Austin History Center

The University of Texas at Austin Department of Radio-Television-Film Student Papers

An Inventory of the Collection



Collection Summary

Creator: University of Texas at Austin Department of Radio-Television-Film, The
Title: The University of Texas at Austin Department of Radio-Television-Film Student Papers
Dates: 1988, 1993, undated
Abstract: The University of Texas at Austin's Radio-Television-Film department (UT RTF) supports a rich diversity of creative and scholarly pursuits. It offers a wide range of communications classes covering all aspects of media production, theory and history. This collection consists of final research papers written by graduate students for two classes taught by Dr. Janet Staiger: RTF 348: Studies in Film and Electronic Media (Fall, 1988) and RTF 395: Theory and Literature in Film (Spring, 1993). The papers cover various aspects of Austin media history from 1880 to 1960.
Accession number: AR.2017.006
Quantity: .25 linear feet (1 box)
Location: Archives stacks
Language: English
Repository: Austin History Center, Austin Public Library,
810 Guadalupe, PO Box 2287, Austin, TX 78768

Creator Note

The University of Texas at Austin Department of Radio-Television-Film The University of Texas at Austin's Radio-Television-Film department (UT RTF) supports a rich diversity of creative and scholarly pursuits. It offers a wide range of communications classes covering all aspects of media production, theory and history. The collection consists of final papers written by graduate students for two classes taught by Dr. Janet Staiger: RTF 348: Studies in Film and Electronic Media (Fall, 1988) and RTF 395: Theory and Literature in Film (Spring, 1993). RTF 348: Studies in Film and Electronic Media, examined the American film industry's production, distribution, and exhibition practices, including the various conditions affecting its behavior such as governmental policies, technological innovations, societal responses to films, models from other industries, discourses about appropriate film making procedures, and competition from adjacent mass-culture businesses. Course goals included knowing about agreed-upon facts regarding the economic history of American cinema; knowing and being able to analyze and evaluate the various interpretations of events in this history; applying methods of explaining economic events to new situations (most particularly, the history of exhibition in Austin, Texas); and analyzing and evaluating contemporary economic practices in relation to their historical origins. RTF 395: Theory and Literature in Film was the second half of two required courses for doctoral students in Radio-Television-Film. It focused on analyses of history and on critical and cultural approaches to media. Historical approaches included aesthetic, social, discursive/ideological, economic, technological, and reception. Amongst the course requirements was an analysis of some aspect of Austin media history from 1880 to 1960.

Source: Janet Staiger, PhD

Source: The University of Texas at Austin Department of Radio-Television-Film (https://rtf.utexas.edu/: accessed 17 August 2017), “About”


Scope and Contents

The records are comprised primarily of final research papers authored by UT RTF graduate students, divided into two series by class name and semester, RTF 348: Studies in Film and Electronic Media (Fall, 1988) and RTF 395: Theory and Literature in Film (Spring, 1993). Topics covered include histories of early motion picture development in Austin, nickelodeons, early theaters such as the Hancock Opera House, the Paramount, the Ritz, and the Harlem Theaters, black film in Austin, segregation and movie theaters, the development of telephony, radio and television broadcasting and billboard advertising. The first series, RTF 348, also includes a list of theater locations and owners created by students using city directories at the Austin History Center. In addition, each series includes a list of class papers created by the instructor, Dr. Janet Staiger.


Arrangement

Collection is arranged into two series:


  • RFT 348: Studies in Film and Electronic Media
  • RFT 395: Theory and Literature in Film
Papers are arranged within each series by the professor's listings, also included in each series.

Restrictions

Access Restrictions

Open to all users

Use Restrictions

The Austin History Center (AHC) is the owner of the physical materials in the AHC collections and makes available reproductions for research, publication, and other uses. Written permission must be obtained from the AHC before any publication use. The AHC does not hold the copyright to the papers/reports in this collection. In some cases, permission for use will be required from the authors, the copyright owners. Consult repository for more details.


Index Terms

Subjects (Persons)
Novy, Louis.
Hegman, J. J.
Flury, Godfrey.
Johnson, Lady Bird.
Johnson, Lyndon, B.
Staiger, Janet.
Dreyer, Ross.
Clark, Dean.
Uribe, Echo.
Streible, Dan.
Gadbois, Laura.
Berks, Martin.
Kriedeman, Christina.
Barbarena, Laura.
Hinton, Susan.
Binder, Steffi.
Levin, Jordan.
Haynes, Haynes.
Praver, Daniel.
Carter, Sandra Gayle.
Harman, Jennifer.
Jackson, Robert W.
Kothari, Shuchi.
López-Islas, José Rafael.
Martin, Stana B.
Meyers, Cynthia.
McCourt, Tom.
Paterson, Chris.
Pathania, Geetika.
Stein, Laura.
Uncapher, Willard.
Subjects (Organizations)
The University of Texas at Austin. Department of Radio-Television-Film
Harlem Theater (Austin, Tex.).
Hancock Opera House (Austin, Tex.).
KUT (Radio Station: Austin, Tex.).
Austin Community Television.
The Ritz (Austin, Tex.).
Trans-Texas Theaters, Inc.
Paramount Theater.
Presidio Theaters (Austin, Tex.).
Majestic Theater (Austin, Tex.).
Queen Theater (Austin, Tex.).
Interstate Theatre Corporation.
Austin Theater.
Daily Texan.
University of Texas at Austin; Texas Longhorns (Football team).
Subjects
Segregation--Texas--Austin.
Motion pictures theaters--Texas--Austin.
Advertising, outdoor--Texas--Austin.
Billboards--Texas--History.
Television broadcasting--History.
Cable television--Texas--Austin.
Telephone--History.
Neon signs--History.
College student newspapers and periodicals.
Radio broadcasting of sports.
African Americans--Civil rights--Texas--History--20th century.
Places
Austin (Tex.)--Social life and customs.
Austin (Tex.)--Race relations.
Austin (Tex.)—Commerce.
Document Types
Reports.

Related Material

General Collection


  • A 791.4309764 RI Susan B. Rittereiser, Michael C. Miller Historic Movie Houses of Austin.2016.
  • A 791.4309764 Mo University of TexasMoving Picture Theaters in Austin, Texas.1988.
  • A 791.4309764 La Ann LaemmleWhen Movies Came to Austin: The Evolution of Pre-WWI Cinema in Austin, Texas 1896-1915.1993.
  • A 725.823 Ca Sandra Gayle Carter, Austin's African-American Community and the Harlem Theater.1993.

Austin Files


  • AF Biography - Lois Novy
  • AF Biography - J.J. Hegman
  • AF Biography - Godfrey Flury
  • AF Biography - Earl Podolnick
  • AF Biography - Lyndon Baines Johnson
  • AF Biography - Lady Bird Johnson
  • AF Subject - Moving Picture Theaters (General) M8300
  • AF Subject - Moving Picture Theaters M8300 (see individual theater names for AF files related to individual theaters)
  • AF Subject - Moving Picture Theaters - Paramount M8350
  • AF Subject - Moving Picture Theaters - Queen M8360

Archives & Manuscripts


  • AR.2012.009 J.J. Hegman Papers
  • AR.2012.010 Jim Maloy Scrapbooks
  • AR.2001.018 Paramount Theater Records
  • AR.2012.004 Trans-Texas Theater Collection


Administrative Information

Custodial History

Collection was donated by the professor.

Preferred Citation

The University of Texas at Austin Department of Radio-Television-Film Student Papers (AR.2017.006). Austin History Center, Austin Public Library, Texas.

Acquisition Information

Donor #DO/1993/056:

Donation Date: 2017

Processing Information

Finding aid created by Katie Cole and Susan Rittereiser, 2017. Encoding by Susan Rittereiser in 2017.


Detailed Description of the Collection

RTF 348: Studies in Film and Electronic Media, 1988, undated

Box Folder
1 1 List of research papers for RTF 348, undated
1 "Austin, Texas, Film Theater Locations And Owners/Managers From 1895 To 1988", 1988
Includes theater addresses, theater name changes and dates of owners/managers.
1 Ross Dreyer, "Austin Moving Picture Audiences: 1894 to 1915", 1988
This paper challenges the previously believed notion that the early movie-going public were poor or newly arrived immigrants during the nickelodeon period of movies. Dryer argues that in Austin movie goers were members of different races and social classes. Dryer uses newspaper advertisemtns to demonstrate that as early as 1907 nickelodeons in Austin were using different techniques to attract middle-class patrons to the movies while also drawing in the lower-class audience.
1 Dean Clark, "Opera House Saloon: 1896-1915", 1988
Clark details the history of the Austin Club and the Opera House Saloon including many changes in ownership the saloon went through between 1910 and 1915. The opening of other movie houses had an impact on the popularity of the Opera House and the saloon.
1 Echo Uribe, "Locating Lost Nickelodeons: Austin, Texas 1907-1915", 1988
This paper examines the impact that nickelodeons had on live theaters in Austin. It also details the many nickelodeons that popped up in Austin after 1907. It challenges the notion that nickelodeons were located mostly in working class areas by showing that most of Austin’s nickelodeons were located on Congress Avenue and other business centers.
1 Dan Streible, "A History of Black Film Theaters in Austin", 1988
Streible details the history of black film theaters in Austin with a focus on the Harlem Theater. From the 1920’s when there were two black theaters, the Lincoln and the Lyric. Both fell victim to the Great Depression. The paper discusses the history of the Harlem Theater from its construction and appearance, to its programs, and ownership. It is a detailed history of the Harlem Theater from its opening in 1935 to its closing in 1973. This paper was revised and subsequently published as "The Harlem Theter: Black Film Exhibition in Austin Texas: 1920-1973," in Black American Cinema, ed. Manthia Diawara. NY: Routledge, 1993. Pp 221-36. (A copy is included with the original student paper.)
1 Laura Gadbois, "Austin in the Golden Age of the Picture Palace", 1988
This paper details the architecture of palace movie theaters in the post-World War I years. Gadbois discusses the physical aspects of these grand movie theaters and the architect who designed them. Three of these "Picture Palaces" are discussed: the Majestic Theater built in 1915, the Queen Theater built in 1921, and the Texas Theater renovated in 1926.
1 Martin Berks, "Austin Theatre History During the Great Depression (A Very Short Paper for a Very Short Depression by a Very Short Researcher)", 1988
This paper discusses the impact, or lack thereof, the Great Depression had on the Austin movie scene. Berks discusses how the Great Depression had a much smaller impact on Austin than on other cities and how Karl Hoblitzelle’s monopoly over Austin movie theaters helped them stay afloat during the depression.
1 Christina Kriedeman, "The Ritz: A Look at an Independent Movie Theatre" 1988
Kriedman focuses on the history of the Ritz Theater during 1939. This is a very short history of the Ritz including the movies it showed, its location, and the patrons it served.
1 Laura Barberena, "Destined to Disappear" 1988
The focus of this paper is on the Austin Theater from its opening in 1939 to 1988. The paper details what made the theater so popular when it opened and what led to its decline. It also details the many changes in ownership the theater went through over the years.
1 Susan Hinton, "Film Exhibitors in Austin, Texas: Trans-Texas Theaters Inc.", 1988
Hinton focuses on the history of Trans-Texas Theaters, Inc. from the company's formation in 1952 to when it dissolved in 1979. The company was created in the wake of the 1948 Supreme Court decision to end the Hollywood studio system monopoly over movie houses. The paper details the history of the company including the owners, the theaters that they owned, and the changes that they made to them.
1 Steffi Binder, "From Boom to Bust: The Paramount Theater", 1988
This paper details the efforts that were made in the 1970’s to restore the Paramount Theater to its former glory. In 1975, the building was leased to John Bernardoni, Chuck Eckerman, and Steve Scott. The paper details the financial problems the men faced to restore the theater. These financial problems continued to plague the theater through 1988 when this paper was written.
1 Jordan Levin, "Presidio Theaters: The Return of the Movie-Going Experience", 1988
Levin discusses how founder of Presidio Theaters Charles Chick built some of the most luxurious and technologically advanced theaters in Austin. The paper details the great lengths that Chick went through to make the theaters some of the best in the area.
1 Heather Haynes, "Battle Against the Chains", 1988
This paper examines the difficulties that smaller theaters faced including the causes of such difficulties, the response the theaters had, and the financial success of the multi-screen cinemas. Haynes details the many ways smaller independent theaters chose to compete with the larger chains with varying degrees of success.
1 Daniel Praver, "I’ll See You at the Movies (In My Bright Red Coat) [Management and Employees in the 1980s]", 1988
Praver details the various positions at the movie theater, including the problems employees encountered in these positions. The jobs that are described include projectionists, concession workers, ushers, chief of staff, box office attendants, and management. The paper is written from Praver’s personal experiences working in different theaters in Houston and Austin.



RTF 395: Theory and Literature in Film, 1993, undated

Box Folder
1 2 List of research papers for RTF 395, undated
2 Sandra Gayle Carter, "Austin’s African-American Community and the Harlem Theater", 1993
Carter focuses on the Harlem Theater in East Austin, its history, and the theater's role in Austin's segregated African-American community. The paper explores the history of East Austin and how segregationally zoned districts in Austin forced African-Americans to form their own communities. In order to establish the Harlem Theater's importance in the East Austin community, the author looks at advertisements for the theater placed in negro newspapers.
2 Jennifer Harman, "The Hancock Opera House, 1896-1915", 1993
This paper investigates the social history of the Opera House from its opening in 1896 to 1915. The paper discusses the different functions that the Hancock Opera House played in the Austin community in relation to different members of the community. The Hancock, a source of pride for Austinites, served as a means of entertainment for all walks of life including the social elites, middle class, University students, and blacks.
2 Robert W. Jackson, "Vintage Neon Signs in Austin, Texas", 1993
This paper discusses the history of vintage, double-backed, sheet metal and neon signs in Austin from their introduction in the 1920’s to their demise in the 1950’s. The paper looks at the history of neon signs in Austin as well as their history throughout the United States. Jackson discusses the history of the neon sign in the 1920s, its increase in popularity in the 1930’s and 40’s and then its decline in the 1950’s. The author reasons that neon signs lost their popularity in the 1950’s because they became too expensive to maintain and cities such as Austin passed ordinances that made it illegal to place animated signs outside of businesses.
2 Shuchi Kothari, "Whose Paper is it Anyway? The Passing of Power from Students to Regents", 1993
Kothari discusses the struggle between students and administration over ownership of the student newspaper the Daily Texan at the University of Texas at Austin. Kothari focuses on the history between the turn of the century when the Texan was established to 1975 when she believes it lost its autonomy. The paper details the power struggle that played out between UT Board of Regents, the Texas Student Publication Inc., and editors of the Texan. Slowly over the 75 years the Regents increasingly gained more power over the publication of the newspaper.
2 José Rafael López-Islas, "Critical moments and critical mass in the diffusion of Telephony in Austin: 1881-1962", 1993
This paper examines the history of the telephone in Austin and the process of diffusion of this innovation that took place within the city. It discusses the advancement of telephone usage in Austin from the 1880’s to the 1950’s. López-Islas analyzes the argument that diffusion of innovation is all or nothing.
2 Stana B. Martin, "Football Takes on the Air Waves: University of Texas Football and KUT", 1993
Martin discusses the relationship between UT football and the KUT radio station. KUT was a station owned by the University of Texas and was on the air between 1917 and 1929. It was the first radio station to broadcast the football games in 1925. The paper tells the history of the station and how it laid the groundwork for other stations to broadcast the UT football games live in Austin.
2 Cynthia Meyers, "Godfrey Flury, Billboard Advertising, and “Americanism”: An Austin Ad Man of the 1920s", 1993
This paper discusses the career of Godfrey Flury, a billboard maker, in Austin during the 1920’s. It is divided into three sections: the first section focuses on advertisements Flury made in the 1910s, the second on Flury’s activities in the 1920s, and the third section, on the social dimensions of Flury’s activities. This paper was revised and subsequently published as "Godfrey Flury's Billboard Advertising Business: An Austin Ad Man in the 1910s and 1920s" in Southwestern Historical Quarterly, Texas State Historical Association, Vol 98, No, 4. (April, 1995) Pp 568-583. (A copy is included with the original student paper.)
2 Tom McCourt, "Some Folks Are Better than Others: The Development of Austin Radio in the Fifties", 1993
McCourt examines the ways Austin radio programing changed from 1950 to 1960. The increasing popularity of television had a major impact on radio stations, networks, and advertisers. It examines the changes that radio stations made to compete with the new commodity. These changes included radio stations focusing on a more narrow, local audience rather than on a national one.
2 Chris Paterson, "The Making of a One Station Town: Television Broadcasting Comes to Austin, Texas", 1993
The author examines the history of the KTBC-TV station owned by Claudia "Lady Bird" Johnson and her husband, former U.S. president, Lyndon B. Johnson. Paterson concludes that the Johnsons were granted Austin’s only VHF TV license was not the result of one single action but multiple interactions with the Federal Communications Commission, the television networks, and the television manufacturing industry. For many years, the Johnsons used their political power to hold a monopoly over the television stations in Austin.
2 Geetika Pathania, Austin Movie Theaters in the Depression: 1928-1932, 1993
The paper examines how Austin theaters fared during the Great Depression within the larger national response to the movie industry. During the depression, the movie industry seemed more effected by suburbanization than by the economic depression. In Austin, the depression had little effect on movie consumers. Pathania concludes that both Hollywood and Austin theaters were most effected by an increase in sexual and violent movies content.
2 Laura Stein, "Austin Community Television: A Radical Solution for Mainstream TV Ennui", 1993
This paper focuses on the creation of public access television, Austin Community Television (ACTV) and the obstacles that they faced creating the ACTV. The paper examines the organizers of public access in Austin and their political and intellectual influences, as well as the impact that the FCC and cable companies had on ACTV.
2 Willard Uncapher, "Time, Space, and Social Being in Early Austin Telephony", 1993
Uncapher focuses on the development of the telephone in Austin in the 19th and 20th centuries. The author examines how the Austin community felt about the development of the telephone and of the skepticism that many had about the new technology. The paper also examines how the new development in communication changed the way people interacted with each other.