This report examines women's under-representation in electoral office, given one of the goals established by the United Nations Beijing Conference's Platform for Action. In order to identify strategies that can be applied in cross-national settings, this report examines the Platform's theoretical framework and worldwide trends. Comparison between the United States and Brazil allows for learning across unique country contexts. Despite country differences, women in both countries face similar barriers to entering electoral office. Importantly, each country can learn from the other's strengths. Lastly, the U.S. and Brazilian cases demonstrate the need for multifaceted strategies and mobilization of governments and civil society.