Austin History Center

Travis County Schools Superintendent Records

An Inventory of the Collection



Overview of the Collection

Creator: Travis County Superintendent of Schools Office
Title: Travis County Schools Superintendent Records
Inclusive Dates: 1874-1952
Abstract: The Travis County School Superintendent Office was created in 1887 and acted as the administrative head of the Travis County Common School Districts. The records include correspondence, reports, legal documents, financial records, radio broadcast scripts, and Teacher Daily Registers dating from 1874 to 1952.
Identification: AR.J.005
Quantity: 14.2 linear feet (28 boxes and 8 ledgers)
Location: Archives Stacks, Oversize Volumes, qAR
Language: The records are in English.
Repository: Austin History Center, Austin Public Library, 810 Guadalupe, PO BOX 2287, Austin, TX 78768

Administrative History

An act of legislation in 1887 created the Travis County School Superintendent's office to act as the administrative head of the Travis County Common School Districts (also referred to as Travis County rural schools). The rural schools of Travis County comprised these districts and did not include urban schools such as Austin Public Schools. The first election for Superintendent was held on November 12, 1888. Early Superintendent's include Maud Douglas (1916); Leon Holdon (1918-1926) and Rosalia Felter (1926-1935). Functions of the office included: approving transfers of students from one Travis County School to another or out of the county; taking of the school census in which all school age children were enumerated; approving and ordering of text books; supervising building program; and budgeting of expense and income for each the schools.

In the 1950s and 1960s, because of financial issues, various Travis County school districts began either consolidating into the Austin School Independent School District or creating their own independent school districts (for example, Eanes Independent School District, Manor Independent School District, and Pflugerville Independent School District). However, some areas maintained common school districts that were still under the jurisdiction of the Travis County superintendent and the local school board (who were unable to revalue property for school-tax purposes), and in the 1950s, some schools were starting to close because they could not operate on county tax values. In 1952, there were thirteen common school districts, but by 1976 only one remained. In 1978, the position of Travis County school superintendent was abolished.


Scope and Contents

The Travis County Schools Superintendent Records are composed of the materials created and/or maintained by the Office of the Superintendent, Travis County Schools and were acquired as two separate donations in the 1970s. The first donation was principally comprised of Teachers' Daily Register for Public Schools and County Treasurer's Record Books dating from the 1870s to the early 1900s. The bulk of the records in the second donation were created under Rosalia (Mrs. George) Felter's administration during the 1920s and 1930s. The collection is arranged into four series: Office of the Superintendent Records; County Records; Travis County Educational Association Records and Rosalia Felter Papers.

The Office of the Superintendent Records series (1884, 1906-1952) primarily consists of materials created during Rosalia Felter's administration (1926-1935) and Texas Teacher's Daily Registers (1906-1907, 1926-1949). Included are financial records showing amounts of school taxes assessed as well as other taxes and bonds information; state and county available funds per district for the 1930-1931 and 1931-1932 school years; building program/real estate materials; general correspondence; correspondence and fliers regarding the State Superintendent of Public Instruction election in 1932; a student health/physical condition report; correspondence and legal documents pertaining to the Marrs ruling (Austin Independent School District vs. S. M. N. Marrs); Superintendent's Annual Reports as well as other statistical reports regarding Travis County Schools; lists of school trustees of Travis County; reports and correspondence from the State Department of Education, Rural School Division; teacher contracts and lists; materials regarding text book purchases; Registers of Teachers' Certificates; and Teacher's Daily Registers. Highlights of the series include the building program/real estate materials including an early 1930s report on "Developing and Administering a Rural High School Building Program in Travis County", lists of schools built and fires since 1925 as well as correspondence from State Department of Education, School Plant Division. Additionally, the Marrs ruling papers document a dispute between the Common School Districts and the Independent School Districts regarding who paid the county superintendent's salary. The Superintendent's Annual Reports offer insight into teacher salaries, training, certification and experience; student age/grade distribution; distribution of students as to subjects of instruction; and information on districts under county supervision including tax rate, scholastic population, number of grades taught in each school, number of teaching positions in each school, number of days taught in each school, and attendance. And lastly the Teacher's Daily Registers document enrollment by grade, record of attendance and work by each student, occupation of parents, and the teacher's end of year report including number of days taught, education, salary, and building improvements.

The County Records series (1874-1902) include the County Judge's School Record and County Treasurer's School Account Registers dating from the late 1800s into the early 1900s. The 1884 County Judge's School Record ledger contains the orders establishing the Travis County Schools Districts 1 through 50 and a register of teachers applying for examination. The County Treasurer's School Account Registers document the amount of money received from the state and each district from taxes and disbursements regarding the Available School Fund as well as the receipts and disbursements for each school district.

The Travis County Educational Association series (1931-1334) includes segment outlines and scripts for the weekly radio program sponsored by the Association starting in October of 1932, as well as an Association yearbook. The 1931-1932 yearbook is the first produced by the Association and dedicated to Rosalia Felter. The radio programs generally included student performances (readings and songs), speakers on the topic of education, announcements and brief histories of the individual schools in the Travis County Common School District. Brief written histories of the following schools are included: Carlson, Colorado, Creedmoor, Decker, Dessau, Elroy, Esperanza, Fiskville, Garfield, Hornsby-Dunlap, Hornsby-Dunlap Mexican School, Kimbro, Maha, Mexican schools, New Sweden, Pecan Springs, Pflugerville, Pilot Knob, Pleasant Hill, Pleasant Valley, Rose Hill, Schiller, St. Elmos, Willow Ranch.

Lastly the Rosalia Felter Papers series (1934-1935) contains Felter's campaign materials for the Travis County School Superintendent election and papers written for college courses.


Arrangement

The collection is arranged into four series:
I. Office of the Superintendent Records
II. County Records
III. Travis County Educational Association Records
IV. Felter Papers

Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Open to all users.

Restrictions on Use

The Austin History Center (AHC) is the owner of the physical materials in the AHC collections and makes available reproductions for research, publication, and other uses. Written permission must be obtained from the AHC before any publication use. The AHC does not necessarily hold copyright to all of the materials in the collections. In some cases, permission for use may require seeking additional authorization from the copyright owners. Consult repository for more details.


Index Terms

This record series is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.
Persons:
Felter, Rosalia.
Organizations:
Travis County (Tex.) Common School District.
Travis County (Tex.). Public Schools.
Travis County (Tex.). School Superintendent.
Places:
Travis County (Tex.)
Subjects:
Education--Texas--Travis County--History.
Public schools--Texas--Travis County.
Rural schools--Texas--Travis County.
Document Types:
Correspondence.
Contracts.
Legal documents.
Ledgers
Reports.

Related Material

General Collection


  • A 371.009764 DA Davis, Edward Everett. A Study of Rural Schools in Travis County, Texas, 1916.
  • A 370.976431 HO Hornsby-Dunlap Consolidated School (Travis County, Tex.) History of the Hornsby-Dunlap Consolidated School (Travis County), 1907.
  • A 371.82996073 TR Travis County Historical Commission. African American Rural Schools of Travis County, 2007.
  • A 370.58 T698 The Defender, 1936.
  • A 371.0097643 TR Travis County (Tex.). Teachers Institute. Course of Study and Rules and Regulations of the Public Schools of Travis County, 1907-1908, 1907.
  • A 371.0109764 TR The Travis County School Annual. (Includes 1905-1906; 1906; 1906-1907; 1907-1908; 1908)

Periodicals


  • The Cardinal/El Cardenal Newsletter - Del Valle Independent School District
  • Del Valle Independent School District Newsletter
  • Foundation Newsline - Eanes Education Foundation
  • Red Wing - Del Valle High School

Austin Files


  • AF Eanes Independent School District E0010
  • AF Lago Vista Common School District No. 2 L0200 (2)
  • AF Pflugerville Independent School District P3000 (13)
  • AF Rural Schools (Travis County Schools) R6600

Oral History Collection


  • I. W. Popham (last Travis County School Superintendent) conducted in 2001 - Recording No. 3176

See also the Public Schools Subject Guide located in the Reading Room and online at the Austin History Center website.


Separated Material

A copy of A Study of Rural Schools in Travis County, Texas by Edward Everett Davis (University of Texas Bulletin, 1916: no. 67) was transferred to the General Collection.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

Travis County Schools Superintendent Records (AR.J.006). Austin History Center, Austin Public Library, Texas.

Acquisition Information

Donor #: DO/1977/016

Donation Date: 1977

Donor #: DO/1971/013

Donation Date: 1971

Processing Information

Finding aid created and encoded by Molly Hults in 2013.

This collection, which consists of two separate donations from the Office of the Superintendent, Travis County Schools, was originally processed as two separate collections (AR.J.005 and AR.R.017). The original container lists are maintained in the donor file to document what materials came with each donation.


Other Finding Aid

A list of teachers represented in the Teacher's Daily Registers is available in the Reading Room in the Finding Aid binder.


Detailed Description of the Collection

I. Office of the Superintendent Records, 1884, 1905-1952

Financial Records, 1912-1914, 1925-1941
See the County Records series for earlier financial records.
Location
Oversize Volumes Travis County School Superintendent's Office account books, 1912-1914
Location FlatFile
qAR 03/05/020-021 State and county Available Funds, 1930-1932
Location
Oversize Volumes Common School Districts of Travis County taxes and bonds , 1937-1941
Box Folder
24 5 Assorted, 1925-1930
Office Files, 1884, 1922-1944
Box Folder
24 1 Buildings/real estate, 1925-1933
2 Conferences and presentation, 1927, undated
3 Correspondence, 1925-1934
4 Election - State Superintendent of Public Instruction, 1932
6 Student health, 1930-1933
7-8 Marrs ruling (Austin Independent School District vs. S. M. N. Marrs)- correspondence, 1930-1932
9 Marrs ruling (Austin Independent School District vs. S. M. N. Marrs)- legal documents, 1930
10 Reports and statistics, 1925-1936
Location FlatFile
qAR 03/05/014-019 Oversize reports - Superintendent's Annual Report, 1928-1934
Box Folder
24 11 School Trustees of Travis County, 1924-1934
12 State Department of Education, Rural School Division, 1924-1933
Box Folder
25 1 Student report card and application for transfer, 1926, 1936-1937
2 Teacher contracts, 1884, 1933
3 Teacher lists, 1922-1944
5 Text books, 1927-1943
Register of Teachers' Certificates, 1905-1947
Box
26 Teachers' Certificates, 1905-1916
Teachers' Certificates, 1919-1941
Teachers' Certificates, 1928-1947
Texas Teacher's Daily Register for Public Schools, 1906-1907, 1926-1952
Box
1 District #1 Travis Peak, 1929-1949
Box
2 District #2 Cox Springs, 1938-1949
District #3 Round Mountain, 1936-1942
District #4 Cypress, 1937-1939
District #5 Oak Grove, 1937-1939
District #6 Pleasant Valley, 1940-1949
Box
3 District #8 Summit, 1929-1930, 1939-1949
District #9 Merrilltown, 1937-1943
District #11 Fiskville, 1934-1946
Box
4 District #11 Fiskville, 1946-1949
District #16 Gregg, 1935-1943
District #17 Sprinkle, 1934-1940
District #19 Decker, 1936-1940
Box
5 District #20 Manor, 1946-1949
District #21 Rose Hill, 1934-1939
District #22 New Sweden, 1924-1929
Box
6 District #22 New Sweden, 1930-1946
Box
7 District #23 Willow Ranch, 1937-1938
District #24 Carlson, 1939-1949
District #25 Manda, 1948-1949
District #25 Lund, 1934-1949
Box
8 District #26 Prairie Hill, 1929-1939
District #27 Richland, 1934-1942
Box Folder
25 3 District #28 Kimbro, 1906-1907
Box
8 District #28 Kimbro, 1929-1940
Box
9 District #28 Kimbro, 1940-1949
District #29 Cottonwood, 1935-1943
District #30 Gravel hill/Bitting/Littig?, 1938-1940
District #31 Schiller, 1937-1949
District #32 Webberville, 1926-1938
Box
10 District #32 Webberville, 1939-1949
District #33 Hornsby-Dunlap, 1930-1946
Box
11 District #33 Hornsby-Dunlap, 1946-1949
Box
12 District #35 Garfield, 1945-1949
District #36 Montopolis, 1930-1946
District #36 Lamar, 1939-1949
Box
13 District #36 Colorado, 1941-1949
Box
14 District #37 Dry Creek, 1927-1952
Box
15 District #38 Pleasant Hill, 1936-1946
District #39 Bluff Springs, 1933-1949
District #40 Carl, 1930-1947
Box
16 District #41 Creedmoor, 1928-1941
Box
17 District #42 Turnerville, 193-1948
District #43 St. Elmo, 1930-1946
Box
18 District #44 Manchaca, 1936-1949
District #45 Oak Hill, 1937-1949
Box
19 District #47 Cedar Valley, 1943-1949
District #48 Eanes, 1933-1949
District #49 Bee Caves, 1934-1949
District #50 Brewton Springs, 1935-1949
District #53 Teck, 1941-1942
District #54 Haynie's Flat, 1938-1939
District #60 Fairview, 1940-1942
Box
20 District #61 Pecan Springs, 1936-1949
District #62 Nichols, 1940-1949
District #64 Elroy, 1934-1943
Box
21 District #64 Elroy, 1945-1949
District #66 R. B. Norwood, 1935-1946
District #67 Pilot Knob, 1933-1946
Box
22 District #67 Pilot Knob, 1946-1949
District #68 Maha, 1933-1946
District #69 Hamilton Pool, 1936-1941



II. County Records, 1874-1902

Box
23 County Judge's School Record, 1884-1889
Box
27 County Treasurer's School Account Registers, 1874-1884
Box
28 County Treasurer's School Account Registers, 1883-1887
Box
23 County Treasurer's School Account Registers, 1887-1888
Location
Oversize Volumes County Treasurer's School Account Registers, 1892-1902



III. Travis County Educational Association Records, 1931-1934

Radio Program, 1932-1934
Box Folder
25 6 Correspondence, 1932-1933, undated
7-11 Segment outlines and scripts, 1932-1934, undated
Association Yearbook, 1931-1932
Box Folder
25 12 First edition of Association yearbook, 1931-1932



IV. Rosalia Felter Papers, 1934-1935

Box Folder
25 13 Election materials, 1934, undated
14 Writings, 1935, undated