Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library at the Alamo

A Guide to the Hiram B. Yeager Letters, 1846-1862



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Yeager, Hiram B., circa 1818-circa 1863
Title: Hiram B. Yeager Letters
Dates: 1846-1862
Creator Abstract: A resident of Pennsylvania, Hiram B. Yeager enlisted in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in 1846. Serving in the Mexican War (1846-1848), Yeager received an appointment as an officer in the Third Regiment of Dragoons in 1848. He served in militia companies in Pennsylvania after the war and with the 20th, 68th, and 99th Pennsylvania Volunteers during the Civil War (1861-1865).
Content Abstract: The collection contains eight letters by Hiram B. Yeager: six written to his brother John C. Yeager during the Mexican War and two written to his wife Fannie during the Civil War.
Identification: Doc 11275
Extent: 8 items (1 folder)
Language: Materials are in English.
Repository: Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library at the Alamo, San Antonio, Texas

Biographical Note

Hiram B. Yeager was born in Pottstown, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, around 1818. Previously working as a hatter, Yeager enlisted in the army at the onset of the Mexican War, joining Company A of the Corps of Engineers in Philadelphia on 1846 August 2. He and his unit trained at the United States Military Academy at West Point during the summer months of 1846; Company A later participated in the American landing at Vera Cruz, Mexico, and accompanied Winfield Scott’s column on its march to Mexico City. Yeager received an appointment as an officer in the Third Regiment of Dragoons in 1848 March. He was honorably discharged with his unit on 1848 July 31 at Jefferson Barracks, a post near St. Louis, Missouri.

Yeager served in militia companies in Pennsylvania after the Mexican War. By 1861, he was also employed as a clerk. During the Civil War, Yeager re-enlisted in the army, serving as a Captain in the 20th Pennsylvania Volunteers (1861 April 26-1861 August 6), a Second Lieutenant in the 99th Pennsylvania Volunteers (1862 January 18-1862 April 2), and a captain in the 68th Pennsylvania Volunteers (1862 September 2-1863 January 7). Yeager’s widow, Fannie, filed a pension application in 1864 December; combined with materials in the Hiram B. Yeager papers, this information indicates that his death occurred in late 1863 or in 1864.

References

Heitman, Francis B. Historical Register and Dictionary of the United States Army, From Its Organization, September 29, 1789, to March 2, 1903. 2 volumes. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1903.

Hiram B. Yeager Letters, 1846-1862, Doc 11275, Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library, San Antonio, Texas.

Hiram B. Yeager Papers, 1846-1888, Col 925, Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library, San Antonio, Texas.

National Archives and Records Administration. Civil War Pension Index: General Index to Pension Files, 1861-1934 [database on-line]. Provo, Utah, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2000.

National Archives and Records Administration. Register of Enlistments in the U.S. Army, 1798-1914 [database on-line]. Provo, Utah, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2000.

Winders, Richard Bruce. “The Mexican War Letters of Hiram B. Yeager.” Mexican War Journal 11:1-2 (Winter-Spring 2001): 22-29.


Scope and Content Note

The collection contains eight letters by Hiram B. Yeager: six written to his brother John C. Yeager during the Mexican War and two written to his wife Fannie during the Civil War. The Mexican War letters include descriptions of the country and its inhabitants, beginning in the Rio Grande valley of Texas and continuing to Matamoras, Reynosa, Camargo, Tampico, Veracruz, and Mexico City. He describes the construction of fortifications, the battle at Veracruz in 1847, and his appointment as an officer of the Third Dragoons. Two Civil War letters describe general camp activities.


Restrictions

Access Restrictions

No restrictions. The collection is open for research.

Usage Restrictions

Please be advised that the library does not hold the copyright to most of the material in its archival collections. It is the responsibility of the researcher to secure those rights when needed. Permission to reproduce does not constitute permission to publish. The researcher assumes full responsibility for conforming to the laws of copyright, literary property rights, and libel.


Index Terms

Personal Names
Yeager, Hiram B.
Yeager, Fannie.
Yeager, John C.
Organizations
United States. Army. Corps of Engineers.
United States. Army. Pennsylvania Volunteers, 99th.
Subjects
Mexican War, 1846-1848--Campaigns--Mexico--Sources.
Military engineers--United States.
Soldiers--United States--Correspondence.
Locations
Mexico--Description and travel.
Rio Grande Valley--Description and travel.
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Personal narratives.
Genres/Formats
Personal papers.
Correspondence.

Related Material

Hiram B. Yeager Papers, 1846-1888, Col 925, Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library, San Antonio, Texas.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Hiram B. Yeager Letters, 1846-1862, Doc 11275, Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library, San Antonio, Texas.

Acquisition Information

Purchased from Joe Odziana with funds from the Lavinia Griffith Memorial Fund, 2001 February.

Processing Information

Processed by Warren Stricker, 2001 February.

Finding aid edited and encoded by Caitlin Donnelly, 2011 June.


Detailed Description of the Collection

 

Hiram B. Yeager Letters, 1846-1862

The items are arranged chronologically.
Folder
1 Hiram B. Yeager, Camargo, Mexico, to Brother, 1846 November 5.
Hiram B. Yeager, Tampico, Mexico, to John C. Yeager, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1847 February 24.
Hiram B. Yeager, Vera Cruz, Mexico, to John C. Yeager, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1847 March 20.
Hiram B. Yeager, Vera Cruz, Mexico, to John C. Yeager, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1847 March 27.
Hiram B. Yeager, Mexico City, Mexico, to Brother, 1847 October 17.
Hiram B. Yeager, Mexico City, Mexico, to John C. Yeager, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1848 May 7.
Hiram B. Yeager to Fannie, 1861 December 6.
Hiram B. Yeager to Fannie, 1862 December 3.