IPA: Search Basics
When you access International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (IPA), you will see the Advanced Search Screen open on your computer:
To search by keyword, follow these tips:
- Identify keywords from your information needs. For example, if you are searching the history of pharmacy in Texas, your keywords might be "history; Texas." (Pharmacy would not normally be included, since it is assumed almost all articles in the database deal with this general topic.)
- Think about truncation when constructing your search. Adding an * (asterisk) accomplishes this. For example, "disease*" will retrieve diseases, diseased, etc.
- Click in the blank search boxes provided. Enter your search term(s) or phrase.
- Use the drop-down menu to combine keywords for Boolean searching, which means using AND, OR, NOT to focus your search:
Other Search Fields
Use the drop-down menu to choose specific search fields. This is a way to limit your results and be specific in your search:
You also have the option to search by subject, drug name, and company by clicking on the corresponding tabs:
- More search limits (ways to narrow your search) are available below the search entry fields. Useful limiters include limiting to a particular journal title and dates.
- Important: Do NOT use the full-text limiter because there are no full-text articles in the IPA database.