Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library at the Alamo

A Guide to the Joseph H. Polley Papers, 1852-1879 and undated



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Polley, Joseph Henry, 1795-1879
Title: Joseph H. Polley Papers
Dates: 1852-1879 and undated
Creator Abstract: A native of New York, Joseph Henry Polley (1795-1869) came to Texas in 1821 from Missouri as part of Stephen F. Austin’s colony. Settling first in the Brazoria district, Polley concentrated on cattle raising, rapidly expanding his herds and land holdings. He moved to the area of Sutherland Springs in Wilson County in 1847, where he built an imposing stone home, called Whitehall, in the 1850s.
Content Abstract: Consisting primarily of letters received, the Joseph H. Polley papers provide a glimpse of his various business activities. Most of the letters were written by Polley’s business associate and former son-in-law John James concerning land, livestock, cotton trade, and other business matters. Several letters from family and friends are part of the papers, most of them addressed to Mary B. Polley. A few financial documents and some family notes are also part of the papers.
Identification: Doc 6166
Extent: 83 items (5 folders)
Language: Materials are in English.
Repository: Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library at the Alamo, San Antonio, Texas

Biographical Note

A native of New York, Joseph Henry Polley (1795-1869) came to Texas in 1821 from Missouri as part of Stephen F. Austin’s colony. Settling first in the Brazoria district, Polley concentrated on cattle raising, rapidly expanding his herds and land holdings. He moved to the area of Sutherland Springs in Wilson County in 1847, where he built an imposing stone home, called Whitehall, in the 1850s.

Joseph H. Polley married Mary Bailey in 1823. The couple had eleven children. A daughter, Emaline Polley, married surveyor and land speculator John James, who was a frequent business partner of Polley’s, an association that continued after the death of Emaline Polley James.

Joseph H. Polley died at his home in 1869 and was buried in the nearby family cemetery.


Scope and Content Note

Consisting primarily of letters received, the Joseph H. Polley papers provide a glimpse of his various business activities. Most of the letters were written by Polley’s business associate and former son-in-law John James concerning land, livestock, cotton trade, and other business matters. Several letters from family and friends are part of the papers, most of them addressed to Mary B. Polley. A few financial documents and some family notes are also part of the papers.


Restrictions

Access Restrictions

No restrictions. The collection is open for research.

Usage Restrictions

Please be advised that the library does not hold the copyright to most of the material in its archival collections. It is the responsibility of the researcher to secure those rights when needed. Permission to reproduce does not constitute permission to publish. The researcher assumes full responsibility for conforming to the laws of copyright, literary property rights, and libel.


Index Terms

Personal Names
Polley, Joseph Henry, 1795-1869.
Polley, Mary Bailey, 1810-1888.
Polley family.
James, John, 1819-1877.
Subjects
Cattle breeders--Texas--Wilson County
Cattle trade--Texas--Wilson County.
Cotton farmers--Texas--Wilson County
Cotton trade--Texas--Wilson County.
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Sources.
Locations
San Antonio (Tex.)
Wilson County (Tex.)--History--Sources.
Genres/Formats
Personal papers.
Correspondence.
Financial records.

Related Material

John Herndon James Papers, 1812-1938, Col 4569, Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library, San Antonio, Texas.

Joseph Henry Polley Papers, 1825-1926, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

James Britton Bailey Papers, 1832-1869, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Mary A. Polley Baylor Reminiscences, undated, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.

Burges-Jefferson Family Papers, 1836 (1857-1892) 1960, Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Joseph H. Polley Papers, 1852-1879 and undated, Doc 6166, Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library, San Antonio, Texas.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Bettie James Groos Cooper, 1991 March.

Processing Information

Processed by Warren Stricker, 1991.

Finding aid edited and encoded by Caitlin Donnelly, 2010 September.


Detailed Description of the Collection

 

Joseph H. Polley Papers, 1852-1879 and undated

Correspondence, 1852-1879
Folder
1 John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1852 January 9.
John James to Joseph H. Polley, 1852 January 26.
John James to Joseph H. Polley, 1852 March 1.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1852 March 9.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1852 March 27.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1852 April 2.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1852 May 20.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1852 September 21.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1852 October 11.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, Cibolo, Texas, 1853 October 2.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, Cibolo, Texas, 1854 February 28.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, Cibolo, Texas, 1854 May 10.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1856 July 30.
Josephine Milby, San Antonio, Texas, to Mrs. Polley, 1856 September 15.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, Cibolo, Texas, 1857 October 31.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1858 August 9.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1858 August 16.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1858 November 6.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1859 January 9.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1859 February 17.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1859 March 3.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1859 March 15.
C. F. Henderson, Post Oak, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1859 April 19.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1859 June 28.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1859 July 5.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1859 September 24.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1859 October 21.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1859 November 2.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1859 November 15.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1859 December 1.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1859 December 15.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1859 December 22.
Folder
2 John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1860 January 1.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1860 January 4.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1860 January 25.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1860 April 10.
Unknown author to Cousin Kate, 1860 May 3.
William J. Williams, Galveston, Texas, to Aunt, Galveston, Texas, 1860 May 10.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1860 May 22.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1860 June 12.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1860 September 9.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1860 September 28.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1860 October 15.
John James to Joseph H. Polley, 1860 November 12.
A. P. Hansen, Whitehall, New York, to Joseph H. Polley, 1860 December 3.
William Williams, Galveston, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, Sutherland Springs, Texas, 1861 January 2.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1861 March 20.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1861 March 22.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1861 March 30.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1861 April 25.
Jonathan Polley, Trumbull County, Ohio, to My Brother, 1861 May 5.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1861 September 22.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1862 April 18.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1862 May 15.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1862 May 17.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1862 May 30.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, Sutherland, Texas, 1862 July 25.
John James to Joseph H. Polley, 1862 August 11.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1862 October 22.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1862.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1864 December 23.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1866 February 20.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1866 March 25.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley, 1868 November 30.
Folder
3 Annie James, San Antonio, Texas, to Mrs. Polley, 1870 July 4.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Mary B. Polley, Sutherland Springs, Texas, 1877 June 16.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Mary B. Polley, 1877 February 19.
John Herndon James, San Antonio, Texas, to Mrs. Polley, 1879 March 1.
Nancy Thomas, Websterville [possibly Webberville], Texas, to Mary B. Polley, Sutherland Springs, Texas, 1879 May 7.
Emma Henderson, San Antonio, Texas, to Mrs. Polley, May 9.
Emma Henderson to Mrs. Polley, May 19.
Emma Henderson, San Antonio, Texas, to Mrs. Polley, May 27.
John James, San Antonio, Texas, to Joseph H. Polley [3 undated letters].
John James to Joseph H. Polley.
Jas. R. Sweet to Joseph H. Polley, Cibolo, Texas.
J. R. Sweet to John James or Joseph H. Polley, Cibolo, Texas.
Financial records, 1852-1862
Folder
4 Receipt: M. A. T. Evans to John James through J. H. Polley, Rio Cibolo, Texas, 1852 April 3.
Bill of sale: Post and Hedges to Joseph H. Polley, San Antonio, Texas, 1861 January 9.
Bill of sale: H. M. Smyth to J. Polley, San Antonio, Texas, 1862 March 24.
Notes, undated
Folder
5 Notes on Polley family.
Vinton L. James, notes on papers, 1938.