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TABLE OF CONTENTS


Collection Summary

Corporate History of The Villager Newspaper

Scope and Contents of the Records

Organization of the Records

Restrictions

Index Terms

Related Material

Separated Material

Administrative Information

Description of Series

Series 1: Identified Photographs

Series 2: Unidentified Photographs

Series 3: Halftone Images

Series 4: Exhibit Panels

Series 5: Negatives

Series 6: 2014 Addition

Index

Austin History Center

The Villager Newspaper Photograph Collection

An Inventory of the Collection



Collection Summary

Creator: Black Registry Publishing Company
Title: The Villager Newspaper Photograph Collection
Inclusive Dates: 1973-2013
Bulk Dates: 1973-1979
Abstract: The Villager Newspaper was started in 1973 by Tommy L. Wyatt and continues to publish weekly. The free newspaper has a circulation of 6,000, and is distributed mostly in East Austin but also at select venues throughout the city. The focus of the newspaper is the African American community in Austin, Texas, especially those individuals and businesses in East Austin.
Call Number: AR.2001.002
Quantity: 6 linear ft., 14 boxes, 4,764 photographs; 214 halftones; 113 negatives; 120 digital photographs.
Location: Archives Stacks; Outer Vault; N: drive.
Repository: Austin History Center, Austin Public Library 810 Guadalupe, Austin, Texas 78701.

Corporate History of The Villager Newspaper

According to the article by Kharen Monsho in the Handbook of Texas Online, “The Villager, an umbrella publication of the Black Registry Publishing Company, was first published in Austin as a four-page tabloid. Black Registry Publishing was founded by T. L. Wyatt in 1969 for the purpose of publishing the Black Registry, a directory of black-owned businesses. The Villager started in 1973 as a one-man operation with Wyatt writing all the stories, selling and collecting advertising, and shooting and developing photographs. In-depth stories about crime in the community seldom appeared in the Villager because Wyatt felt that that kind of news was covered adequately and sometimes overemphasized by the mainstream media. He chose instead to focus on the history of the community and the good news that was often overlooked by the Austin American-Statesman and Austin’s broadcast media. The paper became involved in community issues, especially area neighborhood revitalization. It led the effort to allow clinic-card holders the right to purchase prescriptions from neighborhood pharmacies. Before the change eligible persons had to purchase all medications from city-selected pharmacies. As the Villager’s influence grew, politicians began to lobby for the paper’s endorsement. East Austin was thriving economically in the early years of the paper, but as integration gradually became reality, black businesses went through a transition period. Some businesses failed and others moved out of east Austin to take advantage of the changing demographics of the city. During this time, more white-owned businesses, national corporations, and city agencies began to advertise in the Villager. Each year since its inception, a celebration has been held honoring the anniversary of the paper. The Villager began as and remains a free paper supported by advertising sales. It was originally distributed in 125 locations in neighborhood businesses, supermarkets, dining establishments, newsstands. The newspaper operated under a controlled circulation of 5,000 copies distributed weekly on Thursday and dated Friday. For the first ten years of publication 5,000 copies of the paper were distributed; circulation later increased to 6,000.”

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Scope and Contents of the Records

4,594 black-and-white and color photographs, 206 halftone illustrations, and 101 color and black and white negatives taken and received by the Villager newspaper for publication and dating from the 1970s to the early 2000s comprise the original donations. 392 black-and-white and color photographs, 8 halftones, 12 negatives, and 120 digital images dating from circa 2000-2010 comprise the 2014 addition. The photographs document the people, events, businesses and organizations in the African American community in Austin and Texas during the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. Of particular interest are the large number of photographs that feature individuals active in the social, business, religious and political life of the African American community in Austin, especially East Austin, and Texas. Many African-American business owners, community leaders, and activists are represented as well as many black and Hispanic politicians. Several Juneteenth celebrations are documented as well as Martin Luther King related events. Famous visitors to Austin, such as Bill and Hillary Clinton and Jesse Jackson, are also included in the collection. An index at the end of this finding aid lists the places, individuals, businesses, events, and organizations which are documented in the collection.

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Organization of the Records

The collection is arranged in six series. Series I is comprised of identified photographs. Since no original order existed for this group of photographs, an alphabetical arrangement scheme has been imposed. Streets and locations are followed by people, businesses, events, and organizations. Photographs are identified and filed according to a single access point determined by the collection processors. If a group photo can be identified by event or organization name, then that event or organization is the access point. If no event or organization can be pinpointed in group photos, one individual pictured is chosen as the access point, and the photo filed according to that individual’s name. Following the alphabetical arrangement of identified photos is Series II, a large number of unidentified photographs loosely organized into groups of locations, arts (including musicians), education, organizations, politics, religion, and several folders of people. The unidentified photographs need to be handled with gloves since they are not sleeved. Halftones (photomechanical prints) were separated from the photographs and arranged alphabetically in Series III. Nine table-top exhibit panels with a total of 222 photographs comprise Series IV. Each exhibit panel is on a different theme. Some photographs were removed or fell off the panels prior to accessioning. All images on the panels have captions. Series V consists of negatives.
Photographs donated from 2010-2013 are listed at the end in Series VI. Within this series, the materials follow the same arrangement as above beginning with identified photographs organized by location then person, event, or organization. These are followed by unidentified photographs and halftones. A disk of images of the 2006 Juneteenth celebration is housed with the photographs; the files are also saved to the N: drive. Negatives from this donation were included in Series V.
An index at the end of the finding aid identifies all locations where an image of a person can be found, including halftone files, exhibit panels, negatives, and the 2014 addition. If a person is identified in a photograph filed under another person's name or under an event, a "see also" cross-reference is listed.

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Restrictions

Restrictions on Access

Gloves must be worn when handling the unidentified photos since they are not sleeved.

Restrictions on Use

Some photos labeled: “Restriction #3 This photograph may not be photoduplicated without the written permission of the photographer/artist/maker.”

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Index Terms

Persons:
Barrientos, Gonzalo.
Bullock, Bob.
Delco, Wilhelmina R. (Wilhelmina Ruth), 1929- .
Dukes, Dawnna.
Doggett, Lloyd.
Durst, Lavada, 1913- .
Edwards, Al, 1937- .
Evans, Akwasi.
Garcia, Gus.
Krueger, Robert, 1935- .
Linder, Nelson
McClellan, Carole Keeton.
Taylor-King, John Q.
Wyatt, Tommy.
Organizations:
National Urban League.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
National Newspaper Publishers Association (U.S.).
Subjects:
Juneteenth.
Places:
Anderson High School (Austin, Tex.).
George Washington Carver Branch Library (Austin, Tex.).
George Washington Carver Museum and Cultural Center (Austin, Tex.).
Huston-Tillotson College.
Document Types:
Black-and-white negatives.
Black-and-white photographs.
Color negatives.
Color photographs.
Digital images.
Photomechanical prints.

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Separated Material

Two documents were separated and placed in clipping files. One item is a letter from Dawnna Dukes that is placed in AF-Biography – Dukes, Dawnna. Marian E. Barnes’ resume has been placed in AF-Biography – Barnes, Marian E.

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Administrative Information

Custodial History:

Tommy L. Wyatt made an initial donation of photographs, halftones and documents in January 2001. He followed with additional donations in March 2001, August 2002, and August 2003. Additional donations were made from 2010-2013, and were processed in 2014.

Preferred Citation:

The Villager Newspaper Photograph Collection (AR.2001.002): Austin History Center, Austin Public Library, Texas.

Acquisition Information:

Donor #: DO/2001/052 Donation Date: 2001-01-31; 2001-03-22; 2002-08-30; 2003-08-22; 2010-2013.

Processing Information:

Preliminary Processing by Vicki Harris, Summer 2003.

Final Processing and Finding Aid By/Date: Grace McEvoy, Karen Riles, Margaret Schlankey, and Lisa Cox-Black/June 2004.

2014 Addition and revisions by Nicole Davis/June 2014.

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Detailed Description of the Records

Series 1: Identified Photographs

box folder
1 1 Streets/Locations
(33 items).
2 ABC-Alexander
(25 items).
3 Allen-Andre
(26 items).
4 Angelou-Ates
(19 items).
5 Atkins-Austin Revitalization
(32 items).
6 Austin Tomorrow-Aziz
(9 items).
7 B&D-Barrientos
(30 items).
8 Barrow-Bennett's
(27 items).
9 Benson-Bishop
(22 items).
10 Black-Bond
(35 items).
11 Booker-Brolin
(27 items).
12 Brooks-Bullock
(27 items).
13 Bundy-Byrd
(21 items).
box folder
2 1 C.-Capitol
(24 items).
2 Caprice-Carter
(25 items).
3 Casino-Christopher
(26 items).
4 Cinco-Coleman
(40 items).
5 Coles-Connor
(24 items).
6 Condradt-Curry
(22 items).
7 Dabney-Debo
(35 items).
8 Dee-Delco
(34 items).
9 DeLeon-Dixon
(19 items).
10 Dobie-Doris
(28 items).
11 Dorsey-Dryden
(24 items).
12 Dukes
(26 items).
13 Duncant-Durst
(7 items).
box folder
3 1 Eaglin-Ebenezer
(22 items).
2 Ebony-Elder
(23 items).
3 Ellis-Esther
(25 items).
4 Etheridge-Exxon
(13 items).
5 Farmer-Foreman
(29 items).
6 Forgione-Frasier
(26 items).
7 Freeman-Fuller
(22 items).
8 Gabriel-Gary
(29 items).
9 Garza-Godfather's
(32 items).
10 Godine-Gray
(30 items).
11 Greater-Guyton
(32 items).
box folder
4 1 Hackerman-Harper
(25 items).
2 Harriman-Hayes
(26 items).
3 Haywood-Hilgus
(25 items).
4 Hill-Horton
(28 items).
5 Hospital-Hurdle
(22 items).
6 Huston-Tillotson College
(38 items).
7 Hutchinson-Ivory
(8 items).
8 Jack-Jet
(27 items).
9 Jewels-Johnston
(25 items).
10 Jolley-Jones
(26 items).
11 Jordan-Juuneteenth
(24 items).
box folder
5 1 Kappa-Kindred
(21 items).
2 King-Kocurek
(28 items).
3 Krueger-Kwanzaa
(27 items).
4 La Fontana-Lands
(26 items).
5 Lane-Lessard
(32 items).
6 Let's-Lioness
(56 items).
7 Lions Club
(31 items).
8 Lisa-Lyons
(13 items).
9 Mabson-Martin
(25 items).
10 Martin-Matthew
(30 items).
11 Mauro-McDaniels
(28 items).
box folder
6 1 McDonald-McMillan
(25 items).
2 McNeece-Miles
(25 items).
3 Millenium-Mitchell
(30 items).
4 Mobile-Murray
(34 items).
5 Nader-National
(32 items).
6 Neal-Nugent
(25 items).
7 Oak-Owens
(25 items).
8 Pabst-Perez
(25 items).
9 Perkins-Piper
(27 items).
10 Pitts-Priestly
(17 items).
11 Pro Arts Collective
(23 items).
box folder
7 1 Progressive-Pryor
(34 items).
2 Quality-Quincy
(6 items).
3 Ramirez-Revolution
(23 items).
4 Reynolds-Roberts
(27 items).
5 Robertson-Rosewood
(30 items).
6 Ross-Rylander
(8 items).
7 Saint-SBC
(30 items).
8 Scales-Senior
(24 items).
9 Shalala-Shorty
(20 items).
10 Sibley-Smith
(33 items).
11 Snead-Sorrells
(29 items).
12 Soul-Sports
(27 items).
box folder
8 1 State-Symphony
(28 items).
2 Talking-Taylor
(27 items).
3 Teeters-Texas
(21 items).
4 Thomas-Thompson
(24 items).
5 Todd-Tucker
(26 items).
6 Turner-Twin
(11 items).
7 U.S.-University
(36 items).
8 Unsung-Urdy
(23 items).
9 Valdez-Vision
(21 items).
10 Wade-Watson
(36 items).
11 Watts-Wig
(23 items).
box folder
9 1 Wilburn-Williams
(33 items).
2 Willie's-Wright
(18 items).
3 Wyatt
(39 items).
4 Yellow-Zion
(26 items).

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Series 2: Unidentified Photographs

box folder
9 5 Unidentified - Arts.
(78 items).
6 Unidentified - Businesses/Locations.
(circa 100 items).
7 Unidentified - Education.
(circa 100 items).
8 Unidentified - Organizations.
(39 items).
box folder
10 1 Unidentified - Politics.
(39 items).
2 Unidentified - Religion.
(27 items).
3 Unidentified - People.
(64 items).
4 Unidentified - People.
(67 items).
5 Unidentified - People.
(68 items).
6 Unidentified - People.
(72 items).
7 Unidentified - People.
(94 items).
8 Unidentified - People.
(113 items).
9 Unidentified - People.
(67 items).
box folder
11 1 Unidentified - People.
(75 items).
2 Unidentified - People.
(84 items).
3 Unidentified - People, 1970s.
(81 items).
4 Unidentified - People, 1970s.
(100 items).
Unidentified - People, 1970s.
(92 items).
6 Unidentified - People, 1970s.
(90 items).
7 Unidentified - People, 1970s.
(118 items).
box folder
12 1 Unidentified - People, 1970s.
(92 items).
2 Unidentified - People, 1970s.
(63 items).
3 Unidentified - People, 1970s.
(81 items).
4 Unidentified - People, 1970s.
(93 items).

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Series 3: Halftone Images

box folder
13 1 Alexander-Austin
(13 items).
2 Bailey-Burke
(20 items).
3 Cain-Cross
(17 items).
4 Daughters-Dorsey
(8 items).
5 Eaglin-Friedman
(9 items).
6 Galindo-Huston
(19 items).
7 Jackson-KVUE-TV
(20 items).
8 Lang-Lucas
(10 items).
9 Madison-Nesby
(23 items).
10 Obey-Protests
(14 items).
11 Quiet-Sutton
(29 items).
12 Texas-Victory
(16 items).
13 Wade-Zeta
(19 items).

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Series 4: Exhibit Panels

Location Location
qAR FF 04/11/001 "Villager Life"
(20 items).
FF 04/11/002 "Community Life"
(28 items).
FF 04/11/003 Untitled [athletics]
(16 items).
FF 04/12/001 "Education"
(23 items).
FF 04/12/002 "People"
(25 items).
FF 04/12/003 "Police - Protest"
(21 items).
FF 04/12/004 "Politics"
(36 items).
FF 04/13/001 "Business"
(27 items).
FF 04/13/002 "Entertainment"
(26 items).

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Series 5: Negatives

Location Location
Outer Vault Color negatives drawer Negatives (original donation)
(101 items).
Black-and-white negatives drawer Negatives (2014 addition)
(12 items).

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Series 6: 2014 Addition

box folder
14 1 Streets/Locations
(1 item).
2 Akins-Austin
(14 items).
3 Barnes-Byrd
(29 items).
4 Campbell-Cumberbatch
(18 items).
5 Davis-Duncan
(27 items).
6 Ebenezer-Evans
(15 items).
7 Franklin-Griffin
(16 items).
8 Handy-Ivory
(20 items).
9 Johnson-Juneteenth
(62 items and 120 digital files).
10 Kealing-Kwanzaa
(8 items).
11 Lands-Little
(20 items).
12 Mann-Monsho
(42 items).
13 National-Spence
(21 items).
14 Taylor-Turner
(31 items).
15 Urban-Urdy
(13 items).
16 Victory-Villager
(20 items).
17 Wainright-Young
(22 items).
18 Unidentified
(13 items).
19 Halftones
(8 items).

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