Bill Anderson Papers
An Inventory of the Collection
Bill Anderson was born on August 14, 1925 in Brownwood, Texas to Mary Elizabeth and William F. Anderson. After his military service in World War II he returned to Texas to attend college at Daniel Baker College of Southwestern University. After a year working as a teacher in Miles, Texas, Anderson moved to Austin to attend the University of Texas and worked for the Texas Commission for the Blind as a rehabilitation counselor. In 1952, he was hired as the Superintendent of Travis County Juvenile Detention Home (Gardner House). In 1957 he became the Chief Juvenile Probation Officer for Travis County and served in that capacity for 25 years. Anderson continued his education in the Criminology and Corrections program at Sam Houston State University, where he received his Master of Arts degree in 1970. His Master's these proposed creating a statewide agency to provide standardized care and treatment for juvenile offenders. His proposal was eventually implemented, creating the Texas Juvenile Probation Commission, and he became the first Executive Director in 1981. Anderson retired in 1990.
During his professional career Anderson was instrumental in designing a myriad of innovative programs and projects to improve the juvenile justice and delinquency prevention systems in Texas. For example, he designed the Protective Services Program and Foster Home Program for Travis County; designed and set up the first Child Welfare Unit for Travis county; developed the Drug and Substance Abuse Treatment Project for Travis County; developed the Delinquency Prevention (Youth Services Bureau) program for Travis County; and developed the first Juvenile Public Defender Project in the United States.
The Bill Anderson papers mainly consist of documents related to his career in juvenile justice and delinquency prevention. The Professional series (1952-2008) contains curricula vitae; profile articles; newspaper clippings where his expertise was solicited; programs from conferences where he was a featured speaker; personnel records including letters of recommendation and appreciation, resignation letters, and employment applications; and a retirement scrapbook compiled upon his retirement from the Texas Juvenile Probation Commission in 1990. An annotated copy of Texas' Children: The Report of the Texas Child Welfare Survey (1938), the Texas Juvenile Probation Resource Manual (1982-1983), Border Children Justice Projects (1998) and various statistical reports make up the Reference Materials series. The Writings and Publications series (1960-1989, undated) includes papers written by Anderson while pursuing his Master of Arts degree at Sam Houston State University; magazine articles and presentations on juvenile justice and delinquency prevention; a book written by Anderson and Ronny Gurley titled The Juvenile Offender and Texas Law; and a movie script. Lastly, the Personal series (1946, 1964-2005) contains a small amount of personal materials including correspondence, a variety of humorous letters and a copy of Senate Resolution No. 70 mourning the loss of Anderson.
Restrictions on Access
Open to all users.
Restrictions on Use
Materials donated by the wife of the creator.
Bill Anderson Papers (AR.2012.011). Austin History Center, Austin Public Library, Texas.
Donor #: DO/2012/021
Donation Date: 2012
Finding aid created and encoded by Molly Hults in 2012.
Detailed Description of the Collection