Contact Us
Texas Archival Resources Online

TABLE OF CONTENTS


Overview of the Collection

Scope and Contents

Arrangement

Restrictions

Index Terms

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Scrapbook, 1909-1976

Austin History Center

J.J. Hegman Papers

An Inventory to the Collection



Overview of the Collection

Creator: Hegman, Jay J. (1883-1953)
Title: J.J. Hegman Papers
Inclusive Dates: 1909-1976
Abstract: This collection consists of a scrapbook of J. J. Hegman’s (1883-1953) years as a theater operator in Austin, Dallas, Galveston, and Temple, Texas. It contains photographs, clippings, programs, and related publicity materials of his theaters and some of the actors who performed or visited the theaters for premieres. It also includes extensive clippings, some annotated, from the Austin American Statesman covering the Blue Law controversy (1919-1923). Articles on Galveston and Temple are also part of this collection, as well as a small collection of articles about the history of Austin from the 1976, probably added after Hegman’s death.
Identification: AR.2012.09
Quantity: 1 linear foot (1 box)
Location: Oversized Volumes
Language: The records are in English.
Repository: Austin History Center, Austin Public Library,  810 Guadalupe,  PO BOX 2287,  Austin, TX 78768

Biographical Note

J(ay) J. Hegman (1883-1953) was born in Galveston, Texas on December 25, 1883, the son of Diedrich Hegman and Margaret Pauls Hegman, who settled on Galveston Island in 1848. He was married to Elizabeth Marie Hegman nee Plath, a native of New Braunfels, Texas (born May 11, 1885). J.J. Hegman died at his home in Austin, 3213 LaFayette, on February 16, 1953. Hegman moved to Austin, Texas in 1915 to run the first Queen theatre (built in 1910). In 1921, he opened the New Queen located at 7th and Congress Avenue. During his operation of the Queen, he successfully fought the courts and the Legislature against the Sunday Closing Laws (a.k.a. Blue Laws). He sold his interest in the Queen to Charles E. Marsh and returned to Galveston to run the Grand Opera House. He returned to Austin as the owner/operator of the Star, Casino, and Crescent theatres. In addition, he built the Ritz Theatre on East 6th Street, which opened on October 13, 1929. The Ritz was designed by Hugo Kuehne, the founding dean of the University of Texas at Austin's School of Architecture. The Ritz was reputed to be the first theatre in Austin to be built specifically for "talkies". The Ritz showed primarily first-run westerns with a lower ticket price than any other theatre in town and hosted stars such as Wild Bill Eliot and Dub Taylor along with numerous country music acts. He also developed a subdivision in Austin called the J.J. Hegman Subdivision, platted in 1925 and comprised 22 1/2 acres at the north city limits of Austin beginning at 47th Street.

Return to the Table of Contents


Scope and Contents

This collection consists of a scrapbook of Hegman's years as a theater operator in Austin, Dallas, Galveston, and Temple, Texas. It contains photographs, clippings, programs, and related publicity materials of his theatres and some of the actors who performed or visited the theaters during premieres. It also includes extensive clippings, some annotated, from the Austin American Statesman covering the Blue Law controversy (1919-1923). Articles on Galveston and Temple are also part of this collection as well as a small collection of articles about the history of Austin from 1976, probably added after Hegman's death.

Return to the Table of Contents


 

Arrangement

The original scrapbook came to the Austin History Center in pieces with no original order remaining. The materials are grouped together by theater, geographic location, and/or subject. The records are divided into the subjects: Austin Theater Photographs, Austin Theater Clippings, Austin Theater Advertising, Austin Theater Licenses, Dallas Theater Photographs, Galveston Theater Advertising, Temple Theater Photographs, Temple Theater Clippings, Temple Theater Advertising, World War I Liberty Loan Correspondence, Sunday Closing (Blue Law) Controversy Clippings, General Theater Advertising, and Austin History Clippings.

Return to the Table of Contents


Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Unrestricted

Restrictions on Use

None

Return to the Table of Contents


Index Terms

This record series is indexed under the following controlled access subject terms.
Persons:
Hegman, J.J.
Family Names:
Hegman Family.
Places:
Austin (Tex.)
Dallas (Tex.)
Temple (Tex.)
Galveston (Tex.)
Subjects:
Moving Picture Theaters.
Theaters--Texas.
Document Types:
Scrapbook.
Occupations:
Theater Operator.

Return to the Table of Contents


Administrative Information

Custodial History

Donated to the Austin History Center by Mr. Larry Craddock on March 5, 2012. Mr. Craddock is the grandson of Jay J. Hegman.

Preferred Citation

J.J. Hegman Papers (AR.2012.009). Austin History Center, Austin Public Library, Texas

Acquisition Information

Donor #: DO/2012/012

Donation Date: 2012 March 5

Processing Information

Initial Inventory and Preliminary Processing Melissa Truitt-Green/Date: August 2012. Final Processing and Finding Aid by Melissa Truitt-Green/September 30, 2012.

Return to the Table of Contents


Detailed Description of the Collection

 
Location
Oversized Volumes Scrapbook, 1909-1976
The folder level description below refers to the contents of this scrapbook.
Box Folder
1 1 Austin Theaters-photographs, 1919-1920s
2 Austin Theaters-advertising, promotions and programs, 1919-1920s
3 Austin Theaters-clippings, 1919-1920s
4 Austin Theaters-Travis County theater licenses held by J.J. Hegman, 1919-1930s
5 Dallas Theaters-photographs, 1919-1920s
6 Galveston Theaters-advertising and theater programs, 1909-1920s
7 Temple Theaters-photographs, 1909-1920s
8 Temple Theater-advertising and promotional materials, 1909-1920s
9 Temple Theater-clippings, 1909-1920s
10 World War I Liberty Loan correspondence, 1917
11 Annotated clippings of articles from the Austin American Statesman detailing the Sunday Closing Law (Blue Law) controversy, 1919-1923
12 Advertising or theaters in general; promotional items, 1909-1920s
13 Clippings about Austin from the 1976 Waterloo Scrapbook columns added after Hegman's death, 1976

Return to the Table of Contents