenant in the 99th Pennsylvania Volunteers (1862 January 18-1862 April 2), and a captain in the 68th Pennsylvania Volunteers (1862 September 2-1863 January 7). Yeager’s widow, Fannie, filed a pension application in 1864 December; combined with materials in the Hiram B. Yeager papers, this information indicates that his death occurred in late 1863 or in 1864.

References

Heitman, Francis B. Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army, From Its Organization, September 29, 1789, to March 2, 1903. 2 volumes. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1903.

Hiram B. Yeager Letters, 1846-1862, Doc 11275, Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library, San Antonio, Texas.

Hiram B. Yeager Papers, 1846-1888, Col 925, Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library, San Antonio, Texas.

National Archives and Records Administration. Civil War Pension Index: General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934 [database on-line]. Provo, Utah, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2000.

National Archives and Records Administration. Register of Enlistments in the U.S. Army, 1798-1914 [database on-line]. Provo, Utah, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2000.

Winders, Richard Bruce. “The Mexican War Letters of Hiram B. Yeager.” Mexican War Journal 11:1-2 (Winter-Spring 2001): 22-29.


Scope and Content Note

Letters, military documents, and financial documents are part of the Yeager papers, associated with his military activities. Primarily letters, a large portion of the papers are associated with the Mexican War. In letters to family, Yeager describes his training in the construction of pontoon bridges and his service in Texas, Matamoros, Tampico, Jalapa, Puebla, and Mexico City, including a description of the Battle of Cerro Gordo. Later material includes letters, certificates, and financial records associated with his militia service in Pennsylvania and letters, certificates, and orders related to volunteer service at the beginning of the Civil War.


Restrictions

Access Restrictions

No restrictions. The collection is open for research.

Usage Restrictions

Please be advised that the library does not hold the copyright to most of the material in its archival collections. It is the responsibility of the researcher to secure those rights when needed. Permission to reproduce does not constitute permission to publish. The researcher assumes full responsibility for conforming to the laws of copyright, literary property rights, and libel.


Index Terms

Personal Names
Yeager, Hiram B.
Yeager, Fannie.
Yeager, John C.
Organizations
United States. Army. Corps of Engineers.
United States. Army. Dragoons, 3rd.
United States. Army--Military life.
United States. Army. Pennsylvania Volunteers, 20th.
United States. Army. Pennsylvania Volunteers, 68th.
United States. Army. Pennsylvania Volunteers, 99th.
Subjects
Cerro Gordo, Battle of, Mexico, 1847.
Mexican War, 1846-1848--Campaigns--Mexico--Sources.
Military engineers--United States.
Pontoon bridges.
Soldiers--United States.
Locations
Mexico City (Mexico)
Philadelphia (Pa.)
West Point (N.Y.)
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Sources.
Genres/Formats
Personal papers.
Certificates.
Correspondence.
Financial records.
Military records.

Related Material

Hiram B. Yeager Letters, 1846-1862, Doc 11275, Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library, San Antonio, Texas.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Hiram B. Yeager Papers, 1846-1888, Col 925, Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library, San Antonio, Texas.

Acquisition Information

Gift of David B. McFadden, 1965 April.

Processing Information

Processed by Warren Stricker, 1992 October.

Finding aid edited and encoded by Caitlin Donnelly, 2011 June.


Bibliography

The first three letters in this collection - those dated 1846 August 16, August 30, and September 9 - were published in the Mexican War Journal 11:1-2 (Winter-Spring 2001), pages 22-29.


Detailed Description of the Collection

 

Hiram B. Yeager Papers, 1846-1888

The items are arranged chronologically.
Box Folder
1 1 Letter: Hiram B. Yeager, West Point, New York, to John C. Yeager, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1846 August 16.
2 Letter: Hiram B. Yeager, West Point, New York, to John C. Yeager, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1846 August 30.
3 Certificate: appointment of Hiram B. Yeager as 1st Class private or Artificer, U.S. Engineer Soldiers, Washington, D. C., 1846 September 7.
4 Letter: Hiram B. Yeager, West Point, New York, to John C. Yeager, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1846 September 9.
5 Letter: Hiram B. Yeager, Brazos Santiago, Texas, to John C. Yeager, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1846 October 14.
6 Letter: Hiram B. Yeager, Matamoros, Mexico, to John C. Yeager, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1846 December 20.
7 Letter: Hiram B. Yeager, Tampico, Mexico, to John C. Yeager, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1847 February 6.
8 Letter: Hiram B. Yeager, Tampico, Mexico, to John C. Yeager, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1847 February 15.
9 Letter: Hiram B. Yeager, San Antonio Lizardo, Mexico, to John C. Yeager, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1847 March 4.
10 Letter: Hiram B. Yeager, Jalapa, Mexico, to John C. Yeager, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1847 April 20.
11 Certificate: appointment of Hiram B. Yeager as Corporal, U.S. Engineer Soldiers, 1847 May 26.
12 Letter: Hiram B. Yeager, Puebla, Mexico, to John C. Yeager, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1847 June 10.
13 Letter: Hiram B. Yeager, Puebla, Mexico, to John C. Yeager, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1847 July 16.
14 Letter: Hiram B. Yeager, Mexico City, Mexico, to John C. Yeager, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1847 November 25.
15 Letter: Hiram B. Yeager, Mexico City, Mexico, to John C. Yeager, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1847 December 6.
16 Letter: Hiram B. Yeager, Mexico City, Mexico, to John C. Yeager, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1848 January 1.
17 Letter: Hiram B. Yeager, Mexico City, Mexico, to John C. Yeager, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1848 January 12.
18 Letter: Hiram B. Yeager, Mexico City, Mexico, to John C. Yeager, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1848 February 11.
19 Letter: Hiram B. Yeager, Mexico City, Mexico, to John C. Yeager, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1848 March 21.
20 Letter of appointment: Hiram B. Yeager as Second Lieutenant, 3rd Regiment of Dragoons, 1848 March 30.
21 Letter: Adjutant General's Office, Washington, D. C., to Hiram B. Yeager, Mexico City, Mexico, 1848 April 12.
22 Letter: Hiram B. Yeager, Mexico City, Mexico, to John C. Yeager, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1848 April 20.
23 Letter: W. G. Freeman, Assistant Adjutant General, Washington, D. C., to Hiram B. Yeager, 1848 April 28.
24 Letter: Hiram B. Yeager, Mexico City, Mexico, to John C. Yeager, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1848 May 20.
25 Invoice of public property: I. M. Reeves to Hiram B. Yeager, Veracruz, Mexico, for four horses, 1848 June 26.
26 Receipt: I. M. Reeves to Hiram B. Yeager for four horses, 1848 June 26.
27 Letter: Hiram B. Yeager, Veracruz, Mexico, to John C. Yeager, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1848 June 27.
28 Letter: Hiram B. Yeager, New Orleans, Louisiana, to John C. Yeager, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1848 July 9.
29 Notes: "Events in Mexico Since October 11th 1848 [1846]," circa 1848.
30 Letter: Charles A. Vieregy, West Point, New York, to Hiram B. Yeager, Allentown, Pennsylvania, 1849 January 17.
Box Folder
Oversize 1 Certificate: commission of Hiram B. Yeager as Brigade Inspector, Seventh Division, Militia of Northampton, Pike and Lehigh Counties, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, 1849 June 4.
Box Folder
1 31 Receipt: John Ward to Hiram B. Yeager, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, for papering National Guards Armory, including list of contributors, 1855 February 10.
Box Folder
Oversize 2 Certificate: commission of Hiram B. Yeager as Inspector, First Brigade, First Division, Uniformed Militia of the City and County of Philadelphia, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, 1855 April 13.
Box Folder
1 32 Invitation: P. Lyle and Robert B. Quayle, Committee of Arrangements, to Infantry Corps of National Guard, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, for laying of the cornerstone of the Armory of the Corps, 1856 September 10.
33 Act: to authorize the Controller and City Treasurer of the City of Philadelphia to audit and settle the Military account of H. B. Yeager, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, 1860 December 5.
34 Act: supplement to an act to authorize the Controller and City Treasurer of the City of Philadelphia to audit and settle the military account of H. B. Yeager, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, 1861 April 18.
35 Audit report: George W. Hufty, City Controller, and Benjamin H. Brown, City Treasurer, approval of payment to Hiram B. Yeager, 1861 May 1.
36 Letter: A. R. Eddy, Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, to Hiram B. Yeager, Hagerstown, Maryland, 1861 June 18.
37 Discharge certificate: Hiram B. Yeager, 20th Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1861 August 6.
38 Letter: Hiram B. Yeager, Alexandria, Virginia, to John Fenlin, 1861 December 11.
39 Special orders: appointment of Hiram B. Yeager as Captain, Company B, 99th Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, Camp McClellan, Virginia, 1862 February 12.
Drawer
Vault Map Case 1 Muster roll: Company B, Ninety-Ninth Regiment, Pennsylvania Volunteers, 1862 February 28.
Box Folder
1 40 Letter of certification: Thomas W. Sweney, Washington, D. C., 1862 May 8.
41 Letter: possibly J. H. Pulestar, Washington, D. C., to A. G. Curtis, 1862 May 9.
42 Letter: F. Stewart to Hiram B. Yeager, circa 1862.
43 Letter: M. H. N. Kendig, Washington, D. C., to John Fenlin, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1863 April 8.
44 Letter: M. H. N. Kendig, Washington, D. C., to Hiram B. Yeager, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1863 April 20.
45 Letter: M. H. N. Kendig, Washington, D. C., to Hiram B. Yeager, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1863 April 29.
46 Letter: M. H. N. Kendig, Washington, D. C., to Hiram B. Yeager, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1863 May 2.
47 Letter: N. Clay Wood, Washington, D. C., to John Fenlin, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1863 May 12.
48 Warranty deed: James M. Bain to Fannie L. Yeager, property in Marquand, Madison County, Missouri, 1888 August 15.