Communities throughout the world are turning to sustainability as a new paradigm for growth and development. Sustainable community indicators hold out the promise that they can guide communities to a future that reflects a balance among the environment, the economy, and social equity. This report seeks to understand if measuring progress can affect progress. It analyzes the failure of the indicators movement of the 1970s to become institutionalized and to become an effective policy instrument. It also examines seven communities currently experimenting with indicators. This report finds that the link between indicators and actions towards sustainability is most easily made with a community based project that produces indicators tied to specific policy levers.