Austin History Center

Texas Blind, Deaf, and Orphan School Historic Structures Documentation Records

An Inventory of the Collection



Overview of the Collection

Creator: Sternberg, Melissa A.
Title: Texas Blind, Deaf, and Orphan School Historic Structures Documentation Records
Inclusive Dates: 1988-1993
Bulk Dates: 1993
Abstract: The Texas Blind, Deaf, and Orphan School, a state institution for African American children, was located on a hundred-acre tract on Bull Creek Road between 38th and 45th streets in Austin, Texas (now 4104 Bull Creek Road). It was established as the Deaf, Dumb, and Blind Institute for Colored Youth in 1887 by the Texas Eighteenth Legislature. The collection contains materials about the Texas Blind, Deaf and Orphan School Bull Creek site created by Melissa Sternberg for a Historic Structures Documentation project for a historic preservation class taught by Wayne Bell at the University of Texas School of Architecture in 1993.
Identification: AR.2013.035
Quantity: .2 linear feet (1 box)
Location: Archives Stacks, Outer Vault
Language: The records are in English.
Repository: Austin History Center, Austin Public Library, 810 Guadalupe, PO BOX 2287, Austin, TX 78768

Administrative History

The Texas Blind, Deaf, and Orphan School, a state institution for African American children, was located on a hundred-acre tract on Bull Creek Road between 38th and 45th streets in Austin, Texas. It was established as the Deaf, Dumb, and Blind Institute for Colored Youth in 1887 by the Texas Eighteenth Legislature. The initial campus consisted only of an eleven-room residence, but in 1888 a new two-story brick building was added to provide more classroom and dormitory space. In 1919 the school was placed under the jurisdiction of the newly created Texas Board of Control. The Main Building (Administration building) was built in 1923-1924 by C. H. Page, Sr. Various additions and renovations took place during the next several decades; by the 1940s the school had twelve brick buildings and one stone building, including dormitories, classrooms, hospital, superintendent's residence, and dining room. Instruction at the accredited high school included both academic and practical subjects with a focus on industry. Among the courses offered were manual labor, broom making, mattress making, shoemaking and repair, tailoring, cleaning and pressing, cooking, sewing, rug making, and other handicrafts. When the State Colored Orphans' Home was combined with the institute in 1943, the name of the facility was changed to Texas Blind, Deaf, and Orphan School. In 1960 the school moved to 601 Airport Boulevard. The original Bull Creek site was acquired by the Texas Board of Mental Health and Mental Retardation, and in 1988 the State Department of Highways and Public Transportation (now Texas Department of Transportation) was deeded the land.

Source: Adapted from James W. Markham, "TEXAS BLIND, DEAF, AND ORPHAN SCHOOL," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/kct17), accessed November 15, 2013. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.


Scope and Contents

The collection contains materials about the Texas Blind, Deaf and Orphan School Bull Creek site created by Melissa Sternberg for a Historic Structures Documentation project for a historic preservation class (ARC 386M) taught by Wayne Bell at The University of Texas School of Architecture in 1993. Included are photographs, a completed National Register of Historic Places registration form, a Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) form, and a lengthy "structural narrative" that documents the history of the School and provides an architectural description. Also included is an oral history recording and transcription of an interview conducted with Roger Williams, the Managing Architect at the Department of Transportation (TxDOT), Real Estate Division discussing the future plans for the former Texas Blind, Deaf, and Orphan School site.


Arrangement

Arranged by file type.

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Open to all users.

Restrictions on Use

The Austin History Center (AHC) is the owner of the physical materials in the AHC collections and makes available reproductions for research, publication, and other uses. Written permission must be obtained from the AHC before any publication use. The AHC does not necessarily hold copyright to all of the materials in the collections. In some cases, permission for use may require seeking additional authorization from the copyright owners. Consult repository for more details.


Index Terms

This record series is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.
Persons:
Sternberg, Melissa A.
Organizations:
Texas. Blind, Deaf, and Orphan School.
Deaf, Dumb, and Blind Institute for Colored Youth.
Places:
Austin (Tex.)
Subjects:
African Americans--Texas--Austin--History.
Handicapped children--Education--Texas.
Historic buildings--Texas--Austin.
Historic sites--Texas--Austin.

Related Material

Architectural Archives


  • AR.2009.029 C. H. Page & Son Drawings and Records - original adminstrative building (1923-1925)
  • AR.2012.031 Charles Coatsworth Pinkney Drawings - landcape (1961)
  • AR.2009.024 Hugo Franz Kuehne Records and Drawings - superintendent's residence (1937)
  • AR.2013.036 Texas Blind, Deaf and Orphan School Architectural Drawings

General Collection


  • A 371.91 TE Texas. Blind, Deaf, and Orphan School. Catalogue and Announcements of the Texas Deaf and Dumb and Blind Institute for Colored Youths, Austin, Texas, 1933-1938.

Austin Files


  • AF House/Building Bull Creek Road, 4250
  • Texas - Blind, Deaf, and Orphan School T1200


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Texas Blind, Deaf, and Orphan School Historic Structures Documentation Records (AR.2013.035). Austin History Center, Austin Public Library, Texas.

Acquisition Information

Donor #: DO/1992/064

Donation Date: 2013

Processing Information

Finding aid created and encoded by Molly Hults in 2013.


Detailed Description of the Collection

Box Folder
1 1 Historic American Building Survey (HABS) form, 1993
2 Maps, 1988
3 National Register of Historic Places registration form, 1993
4 Oral history, 1993
5 Photographs, circa 1993
Negatives located in the Archives Collection B&W Negatives drawer.
6 Structural narrative, 1993
Negatives located in the Archives Collection B&W Negatives drawer.