The Habitat II, or the City Summit, a global conference held by the United Nations in 1996, was a peculiar policymaking process undertaken collectively by more than one hundred nations that highlighted two main issues. The first was the right to housing, which advocated access to housing as a basic human right. The second was the Urban Economy concept, which prescribed urbanization as a strategic policy to foster economic development in less-advanced countries. While the former was fiercely debated, the latter was an implicit, rather than explicit, topic of debate despite its potential to impact poor countries everywhere. This report discusses the policymaking aspects of the City Summit; the raising of a new understanding about the nature and function of cities; and the role of the international development community in promoting policymaking processes destined to influence nations all over the globe.