Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Descriptive Summary

Biographical Note

Scope and Content Note

Restrictions

Index Terms

Administrative Information

Bibliography

Description of Series

Santiago Rabia Papers, 1836-1852 and undated

Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library at the Alamo

A Guide to the Santiago Rabia Papers, 1836-1852 and undated



Descriptive Summary

Creator: Rabia, Santiago, d. 1852 or 3
Title: Santiago Rabia Papers
Dates: 1836-1852 and undated
Creator Abstract: A sergeant in the Mexican Army, Santiago Rabia came to Texas in 1836 under Santa Anna and participated in the battles at the Alamo and San Jacinto, where he was captured by the Texans.
Content Abstract: Notebooks, military returns, legal documents, letters, and a photograph are part of the Santiago Rabia Papers, documenting his military, business, and personal activities.
Identification: Col 6070
Extent: 1.2 linear feet (1 document box, 1 oversize box)
Language: Materials are in Spanish and English.
Repository: Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library at the Alamo, San Antonio, Texas

Biographical Note

A sergeant in the Tampico Regiment of the Mexican Army, Santiago Rabia came to Texas in 1836, part of the force led by Antonio López de Santa Anna. Participating in the campaign at the Alamo, Rabia was also at the Battle of San Jacinto, where he was captured.

Upon his release, Rabia elected to stay in Texas. After serving for four months in the army of the Republic of Texas, he settled in the Nacogdoches area, where he served in local militia companies. In 1841, Rabia married Rebecca Carroll in Nacogdoches County. The couple had seven children.

Rabia received two land grants from the Republic of Texas: a bounty warrant for 640 acres for his army service, which was patented in 1849 in Victoria County, and a third class headright for 640 acres, patented in 1858 in Nacogdoches County.

Rabia was killed in 1852 or 1853. His widow married James Wyrick in 1853.

References

Brierley, Ned F., translator. The Journal of Sergeant Santiago Rabia. Austin: Texian Army Investigations, 1997.

Davis, Kathryn Hooper, transcriber. East Texas Militiamen, 1838-1839. Nacogdoches: Ericson Books, 1992.

Ericson, Carolyn Reeves, transcriber. 1847 Census: Nacogdoches County.

Ericson, Carolyn Reeves, compiler. Nacogdoches County: Abstract of all Original Texas Land Titles comprising Grants and Locations to August 31, 1941. St. Louis, 1981.

Ericson, Carolyn Reeves. Nacogdoches—Gateway to Texas. 2 volumes. Nacogdoches: Ericson Books, 1987, 1991.

Ericson, Carolyn Reeves, ed. The People of Nacogdoches County in 1850. Owensboro, Ky.: Cook and McDowell, 1980.

Jackson, Ron. Alamo Legacy: Alamo Descendants Remember the Alamo. Austin: Eakin Press, 1997.

Miller, Thomas Lloyd. Bounty and Donation Land Grants of Texas, 1835-1888. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1967.

Murrie, Pauline Shirlie, compiler. Marriage Records of Nacogdoches County, Texas, 1824-1881. Houston, 1968.

Santiago Rabia Papers, 1836-1852 and undated, Col 6070, Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library, San Antonio, Texas.

White, Gifford. 1840 Citizens of Texas. 3 volumes. St. Louis: Ingmire Publications, 1983-1988.

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Scope and Content Note

The Santiago Rabia Papers contain a small selection of miscellaneous items reflecting military, business, and personal activities. The earliest items are three small notebooks which contain notes and lists of soldiers relating to the Mexican Army’s campaign in Texas in 1836. Included in the notebooks are itineraries of the army’s route from Mexico to Texas, very brief accounts of the Battle of the Alamo and the Battle of San Jacinto, short lists of Mexican soldiers, an account of Antonio López de Santa Anna’s address to his troops upon his departure from Texas, and some personal notes on Rabia’s family.

Later items concern Rabia’s life in Texas and include military returns of militia companies in Nacogdoches, orders from the Republic of Texas government, legal documents, letters, and a photograph of Rabia’s daughter, Emily Rabia Wald. The government orders concern the provision of supplies to destitute families and the treatment of Mexican-American and Indian citizens, the latter signed by president Sam Houston.

Three items are associated with Joseph A. Carroll, probably a relative of Rabia’s wife.

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Restrictions

Access Restrictions

No restrictions. The collection is open for research.

Usage Restrictions

Please be advised that the library does not hold the copyright to most of the material in its archival collections. It is the responsibility of the researcher to secure those rights when needed. Permission to reproduce does not constitute permission to publish. The researcher assumes full responsibility for conforming to the laws of copyright, literary property rights, and libel.

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Index Terms

Personal Names
Rabia, Santiago, d. 1852 or 3.
Carroll, Joseph A.
Houston, Sam, 1793-1863.
McLeod, Hugh, 1814-1862.
Rusk, Thomas J. (Thomas Jefferson), 1803-1857.
Santa Anna, Antonio López de, 1794?-1876.
Wald, Emily Rabia.
Organizations
Mexico. Ejército--Registers.
Subjects
Alamo (San Antonio, Tex.)--Siege, 1836.
San Jacinto, Battle of, Tex., 1836.
Soldiers--Mexico.
Locations
Nacogdoches County (Tex.)--History--Sources.
Texas--History--Revolution, 1835-1836--Sources.
Texas--History--Republic, 1836-1846--Sources.
Texas--Militia--Registers.
Genres/Formats
Personal papers.
Journals.
Legal documents.
Muster rolls.
Photographs.

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Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Santiago Rabia Papers, 1836-1852 and undated, Col 6070, Daughters of the Republic of Texas Library, San Antonio, Texas.

Acquisition Information

Gift of Odell Myers, 1990 September.

Processing Information

Processed by Warren Stricker, 1997.

Finding aid edited and encoded by Caitlin Donnelly, 2010 August.

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Bibliography

Part of Rabia's journal was translated by Ned F. Brierley and published as The Journal of Sergeant Santiago Rabia (1997).

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Detailed Description of the Collection

 

Santiago Rabia Papers, 1836-1852 and undated

The items are arranged chronologically.
Box Folder
1 1 Notebook: Sixth Company [?], Galveston, Texas, in Spanish, 1836.
Contains list of soldiers.
2 Notebook: Prison of Galveston, in Spanish, 1836 June 24.
Contains a list of soldiers, points on the route from Mexico to Texas, and a brief account of the Battle of San Jacinto.
Box Folder
Oversize 1 Notebook: in Spanish, 1836-1842.
Contains a list of points on the route from Mexico to Texas; a brief account of the campaign; a second account of the campaign in Texas, dated 1838, which includes information on the Battle of the Alamo; a list of Mexican prisoners from the Tampico Regiment; an account of Antonio López de Santa Anna's farewell message of 1836 June 10; family data from 1841 and 1842; and miscellaneous notes.
Box Folder
1 3 Letter of recommendation: Nathaniel Amory, Houston, Texas, for Santiago Rabia, in English, 1837 November 3.
4 General Order: Thomas J. Rusk and H. McLeod, concerning provision of supplies to destitute families, Nacogdoches, Texas, in Spanish, 1838 August 22.
5 General Order: Sam Houston, concerning treatment of Mexican and Indian citizens, Nacogdoches, Texas, in Spanish, 1838 August.
6 Discharge: Joseph O. Carrell, A. Jordan’s Company of Volunteers, Williams Settlement, Texas, in English, 1838 September 4.
7 Returns: volunteers, Nacogdoches, Texas, in Spanish, 1839 January 1.
8 Returns: Company of Luis Sanches, Nacogdoches, Texas, in Spanish, 1839 February 5.
9 Statement: Joseph A. Carrol, allegiance to the Republic of Texas, Nacogdoches County, Texas, in English, 1839 April 7.
10 Returns: Volunteers, Nacogdoches, Texas, in Spanish, 1839 June 15.
11 Returns: Company of Luis Sanches, Nacogdoches, Texas, in Spanish, 1839.
12 Returns: Volunteers, Nacogdoches, Texas, in Spanish, 1839-1840.
13 Statement: Maria del Pilar Cano, concerning the baptism of Maria Zostenes del Pilar, daughter of Maria Reveca [Rebecca] and Santiago Rabia, Nacogdoches, Texas, in Spanish, 1844 January 21.
14 Letter: Francisco Cardenas y Garza to Santiago Rabia, in Spanish, 1844 January 22.
15 Contract: Joseph A. Carroll and Robert Heriot, Shelby County, Texas, in English, 1844 November 21.
16 Agreement: Santiago Rabia and James H. Starr, concerning delivery of a steer, in English, 1844 December 26.
17 Letter: Juan y Barvo, Nacogdoches, Texas, to Santiago Ravia, in Spanish, 1852 March 26.
18 Statement: Juan Ybarbo, concerning payment for a bull, in Spanish, undated.
19 Poem: in Spanish, undated.
20 Tintype: Emily Rabia Wald, undated.

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