Richard Morehead was a Texas journalist who focused his work on politics and civil rights issues during the tumultuous 1960s and 1970s. Morehead also paid special attention to the unfolding of school desegregation in Texas, and he won several journalistic awards for his writing. Materials in this collection include copies of his writing and publications, as well as correspondence and research for his various pieces.
Bob Sanchez was a civil rights activist and attorney who focused his work on the rights of Mexican Americans. He helped to found the Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund (MALDEF) and Texas Rural Legal Aid during the 1940s. Subsequently, Sanchez became involved with the American GI Forum, the National Council of La Raza and various migrant farm worker organizations. Sanchez was also active in Democratic political campaigns at the local, state and national levels, supporting candidates whose platforms on social justice and the civil rights of Mexican Americanss corresponded to the needs of Mexican Americans as Sanchez saw them. The collection includes materials from each of Sanchez's organizational involvements, his written works, collected materials of interest to him and photographs corresponding to various events sponsored by his organizations.
Raúl Valdez was known for murals painted in Austin, Texas, with Mexican American themes. He was also active in veterans' groups supporting peace in Central America. Slides in this collection show Valdez' murals, paintings and painted sculptures with themes that emphasize Chicano heritage and human rights.
The Raza Unida Party (RUP) was a political party founded in Crystal City, Texas, in 1970. As an alternative to the two-party system in Texas, RUP sought social, economic, and political self-determination for Chicanos, other minorities, and the disenfranchised through local and, later, state politics. Although RUP saw some success in local politics, and particularly in counties with large Chicano populations, it never successfully entered state electoral politics as a strong player. Nevertheless, RUP served as a forum for expressing the political views and priorities of Chicanos throughout the state. Materials in the collection include documents related to the founding of the Party, campaign ephemera from elections around Texas and related audio-visual materials.
R.C. Hickman was a Dallas photojournalist who documented the school desegregation process for the NAACP while working for the Dallas Star Post, Jet and Express during the 1950s and 1960s. His collection includes his photographic work for each of these publications, including coverage of news events, entertainers, and local schools, social events, etc. in addition to coverage of NAACP events and the school desegregation work mentioned above. The collection is divided into two parts, but these documents are included in both section.
Audio recordings and scripts of the news report and interview segments of the "Latin American Press Review" (1973-1974) and "Latin American Review" (1976-1984) radio programs from the Longhorn Radio Network and the Institute of Latin American Studies at the University of Texas at Austin.
Mexican American civil rights advocate, educator, sociologist and anthropologist Dr. Julian Samora is considered to be the first Mexican American to receive a Ph.D. in Sociology and Anthropology. His research interests included the delivery of health services, rural populations in urban settings and the rural poor, Mexican immigration and the movement of Mexican Americans along the U.S.-Mexico border, population studies, and the educational status of youth and adults. He was co-founder, along with Ernesto Galarza and Herman Gallegos, of the Southwest Council of La Raza, now the National Council of La Raza. He served on boards or as a consultant to many organizations including, among others, the Colorado Anti-Discrimination Commission, the Indiana Civil Rights Commission, the Mexican American Legal Defense ' Education Fund, the National Assessment of Educational Progress, the President's Commission on Rural Poverty, the President's Commission on Income Maintenance Programs, the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, and the United Way. The collection is comprised of correspondence, written works, personal and biographical materials, organization records, photographs, audiovisual materials, and Samora’s personal library.
Juanita Craft was a member of NAACP leadership in the Dallas area from 1935 until her retirement, working as a state field organizer and the Dallas Youth Advisor. As leader of the Youth Council, Craft helped to end segregation of lunch counters and restaurants, the Texas State Fair and North Texas State University through non-violent protest. In 1967, she received an additional award for exposing fraudulent trade schools that preyed on young people around the state. Her persistent work on behalf of civil rights concerns has earned her repeated awards for civic leadership, including national recognition. Her collection includes materials dating back to her early work with the Dallas Youth Council, including a scrap book documenting the Council's work. Printed materials include copies of the NAACP publication, The Crisis, correspondence and documentation of NAACP work more generally, and pamphlets from related organizations.
Charles Edmund Horman, a Harvard educated American freelance journalist, was abducted, tortured, and executed in Chile during General Augusto Pinochet's coup d'état that began on September 11, 1973 to overthrow the government of Salvador Allende. The Hormans sued Henry Kissinger and Nixon Administration officials over Charles Horman's wrongful death and its concealment. The collection contains materials written and collected by Joyce Horman and Edmund Horman, wife and father of Charles Horman, that document events resulting from Charles Horman's death.
From 1944-1946, the Anglo-American Committee of Inquiry on Jewish Problems in Palestine and Europe analyzed the suitability of Palestine as a homeland for Jewish refugees. Joseph C. Hutcheson, Jr., was a federal judge who served on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit and on the aforementioned Committee of Inquiry. Collection documents include testimonies from both sides of the debate - that of victimized Jewish refugees in need of a home and of displaced Palestinians. Relevant documents include memoranda; photographs; speeches by Hutcheson; transcripts of hearings held in the U.S., Europe, and the Middle East; reports by the committee; and reports submitted to the committee by other bodies including the Jewish Agency for Palestine and the American Jewish Committee.