Baylor University, the Texas Collection

[Waco] United Confederate Veterans: Pat Cleburne Camp records, Inclusive: 1865-1937, Bulk: 1900-1918



Records Summary

Creator United Confederate Veterans Pat Cleburne Camp No. 222, 1888 -
Title [Waco] United Confederate Veterans: Pat Cleburne Camp records
Dates: Inclusive: 1865-1937, Bulk: 1900-1918
Abstract The [Waco] United Confederate Veterans: Pat Cleburne Camp Collection consists of manuscripts collected from 1865-1937. These papers contain correspondence, financial papers, legal documents, literary productions, photographic materials, oversized materials, and other printed materials.
Quantity: 4 document boxes and 2 oversized folders.
Language of the Material English
Repository Baylor University, The Texas Collection

Biography/Profile

The Waco chapter of the United Confederate Veterans was organized in 1888. Active until the late 1930s, it functioned much like other veterans’ organizations of the time, providing a way for veterans to remember their part in the American Civil War, financially help struggling veterans’ families, and guard the veterans’ memory of the war.

Though the camp was formed in 1888, it did not officially join the United Confederate Veterans organization until 1893. This was not unusual for the South or Texas, as many independent local organizations sprang up throughout the 1880s, and did not begin to ally with other camps until the early 1890s. A printed copy of the group’s constitution can be found in the collection.

The group wrote a constitution, held annual meetings and reunions, and participated in state and national reunions and events. Unlike the nearby Joe Johnston camp at the Confederate Reunion Grounds, there is no indication that the Pat Cleburne chapter owned their own land. It is important to note that most members of the camp probably were not native Texans, and had not served in Texas units during the Civil War. Many Southern families migrated west after the war in search of a new beginning, and Texas was the recipient of a large number of these ex-Confederates on the move. With these ties to other states, at least some Cleburne camp members attended national reunions, since there was a good chance they would know people there. State reunions became a destination as well, since some Cleburne camp veterans attended the statewide reunion in Amarillo, Texas, in 1935. The program for that reunion is in this collection.

Most of the men involved in the group had seen service in the Western theater of the Civil War, and chose to name their camp after a well-known Confederate commander, Patrick Cleburne. Cleburne had been a divisional commander in the Army of Tennessee, but was killed in 1864 at the Battle of Franklin.

The various activities of the camp were noticed by local newspapers. Though the camp did many things throughout the community, probably their most visible role was decorating the graves of their fellow soldiers on Decoration Day, the forerunner to the modern Memorial Day. Each year the veterans, in conjunction with the local chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy, would purchase fresh flowers and place them at veterans’ graves throughout Waco cemeteries. Many veterans were buried in Oakwood Cemetery, and this seemed to be the cemetery that received the most attention.

Like most United Confederate Veteran camps, the Waco chapter slowly grew less relevant as the Civil War veterans died off. There seems to be no record of a final disbanding, as the minutes end abruptly in 1937. It is possible there is a minute book or two from this camp that has not been donated yet, which could help explain the inevitable demise of Pat Cleburne Camp No. 222, United Confederate Veterans.


Scope and Content

The [Waco] United Confederate Veterans: Pat Cleburne Camp Collection was acquired by gift in five separate transactions from private donors. It is unknown when the first and largest gift to the collection was given. The second gift, a certificate from the Jefferson Davis Home Association, was added to the collection from “uncatalogued holdings” within the Texas Collection in 1974. The third gift, a copy of the camp’s constitution, was given by Roger N. Conger in 1983. The fourth gift, a minute book and scrapbook, was given by Robert E. Davis from Texian Press in 1983 July. The fifth gift, microfilm of camp membership applications, was given by Charles Oliver for the local General Felix H. Robertson Sons of Confederate Veterans Camp in 2000.

The collection begins in 1865 and ends in 1937. Records include correspondence, financial papers, legal documents, literary productions, photographic materials, oversized materials, and other printed materials. An extensive collection of minutes means this is probably one of the best-documented camps in Texas. A large clippings file would give background to any study of this collection.


Arrangement

The [Waco] United Confederate Veterans: Pat Cleburne Camp Collection is arranged in 6 series: I. Correspondence, II. Financial Documents, III. Literary Productions, IV. Legal Documents, V. Photographic Material, and VI. Oversized Materials.

Restrictions

Access Restrictions

All requests for copying of materials must be submitted to The Texas Collection in writing. Please use the Request Form for Copying Materials sheet. Unpublished materials authored or otherwise produced by the creator (s) of this collection are in the public domain. There are no restrictions on use. Copyright status for other collection materials is unknown. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.) beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of the copyright owners. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.

Use/Re-use Restrictions

The collection is open for research.

Physical Description

General condition: Good.


Index Terms

Veterans -- Confederate States of America -- History.
Texas -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865.
United Confederate Veterans. Texas Division. Pat Cleburne Camp No. 222.
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Social aspects.
United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Veterans.

Related Resources

Items in related collections

[Waco] United Daughters of the Confederacy: Mary West Chapter Records

Related references

Kelley, Dayton, ed. The Handbook of Waco and McLennan County, Texas (Waco: Texian, 1972): 274.
Hattaway, Herman. “Clio’s Southern Soldiers: The United Confederate Veterans and History.” Louisiana History: The Journal of the Louisiana Historical Association, 12, 3 (1971 Summer): 213-242.

Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[Waco] United Confederate Veterans: Pat Cleburne Camp Records, Accession, #127, Box #, Folder #, The Texas Collection, Baylor University.

Acquisition Information

Accession No. 127.

Processing Information

Described by Paul T. Fisher. Released on 2013-06-17.


Detailed Description of the Collection

Correspondence 1890-1934, undated

Administrative Information
Physical Description
General condition: Good.
Biography/Profile
Series includes a wide variety of correspondence to and from the Waco chapter of the United Confederate Veterans. Many of the letters have something to do with “Decoration Day,” the precursor to Memorial Day. Other letters address membership matters, dues, and contact with the national office of the United Confederate Veterans. The series is in good to excellent condition.
Acquisition Information
Accession No. 127.
box folder
1 1 Correspondence 1890-1894
2 Correspondence 1896-1912
3 Correspondence 1925-1932
4 Correspondence 1933-1934
5 Correspondence undated



Legal Documents 1893

Administrative Information
Physical Description
General condition: Excellent.
Biography/Profile
This small series includes a printed copy of the camp’s constitution and bylaws, as of 1893. This booklet is in excellent condition.
Acquisition Information
Accession No. 127.
box folder
1 6 General 1893



Financial Documents 1895-1936, undated

Administrative Information
Physical Description
General condition: Good.
Biography/Profile
This series contains receipts for Decoration Day flower purchases and five ledger books detailing all camp purchases for 38 years. These ledgers also note all dues paid to the camp. This series is in average to good condition.
Acquisition Information
Accession No. 127.
box folder
1 7 General 1933-1936, undated
8 Ledger 1895-1904
9 Ledger 1895-1905
box folder
2 1 Ledger 1905-1908
2 Ledger 1905-1924
3 Ledger 1926-1933



Literary Documents 1865-1937, undated

Administrative Information
Physical Description
General condition: Average.
Biography/Profile
This series, the largest in the collection, includes programs, rosters, clippings, minutes, and printed materials generated by the camp. Most of the clippings describe United Confederate Veterans national news, general information about the Civil War, or about specific generals. Some clippings describe the Waco camp, but not many compared to the larger general clippings selection. The minutes include 3 books and 29 folders spanning 1889-1937, with no noted breaks. This series is in average to good condition.
Acquisition Information
Accession No. 127.
box folder
2 4 General 1865-1908, undated
5 General undated
6 Camp Rosters 1907-1929, undated
7 Programs 1933, undated
8 Programs: Reunions 1890-1902
9 Poems undated
10 Printed Material 1901
11 Printed Material: Religious undated
12 Notes undated
13 General Orders: 6-34 1909-1910
14 General Orders: 35-82 1908-1910, undated
15 Clippings: General 1906-1908
16 Clippings: General 1908
17 Clippings: General: Folder 1 of 2 1909
18 Clippings: General: Folder 2 of 2 1909
19 Clippings: General: Folder 1 of 3 undated
20 Clippings: General: Folder 2 of 3 undated
21 Clippings: General: Folder 3 of 3 undated
22 Clippings: Cleburne Camp: Folder 1 of 3 1908-1911
23 Clippings: Cleburne Camp: Folder 2 of 3 1908-1911
24 Clippings: Cleburne Camp: Folder 3 of 3 1908-1911
box folder
3 1 Clippings: Cleburne Camp undated
2 Memorial Tributes 1898-1933, undated
3 Book: Roster 1925-1932
4 Book: Mortuary Roster 1917-1932
5 Minutes 1932-1937
6 Book: Minutes 1889
7 Book: Minutes 1893-1900
box folder
4 1 Book: Minutes 1917-1932
2 Minutes: Folder 1 of 28 1900-1917
3 Minutes: Folder 2 of 28 1900-1917
4 Minutes: Folder 3 of 28 1900-1917
5 Minutes: Folder 4 of 28 1900-1917
6 Minutes: Folder 5 of 28 1900-1917
7 Minutes: Folder 6 of 28 1900-1917
8 Minutes: Folder 7 of 28 1900-1917
9 Minutes: Folder 8 of 28 1900-1917
10 Minutes: Folder 9 of 28 1900-1917
11 Minutes: Folder 10 of 28 1900-1917
12 Minutes: Folder 11 of 28 1900-1917
13 Minutes: Folder 12 of 28 1900-1917
14 Minutes: Folder 13 of 28 1900-1917
15 Minutes: Folder 14 of 28 1900-1917
16 Minutes: Folder 15 of 28 1900-1917
17 Minutes: Folder 16 of 28 1900-1917
18 Minutes: Folder 17 of 28 1900-1917
19 Minutes: Folder 18 of 28 1900-1917
20 Minutes: Folder 19 of 28 1900-1917
21 Minutes: Folder 20 of 28 1900-1917
22 Minutes: Folder 21 of 28 1900-1917
23 Minutes: Folder 22 of 28 1900-1917
24 Minutes: Folder 23 of 28 1900-1917
25 Minutes: Folder 24 of 28 1900-1917
26 Minutes: Folder 25 of 28 1900-1917
27 Minutes: Folder 26 of 28 1900-1917
28 Minutes: Folder 27 of 28 1900-1917
29 Minutes: Folder 28 of 28 1900-1917



Photographic Materials undated

Administrative Information
Physical Description
General condition: Good.
Biography/Profile
This small series includes several photographs of Waco veterans. This series is in good to excellent condition.
Acquisition Information
Accession No. 127.
box folder
4 30 General undated
box folder
[1068] OVZ 1 Cleburne Veterans undated



Oversized Materials 1894-1935

Administrative Information
Physical Description
General condition: Good.
Biography/Profile
This series includes several newspapers from various cities detailing the United Confederate Veterans reunions held there. The reunion ribbon is from the 1894 Waco reunion. This series is in average to excellent condition.
Acquisition Information
Accession No. 127.
box folder
[1068] OVZ 2 Newspapers 1934-1935