Despite a lack of consensus in the scholarly literature as to the causes of democratization, theory and experience have shown us that economic development, especially with respect to the Third World, is an essential component of sustaining a country's transition to democracy. The recent experience of the United States and those countries considered the success stories of development in the Third World (Taiwan, India, and Brazil) has also indicated that dual-use technologies are a driving force behind the technological innovations sparking economic growth in the information age. Thus, to the extent that economic growth is an important component of economic development, having access to dual-use technologies is an important factor in establishing an environment conducive to democratic transition. As a result, the United States export policies of technology denial, which deny countries access to critical dual-use technologies, hamper the ability of countries to effectively transition to democracy, and thus are antithetical to its stated nation interest of promoting democratization.
In order to address the national security concerns of the United States with respect to the proliferation of WMD in a manner which is more consistent with its stated national interest of democratization, the George W. Bush Administration should end the current United States export policy of technology denial as follows: