Many families across Texas find themselves paying unaffordable housing costs. While the federal government has traditionally assumed the role of assisting such households, a growing level of need combined with a decline in federal support will place more responsibility on the State to help these families. As a result, Texas is being forced to review its housing policy to assure the State is able to adequately assist those most in need. This examination has resulted in a debate over which families should receive State aid and what the best methods for assistance are. This report will examine the ongoing discussion of what State housing policy should be and where State funds should be prioritized.