Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library at the Alamo

A Guide to the Alexander Moore Papers, 1876-1898

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Moore, Alexander, 1830-1910
Title: Alexander Moore Papers
Dates: 1876-1898
Creator Abstract: An Irish immigrant who served as a U.S. Army officer from 1861-1879, Alexander Moore (1830-1910) managed Capote Farm, a farm and ranch in Guadalupe and Gonzales Counties, Texas, and the Frio Ranch in Uvalde County, Texas.
Content Abstract: The Alexander Moore papers consist of correspondence, financial documents, livestock records, and other business-related material associated with the organization and operation of Texas farms and ranches.
Identification: Col 13448
Extent: 5.63 linear feet (8 document boxes, 2 oversize boxes)
Language: Materials are in English.
Repository: Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library at the Alamo, San Antonio, Texas

Biographical Note

Born in Ireland in 1830, Alexander Moore came to the United States prior to 1861, when he joined the 13th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry. Mustering out of the unit in 1862, Moore served the remainder of the Civil War as a captain and aide to Union Generals Philip Kearny and Joseph Hooker and as a general staff member. He saw action in a number of campaigns, including a notable role at the Battle of Gettysburg (1863 July 1-3). After the war, Moore was transferred to the 38th Infantry and later to the 3rd Cavalry, serving on the frontier in Indian war campaigns. He resigned from the Army in 1879.

In 1875, Moore married Mary L. Tyler, daughter of Gen. Daniel Tyler of Connecticut, a West Point graduate and Civil War veteran. Upon leaving the army, Moore moved to Guadalupe County, Texas, to oversee the development of Capote Farm, recently acquired by his father-in-law, railroad man Thomas W. Peirce, and George F. Stone of New York. Located on what was originally a six league Spanish land grant southeast of the town of Seguin, the ranch consisted of about 12,000 acres in Guadalupe County and 7,500 acres in Gonzales County. The investors spent liberally in outfitting the property for both farming and livestock activities. Under Moore’s supervision, residences and other buildings were constructed, fences installed, irrigation systems developed, and a sawmill established. By 1882, the property listed for tax assessment included almost $29,000 in horses and cattle and almost $33,000 in equipment. Daniel Tyler took an active interest in the ranch and was a part-time resident until his death in 1882 November. Moore continued to oversee the ranch and to represent the interests of the Tyler estate until the property was divided among the heirs, including his wife.

The extent of the farming activity on the property seems to have been reduced by 1884, when a large lot of the farming equipment was advertised for sale by auction, but the ranch continued to produce livestock, including purebred horses, and crops. Moore also acquired his own 14,000 acre property, the Frio Ranch, in Uvalde County, though his primary residence remained Guadalupe County. Moore continued to follow the progress of the ranch, but about 1887 the management of Capote Farm and Frio Ranch was turned over to his nephew, John Moore, who continued in that capacity until for at least ten years. Alexander Moore and his family left Texas for New York about 1887; about that time, they also traveled to Europe, where Moore had family. Moore’s interest in Capote Farm seems to have ended by the late 1890s.

Moore and his wife had one son, Daniel Tyler Moore; a second child may have died in infancy. Alexander Moore died in 1910 and was buried in Arlington National Cemetery in Washington, D.C.


Brigham, Willard I. Tyler. The Tyler Genealogy: The Descendants of Job Tyler, of Andover, Massachusetts, 1619-1700. Plainfield, New Jersey: C.B. Tyler; Tylerville, Connecticut: R.U. Tyler, 1912.

Daniel Tyler: A Memorial Volume containing his Autobiography and War Record, Some Account of his Later Years with Various Reminiscences and the Tributes of Friends. New Haven, Connecticut, 1883.

Muckelroy, Duncan Glenn. “History of El Capote Ranch.” East Texas Historical Journal 12:2 (Fall 1974): 3-21.

The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Prepared under the direction of the Secretary of War by Robert N. Scott. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1880-1900.

Weinert, Willie Mae. An Authentic History of Guadalupe County. Seguin, Texas: Seguin Enterprise, 1951.

Scope and Content Note

Recording the organization and operation of south-central Texas farms and ranches, the Alexander Moore papers consist of correspondence, financial documents, livestock records, and other business-related material.

The most extensive series consists of correspondence dating from the acquisition of Capote Farm by Daniel Tyler and his partners and the arrival of Moore as manager. Letters to several suppliers, agents, and employees have been grouped by correspondent; general correspondence has been arranged chronologically. Notable correspondents include Daniel Tyler; John H. Erskine, whose family had previously owned the ranch property and who worked as a foreman; L. William Menger; John Moore, a nephew who took over many management responsibilities at Capote Farm; and Emil F. Wurzbach, another ranch employee. The bulk of the correspondence dates from 1880-1883.

The second series, financial documents, is made up largely of bills and invoices for supplies and equipment, some reflecting the original organization of the papers, with the remainder arranged chronologically. Similar documents, for Frio Ranch and Alexander Moore, are found in a large, bound invoice book with account records, receipts, checks, and other financial documents and with some livestock bills of sale and inspection records. A bound account ledger details the expenditures made during the first few years of Capote Farm’s operation. Also in the series are tax receipts and inventories of taxable property for Capote Farm and for Frio Ranch; a receipt book for payments made by Moore; checks, check stubs and bank statements; a few assorted accounting records, such as trial balances and profit and loss statements; and ledgers recording some general accounts and employee related costs.

A small amount of information about ranch livestock makes up the third series, most of it from bundles of bills of sale and brand certificates for cattle.

The final series gathers a variety of ranch and personal material such as contracts, bills of lading, printed material, and other miscellaneous items.


Organization of Collection

This collection is organized into four series.
Series 1: Correspondence
Series 2: Financial records
Series 3: Livestock records
Series 4: General business and household records


Access Restrictions

No restrictions. The collection is open for research.

Usage Restrictions

The Alexander Moore papers have been subject to adverse conditions at times, and most show signs of water damage, which has affected the legibility of many items.

Please be advised that the library does not hold the copyright to most of the material in its archival collections. It is the responsibility of the researcher to secure those rights when needed. Permission to reproduce does not constitute permission to publish. The researcher assumes full responsibility for conforming to the laws of copyright, literary property rights, and libel.

Index Terms

Personal Names
Moore, Alexander, 1830-1910.
Tyler, Daniel, 1799-1882.
Capote Farm (Tex.)
El Capote Ranch (Tex.)
Frio Ranch (Uvalde County, Tex.)
Ranch life--Texas.
Ranch managers--Texas.
Guadalupe County (Tex.)
Gonzales County (Tex.)
Uvalde County (Tex.)
Personal papers.
Bills of sale.
Check stubs.
Financial records.
Financial statements.
Tax records.

Related Material

El Capote Ranch Records, 1830-1917 and undated, Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas.

Andrew Nelson Erskine Papers, 1845-1862, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Michael Erskine Papers, 1854-1930, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Etta Dele Martin Family Papers, 1827?-1983, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Separated Material

A plat map of Uvalde County, Texas, from the 1880s has been separated from the collection and is housed in the general map collection. See the DRT Library's online catalog for the location of this item.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Alexander Moore Papers, 1876-1898, Col 13448, Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library, San Antonio, Texas.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Jean Cheever, 2006 March.

The Moore papers were presented to the library from the estate of a deceased donor, who in turn had acquired them from an estate sale, the details of which are not known. Information from previous gifts by the same donor suggests that the papers may have part of the holdings of the Menger family of San Antonio, Texas. L. William Menger had acted as an agent for Moore in some of his business dealings and may have become the holder of his records. However, definitive information on provenance is not known.

Processing Information

Processed by Warren Stricker, 2006 July.

Finding aid edited and encoded by Caitlin Donnelly, 2011 March.

Detailed Description of the Collection


Series 1: Correspondence

Box Folder
1 1 Card & Hoffer, St. Louis, Missouri, 1879-1880
2 Collins and Co., New York, 1879-1880
3 A. A. Dial/Ellis and Dial, Uvalde, Texas, 1881-1884
4 A. M. Erskine, Seguin, Texas, 1881-1892
5-6 John H. Erskine, 1881-1887
7-9 Galveston, Harrisburg & San Antonio Railway/C. C. Gibbs, Houston, Texas, 1879-1884
10-11 H. Grenet, San Antonio, Texas, 1878-1882
12 McCormick Harvesting Machine Co., Chicago, Illinois, and Dallas, Texas, 1880-1882
13 L. William Menger, San Antonio, Texas, 1882-1888
Box Folder
2 14-20 John Moore, Uvalde and Seguin, Texas, 1887-1893 and undated
21 J. E. Mügge & Co., San Antonio, Texas, 1882
22 Mulhall & Scaling/Samuel Scaling/Scaling & Tamblyn, St. Clair County, Illinois, 1879-1882
23 H. J. Nichols, Dallas, Texas, 1880-1882
24-26 Semple & Birge Manufacturing Co., St. Louis, Missouri, 1878-1882
27 Smith, Beggs & Co./Smith, Beggs & Ranken, St. Louis, Missouri, 1880-1882
28 George F. Stone, New York, 1879-1880
29-31 Daniel Tyler, New London, Connecticut, and New York, 1879-1882 and undated
32 Emil F. Wurzbach, 1881-1882
Box Folder
3 33 General, 1876
34 General, 1878
35-38 General, 1879
39-44 General, 1880
45-48 General, 1881
Box Folder
4 49-53 General, 1882
54-56 General, 1883
57 General, 1884
58 General, 1885
59 General, 1886
60 General, 1887
61 General, 1888-1890 and undated


Series 2: Financial records

Box Folder
5 62 Private account, 1883-1887
63 Family expenses, 1886-1887
64 Mary L. Moore account, 1882-1885
65 John H. Erskine account, 1887
66-67 John Moore accounts, 1887-1898
68 Alex Moore house construction, 1879-1881
69 Alex Moore house painting, 1881
70 House, stable, and shop construction, 1883
71 Cattle theft case costs, 1882
72 Division fence construction, 1882-1883
73 General payroll accounts, 1878-1887
Box Folder
6 74-75 Tax inventories and receipts, Peirce, Stone and Tyler/Capote Farm, 1878-1882
76 Tax inventories and receipts, Tyler estate/Capote Farm, 1883-1888
77 Tax inventories and receipts, Mary L. Moore/Capote Farm, 1889-1893
78 Tax inventories and receipts, Alexander Moore, 1880-1887
79 Profit and loss statement, Frio Ranch, 1883-1884
80 General accounting records, 1878-1887
81 Promissory notes
82-83 G. W. Heflin invoices, Kingsbury, Texas, 1883-1886
84 General accounts, bills and invoices, 1878-1880
85 General accounts, bills and invoices, 1881-1883
86 General accounts, bills and invoices, 1884-1888
Box Folder
7 Checks and bank statements, 1878-1892
87 Bank of Commerce, St. Louis, Missouri, 1878-1879
88 San Antonio National Bank, 1878-1879
89 San Antonio National Bank, 1879
90 San Antonio National Bank, 1882-1883
91 San Antonio National Bank, 1883-1884
92 San Antonio National Bank, 1884
93 San Antonio National Bank, 1885
94 San Antonio National Bank, 1885-1886
95 San Antonio National Bank, 1886-1887
96 San Antonio National Bank, 1888-1889
97 W. S. Gurnee, Jr. & Co., New York, 1886-1888
98 F. A. Piper and Co., Uvalde, Texas, 1887
Box Folder
8 99 E. Nolte & Sons, Seguin, Texas, 1889-1890
100 Traders National Bank/J. S. Thornton and Co./Thornton, Wright and Co., San Antonio, Texas, 1889-1892
101 Deposits and debits
Oversize 10 Invoice book, Frio Ranch/Alexander Moore, 1881-1887
Oversize 9 Account ledger, Capote Farm, 1878-1882
Account ledger, employees expenses, 1879-1881
Receipt book, 1878-1882
Memorandum book, 1878-1883
Check stubs, 1883-1889
F. A. Piper and Co., Uvalde, Texas, 1885-1886
Traders National Bank, San Antonio, Texas, checks, check stubs, and bank books, 1885-1888
San Antonio National Bank, 1887-1889
Unidentified, 1883-1886


Series 3: Livestock records

Box Folder
8 102 Cattle contracts and bills of sale, 1878-1879
103 Cattle contracts and bills of sale, 1879
104 Cattle contracts and bills of sale, 1880-1884
105 Other livestock contracts and bills of sale, 1880-1882
106 Inventories, 1880-1882


Series 4: General business and household records

Box Folder
8 107 Employment contracts, 1882
108 General contracts
109 St. Louis & San Francisco Railway claim, 1880
110 Bills of lading
111 Quarantine certificates, 1879
112 Railroad pass
113 Statement of cost: San Antonio Electric Company
114 Sketches
115 Printed material
116 Notes