Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Content Note

Organization of Collection

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Series 1: James S. Hanna Papers

Series 2: Eber S. Peters papers

Series 3: Miscellaneous papers

Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library at the Alamo

A Guide to the Hanna Family Papers, 1844-1972 (bulk 1844-1902)



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Hanna Family
Title: Hanna Family Papers
Dates: 1844-1972 (bulk 1844-1902)
Creator Abstract: James Scott Hanna, a South Carolina native, moved to Texas with his family in 1850. Establishing a cotton plantation in Robertson County, Hanna had several business interests, including grocery and commission businesses.
Content Abstract: Correspondence, business records, legal documents, and printed material document several members of the Hanna family. Most of the papers are associated with James S. Hanna and his immediate family and include records of his plantation and businesses.
Identification: Col 898
Extent: 3.21 linear feet (4 document boxes, 1 oversize box)
Language: Materials are in English.
Repository: Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library at the Alamo, San Antonio, Texas

Biographical Note

James Scott Hanna was born in South Carolina on 1819 February 5, moving with his family to Alabama as a child. He married Martha A. E. Cole (1828-1877) in 1845 and moved to Arkansas, relocating from there to Chappell Hill, Texas, in 1850. In 1854 he moved to Robertson County and established his plantation along the Brazos River.

In addition to his plantation, Major Hanna (a title he apparently obtained in Alabama during Indian wars) was involved in several business ventures, including a partnership which contracted to extend the line of the Houston and Texas Central Railroad into Robertson County. He also owned a grocery and commission business in Calvert and Millican in partnership with his son-in-law John Orr from 1867 to 1872. In addition to their plantation home, Hanna and his family lived in Galveston, Bryan, and Millican at various times. Hanna remained active in his business affairs until his death on 1886 April 14.

Hanna and his wife had at least seven children, including Eudora Jane (1848-1855); Emma (1850-1870), who married John Orr in 1868; James Knox Polk (1852-1928), who was actively involved in his father's business activities; Willam David (1855-1856); Mollie W. (1863-1937), who married Eber S. Peters; Mattie (1863-1863); and Heywood Scott (1865-1887).

Eber S. Peters (1852-1910) was born in Detroit, Michigan, and moved to Corsicana, Texas, for health reasons. He married Mollie W. Hanna in 1879 and operated a hardware store in Corsicana until 1885, when he moved to Calvert. He also owned a Calvert newspaper and farmed a portion of the Hanna plantation. He and his wife had at least two children, Eber H. (1880-1950) and Beulah (1891-1974).

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Scope and Content Note

Business and personal correspondence, business records, legal documents, and newspapers and other printed material documenting plantation and mercantile activities in the Robertson County, Texas, area are found in the Hanna Family Papers. The bulk of the material dates from 1844-1902.

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Organization of Collection

This collection is organized into three series.
Series 1: James S. Hanna papers
  • Subseries 1.1: Business documents
    • Sub-subseries 1.1.1: James S. Hanna, Hanna Plantation
    • Sub-subseries 1.1.2: Davis, Calvert, Hanna, and Hardy
    • Sub-subseries 1.1.3: Hanna and Orr
  • Subseries 1.2: Family and personal documents
Series 2: Eber S. Peters papers
Series 3: Miscellaneous papers

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

No restrictions. The collection is open for research.

Usage Restrictions

Please be advised that the library does not hold the copyright to most of the material in its archival collections. It is the responsibility of the researcher to secure those rights when needed. Permission to reproduce does not constitute permission to publish. The researcher assumes full responsibility for conforming to the laws of copyright, literary property rights, and libel.

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Index Terms

Personal Names
Hanna family.
Hanna, James Scott, 1819-1886.
Calvert, Robert, 1802-1867.
Peters, Eber S.
Organizations
Houston & Texas Central Railway Company.
Subjects
Chinese--Texas.
Cotton farmers--Texas.
Cotton growing--Texas.
Plantations--Texas.
Railroads--Texas.
Sharecroppers--Texas.
Locations
Robertson County (Tex.)--History--Sources.
Genres/Formats
Family papers.
Business records.
Correspondence.
Financial records.
Legal documents.
Newspapers.
Printed ephemera.

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Related Material

Slavery/Emancipation Documents, 1827-1875 and undated, Cushing Memorial Library, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas.

Orr, Huberich and Barton Families Papers (AR.Z.002), Austin History Center, Austin Public Library, Texas.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Hanna Family Papers, 1844-1972 (bulk 1844-1902), Col 898, Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library, San Antonio, Texas.

Acquisition Information

Purchased from Fred White, Jr., 1972 July.

Processing Information

Processed by Warren Stricker, 1991 February.

Finding aid edited and encoded by Caitlin Donnelly, 2010 December.

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Detailed Description of the Collection

 

Series 1: James S. Hanna Papers

The first, and most extensive, series consists of documents associated with James S. Hanna and his immediate family. This series has been further divided into business and personal documents. The business papers have been grouped according to the different business enterprises with which Hanna was involved. The most significant of these groups involves Hanna's plantation, his general involvement in farming activities and land transactions, and the operation of his household. Extensive records of accounts with businesses in Calvert and other area communities, Galveston, and Houston document the sale of cotton from the plantation and purchases made by Hanna, his employees, and family. Documents certifying the sale of slaves, livestock, and other items are included. Post Civil War contracts with sharecroppers and laborers include agreements with freedmen and Chinese immigrants. Some records of court cases and lawsuits are part of the collection, covering such issues as inheritance and payment of debts.
Hanna was also a member of a partnership with Robert Calvert, William Davis, and members of the Hardy family, the business involved in extending the Houston and Texas Central Railroad northward in the 1850s and 1860s. Records of the partnership are grouped together and include accounts with various businesses providing supplies and shipping. Records of legal actions against the partners are also included, along with miscellaneous financial and legal documents.
Hanna was also a partner in a grocery and commission business with son-in-law John Orr. A small number of financial and legal documents are part of the papers, including some details of the settlement between the two men when the partnership was dissolved.
Hanna's family and personal documents include letters from family members and friends, containing family news from Arkansas and other parts of Texas. A number of letters from James Knox Polk Hanna to his parents are included, several written while he was attending Washington College in Lexington, Virginia. Similar letters from Mollie Hanna, written from Salem Female Academy in Salem, North Carolina, are part of the papers. Tuition records from the schools attended by the Hanna children are included, along with some report cards and printed material.
Box Folder
1 Subseries 1.1: Business documents, 1844-1886
Sub-subseries 1.1.1: James S. Hanna, Hanna Plantation, 1844-1886
Correspondence, 1859-1886
1 Adoue and Lobit: 12 items, 1873-1877
2 Field, Scott: 2 items, 1883 and 1886
3 Forde, W. B.: 3 items, 1868-1871
4 Giddings, J. D.: 3 items, 1874-1875
5 Hanna, James S.: 7 items, 1866-1874 and undated
6 Jennings, J. L.: 2 items, 1874 and 1875
7 Labuzan and McGar: 8 items, 1864-1867
8 McLemore, M. C.: 4 items, 1867-1868
9 Morgan, Lapsley and Nelson: 9 items, 1872-1874 (see also James S. Hanna, Lawsuits, Wm. B. Taylor, et al. vs. Richard M. Nelson, Folder 88)
10 Muckle, Alfred: 2 items, 1865 and undated
11 Nichols, E. B.: 3 items, 1860-1861
12 Orr, John: 2 items, 1867 and 1868
13 Sayles and Bassett: 3 items, 1868
14 Scogin, L. G.: 3 items, 1866-1872
15 Stewart and Barziza: 2 items, 1873
16 Miscellaneous, A-G: 13 items, 1860-1885
17 Miscellaneous, H-L: 11 items, 1865-1882
18 Miscellaneous, M-R: 9 items, 1863-1885
19 Miscellaneous, S-W: 12 items, 1859-1885
Accounts payable: bills, bills of lading, statements, etc., 1858-1885
20 Adoue and Lobit: 12 items, 1874-1878
21 Britton and Moore: 4 items, 1879
22 Casimir, J. P.: 5 items, 1875-1876
23 Clark and Gillespie and Co.: 2 items, 1866
24 Collat, Wagner and Risser: 2 items, 1884
25 Davis, H. W., and Co.: 2 items, 1860 and 1861
26 Drennan and Randolph: 7 items, 1868-1872
27 Gilson, W. C., and Co.: 6 items, 1871-1875
28 Glass and Parish: 7 items, 1874-1875
29 Hanna and Orr: 16 items, 1871-1874
30 Hanson, A. J.: 2 items, 1874-1875
31 Houston and Texas Central Railway Co.: 7 items, 1866-1877 and undated
32 Howard, W. C.: 4 items, 1870-1871
33 Labuzan and McGar: 3 items, 1867
34 Lazard, C., and Co.: 28 items, 1874-1877 and undated
35 McLendon and Proctor: 3 items, 1878-1879
36 McLendon, J. S., and Co.: 4 items, 1876-1882
37 Montgomery, J. S.: 6 items, 1870-1877
38 Moody and Jemison: 12 items, 1875
39 Moore, J. T.: 2 items, 1864 and undated
40 Muckle, Alfred: 4 items, 1867-1868
41 Orr, John, and Co.: 19 items, 1870-1875
42 Orr, John, and Co.: 28 items, 1876-1877
43 Orr, John, and Co.: 18 items, 1878-1885
44 Preston, L. K.: 3 items, 1873-1874
45 Proctor, G. K., and Co.: 15 items, 1882
46 Ranger and Co.: 2 items, 1866 and 1876
47 Salter, C. P.: 6 items, 1875
48 San Antonio Mutual Aid Association: 3 items, 1863-1865
49 Sanger Bros.: 6 items, 1870-1877
Box Folder
2 50 Sessums, A., Powell and Co.: 11 items, 1871
51 Teagarden, Proctor and Co.: 5 items, 1881 and undated
52 Ullman, E.: 6 items, 1875-1878
53 Wolston, Wells, and Vidor: 9 items, 1872-1873
54 Miscellaneous A-L: 35 items, 1858-1884
55 Miscellaneous M-W and unidentified: 30 items, 1859-1885
56 Account book: John Orr and Co., 1878
57 Accounts receivable: bills, statements, etc., 5 items, 1866-1873 and undated
58 Accounts of other individuals: 12 items, 1860-1882
Receipts, 1856-1882
59 Notes and accounts: 7 items, 1859-1880
60 Cotton: 3 items, 1863-1875
61 Wages: 1 item, 1865
62 Sharecropper payments: 9 items, 1870-1871
63 Taxes: 7 items, 1868-1875
64 Miscellaneous: 19 items, 1856-1882
65 Promissory notes: 45 items, 1856-1885 and undated
66 Drafts: 14 items, 1859-1880
Sale documents, 1844-1885
67 Slaves: 14 items, 1844-1864 and undated
68 Cotton: 3 items, 1864, 1865, and 1885
69 Livestock: 7 items, 1866-1873
70 Land: 1 item, 1867
71 Miscellaneous: 2 items, 1872 and 1873
Contracts, 1857-1884
72 Sharecropping: 9 items, 1867-1870
73 Sharecropping: 10 items, 1871-1873 and undated
74 Rental of land: 13 items, 1865-1884
75 Labor: 9 items, 1870-1873
76 Miscellaneous: 7 items, 1857-1872
Lawsuits, 1855-1883
77 Caroline H. Bangs vs. William P. Townsend, et al.: 1 item, 1855
78 Gabriel Jackson vs. J. M. Hall, L. M. Hall and James S. Hanna: 2 items, 1866
79 Benjamin F. Hammond vs. James S. Hanna: 1 item, 1867
80 James S. Hanna vs. W. W. Stokes: 1 item, 1867
81 W. J. Bryan vs. C. G. Baxter and James S. Hanna: 2 items, 1868
82 J. T. Garrett vs. James S. Hanna and John L. Livingston: 1 item, 1868
83 Wilson Reed vs. Pitts, Moore and Co.: 1 item, 1868
84 John C. Roberts vs. James S. Hanna: 1 item, 1868
85 James S. Hanna vs. Charles P. Salter: 2 items, 1869
86 G. T. Garrett vs. James S. Hanna and M. Livingston: 2 items, 1870
87 Adams and Hearne vs. Frank Patton and James S. Hanna: 1 item, 1872
88 Wm. B. Taylor, et al. vs. Richard M. Nelson: 4 items, circa 1872-1874 (see also James S. Hanna, Correspondence, Morgan, Lapsley and Nelson, Folder 9)
89 J. D. Rankin vs. James S. Hanna: 1 item, 1874
90 D. W. Beeson and Bro., bankruptcy: 7 items, 1874-1875
91 A. P. Wooldridge vs. H. Burt, et al.: 3 items, 1874-1875
92 Phineas de Cordova vs. T. C. Hood, et al.: 1 item, 1873
James S. Hanna vs. Culleus and Knauff and Williams: 1 item, 1878
James H. Gilbert vs. James K. P. Hanna: 1 item, 1879
Fuller and Connaughton vs. James S. Hanna and James K. P. Hanna: 1 item, 1883
93 Property inventories: 2 items, 1877 and 1879
94 Deeds of trust: James S. Hanna, J. K. P. Hanna, and Eber S. Peters, 2 items, 1883
95 Miscellaneous legal documents: 7 items, 1857-1871 and undated
Printed material, circa 1865-1876
96 Galveston News Price Current, 1866 September 13
97 Galveston Cotton Exchange Market Report: 6 items, 1875-1876
98 Planter's oath, blank: 1 item, circa 1865
Miscellaneous material, 1852 and undated
99 Contract and proposal for graduation, Mobile and Ohio Rail Road: 2 items, 1852
100 Price list, sawmill and farming equipment: 1 item, undated
101 Loan application, incomplete: 1 item, undated
Box Folder
3 Sub-subseries 1.1.2: Davis, Calvert, Hanna and Hardy, 1859-1873
Accounts payable: accounts, bills, etc., 1859-1865
102 Calvert and Garrett: 2 items, 1860-1861
103 Ennis, C., and Co.: 2 items, 1860-1861
104 Hanna, James S.: 2 items, 1860-1861
105 Houston and Texas Central Railway: 6 items, 1860-1862
106 McIlhenny, Willis and Bro.: 15 items, 1860
107 Miscellaneous: 18 items, 1859-1865
Bills of lading, 1860-1861
108 Clough and Bonner: 18 items, 1860-1861
109 Miscellaneous: 9 items, 1860-1861
110 Accounts receivable: 2 items, 1860-1861
111 Receipts: 10 items, 1860-1862
112 Promissory notes: 2 items, 1861
113 Work estimates: 5 items, 1860-1861
114 List of expenses: 1 item, 1861
115 Amount lost time by Negroes: 1 item, undated
Lawsuits, 1867-1873
116 Ruth Calvert vs. Davis, Calvert, Hanna and Hardys: 3 items, 1867
Ruth Calvert vs. Davis, Calvert and Hanna: 1 item, 1867
117 A. Henson vs. Robert Calvert, William Davis, and James S. Hanna: 2 items, 1867
118 D. U. Barziza vs. William Davis and James S. Hanna: 1 item, 1868
119 C. P. Salter vs. William Davis, James S. Hanna, G. W. Hardy, and J. T. Garrett: 1 item, 1868
120 Peter J. Willis and Richard S. Willis vs. William Davis and James S. Hanna: 2 items, 1872-1873
121 Miscellaneous legal documents: contracts and agreements, 3 items, 1872 and undated
122 Memoranda: proposals regarding legal services and labor, 2 items, undated
123 Correspondence: 1 item, 1869
Sub-subseries 1.1.3: Hanna and Orr, 1866-1871
124 Financial documents: balance sheets and bills, 7 items, 1867-1871
125 Legal documents: 3 items, 1866-1868
126 Correspondence: 1 item, 1868
Subseries 1.2: Family and personal documents, 1847-1890
Correspondence, 1849-1878
127 Cole, D. R. and Mary: 3 items, 1867 and undated
128 Hanna, James Knox Polk: 10 items, 1867-1870
129 Hanna, Mollie: 6 items, 1874-1876
130 Hughes, M. L.: 2 items, 1866 and 1875
131 Muckle, Alfred: 3 items, 1861-1868
132 Pitts, E.: 2 items, 1849
133 Miscellaneous: 14 items, 1856-1878
Bills and receipts, 1847-1880
134 Martha A. E. Hanna, inheritance and guardianship: 2 items, 1847
135 Port Sullivan College: 3 items, 1859-1865
136 Galveston Male Academy: 1 item, 1867
137 Salem Female Academy: 7 items, 1874-1876
138 Calvert Institute: 1 item, 1877
139 State A&M College of Texas: 2 items, 1877-1878
140 Calvert Academy: 1 item, 1880
141 Miscellaneous tuition: 4 items, 1860-1862 and 1872
142 Report cards: Washington College, James Knox Polk Hanna, 5 items, 1869
Printed material, 1866-1890
143 Programs, Salem Female Academy: 2 items, 1874
144 Certificates, James Knox Polk Hanna: 3 items, 1866-1867
145 Funeral notices: 5 items, 1873-1890
Miscellaneous personal material, 1853-1865
146 Masonic Lodge documents: 4 items, 1853-1859
147 List of household goods: 1 item, 1865

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Series 2: Eber S. Peters papers

The second series consists of the papers of Eber S. Peters, James Hanna's son-in-law. Included are some business letters and financial and legal documents associated with Peters' Calvert business. Several copies of the Citizen-Democrat, the Calvert newspaper owned by Peters, are included, along with portions of Houston newspapers containing accounts of the 1900 Galveston hurricane. A few items are related to Peters' children, Eber H. and Beulah.
Box Folder
3 Correspondence, 1866-1905
148 Business: 18 items, 1881-1902
Personal, 1866-1905
149 Peters, Mary E.: 1 item, 1866
150 [Acker?], Lamar to Eber H. Peters: 6 items, 1903-1905
151 Wilder, Eugene to Josie Desman: 1 item, 1896
152 Accounts payable: 8 items, 1883-1884
153 Bills of lading: 18 items, 1883-1884
154 Vouchers: 2 items, 1884
155 Drafts: 2 items, 1883-1884
156 Receipts: 3 items, 1894-1902
Legal documents, 1883, 1910, and undated
157 Contract and notes: 2 items, 1883 and undated
158 Will, Mary E. Peters: 1 item, 1910
159 Lodge assessment: 1 item, 1884
School records, 1900-1901
160 Bill, A&M College of Texas: 1 item, 1900
161 Report card, Calvert Public School, Beulah Peters: 1 item, 1900-1901
Printed material, 1893-1903 and undated
162 Clippings: 2 items, undated
163 Program, Texas Cotton Growers Protective Association: 1 item, 1903
Box Folder
Oversize 1 Newspapers, 1893-1900
Calvert Citizen-Democrat: 7 items, 1894 February 7, April 11, April 18, May 2, and August 22
Salt Lake Tribune, 1895 August 30
Houston Daily Post: 3 items, partial copies, 1900 September 22, 23, and 27
Scientific American, 1893 December 9

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Series 3: Miscellaneous papers

The third series consists of miscellaneous items not readily identifiable as belonging to the other two groups of documents. A number of fliers from the late 1800s advertise farming equipment, hardware, and household products. Some items have been added to the papers, including some genealogical information.
Box Folder
4 Advertising fliers, 1883-1899 and undated
164 18 items, 1883-1884 and undated
165 11 items, 1884-1899 and undated
166 Advertising cards: 3 items, undated
Clippings, undated
167 Insurance Times Extra, No. 183: 1 item, undated
"Trading By Lottery": 1 item, undated
168 Invitations: Valley Female College, A&M College, The Foster Guards, Calvert High School, University of Texas, and La Feve Club, 7 items, 1900-1902 and undated
169 List of goods, with prices: 3 items, undated
170 Patent: lint cotton cleaner and condenser, 1 item, 1898
Pamphlets, 1867-1907
171 Aldredge, George N. Speech of Judge Geo. N. Aldredge, of Dallas, Texas, on the Free Coinage of Silver. No publisher, possibly 1896.
Janes, A. Manual to Aristos (the Best) or Janes' Shadeless Shorthand. Waco, Texas: Edward Toby, 1904.
Janes, A. Reporting Supplement to Janes' Shadeless Shorthand or Aristos (The Best). New York: Edward Toby, 1907.
Osgood, Charles. The Causes, Treatment, and Cure of Fever and Ague, and other Diseases of Bilious Climates. New York: Charles Osgood, 1867.
Mongredien, Augustus. The Western Farmer of America. London: Cassell, Petter, Galpin and Co., 1880.
172 Pammel, L. H. Root Rot of Cotton, or "Cotton Blight." Bulletin No. 4, Texas Agricultural Experiment Station. Houston: J. J. Pastorza, 1889.
Pittuck, B. C. Forage Crops. Bulletin No. 66. College Station, Texas: Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, 1903.
173 The Seven Diagrams: or Improved Gin-Houses. Louisville: John P. Morton and Co., 1872.
Box Folder
Oversize 1 Newspaper: Winston-Salem Journal/Twin City Sentinel, Salem Academy and College 200th Anniversary Section, 1972 February 29
Box Folder
4 174 Uniform insignia: 2 items, undated
175 Chinese characters: 1 item, undated
176 Envelopes, fragments: 5 items, undated

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